Effects of multiple viewings of an ultraviolet photo on sun protection behaviors.


OBJECTIVES:To determine whether multiple viewings of one's ultraviolet (UV) facial photo differentially affects subsequent sun protection behaviors relative to a single viewing. STUDY DESIGN:Pretest-posttest control group. METHODS:Southern California college students (N = 151) were randomly assigned to be shown their UV facial photo one time, multiple times over the course of 2 weeks, or not at all. Emotional reactions, perceived susceptibility to skin damage, and sun protection intentions were assessed immediately, and sun protection behaviors were assessed during a surprise telephonic follow-up 1 month later. RESULTS:Immediately after viewing a UV photo of their face, participants reported significantly greater perceived susceptibility to skin damage, greater intentions to engage in future sun protection, and more negative emotions than those who had not seen a UV photo. Moreover, 1 month later, those who had viewed their UV photo were less likely to report having sunbathed and reported significantly greater sun protection than did controls. There were no differences in sun protection behaviors between those who had been shown their UV photo only once during the initial intervention session and those who had been sent their UV photo several times thereafter. However, among those who had been sent their UV photo several times, those who reported having viewed their photo on additional occasions reported significantly greater sun protection behaviors than those who had not. CONCLUSIONS:Being randomly assigned to view a UV facial photo multiple times generally neither strengthened nor weakened effects on subsequent sun protection behaviors relative to being shown the photo just once. However, among those who were sent their photo and thus had the option of viewing it more often than they had been assigned to, those who chose to view their photo more frequently also engaged in more sun protection behaviors.


Public Health


Public health


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2018-07-01 00:00:00












  • Prevalence and risk factors associated with dyslipidaemia in children and adolescents among ethnic groups in Taiwan.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:The mortality rates of cerebral and cardiovascular diseases are higher for aborigines than non-aborigines in Taiwan. Hypertriglyceridaemia and hypercholestolaemia are risk factors for cardiovascular diseases. OBJECTIVES:To investigate the prevalence of dyslipidaemia and its associated risk factors in aborig...

    journal_title:Public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ko YC,Huang MC,Wang TN,Chang SJ,Tsai LY,Tu HP

    更新日期:2005-06-01 00:00:00

  • Does the association between ill health and unemployment differ between young people and adults? Results from a 14-year follow-up study with a focus on psychological health and smoking.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:Research has given a comprehensive picture of the negative health consequences of unemployment without offering sufficient comparison between different age groups. The aim of this study was to analyse whether the associations between ill health, particularly poor psychological health and smoking, and unemplo...

    journal_title:Public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Reine I,Novo M,Hammarström A

    更新日期:2004-07-01 00:00:00

  • Criteria for use in the evaluation of health impact assessments.

    abstract::This paper reports the conclusions of a recent workshop that was established to discuss how health impact assessments (HIAs) might be evaluated. The main purposes of HIA are: (a) to predict the consequences of different decisions; (b) to make the decision-making process more open by involving stakeholders; and (c) to ...

    journal_title:Public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Parry JM,Kemm JR,Evaluation of Health Impact Assessment Workshop.

    更新日期:2005-12-01 00:00:00

  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease deaths, disability-adjusted life years, and risk factors in Hubei province of mid-China, 1990-2015: the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:The trends of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) mortality and prevalence from 1990 to 2015 in Hubei province of mid-China remain unknown. We used findings from the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) 2015 study to estimate the COPD burden and attributable to risk factors in Hubei province of China from...

    journal_title:Public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Tang YM,Liu XN,Zhang QJ,Pan JJ,He TJ,Li Q,Yu CH,Zhang L

    更新日期:2018-08-01 00:00:00

  • Controlled evaluation of injury in an international Safe Community: Kashmar, Iran.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To determine the degree to which the Safe Community (SC) model is effective in reducing injuries. Although positive results have been reported for some communities in developed countries, there is no consistent relationship between being an international designated SC and subsequent changes in observed rate ...

    journal_title:Public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Rahimi-Movaghar V

