Audit of the annual reports of directors of public health: production methods.


OBJECTIVE:An audit of production methods used for the Directors of Public Health (DsPH) Annual Report of the health of their local population. DESIGN:Postal questionnaire survey. SETTING AND SUBJECTS:23 Departments of Public Health in the West Midlands Region. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:Costs and problems relating to different production techniques used. RESULTS:The majority of DsPH favoured reports with figures and graphs. This led to most DsPH using in-house desktop publishing or employing external graphic designers. Those using the former technique had more problems related to computers and felt they spent too much medical time working on the document. However, they also valued the relative low cost, editorial freedom and the ability to correct mistakes easily. Departments which employed external graphic designers generally paid more, but appreciated the extra time made available by delegating the work. They also felt that the expertise was valuable in document design. However, inaccuracies were cited as being more difficult to correct. CONCLUSIONS:Perhaps the best way of producing an annual report is to amalgamate the two commonest production techniques (i.e. external graphic design and in-house desktop publishing).


Public Health


Public health


Sidhu KS




Has Abstract


1992-07-01 00:00:00














  • Non-COVID-19 excess deaths by age and gender in the United States during the first three months of the COVID-19 pandemic.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:The first three months of the COVID-19 pandemic has disrupted healthcare systems, creating an environment by which deaths have occurred that are not directly due to COVID-19, but have occurred owing to the healthcare and societal environment resulting from COVID-19. The objective of this research is to quant...

    journal_title:Public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Jacobson SH,Jokela JA

    更新日期:2020-12-01 00:00:00

  • Educational inequalities in traffic deaths during fluctuations of the economy in four Argentinian provinces, 1999-2013.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:The objective of this study is to analyse how educational differentials in traffic mortality changed during economic fluctuations in four Argentinian provinces. STUDY DESIGN:Retrospective quantitative analysis of secondary data. METHODS:Data on fatalities due to traffic injuries (all traffic injuries, pede...

    journal_title:Public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Leveau CM,Tapia Granados JA

    更新日期:2019-10-01 00:00:00

  • Environmental sustainability in the national health service in England.

    abstract::Health care providers should seek to minimise the environmental damage caused by their activities and to use scarce natural resources wisely. In particular, they should aim to make no contribution to climate change. Well-designed buildings which incorporate nature will contribution to the health of patients, Staff and...

    journal_title:Public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Griffiths J

    更新日期:2006-07-01 00:00:00

  • Factors associated with adherence to self-isolation and lockdown measures in the UK: a cross-sectional survey.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To investigate factors associated with adherence to self-isolation and lockdown measures due to COVID-19 in the UK. STUDY DESIGN:Online cross-sectional survey. METHODS:Data were collected between 6th and 7th May 2020. A total of 2240 participants living in the UK aged 18 years or older were recruited from ...

    journal_title:Public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Smith LE,Amlȏt R,Lambert H,Oliver I,Robin C,Yardley L,Rubin GJ

    更新日期:2020-10-01 00:00:00

  • Social and health-related correlates of intergenerational and intragenerational social mobility among Swedish men and women.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To explore the pattern and determinants of inter- and intragenerational occupational mobility among Swedish men and women. STUDY DESIGN:A Swedish 14-year prospective longitudinal study (response rate 96.5%). METHODS:Detailed information on 546 men and 495 women regarding their occupation, health status, hea...

    journal_title:Public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Novak M,Ahlgren C,Hammarstrom A

    更新日期:2012-04-01 00:00:00

  • Health literacy and health: rethinking the strategies for universal health coverage in Ghana.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:Health literacy (HL) is generally thought to be associated with positive health behaviour, appropriate health service utilisation and acceptance of interventions to maximise health outcomes. It is, therefore, increasingly suggested that evidence-based research should investigate how HL may operate in the con...

    journal_title:Public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Amoah PA,Phillips DR

