Attachment narratives in refugee children: interrater reliability and qualitative analysis in pilot findings from a two-site study.


:Although forced migration research on refugee family functioning clearly points to the potential breakdown of parental availability and responsiveness in the context of cumulative migration stressors, studies exploring attachment security in refugee children are surprisingly lacking so far. The authors report their findings from a 2-site, small-scale administration of an attachment measure, adapted for use with refugee children aged between 4 and 9 years from a reliable and validated doll-play procedure. We evaluated interrater reliability and conducted a qualitative analysis of refugee children's narrative response to identify migration-specific representational markers of attachment quality. The level of agreement among 3 independent coders ranged between .54 to 1.00 for both study samples, providing initial psychometric evidence of the measure's value in assessing child attachment security in this population. The exploratory analysis of migration-related narrative markers pointed to specific parameters to be used in parent-child observational assessments in future validation of the attachment measure, such as parental withdrawal or trauma-communication within the parent-child dyad.


J Trauma Stress


De Haene L,Dalgaard NT,Montgomery E,Grietens H,Verschueren K




Has Abstract


2013-06-01 00:00:00












  • The latent structure of the Peritraumatic Dissociative Experiences Questionnaire.

    abstract::This paper has been retracted due to a publisher's error: the order of the authors was incorrect. The Editor and Publisher of the Journal of Traumatic Stress apologize to the authors and our readership. The Peritraumatic Dissociative Experiences Questionnaire (PDEQ) is a widely used measure of peritraumatic dissociati...

    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Brooks R,Bryant RA,Silove D,Creamer M,O'Donnell M,McFarlane AC,Marmar CR

    更新日期:2009-04-01 00:00:00

  • Predictors of nonpathological dissociation in Northern Ireland: the affects of trauma and exposure to political violence.

    abstract::Recent work has identified an empirical distinction between pathological and nonpathological dissociation. This study examined the correlates of nonpathological dissociation in a Northern Irish sample. The Dissociative Experiences Scale, the Traumatic Experiences Checklist, the Guilt Inventory, and the General Health ...

    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Dorahy MJ,Lewis CA,Millar RG,Gee TL

    更新日期:2003-12-01 00:00:00

  • Place and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder.

    abstract::Research on traumatic stress has focused largely on individual risk factors. A more thorough understanding of risk factors may require investigation of the contribution of neighborhood context, such as the associations between perceived neighbourhood disorder and social cohesion with reported trauma exposure (yes/no) ...

    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Monson E,Paquet C,Daniel M,Brunet A,Caron J

    更新日期:2016-08-01 00:00:00

  • Intolerance of Uncertainty Moderates the Association Between Potentially Morally Injurious Events and Suicide Ideation and Behavior Among Combat Veterans.

    abstract::Exposure to potentially morally injurious events (PMIEs) among combat veterans has been acknowledged as significant stressful combat events that may lead to mental health problems, including self-injurious thoughts and behavior (SITB). However, few studies have examined the risk and protective factors that can explain...

    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Zerach G,Levi-Belz Y

    更新日期:2019-06-01 00:00:00

  • Using Big Data to Study the Impact of Mass Violence: Opportunities for the Traumatic Stress Field.

    abstract::Studying the community impact of mass violence using a Big Data approach from social media data (e.g., Twitter) offers traumatic stress researchers an unprecedented opportunity to study and clarify theoretical assumptions using large-scale, observational, ecologically valid data. We describe challenges and benefits of...

    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Jones NM,Brymer M,Silver RC

    更新日期:2019-10-01 00:00:00

  • A century of controversy surrounding posttraumatic stress stress-spectrum syndromes: the impact on DSM-III and DSM-IV.

    abstract::The authors describe historical clinical reports that preceded the development of criteria for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and influenced the formation of PTSD in DSM-IV. These reports were identified from extensive search of 19th- and 20th-century American and European medical literature. Relevant findings f...

