Late presenters among minority patients with chronic hepatitis C infection in the USA.


OBJECTIVES:Minority patients are under-screened for chronic hepatitis C (CHC) in the USA, and limited data exist for minority patients with advanced fibrosis. METHODS:In this cross-sectional study, CHC patients who were prescribed direct-acting antiviral agents were divided into White patients and minority patient groups. Primary measurements were the mean fibrosis scores and percentages of patients with stage III-IV fibrosis (late presenters) for the two groups. RESULTS:Among the 1421 patients with self-reported ethnicity, 697 were White patients, and 724 were minority patients (484 Hispanic, 175 Black, 65 Asians). Compared to the White, minority patients had significantly higher mean fibrosis score (p < 0.001) and a higher percentage of late presenters (p < 0.001). In subgroup analyses, the mean fibrosis scores for Hispanic, Black and Asian patients were 2.58 ± 1.38, 2.28 ± 1.41 and 2.28 ± 1.40, respectively. CONCLUSIONS:Minority populations with CHC in the USA experience disparities in access to treatment in the early stages of liver fibrosis. Public health strategies are necessitated to address the inequality, as late presenters are at risk of hepatocellular carcinoma.


Int J Public Health


Pan CQ,Rabinovich C,Gayam V,Normatov M,Fidman B,Wang D




Has Abstract


2020-09-01 00:00:00














  • Seafaring stressors aboard merchant and passenger ships.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:The aim of this study was to identify stressors in seafaring aboard merchant and passenger vessels. Furthermore, their dependence on occupational and non-occupational factors was assessed. METHODS:A total of 134 male seafarers sailing under German-flagged vessels were interviewed (response 81.3 %). The seam...

    journal_title:International journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Oldenburg M,Jensen HJ,Latza U,Baur X

    更新日期:2009-01-01 00:00:00

  • Regional differences of physical activity and sedentary behaviour in Swiss children are not explained by socio-demographics or the built environment.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:We evaluated whether regional differences in physical activity (PA) and sedentary behaviour (SB) existed along language boundaries within Switzerland and whether potential differences would be explained by socio-demographics or environmental characteristics. METHODS:We combined data of 611 children aged 4 to...

    journal_title:International journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bringolf-Isler B,Mäder U,Dössegger A,Hofmann H,Puder JJ,Braun-Fahrländer C,Kriemler S

    更新日期:2015-03-01 00:00:00

  • The mediating effect of daily nervousness and irritability on the relationship between soft drink consumption and aggressive behaviour among adolescents.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:This study investigated whether soft drink consumption is related to fighting and bullying behaviour among school-aged children and whether nervousness and irritation mediated this relationship. METHODS:The data on 7583 adolescents aged 11-15 years from the Slovak part of the Health Behaviour in School-Aged...

    journal_title:International journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Holubcikova J,Kolarcik P,Madarasova Geckova A,Reijneveld SA,van Dijk JP

    更新日期:2015-09-01 00:00:00

  • Are stunted young Indonesian children more likely to be overweight, thin, or have high blood pressure in adolescence?

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To determine whether stunted young children are at greater risk of (1) overweight/obesity or thinness, and (2) high blood pressure (HBP) in adolescence. METHODS:A secondary data analysis using the Indonesian Family Life Survey waves 1 (1993) to 4 (2007). We generated a 14-year follow-up cohort (1993-2007) a...

    journal_title:International journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Rachmi CN,Agho KE,Li M,Baur LA

    更新日期:2017-01-01 00:00:00

  • A systematic literature review of the key challenges for developing the structure of public health economic models.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To identify the key methodological challenges for public health economic modelling and set an agenda for future research. METHODS:An iterative literature search identified papers describing methodological challenges for developing the structure of public health economic models. Additional multidisciplinary ...

    journal_title:International journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Squires H,Chilcott J,Akehurst R,Burr J,Kelly MP

    更新日期:2016-04-01 00:00:00

  • The Registry of Knowledge Translation Methods and Tools: a resource to support evidence-informed public health.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:This paper examines the development of a globally accessible online Registry of Knowledge Translation Methods and Tools to support evidence-informed public health. METHODS:A search strategy, screening and data extraction tools, and writing template were developed to find, assess, and summarize relevant meth...