    更新日期:2010-04-01 00:00:00

  • Male and female physical intimate partner violence and socio-economic position: a cross-sectional international multicentre study in Europe.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:This work explores the association between socio-economic position (SEP) and intimate partner violence (IPV) considering the perspectives of men and women as victims, perpetrators and as both (bidirectional). STUDY DESIGN:Cross-sectional international multicentre study. METHODS:A sample of 3496 men and wom...

    journal_title:Public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章,多中心研究


    authors: Costa D,Hatzidimitriadou E,Ioannidi-Kapolou E,Lindert J,Soares JJF,Sundin Ö,Toth O,Barros H

    更新日期:2016-10-01 00:00:00

  • The influence of gender, social circumstances and smoking on survival: the Renfrew and Paisley study.

    abstract::The present study aimed to compare survival to age 75 between men and women, by social circumstances and smoking behaviour. A 20 year follow up was carried out of a large representative cohort of Scottish men and women in the Renfrew and Paisley study, and was combined with Scottish mortality statistics. 6831 men and ...

    journal_title:Public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Marang-van de Mheen PJ,Smith GD,Hart CL,Hole DJ,Phillips AN

    更新日期:2000-03-01 00:00:00

  • Thinking outside the box: Aboriginal people's suggestions for conducting health studies with Aboriginal communities.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:Aboriginal people are under-represented in epidemiological research, largely due to past failures to engage and recruit Aboriginal communities, research fatigue and the use of culturally inappropriate methods. A qualitative study was undertaken in rural and urban Aboriginal communities in north-eastern and s...

    journal_title:Public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Maar MA,Lightfoot NE,Sutherland ME,Strasser RP,Wilson KJ,Lidstone-Jones CM,Graham DG,Beaudin R,Daybutch GA,Dokis BR,Lesage MT,Raymond M,Williamson P

    更新日期:2011-11-01 00:00:00

  • Mortality risk among women exposed to violence in Brazil: a population-based exploratory analysis.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:The objective of this study was to estimate mortality risk among women exposed to violence in Brazil using population-based data. STUDY DESIGN:This study used a linked database containing nearly 800,000 violence (against women) notifications and 16,500 associated deaths over the period 2011-2016. METHODS:A...

    journal_title:Public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sandoval GA,Marinho F,Delaney R,Pinto IV,Lima CMD,Costa RM,Bello-Corassa R,Pereira VOM,Stevens A

    更新日期:2020-02-01 00:00:00

  • Citizens advice in primary care: a qualitative study of the views and experiences of service users and staff.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To examine the views and experiences of staff and users of Citizens Advice Bureau (CAB) services located in general practice, and to identify key factors perceived as contributing to the intervention's effectiveness. STUDY DESIGN:A qualitative study in an urban and rural primary care setting in the UK. MET...

    journal_title:Public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Burrows J,Baxter S,Baird W,Hirst J,Goyder E

    更新日期:2011-10-01 00:00:00

  • Measles immunisation non-acceptance: validation of computer-held records and raising the vaccine uptake at early school age; the Maidstone experience.

    abstract::The parents of all 977 resident children born in 1981 and 1982 recorded as not having received measles vaccine were contacted by letter. They were strongly advised to seek immunisation for their children and asked to complete and return a reply-paid questionnaire. Details of their children's immunisation status, reaso...

    journal_title:Public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Brambleby P,Hanrahan J

    更新日期:1989-07-01 00:00:00

  • Changing prevalence of obesity in a rural community between 1977 and 2003: a multiple cross-sectional study.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To determine the changes in the prevalence of obesity in a rural community between 1977 and 2003. STUDY DESIGN:A multiple cross-sectional study. METHODS:The analysis was based on data from four cross-sectional surveys of adults aged 25-59 years, conducted in the town of Humboldt, Saskatchewan in 1977, 1983,...

    journal_title:Public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Chen Y,Rennie DC,Dosman JA

    更新日期:2009-01-01 00:00:00

  • Variation in insurance-mortality relationship amid macroeconomic shifts: a study of SEER female-specific cancer patients in USA.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:Health insurance availability and affordability are vital elements in diagnosis and treatment of patients with cancer and thus constitute clinical significance as well. Although past studies have explored the disparity in mortality figures for patients with different insurance statuses, this population-based...