    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress

    pub_type: 历史文章,杂志文章


    authors: Kinzie JD,Goetz RR

    更新日期:1996-04-01 00:00:00

  • Early Pain and Other Somatic Symptoms Predict Posttraumatic Stress Reactions in Survivors of Terrorist Attacks: The Longitudinal Utøya Cohort Study.

    abstract::Survivors of traumatic events commonly suffer from long-term pain and related somatic symptomatology. To test the predominant hypothesis that survivors' pain comprises sequela of persistent posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS), we assessed the sequential order of symptom development among young survivors of a terroris...

    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Stensland SØ,Thoresen S,Jensen T,Wentzel-Larsen T,Dyb G

    更新日期:2020-12-01 00:00:00

  • Posttraumatic growth in bereaved parents.

    abstract::The Posttraumatic Growth Inventory (PTGI), Revised Grief Experience Inventory, and World Assumptions Scale were administered to 111 bereaved parents. The PTGI scores indicate that many bereaved parents report personal growth in domains outlined by L.G. Calhoun and R. G. Tedeschi (2001). Grief intensity was inversely c...

    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Engelkemeyer SM,Marwit SJ

    更新日期:2008-06-01 00:00:00

  • The Prevalence and Longitudinal Patterns of Continuous Community Violence Exposure and Trauma-Related Symptoms in Adolescent Male Serious Offenders.

    abstract::The current study examined the longitudinal patterns of continuous exposure to community violence (ECV) and associated symptoms in serious adolescent male offenders. Using data from the Pathways to Desistance Study (Schubert et al., 2004), the current study examined the prevalence of continuous ECV and the stability i...

    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gaylord-Harden NK,Burnside A,Tinsley D

    更新日期:2020-08-01 00:00:00

  • Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and Childhood Traumatic Loss: A Secondary Analysis of Symptom Severity and Treatment Outcome.

    abstract::Loss is a commonly experienced traumatic event among children. Although the experience of loss can potentially lead to posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS), little is known about PTSS levels after traumatic loss versus other traumatic events. We investigated data from a randomized controlled trial (RCT) on trauma-focu...

    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Unterhitzenberger J,Sachser C,Rosner R

    更新日期:2020-06-01 00:00:00

  • The Relative Impact of Traumatic Experiences and Daily Stressors on Mental Health Outcomes in Sri Lankan Adolescents.

    abstract::Prior trauma, current stress, and poor social support contribute to youth mental health problems. As daily stressors often increase in the aftermath of traumatic events, trauma could plausibly impact psychopathology not only directly but also indirectly via ongoing stress. In this study, we examined the relative roles...

    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress

    pub_type: 杂志文章,多中心研究


    authors: Ponnamperuma T,Nicolson NA

    更新日期:2018-08-01 00:00:00

  • Changes in psychiatric status and service use associated with continued compensation seeking after claim determinations for posttraumatic stress disorder.

    abstract::This study examined changes in psychiatric status and use of VA mental health services after the adjudication of Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) disability claims for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in a sample of 101 veteran claimants. Hypotheses were based on the premise that the claims process may create i...

    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sayer NA,Spoont M,Nelson DB,Clothier B,Murdoch M

    更新日期:2008-02-01 00:00:00

  • A twin study of the association of post-traumatic stress disorder and combat exposure with long-term socioeconomic status in Vietnam veterans.

    abstract::This study examines the association between post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and combat exposure with the socioeconomic status of 2210 male monozygotic veteran twin pairs in 1987. In the unadjusted analysis on individuals, modest correlations indicated that those with PTSD were more likely to have been divorced, ...

    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: McCarren M,Janes GR,Goldberg J,Eisen SA,True WR,Henderson WG

    更新日期:1995-01-01 00:00:00

  • Is the Holocaust implicated in posttraumatic growth in second-generation Holocaust survivors? A prospective study.

    abstract::With the growing interest in posttraumatic growth (PTG), and the ongoing debate on the implications of transgenerational transmission of trauma, this longitudinal study examined PTG among Holocaust survivor offspring following their own exposure to trauma. Using self-report questionnaires, we assessed PTG over time in...

