Feasibility of community-based hearing screening using transient evoked otoacoustic emissions.


:This study investigated the feasibility of obtaining transient evoked otoacoustic emissions for hearing screening purposes from infants and children at seven child health clinics. Factors affecting the outcomes of the community hearing screening program were examined. The subject group comprised 2305 children aged two weeks to 11 y 11 mon. Many children were attending the clinics for initial immunisation at two months of age. While there were no exclusion criteria for the 1305 young infants tested who were in this category, all other children were screened only upon receipt of a referral from clinic nurses. Results indicated that 182 children (7.9%) did not complete the screening for both ears within the time constraint (usually 15 min) of a child health clinic visit. Three hundred and sixty-two children (15.7%) failed the first screening. Of the 226 children who returned for a second screening test, separated from the first by at least two weeks, 121 children failed. With parents' consent, 107 children (4.6% of all participants) were referred for diagnostic or medical assessment. Subsequently, 77 out of 94 children who received audiological or medical assessment were found to have some degree of hearing impairment. The majority of positive screening results were associated with middle ear disorder. The results suggest that TEOAE screening has potential as a technique in the community health setting but improvements in instrumentation are required to reduce 'could not test' cases and to separate probable conductive hearing loss from cases likely to have other disorders.


Public Health


Public health


McPherson B,Kei J,Smyth V,Latham S,Loscher J




Has Abstract


1998-05-01 00:00:00














  • Cultural differences in a family planning clinic.

    abstract::An analysis of the use of contraception in a multi-racial family planning clinic in relation to age, parity and ethnicity (Asian or non-Asian) was carried out in the London Borough of Newham. Whether follow-up appointments were given and kept and the taking of cervical smears were noted. Asian patients favoured the sh...

    journal_title:Public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sutton MA

    更新日期:1990-09-01 00:00:00

  • Superdiversity, population health and health care: opportunities and challenges in a changing world.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:Ethno-national approaches to research public health and migrant outcomes have dominated for decades but lack efficacy in a globalised world and in view of the intractable nature of health outcome inequalities for migrant and minority groups. This article highlights some of the challenges and opportunities as...

    journal_title:Public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Phillimore JA,Bradby H,Brand T

    更新日期:2019-07-01 00:00:00

  • Enabling factors and barriers for the use of health impact assessment in decision-making processes.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To identify key stakeholders' views of factors that may enable or limit the use of health impact assessment (HIA) in the decision-making processes within their organizations. METHODS:In-depth interviews were carried out with 14 key informants from local and regional stakeholder organizations. SETTING:North ...

    journal_title:Public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ahmad B,Chappel D,Pless-Mulloli T,White M

    更新日期:2008-05-01 00:00:00

  • Selective medicals at school entry.

    abstract::This paper describes a selective procedure for use at school entry based on information from pre-school surveillance, parental questionnaires and class reviews. The pilot study in use over two years shows that the number of new conditions found at age 5 are relatively few in number and the extra time available can be ...

    journal_title:Public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Broomfield DM,Tew J

    更新日期:1992-03-01 00:00:00

  • Difficulties in getting treatment for injuries in rural Vietnam.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:Knowledge about the health-seeking behaviour of injury patients is important for the improvement of community health services. The aims of this study were: (1) to describe the healthcare-seeking behaviour of injury patients; (2) to examine factors associated with injury patients seeking care at health facili...

    journal_title:Public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hang HM,Byass P

    更新日期:2009-01-01 00:00:00

  • Resilience and quality of life among Wenchuan earthquake survivors: the mediating role of social support.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To examine the extent social support mediates resilience and quality of life in Wenchuan earthquake survivors. STUDY DESIGN:Originals. METHODS:Self-report psychological questionnaires, the standard Chinese 12-item Short Form (SF-12v2), the Resilience Scale for Adults (RSA), and the Social Support Rating Sc...

    journal_title:Public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Xu J,Ou L

    更新日期:2014-05-01 00:00:00

  • Developmental trajectories of adolescent overweight/obesity in China: socio-economic status correlates and health consequences.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:During recent decades, China has experienced a rapid growth in economy and also in prevalence of childhood obesity. Given the great importance of adolescence overweight/obesity for future health and given the relative lack of longitudinal studies on adolescent obesity in developing countries, particularly in...