    更新日期:2018-06-01 00:00:00

  • Health fair in a mosque: putting policy into practice.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Towards the end of 2001, the Scottish Executive Health Department published a unique report, 'Fair for All', on the issue of addressing the health needs of ethnic minorities. One of the recommendations contained within the report was that different groups and organizations within communities should work toge...

    journal_title:Public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ghouri N

    更新日期:2005-03-01 00:00:00

  • Legal rights to safe abortion: knowledge and attitude of women in North-West Ethiopia toward the current Ethiopian abortion law.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To assess women's knowledge and attitude toward Ethiopian current abortion law. STUDY DESIGN:A quantitative, community-based cross-sectional survey. METHODS:Women of reproductive age in three selected lower districts in Bahir Dar, North-West Ethiopia, were included. Multi-stage simple random sampling and si...

    journal_title:Public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Muzeyen R,Ayichiluhm M,Manyazewal T

    更新日期:2017-07-01 00:00:00

  • Epidemiology and recent trends of geriatric fractures presenting to the emergency department for United States population from year 2004-2014.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:Fractures in geriatric age group (over 65 years of age) are an important public health issue and frequent causes of emergency room visits. The purpose of this descriptive epidemiological study was to present the epidemiology of geriatric fractures and their trends in the USA using National Electronic Injury ...

    journal_title:Public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Baidwan NK,Naranje SM

    更新日期:2017-01-01 00:00:00

  • Routine testing of close contacts of confirmed COVID-19 cases - National COVID-19 Contact Management Programme, Ireland, May to August 2020.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:The objective of this study was to inform public health practitioners who are designing, adapting and implementing testing and tracing strategies for Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) control. STUDY DESIGN:The study design is monitoring and evaluation of a national public health protection programme. METHODS:...

    journal_title:Public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Carroll C,Conway R,O'Donnell D,Norton C,Hogan E,Browne M,Buckley CM,Kavanagh P,Martin J,Doyle S

    更新日期:2021-01-01 00:00:00

  • Hospital bed usage by people with HIV disease: experience in a provincial setting.

    abstract::In order to describe hospital bed usage by people with HIV disease in a provincial setting, a retrospective analysis of admissions to hospital wards in Oxford was undertaken for people admitted to hospital with all HIV-related illnesses or complications of HIV-related treatment. A total of 83 people were identified as...

    journal_title:Public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: O'Brien SJ,Burch J,Mayon-White RT

    更新日期:1993-09-01 00:00:00

  • Identifying factors associated with fast food consumption among adolescents in Beijing China using a theory-based approach.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:China is in the midst of the nutrition transition with increasing rates of obesity and dietary changes. One contributor is the increase in fast food chains within the country. The purpose of this study was to develop a theory-based instrument that explores influencing factors of fast food consumption in adol...

    journal_title:Public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ma R,Castellanos DC,Bachman J

    更新日期:2016-07-01 00:00:00

  • Comparing vaccination coverage of American Indian children with White children in North Dakota.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:The objective of this study was to compare immunization rates of American Indian (AI) and White children in North Dakota and identify disparities in immunization rates by race. STUDY DESIGN:The study design was to assess immunization coverage rates by race using immunization information system (IIS) data. ...

    journal_title:Public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Woinarowicz M,Howell M

    更新日期:2020-09-01 00:00:00

  • Mental health among currently enrolled medical students in Germany.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:The study identifies the prevalence of common mental disorders according to the patient health questionnaire (PHQ) and the use of psychotropic substances in a sample of currently enrolled medical students. STUDY DESIGN:A cross-sectional survey with a self-administrated questionnaire. METHODS:All newly enro...

    journal_title:Public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wege N,Muth T,Li J,Angerer P

    更新日期:2016-03-01 00:00:00

  • Thinking outside the box: Aboriginal people's suggestions for conducting health studies with Aboriginal communities.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:Aboriginal people are under-represented in epidemiological research, largely due to past failures to engage and recruit Aboriginal communities, research fatigue and the use of culturally inappropriate methods. A qualitative study was undertaken in rural and urban Aboriginal communities in north-eastern and s...