    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Dekel S,Mandl C,Solomon Z

    更新日期:2013-08-01 00:00:00

  • Effect of timing of critical incident stress debriefing (CISD) on posttraumatic symptoms.

    abstract::Seventy-seven civilian employees who were victims of robbery were randomly assigned to either an immediate (< 10 hr) or delayed (> 48 hr) debriefing group, using the J. Mitchell (1983) CISD protocol. Scores on the Posttraumatic Stress Diagnostic Scale were obtained at 4 time intervals: debrief, 2 and 4 days post-debri...

    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Campfield KM,Hills AM

    更新日期:2001-04-01 00:00:00

  • Examining the role of combat loss among Vietnam War Veterans.

    abstract::Military combat often presents service members with a dual burden of coping with traumas of various types while also grappling with the deaths of close personal friends. At present, much less is known about the effects of bereavement in the context of war compared to other combat-related stressors. Studying a sample o...

    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Currier JM,Holland JM

    更新日期:2012-02-01 00:00:00

  • Shared traumatic stress and the long-term impact of 9/11 on Manhattan clinicians.

    abstract::A sample of 481 social workers from Manhattan participated in a study of the impact of the September 11, 2001 (9/11) World Trade Center (WTC) attacks. A variety of risk factors associated with posttraumatic stress and secondary trauma were examined in relation to shared traumatic stress (STS), a supraordinate construc...

    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Tosone C,McTighe JP,Bauwens J,Naturale A

    更新日期:2011-10-01 00:00:00

  • Human Remains Identification, Grief, and Posttraumatic Stress in Bereaved Family Members 14 Years After the September 11, 2001, Terrorist Attacks.

    abstract::Returning human remains to family members after a loved one's death is thought to support grief adaptation. However, no known research has examined the effects that notifications of fragmented remains have on bereaved family members. We examined the number of notifications received, continuing questions about the deat...

    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Cozza SJ,Fisher JE,Hefner KR,Fetchet MA,Chen S,Zuleta RF,Fullerton CS,Ursano RJ

    更新日期:2020-12-01 00:00:00

  • Children's mental health care following Hurricane Katrina: a field trial of trauma-focused psychotherapies.

    abstract::New Orleans school children participated in an assessment and field trial of two interventions 15 months after Hurricane Katrina. Children (N = 195) reported on hurricane exposure, lifetime trauma exposure, peer and parent support, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and depressive symptoms. Teachers reported on beh...

    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress

    pub_type: 杂志文章,多中心研究,随机对照试验


    authors: Jaycox LH,Cohen JA,Mannarino AP,Walker DW,Langley AK,Gegenheimer KL,Scott M,Schonlau M

    更新日期:2010-04-01 00:00:00

  • Mental disorders and their association with disability among internally displaced persons and returnees in Georgia.

    abstract::There remains limited evidence on comorbidity of mental disorders among conflict-affected civilians, particularly internally displaced persons (IDPs) and former IDPs who have returned to their home areas (returnees). The study aim was to compare patterns of mental disorders and their influence on disability between ID...

    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Makhashvili N,Chikovani I,McKee M,Bisson J,Patel V,Roberts B

    更新日期:2014-10-01 00:00:00

  • Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Following Myocardial Infarction: A Systematic Review.

    abstract::The objective of the present review is to provide an overview of existing research that has reported on the association between posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and ischemic heart disease. Specific focus is given to the incidence of PTSD following myocardial infarction (MI). A systematic review using Preferred Rep...

    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Jacquet-Smailovic M,Tarquinio C,Alla F,Denis I,Kirche A,Tarquinio C,Brennstuhl MJ

    更新日期:2020-10-02 00:00:00

  • Dimensional analysis of the Impact of Event Scale using structural equation modeling.

    abstract::The dimensionality of the Impact of Event Scale (IES) was analyzed using structural equation modeling (SEM). Responses from 321 individuals (62% response) who had experienced a mass murder of seven people 8 months earlier were obtained. A model with a general factor and three subordinate specific factors--Intrusivenes...