    journal_title:Public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Adnan H,Adnan SM,Deng K,Yang C,Zhao W,Li K

    更新日期:2020-08-01 00:00:00

  • Developing best practice response to carbon monoxide incidents: a toolkit for health protection frontline staff.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:Carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning represents a significant public health burden. CO incidents require multiple responders, including the Health Protection Agency (HPA). However, best practice guidance does not yet exist in the UK for chemicals. Since CO is a good template for chemical incidents, the authors aim...

    journal_title:Public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Mandal S,Ruggles R,Leonardi G,Goodfellow F,Bradley N,Murray V

    更新日期:2011-03-01 00:00:00

  • Observer error and birthweight: digit preference in recording.

    abstract::We investigated the presence of digit preference in the recording of birthweight by a retrospective analysis of an official dataset of birth registrations. All births occurring in the Province of Saskatchewan in Canada from 1981 to 1991, but excluding 1988, were considered for this analysis. Preference for the termina...

    journal_title:Public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Edouard L,Senthilselvan A

    更新日期:1997-03-01 00:00:00

  • Exploring socio-economic inequalities in the use of medicines: is the relation mediated by health status?

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:This study evaluated mediating effects of the health status on the association between socio-economic status (SES) and medicine use. It was hypothesized that more privileged people show a reduced use of medicines, as compared with the underprivileged, because of their superior health status. It was further h...

    journal_title:Public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Maron J,Gomes de Matos E,Piontek D,Kraus L,Pogarell O

    更新日期:2019-04-01 00:00:00

  • Unmet need for essential obstetric services in a rural district in northern Ghana: complications of unsafe abortions remain a major cause of mortality.

    abstract:AIM:The aim of this study was to review 4 years of hospital data on antenatal services, deliveries and maternal deaths as the baseline evaluation for a programme to improve care. METHODS:Descriptive analyses were made of data extracted from the monthly returns charts and clinical notes on all maternal deaths from Janu...

    journal_title:Public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Baiden F,Amponsa-Achiano K,Oduro AR,Mensah TA,Baiden R,Hodgson A

    更新日期:2006-05-01 00:00:00

  • Outcomes in preterm infants.

    abstract::Preterm birth is defined as birth before 37 completed weeks gestation, and it is estimated that each day, across the world over 41,000 infants are born before this gestational age. The risk of adverse consequences declines with increasing gestational age. While this paper focuses on the consequences of preterm birth, ...

    journal_title:Public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Platt MJ

    更新日期:2014-05-01 00:00:00

  • Perceptual strategies to improve skin cancer discriminations in naive observers.

    abstract::The aim of these experiments was to assess the effect of an educational brochure on the ability of naive observers to discriminate skin cancers from benign lesions, and to investigate possible new strategies to assist observers in performing this task. A two-alternative forced choice paradigm was used to investigate t...

    journal_title:Public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Brooks A,Predebon J,van der Zwan R

    更新日期:2001-03-01 00:00:00

  • Needs assessment in Scotland: collaboration in public health.

    abstract::The National Health Service reforms revitalized the national emphasis on the public's health and health needs assessment. In Scotland, in contrast with England, there was no central investment in the development of methods and programmes for needs assessment in the context of the new NHS. To achieve a concerted effort...

    journal_title:Public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: McEwen J,Russell EM,Stewart S

    更新日期:1995-05-01 00:00:00

  • Risk factors for pregnancy-related mortality: a prospective study in rural Nepal.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:This study examined the risk factors of mortality related to pregnancy for the first year post partum in a cohort of 25,580 pregnancies. STUDY DESIGN:Longitudinal cohort follow-up. METHODS:Details of socio-economic status, mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC), diet, illness, work, substance use and previous ...

    journal_title:Public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Christian P,Katz J,Wu L,Kimbrough-Pradhan E,Khatry SK,LeClerq SC,West KP Jr

    更新日期:2008-02-01 00:00:00

  • Standardised (plain) cigarette packaging increases attention to both text-based and graphical health warnings: experimental evidence.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To investigate whether standardised cigarette packaging increases the time spent looking at health warnings, regardless of the format of those warnings. STUDY DESIGN:A factorial (two pack styles x three warning types) within-subject experiment, with participants randomised to different orders of conditions, ...