    journal_title:International journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Peirson L,Catallo C,Chera S

    更新日期:2013-08-01 00:00:00

  • Medical labour under neoliberalism: an ethnographic study in Colombia.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:In order to increase the knowledge about the impacts of neoliberal market forces on physician's labour, this article's objectives are to analyse how and why the labour of physicians is transformed by neoliberalism, and the implications of these transformations for patient care. METHODS:Ethnographic investig...

    journal_title:International journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ardila-Sierra A,Abadía-Barrero C

    更新日期:2020-09-01 00:00:00

  • Parental symptoms and children's use of medicine for headache: data reported by parents from five Nordic countries.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To examine the association between parent's headache and symptom load and children's medicine use, and whether these associations are robust across countries and socio-demographic strata. METHODS:The study population included random samples of children from age 2 to 17 in five Nordic countries (participatio...

    journal_title:International journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Andersen A,Holstein BE,Berntsson L,Hansen EH

    更新日期:2012-02-01 00:00:00

  • Ethical issues in obesity prevention for school children: a systematic qualitative review.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:Planning and conducting preventive measures against obesity for school children is beset with ethical issues which should be known to make well-informed decisions. The goal of this study was to provide a comprehensive spectrum of these ethical issues by means of a systematic review. In this context, the stud...

    journal_title:International journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Kahrass H,Strech D,Mertz M

    更新日期:2017-12-01 00:00:00

  • Household smoking restrictions among urban residents in China: individual and regional influences.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:The present study examines individual and regional influences on household smoking restrictions (HSR) in China. METHODS:Participants were 16,866 urban residents, who were identified through a multistage survey sampling process conducted in 21 Chinese cities. The data collection instrument was a self-adminis...

    journal_title:International journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Yang T,Yu L,Jiang S,Feng X,Xian H,Cottrell RR,Rockett IR

    更新日期:2015-05-01 00:00:00

  • Monitoring of all-cause mortality in Belgium (Be-MOMO): a new and automated system for the early detection and quantification of the mortality impact of public health events.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:Be-MOMO is the monitoring of all-cause death registry data in Belgium. The new methods are described and the detection and quantification of outbreaks is presented for the period April 2006-March 2007. Sensitivity, specificity and timeliness are illustrated by means of a temporal comparison with known health...

    journal_title:International journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Cox B,Wuillaume F,Van Oyen H,Maes S

    更新日期:2010-08-01 00:00:00

  • Spatial variations and macroeconomic determinants of life expectancy and mortality rate in China: a county-level study based on spatial analysis models.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:The life expectancy and mortality rate always exhibit remarkable spatial variations. Their spatial distribution patterns and economic determinants in China were explored. METHODS:Four indexes including lifespan expectancy at birth (LEB), infant mortality rate (IMR), under-5 mortality rate (U5MR) and crude m...

    journal_title:International journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wang S,Ren Z

    更新日期:2019-06-01 00:00:00

  • End-stage renal disease among Roma and non-Roma: Roma are at risk.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:Ethnic differences in the occurrence of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) are reported on various populations across the world, but evidence on Roma is lacking. The aim of this study was to explore the relative risk (RR) of ESRD for Roma who constitute a major minority in Slovakia. METHODS:Patients treated by ...

    journal_title:International journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kolvek G,Rosicova K,Rosenberger J,Podracka L,Stewart RE,Nagyova I,Reijneveld SA,van Dijk JP

    更新日期:2012-08-01 00:00:00

  • Gender-specific changes in physical activity pattern in Iran: national surveillance of risk factors of non-communicable diseases (2007-2011).