    journal_title:Public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Maar MA,Lightfoot NE,Sutherland ME,Strasser RP,Wilson KJ,Lidstone-Jones CM,Graham DG,Beaudin R,Daybutch GA,Dokis BR,Lesage MT,Raymond M,Williamson P

    更新日期:2011-11-01 00:00:00

  • Dental needs of pre-retirement and retired people in an inner-city area.

    abstract::Perceived and normative dental needs were assessed for people of pre-retirement (55-64 years) and retirement age (65-74 years) in Camberwell, London, using a postal questionnaire and dental examination. Of the pre-retirement group, 77% were dentate compared with 65% in the older cohort. The younger age-group were more...

    journal_title:Public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Taylor CM,Fiske J,Cooper D,Gelbier S

    更新日期:1994-11-01 00:00:00

  • Small area variation in hospital admission: random or systematic?

    abstract::For some conditions hospital admission is mandatory. This should lead to low variability in admission rates and no effect on admission rate of distance from hospital. If admission is discretionary, we would expect high variability in small area admission rates, and a decline in admission rate as travel time to hospita...

    journal_title:Public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Twigger JP,Jessop EG

    更新日期:2000-09-01 00:00:00

  • Breast and cervical cancer survival: making sense of "league tables".

    abstract::During 1998, the Department of Health proposed to use survival rates of cervical and breast cancer in the 1989/90 incidence cohort as indicators of care. Valid interpretation was of concern within Trent and the Trent Cancer Registry responded by performing additional analyses. Trent Cancer Registry registrations for 1...

    journal_title:Public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Botha JL,Silcocks PB,Bright N,Redgrave P

    更新日期:2001-05-01 00:00:00

  • Hip fractures among older people: do marital status and type of residence matter?

    abstract::This study analysed the extent to which civil status and type of residence affect the risk of elderly people sustaining a hip fracture. The study population consisted of all residents, aged 65 years or older, living in Stockholm County in Sweden between the years 1993 and 1995 (about 250,000 in total). Cases of hip fr...

    journal_title:Public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hökby A,Reimers A,Laflamme L

    更新日期:2003-05-01 00:00:00

  • Association of swaddling, rickets onset and bone properties in children in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To examine the influence of duration of completely or partially wrapped swaddling on rickets onset and bone properties in children of school age. STUDY DESIGN:Case-control study. METHODS:Subjects were 73 children aged 7-10 years with a history of rickets (cases) and 70 children with no history of rickets (...

    journal_title:Public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Urnaa V,Kizuki M,Nakamura K,Kaneko A,Inose T,Seino K,Takano T

    更新日期:2006-09-01 00:00:00

  • Measure for measure: the quest for valid indicators of non-fatal injury incidence.

    abstract::In this edition of Public Health, McClure and colleagues report on research that considered the criterion validity of indicators based on serious long bone fracture and length of stay in hospital. They found that neither were sensitive or specific indicators for serious injury as defined by an Injury Severity Score (I...

    journal_title:Public health

    pub_type: 评论,杂志文章


    authors: Cryer C,Langley JD,Stephenson SC,Jarvis SN,Edwards P

    更新日期:2002-09-01 00:00:00

  • The relationship between alcohol consumption and the desire to own a firearm: an empirical study on citizens of São Paulo city, Brazil.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:The main objective of this study was to investigate the association between alcohol consumption (use and bingeing) and the desire to own a firearm for protection. STUDY DESIGN:We used data from three random cross-sectional victimisation surveys conducted in São Paulo city, Brazil, in 2003, 2008 and 2013 with...

    journal_title:Public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Justus M,Hemenway D,Miller M