    journal_title:Public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Liang Y,Qi Y

    更新日期:2020-08-01 00:00:00

  • Social capital, desire to increase physical activity and leisure-time physical activity: a population-based study.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To investigate the associations between social capital (trust) and leisure-time physical activity. STUDY DESIGN:The 2004 Public Health Survey in Skåne is a cross-sectional study. METHODS:In total, 27,757 individuals aged 18-80 years answered a postal questionnaire (59% participation). Logistic regression m...

    journal_title:Public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lindström M

    更新日期:2011-07-01 00:00:00

  • Delay in breast cancer diagnosis: a Brazilian cohort study.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To evaluate the delay in breast cancer (BC) diagnosis and its risk factors. STUDY DESIGN:A cohort study of BC patients referred to treatment at oncological reference hospital, Brazil. Delay in BC diagnosis was defined as a time interval ≥90 days between the first contact with a care provider and a BC diagno...

    journal_title:Public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Medeiros GC,Thuler LCS,Bergmann A

    更新日期:2019-02-01 00:00:00

  • Health needs and access to health care: the case of Syrian refugees in Turkey.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:Turkey is a principal destination and transit country for refugees from diverse countries. Turkey currently hosts Syrian refugees and provides free access to shelter, education and health care. The aim of this study is to determine the health needs and document the healthcare services available to Syrian ref...

    journal_title:Public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Assi R,Özger-İlhan S,İlhan MN

    更新日期:2019-07-01 00:00:00

  • Observer error and birthweight: digit preference in recording.

    abstract::We investigated the presence of digit preference in the recording of birthweight by a retrospective analysis of an official dataset of birth registrations. All births occurring in the Province of Saskatchewan in Canada from 1981 to 1991, but excluding 1988, were considered for this analysis. Preference for the termina...

    journal_title:Public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Edouard L,Senthilselvan A

    更新日期:1997-03-01 00:00:00

  • Prevalence and determinants of uncorrected refractive error among a socially vulnerable older adult population living in Armenia.

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    journal_title:Public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Giloyan A,Khachadourian V,Petrosyan V,Harutyunyan T

    更新日期:2021-01-01 00:00:00

  • Lifecourse exposure and later disease: a follow-up study based on a survey of family diet and health in pre-war Britain (1937-1939).

    abstract::There is an increasing interest in the origins of adult disease in early life. The elucidation of such explanations of current morbidity and mortality must depend upon the follow-up of previously established cohorts. This paper describes the design of and background to such a follow-up of one of the richest data sourc...

    journal_title:Public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gunnell DJ,Frankel S,Nanchahal K,Braddon FE,Smith GD

    更新日期:1996-03-01 00:00:00

  • Trends in motorcycle helmet use in Vietnam: results from a four-year study.

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    journal_title:Public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bao J,Bachani AM,Viet CP,Quang N,Nguyen N,Hyder AA

    更新日期:2017-03-01 00:00:00

  • Standards of clinical waste management in hospitals--a second look.

    abstract:METHODS:The arrangements for bulk clinical waste handling were audited in 16 UK hospitals, one year after an earlier audit that revealed many deficiencies in performance. RESULTS:Storage of clinical waste carts in areas accessible to members of the public and failure to lock individual waste carts was common. Waste se...

    journal_title:Public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Blenkharn JI

    更新日期:2007-07-01 00:00:00

  • Cervical cancer prevention and health inequalities: an ad-hoc survey in Italian women.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To assess knowledge and attitudes towards cervical cancer prevention in a sample of 2400 Italian women. STUDY DESIGN:Cross-sectional study. METHODS:The study was conducted through a standardized questionnaire administered in the workplace. RESULTS:Regular Pap testing was reported by 65.6% of the sample, an...

    journal_title:Public health

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    authors: Napoli C,Tafuri S,Chironna M,Quarto M,Da Molin G

    更新日期:2011-09-01 00:00:00

  • Prevalence of vertebral fracture in Asian men and women: comparison between Hong Kong, Thailand, Indonesia and Japan.