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:This study describes the gender-specific pattern of physical activity (PA) in Iran 2011. The 4-year changes in PA levels (domains) are also determined according to the Iran's national surveys conducted on 2007 and 2011. METHODS:Physical activity assessed based on the global physical activity questionnaire. ...

    journal_title:International journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Koohpayehzadeh J,Etemad K,Abbasi M,Meysamie A,Sheikhbahaei S,Asgari F,Noshad S,Hafezi-Nejad N,Rafei A,Mousavizadeh M,Khajeh E,Ebadi M,Nakhjavani M,Esteghamati A

    更新日期:2014-04-01 00:00:00

  • Son preference and sex-selective abortion in China: informing policy options.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:There is growing evidence in China that son preference is on the decline, but the sex ratio at birth is still the highest in the world at around 120 male births to 100 females. The aim of the study was to explore attitudes towards gender preference among people of reproductive age, to determine the reasons w...

    journal_title:International journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Zhou C,Wang XL,Zhou XD,Hesketh T

    更新日期:2012-06-01 00:00:00

  • Absence of protein-energy malnutrition in Prague homeless.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:Define the prevalence of protein-energy malnutrition (PEM) in a convenient sample of Prague's homeless population. METHODS:The study was conducted in Prague over an 8 month period during 2003. Nutritional status was assessed using anthropometric measurements, biochemical and hematological indicators. Of the ...

    journal_title:International journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kubisová D,Dlouhý P,Rambousková J,Andel M

    更新日期:2008-01-01 00:00:00

  • Social inequality, lifestyles and health - a non-linear canonical correlation analysis based on the approach of Pierre Bourdieu.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:Based on the theoretical and empirical approach of Pierre Bourdieu, a multivariate non-linear method is introduced as an alternative way to analyse the complex relationships between social determinants and health. METHODS:The analysis is based on face-to-face interviews with 695 randomly selected respondent...

    journal_title:International journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Grosse Frie K,Janssen C

    更新日期:2009-01-01 00:00:00

  • Costs and outcomes of improving population health through better social housing: a cohort study and economic analysis.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We sought to determine the impact of warmth-related housing improvements on the health, well-being, and quality of life of families living in social housing. METHODS:An historical cohort study design was used. Households were recruited by Gentoo, a social housing contractor in North East England. Recruited ...

    journal_title:International journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bray N,Burns P,Jones A,Winrow E,Edwards RT

    更新日期:2017-12-01 00:00:00

  • Gender specific trends in alcohol use: cross-cultural comparisons from 1998 to 2006 in 24 countries and regions.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To examine trends in the prevalence of monthly alcohol use and lifetime drunkenness among 15 year olds in 20 European countries, the Russian Federation, Israel, the United States of America, and Canada. METHODS:Alcohol use prevalence and drunkenness were assessed in the Health Behavior in School-aged Childre...

    journal_title:International journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Simons-Morton BG,Farhat T,ter Bogt TF,Hublet A,Kuntsche E,Nic Gabhainn S,Godeau E,Kokkevi A,HBSC Risk Behaviour Focus Group.

    更新日期:2009-09-01 00:00:00

  • Modelling the lifetime costs and health effects of lifestyle intervention in the prevention and treatment of obesity in Switzerland.

    abstract:AIM:To quantify the lifetime health and economic consequences of preventing and treating obesity with lifestyle intervention in Switzerland. METHODS:A Markov model was developed comparing lifestyle intervention and standard care in overweight and obese people. Changes in weight and cardiovascular risk factors over tim...

    journal_title:International journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Galani C,Schneider H,Rutten FF

    更新日期:2007-01-01 00:00:00

  • Sex-stratified socio-economic gradients in physical inactivity, obesity, and diabetes: evidence of short-term changes in Argentina.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To evaluate how socio-economic gradients in NCDs and NCD-related risk factors change over time. METHODS:Secondary analysis of cross-sectional data from the 2005 and 2009 Argentine National Risk Factor Surveys (N = 41,392 and N = 34,732) was conducted. We analyzed inequalities in three risk factors (low phys...

    journal_title:International journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Linetzky B,De Maio F,Ferrante D,Konfino J,Boissonnet C

    更新日期:2013-04-01 00:00:00

  • Enduring inequality: educational disparities in health among the oldest old in Sweden 1992-2011.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:Although the past two decades have involved changes in the living conditions of the oldest old in Sweden, little is known about how health inequalities have developed in this group during the period. This study explores the educational disparities in a wide range of health outcomes among the oldest old in Sw...