    journal_title:Public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Shankleman M,Sykes C,Mandeville KL,Di Costa S,Yarrow K

    更新日期:2015-01-01 00:00:00

  • Epidemiology of suicide in an Iowa cohort.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:Suicide is an ongoing public health problem in the United States. The purpose of this epidemiologic investigation was to characterize and identify populations at risk of suicide, which in turn may lead to targeted intervention and improvements in suicide prevention. STUDY DESIGN:This is a descriptive analys...

    journal_title:Public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Persons JE,Hefti MM,Nashelsky MB

    更新日期:2019-12-01 00:00:00

  • Non-COVID-19 excess deaths by age and gender in the United States during the first three months of the COVID-19 pandemic.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:The first three months of the COVID-19 pandemic has disrupted healthcare systems, creating an environment by which deaths have occurred that are not directly due to COVID-19, but have occurred owing to the healthcare and societal environment resulting from COVID-19. The objective of this research is to quant...

    journal_title:Public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Jacobson SH,Jokela JA

    更新日期:2020-12-01 00:00:00

  • Socio-economic inequalities in the incidence of four common cancers: a population-based registry study.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To investigate the relationship between socio-economic circumstances and cancer incidence in Scotland in recent years. STUDY DESIGN:Population-based study using cancer registry data. METHODS:Data on incident cases of colorectal, lung, female breast, and prostate cancer diagnosed between 2001 and 2012 were ...

    journal_title:Public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Tweed EJ,Allardice GM,McLoone P,Morrison DS

    更新日期:2018-01-01 00:00:00

  • Socio-economic inequalities in suicide attempts and suicide mortality in Québec, Canada, 1990-2005.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:Little research has evaluated changes in the association between area deprivation and suicidal behaviour over time. This study investigated patterns in suicide attempts and suicide mortality according to material deprivation in the province of Québec, Canada between 1990 and 2005. STUDY DESIGN:Ecological an...

    journal_title:Public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Burrows S,Auger N,Roy M,Alix C

    更新日期:2010-02-01 00:00:00

  • Healthy immigrant effect in non-European Union immigrants in Portugal: after a decade of (non-)integration!

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:The aim of the study was to characterise the existence of the healthy immigrant effect (HIE; better health initially, worsening with an increase in the length of residence) in a big city from a Western European country, particularly in a non-European Union immigrant population. STUDY DESIGN:This is a cross-...

    journal_title:Public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Moniz M,Abrantes A,Nunes C

    更新日期:2020-09-01 00:00:00

  • Assessing mobile food vendors (a.k.a. street food vendors)--methods, challenges, and lessons learned for future food-environment research.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:Mobile food vendors (also known as street food vendors) may be important sources of food, particularly in minority and low-income communities. Unfortunately, there are no good data sources on where, when, or what vendors sell. The lack of a published assessment method may contribute to the relative exclusion...

    journal_title:Public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lucan SC,Varona M,Maroko AR,Bumol J,Torrens L,Wylie-Rosett J

    更新日期:2013-08-01 00:00:00

  • Using routine accident and emergency department data to describe local injury epidemiology.

    abstract::All 17330 Accident and Emergency Department (A and E) attendances following injury (67% of all A and E attendances by residents of the EH54 postcode (the town of Livingston) at St John's Hospital during 1995 and 1996 were examined to study local accident epidemiology. The overall annual injury attendance rate for male...

    journal_title:Public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gorman DR,Ramsay LJ,Wilson GS,Freeland P

    更新日期:1999-11-01 00:00:00

  • Single motherhood and neonatal and infant mortality in Sierra Leone, Burkina Faso and Burundi.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Childhood mortality is a stubborn problem and remains highest in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Existing research on childhood mortality in SSA indicate that most of the childhood deaths are from preventable causes such as diarrhoea, pneumonia, measles, malaria, HIV and underlying malnutrition, acute respiratory ...

    journal_title:Public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Izugbara C

    更新日期:2016-06-01 00:00:00