Speech characteristics and coronary heart disease incidence in the multiple risk factor intervention trial.


:To assess whether speech characteristics descriptive of Type A behavior were related to coronary heart disease (CHD) incidence in the Multiple Risk Factor Intervention Trial, we scored voice emphasis, speed of speaking, latency of answering, and answer content from 577 audiotaped structured interviews in a case-control design which included all 193 individuals who incurred CHD during the 7-year follow-up. These were matched with 384 CHD-free controls. Multivariate analyses showed that subjects' voice emphasis [relative risk ratio (RR) = 1.25, p = .02] and latency of answering (RR = .78, p = .02) were significantly associated with CHD incidence when controlled for baseline levels of diastolic blood pressure, serum cholesterol, and cigarette smoking.


J Behav Med


Scherwitz L,Graham LE 2nd,Grandits G,Billings J




Has Abstract


1990-02-01 00:00:00












  • The relationship between acculturative stress and eating disorder symptoms: is it unique from general life stress?

    abstract::The purpose of the current study was to expand upon the literature examining the relationship between acculturative stress and eating disorder symptoms among different ethnic groups. Specifically, acculturative stress was explored as a moderator of the relationship between body dissatisfaction and eating disorder symp...

    journal_title:Journal of behavioral medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kroon Van Diest AM,Tartakovsky M,Stachon C,Pettit JW,Perez M

    更新日期:2014-06-01 00:00:00

  • The thrill of victory: blood-pressure variability and the type A behavior pattern.

    abstract::Winning and losing were predicted to be more significant in determining cardiovascular responses for Type A's than for Type B's. Twenty-four healthy, preclinical medical students (12 Type A and 12 Type B) were randomly assigned to be winners or losers at a competitive reaction-time task. Type A winners were different ...

    journal_title:Journal of behavioral medicine

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Jones KV

    更新日期:1985-09-01 00:00:00

  • Trait anger, anger expression, and ambulatory blood pressure: a meta-analytic review.

    abstract::A meta-analysis of 15 studies was conducted to investigate the relationship between trait anger and ambulatory blood pressure. Overall, the experience of anger was significantly and positively associated with systolic blood pressure (r+ = 0.049), but not reliably associated with diastolic blood pressure (r+ = 0.028). ...

    journal_title:Journal of behavioral medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章,meta分析,评审


    authors: Schum JL,Jorgensen RS,Verhaeghen P,Sauro M,Thibodeau R

    更新日期:2003-10-01 00:00:00

  • Psychological, situational, and gender predictors of cardiovascular reactivity to stress: a multivariate approach.

    abstract::This study examined whether relationships between anger expression, hostility, social evaluative anxiety, and a presumed mechanism for coronary heart disease development, cardiovascular reactivity (CVR) to stress, are moderated by stress situation and gender and whether such relationships are attenuated by inadequate ...

    journal_title:Journal of behavioral medicine

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Burns JW,Katkin ES

    更新日期:1993-10-01 00:00:00

  • Posttraumatic growth in patients who survived cardiac surgery: the predictive and mediating roles of faith-based factors.

    abstract::Despite the growing knowledge of posttraumatic growth, only a few studies have examined personal growth in the context of cardiac health. Similarly, longitudinal research is lacking on the implications of religion/spirituality for patients with advanced cardiac diseases. This paper aims to explore the effect of preope...

    journal_title:Journal of behavioral medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ai AL,Hall D,Pargament K,Tice TN

    更新日期:2013-04-01 00:00:00

  • Self-efficacy and barriers to multiple behavior change in low-income African Americans with hypertension.

    abstract::Behavioral risk factors are among the preventable causes of health disparities, yet long-term change remains elusive. Many interventions are designed to increase self-efficacy, but little is known about the effect on long-term behavior change in older, low-income African Americans, especially when facing more problema...

    journal_title:Journal of behavioral medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Mansyur CL,Pavlik VN,Hyman DJ,Taylor WC,Goodrick GK

    更新日期:2013-02-01 00:00:00

  • Self-focus and social evaluative threat increase salivary cortisol responses to acute stress in men.

    abstract::This experiment tested the hypothesis that self-focused attention might increase cortisol release. Social self-preservation theory suggests that social evaluation and associated feelings of shame are associated with cortisol reactivity, whereas one implication of objective self-awareness theory is that self-critical a...

    journal_title:Journal of behavioral medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Denson TF,Creswell JD,Granville-Smith I

    更新日期:2012-12-01 00:00:00

  • A randomized controlled trial of mindfulness-based stress reduction to manage affective symptoms and improve quality of life in gay men living with HIV.

    abstract:UNLABELLED:To determine whether MBSR groups would help gay men living with HIV improve psychosocial functioning and increase mindfulness compared to treatment-as-usual (TAU). METHODS:117 participants were randomized 2:1 to MBSR or TAU. No new psychosocial or psychopharmacological interventions were initiated within 2 ...