    journal_title:International journal of public health

    pub_type: 历史文章,杂志文章


    authors: Fors S,Thorslund M

    更新日期:2015-01-01 00:00:00

  • Surveillance of working conditions and the work environment: development of a national hazard surveillance tool in New Zealand.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:Changes to work and the impact of these changes on worker health and safety have been significant. A core surveillance data set is needed to understand the impact of working conditions and work environments. Yet, there is little harmony amongst international surveys and a critical lack of guidance identifyin...

    journal_title:International journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lilley R,Feyer AM,Firth H,Cunningham C,Paul C

    更新日期:2010-02-01 00:00:00

  • The challenge of compiling data profiles to stimulate local preventive health action: a European case study from child safety.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:Positive recent experience of presenting comparative child safety data at national level has instigated policy action in Europe. It was hoped a Child Safety Index could quantify how safe a community, region or locality is for its children in comparison with similar areas within Europe, as a focus for local t...

    journal_title:International journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Alexander D,Rigby M,Gissler M,Köhler L,MacKay M

    更新日期:2015-05-01 00:00:00

  • Oral health in a convenience sample of Chinese older adults living in Melbourne, Australia.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To present data on the dental and periodontal status of a convenience sample of 101 ambulant China-born older adults who now live in Melbourne. These older adults participated in a study to assess the prevalence of specific oral diseases. METHODS:Participants were interviewed in Cantonese using a structured...

    journal_title:International journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Mariño R,Morgan M,Kiyak A,Schwarz E,Naqvi S

    更新日期:2012-04-01 00:00:00

  • Socio-economic disparities in mortality due to pandemic influenza in England.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:This study examines variations in mortality between socio-economic groups due to the pandemic Influenza (H1N1) 2009 virus in England. METHODS:We established a system to identify all deaths related to pandemic (H1N1) 2009 influenza. We collected the postcode of every individual who died, and through this det...

    journal_title:International journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Rutter PD,Mytton OT,Mak M,Donaldson LJ

    更新日期:2012-08-01 00:00:00

  • Determinant factors of physical fitness in European children.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:This study was designed to explore the determinants of physical fitness in European children aged 6-11 years, cross-sectionally and longitudinally. METHODS:There were sufficient data on 4903 children (50.6 % girls) on measured physical fitness (cardio-respiratory, muscular strength, flexibility, balance, an...

    journal_title:International journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Zaqout M,Vyncke K,Moreno LA,De Miguel-Etayo P,Lauria F,Molnar D,Lissner L,Hunsberger M,Veidebaum T,Tornaritis M,Reisch LA,Bammann K,Sprengeler O,Ahrens W,Michels N

    更新日期:2016-06-01 00:00:00

  • Improving health and energy efficiency through community-based housing interventions.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:Houses designed for one climate and cultural group may not be appropriate for other places and people. Our aim is to find cost-effective ways to improve the characteristics of older homes, ill-fitted for New Zealand's climate, in order to improve the occupants' health. METHOD:We have carried out two communi...

    journal_title:International journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Howden-Chapman P,Crane J,Chapman R,Fougere G

    更新日期:2011-12-01 00:00:00

  • Toxocara infection in the United States: the relevance of poverty, geography and demography as risk factors, and implications for estimating county prevalence.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To estimate Toxocara infection rates by age, gender and ethnicity for US counties using data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). METHODS:After initial analysis to account for missing data, a binary regression model is applied to obtain relative risks of Toxocara infection for ...

    journal_title:International journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Congdon P,Lloyd P

    更新日期:2011-02-01 00:00:00

  • Socioeconomic inequalities in quality of life and psychological outcomes among cardiac patients.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:The aim of this article is to explore socioeconomic inequalities in the psychological characteristics (psychological well-being, perceived mental health status) and perceived quality of life among cardiac patients. METHODS:A structured interview was conducted with 362 patients (32% women, mean age 56 +/- 7....

    journal_title:International journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Skodova Z,Nagyova I,van Dijk JP,Sudzinova A,Vargova H,Rosenberger J,Middel B,Studencan M,Reijneveld SA

    更新日期:2009-01-01 00:00:00