    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Larsson G

    更新日期:2000-04-01 00:00:00

  • Complex PTSD in victims exposed to sexual and physical abuse: results from the DSM-IV Field Trial for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder.

    abstract::Two hundred thirty four participants in the DSM-IV Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) Field Trial who reported sexual and/or physical abuse were evaluated. Participants were categorized according to type of abuse (physical, sexual, both), duration of abuse (acute versus chronic), and onset of abuse (early versus lat...

    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Roth S,Newman E,Pelcovitz D,van der Kolk B,Mandel FS

    更新日期:1997-10-01 00:00:00

  • Gender Differences in Machine Learning Models of Trauma and Suicidal Ideation in Veterans of the Iraq and Afghanistan Wars.

    abstract::Suicide rates among recent veterans have led to interest in risk identification. Evidence of gender-and trauma-specific predictors of suicidal ideation necessitates the use of advanced computational methods capable of elucidating these important and complex associations. In this study, we used machine learning to exam...

    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gradus JL,King MW,Galatzer-Levy I,Street AE

    更新日期:2017-08-01 00:00:00

  • National estimates of exposure to traumatic events and PTSD prevalence using DSM-IV and DSM-5 criteria.

    abstract::Prevalence of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) defined according to the American Psychiatric Association's Diagnostic and Statistical Manual fifth edition (DSM-5; 2013) and fourth edition (DSM-IV; 1994) was compared in a national sample of U.S. adults (N = 2,953) recruited from an online panel. Exposure to traumat...

    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kilpatrick DG,Resnick HS,Milanak ME,Miller MW,Keyes KM,Friedman MJ

    更新日期:2013-10-01 00:00:00

  • Emotional adjustment in survivors of sexual assault living with HIV-AIDS.

    abstract::This study examined history of sexual assault in 357 men and women living with HIV-AIDS. Participants completed measures of demographic characteristics, sexual assault history, emotional distress and psychiatric symptoms, substance use, and sexual behaviors. Results showed that 68% of women and 35% of men living with ...

    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kalichman SC,Sikkema KJ,DiFonzo K,Luke W,Austin J

    更新日期:2002-08-01 00:00:00

  • Problem gambling in Australian PTSD treatment-seeking veterans.

    abstract::This study explored gambling among Australian veterans entering posttraumatic stress treatment programs (n = 153). Twenty-eight percent reached the South Oaks Gambling Screen (SOGS) criteria for probable problem gambling, as did 17% on the DSM-IV gambling scale (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, F...

    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Biddle D,Hawthorne G,Forbes D,Coman G

    更新日期:2005-12-01 00:00:00

  • Resting electroencephalogram asymmetry and posttraumatic stress disorder.

    abstract::The valence-arousal (W. Heller, 1993) and approach-withdrawal (R. J. Davidson, 1998a) models hypothesize that particular patterns of hemispheric brain activity are associated with specific motivational tendencies and psychopathologies. We tested several of these predictions in two groups-a posttraumatic stress disorde...

    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Shankman SA,Silverstein SM,Williams LM,Hopkinson PJ,Kemp AH,Felmingham KL,Bryant RA,McFarlane A,Clark CR

    更新日期:2008-04-01 00:00:00

  • Posttraumatic stress disorder and service utilization among urban mental health center clients.

    abstract::Although the urban poor are at high risk for exposure to trauma, community mental health clinics rarely diagnose clients with PTSD. Failure to diagnose PTSD may undermine the effectiveness of services provided. Our objectives were to (1) assess prevalence of traumatic experiences and PTSD, and (2) examine differences ...

    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Switzer GE,Dew MA,Thompson K,Goycoolea JM,Derricott T,Mullins SD

    更新日期:1999-01-01 00:00:00

  • The Association of Combat Exposure With Postdeployment Behavioral Health Problems Among U.S. Army Enlisted Women Returning From Afghanistan or Iraq.

    abstract::An association between combat exposure and postdeployment behavioral health problems has been demonstrated among U.S. military service members returning from Afghanistan or Iraq in predominantly male samples, yet few studies have focused on the experiences of women. Using data from the longitudinal, observational Subs...

    journal_title:Journal of traumatic stress

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Adams RS,Nikitin RV,Wooten NR,Williams TV,Larson MJ

    更新日期:2016-08-01 00:00:00