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    journal_title:Public health

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    authors: Kwok AW,Leung JC,Chan AY,Au BS,Lau EM,Yurianto H,Yuktanandana P,Yoshimura N,Muraki S,Oka H,Akune T,Leung PC

    更新日期:2012-06-01 00:00:00

  • Effects of multiple viewings of an ultraviolet photo on sun protection behaviors.

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    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Mahler HIM

    更新日期:2018-07-01 00:00:00

  • Public health practitioners' perspectives of migrant health in an English region.

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    journal_title:Public health

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    authors: Staniforth R,Such E

    更新日期:2019-10-01 00:00:00

  • The relationship between alcohol consumption and the desire to own a firearm: an empirical study on citizens of São Paulo city, Brazil.

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    journal_title:Public health

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    authors: Justus M,Hemenway D,Miller M

    更新日期:2020-02-01 00:00:00

  • Can patients with osteoporosis, who should benefit from implementation of the national service framework for older people, be identified from general practice computer records? A pilot study that illustrates the variability of computerized medical records

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    journal_title:Public health

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    authors: de Lusignan S,Chan T,Wells S,Cooper A,Harvey M,Brew S,Wright M

    更新日期:2003-11-01 00:00:00

  • Physical activity, adiposity and urbanization level in children: results for the Italian cohort of the IDEFICS study.

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    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Donatiello E,Dello Russo M,Formisano A,Lauria F,Nappo A,Reineke A,Sparano S,Barba G,Russo P,Siani A

    更新日期:2013-08-01 00:00:00

  • Physical activity among older people with sight loss: a qualitative research study to inform policy and practice.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To investigate the ways in which participation in physical activity is prevented or facilitated among older people with acquired sight loss later in life. STUDY DESIGN:Qualitative research. METHODS:Interviews were conducted with 48 visually impaired adults age 60+ years, recruited from a range of settings ...

    journal_title:Public health

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    authors: Phoenix C,Griffin M,Smith B

    更新日期:2015-02-01 00:00:00

  • Comparing vaccination coverage of American Indian children with White children in North Dakota.

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    journal_title:Public health

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    authors: Woinarowicz M,Howell M

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  • Cross-cultural validation of the Urdu translation of the Patient Health Questionnaire for Adolescents among children and adolescents at a Pakistani school.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:There is a high prevalence of depressive disorders among children and adolescents globally, accounting for 45% of disability-adjusted life years among 10- to 24-year-olds. Although it has been recognized as a major public health concern in Pakistan, there have been no studies exploring the development or cro...

    journal_title:Public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Naveed S,Waqas A,Memon AR,Jabeen M,Sheikh MH

    更新日期:2019-03-01 00:00:00

  • Abortion seeking behavior among low income women: comparisons of public surveys and group behavior.

    abstract::This paper compares the demographic characteristics of abortion seekers with the characteristics of the base population from which they were drawn. Medical charts of nearly 4000 low income abortion patients were used to compare with a base population represented by the Houston Metropolitan Area Project which studied ...

    journal_title:Public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Dworkin RJ,Poindexter AN 3rd,Schnell V,Montgomery D

    更新日期:1982-11-01 00:00:00

  • Exploring socio-economic inequalities in the use of medicines: is the relation mediated by health status?

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    journal_title:Public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Maron J,Gomes de Matos E,Piontek D,Kraus L,Pogarell O

    更新日期:2019-04-01 00:00:00

  • Health promotion and the social gradient: the free swimming initiative for children and young people in Bristol.

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    journal_title:Public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Audrey S,Wheeler BW,Mills J,Ben-Shlomo Y

    更新日期:2012-11-01 00:00:00

  • An audit of environmental health calls to a department of public health medicine.

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    journal_title:Public health

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章


    authors: Chappel D,Fernandes V

    更新日期:1995-11-01 00:00:00

  • Effects of an aging population on hospital costs related to elective hip replacements.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:Elective hip replacement is a common procedure for elderly people with osteoarthrosis. With more elderly people in the future, the demand for hip replacements will increase and put additional constraints on hospital services. The objective was to explore the future need for hip replacements and related costs...

    journal_title:Public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Mealy A,Sorensen J

    更新日期:2020-03-01 00:00:00