    更新日期:2020-02-01 00:00:00

  • Public health safety and environment in inadequate hospital and healthcare settings: a review.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:Public health safety and environmental management are concerns that pose challenges worldwide. This paper briefly assesses a selected impact of the environment on public health. STUDY DESIGN:The study used an assessment of environmental mechanism to analyse the underlying different pathways in which the hea...

    journal_title:Public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Baguma D

    更新日期:2017-03-01 00:00:00

  • Changes in glucose tolerance during three years' follow-up in an elderly population.

    abstract::The aim of this study was to describe changes in glucose tolerance over 3 y and to establish the prevalence of diabetes and impaired glucose tolerance in an unselected non-institutionalised elderly population aged 70 y or over at the beginning of the study. Diabetes was assessed on the basis of self-reports and 2 h or...

    journal_title:Public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hiltunen L,Läärä E,Keinänen-Kiukaanniemi S

    更新日期:1999-07-01 00:00:00

  • The effects of homelessness on Veterans' health care service use: an evaluation of independence from comorbidities.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:This study evaluates the prevalence of Multiple Comorbid Chronic Disease (MCCD) within homeless and non-homeless Veterans and the association between MCCD and inpatient medical care. METHODS:All individuals seen in the VA North Texas Health Care System between October 1, 2009 and September 30, 2010 (n = 102...

    journal_title:Public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: LePage JP,Bradshaw LD,Cipher DJ,Crawford AM,Hoosyhar D

    更新日期:2014-11-01 00:00:00

  • Social capital, political trust and daily smoking and smoking cessation: a population-based study in southern Sweden.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To investigate the associations between vertical (institutional) political trust in the Riksdag and daily smoking and smoking cessation. STUDY DESIGN:Cross-sectional study. METHODS:In total, 27,757 individuals aged 18-80 years answered a postal questionnaire, which represents 59% of the random sample. A lo...

    journal_title:Public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lindström M

    更新日期:2009-07-01 00:00:00

  • Abortion seeking behavior among low income women: comparisons of public surveys and group behavior.

    abstract::This paper compares the demographic characteristics of abortion seekers with the characteristics of the base population from which they were drawn. Medical charts of nearly 4000 low income abortion patients were used to compare with a base population represented by the Houston Metropolitan Area Project which studied ...

    journal_title:Public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Dworkin RJ,Poindexter AN 3rd,Schnell V,Montgomery D

    更新日期:1982-11-01 00:00:00

  • The influence of gender, social circumstances and smoking on survival: the Renfrew and Paisley study.

    abstract::The present study aimed to compare survival to age 75 between men and women, by social circumstances and smoking behaviour. A 20 year follow up was carried out of a large representative cohort of Scottish men and women in the Renfrew and Paisley study, and was combined with Scottish mortality statistics. 6831 men and ...

    journal_title:Public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Marang-van de Mheen PJ,Smith GD,Hart CL,Hole DJ,Phillips AN

    更新日期:2000-03-01 00:00:00

  • Needs assessment in Scotland: collaboration in public health.

    abstract::The National Health Service reforms revitalized the national emphasis on the public's health and health needs assessment. In Scotland, in contrast with England, there was no central investment in the development of methods and programmes for needs assessment in the context of the new NHS. To achieve a concerted effort...

    journal_title:Public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: McEwen J,Russell EM,Stewart S

    更新日期:1995-05-01 00:00:00

  • Factors influencing HIV disclosure among people living with HIV/AIDS in Nigeria: a systematic review using narrative synthesis and meta-analysis.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To critically review, appraise and evaluate quality of evidence on HIV disclosure among people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) in Nigeria, and to identify a possible gap in knowledge on HIV/AIDS and disclosure. STUDY DESIGN:A systematic review using narrative synthesis and meta-analysis. METHODS:MedLine, Psyc...

    journal_title:Public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章,meta分析,评审


    authors: Adeoye-Agboola DI,Evans H,Hewson D,Pappas Y

    更新日期:2016-07-01 00:00:00