    journal_title:Journal of behavioral medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Gayner B,Esplen MJ,DeRoche P,Wong J,Bishop S,Kavanagh L,Butler K

    更新日期:2012-06-01 00:00:00

  • The effectiveness of hypnosis for reducing procedure-related pain in children and adolescents: a comprehensive methodological review.

    abstract::A comprehensive, methodologically informed review of studies of the effectiveness of hypnosis for reducing procedure-related pain in children and adolescents is provided. To be included in the review, studies were required to use a between-subjects or mixed model design in which hypnosis was compared with a control co...

    journal_title:Journal of behavioral medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Accardi MC,Milling LS

    更新日期:2009-08-01 00:00:00

  • Effectiveness of a telephone delivered and a face-to-face delivered counseling intervention for smoking cessation in patients with coronary heart disease: a 6-month follow-up.

    abstract::Smoking cessation interventions for cardiac patients need improvement given their weak effects on long-term abstinence rates and low compliance by nurses to implementation. This study tested the effectiveness of two smoking cessation interventions against usual care in cardiac patients, and conditional effects for pat...

    journal_title:Journal of behavioral medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Berndt N,Bolman C,Froelicher ES,Mudde A,Candel M,de Vries H,Lechner L

    更新日期:2014-08-01 00:00:00

  • Perceived sensitivity to medicines, alcohol interactive toxicity beliefs, and medication adherence among people living with HIV who drink alcohol.

    abstract::Erroneous beliefs that it is toxic to drink alcohol while taking antiretroviral therapies (ART) used for treating HIV infection, known as alcohol interactive toxicity beliefs, may at least in part account for ART nonadherence among alcohol drinkers. This study was conducted to test a conceptual framework to explain th...

    journal_title:Journal of behavioral medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kalichman SC,Horne R,Katner H,Hernandez D

    更新日期:2019-06-01 00:00:00

  • Progressive versus self-control relaxation to reduce spontaneous bleeding in hemophiliacs.

    abstract::Motivated by previous reports of relaxation successes with hemophiliacs, we sought to isolate the value of relaxation strategies. The effects of progressive and self-control relaxation on spontaneous bleeding and collateral symptoms were tested with seven hemophiliacs in a combined multiple-baseline partial-crossover ...

    journal_title:Journal of behavioral medicine

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Lichstein KL,Eakin TL

    更新日期:1985-06-01 00:00:00

  • Coping styles, opioid blockade, and cardiovascular response to stress.

    abstract::We investigated the hypothesis that the effects of Monitoring and Blunting coping styles are mediated in part by endogenous opioids. Mean arterial pressure (MAP) and heart rate (HR) were measured in 39 males before, during, and after a mental arithmetic stressor. Each subject experienced the protocol once under opioid...

    journal_title:Journal of behavioral medicine

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章


    authors: Bruehl S,McCubbin JA,Wilson JF,Montgomery T,Ibarra P,Carlson CR

    更新日期:1994-02-01 00:00:00

  • Losing face: sources of stigma as perceived by chronic facial pain patients.

    abstract::The purpose of this paper is to identify potential sources of estrangement and feeling psychologically flawed as perceived by temporomandibular pain and dysfunction syndrome (TMPDS) patients. It is our hypothesis that a primary source of patients' perceived stigma results from pejorative labeling by clinicians. The da...

    journal_title:Journal of behavioral medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Marbach JJ,Lennon MC,Link BG,Dohrenwend BP

    更新日期:1990-12-01 00:00:00

  • Theory development in health promotion: are we there yet?

    abstract::Theory development has not proceeded at a pace commensurate with the evolution of health promotion practice. At least three examples of this disparity are apparent: (1) theory is developed in an evidence-based paradigm rather than a practice-based paradigm, (2) a substantial majority of health behavior theories exist ...

    journal_title:Journal of behavioral medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Crosby R,Noar SM

    更新日期:2010-08-01 00:00:00

  • Physical activity, smoking, and exercise-induced fatigue.

    abstract::This study determined whether persons with coronary risk factors have increased fatigue during or after exercise. Ratings of perceived exertion were first shown to be a valid measure of fatigue; i.e., ratings of perceived exertion correlated with heart rate both during and after exercise and at each of three exercise ...

    journal_title:Journal of behavioral medicine

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Hughes JR,Crow RS,Jacobs DR Jr,Mittelmark MB,Leon AS

    更新日期:1984-06-01 00:00:00

  • The interaction between individualism and wellbeing in predicting mortality: Survey of Health Ageing and Retirement in Europe.

    abstract::The link between greater wellbeing and longevity is well documented. The aim of the current study was to test whether this association is consistent across individualistic and collectivistic cultures. The sample consisted of 13,596 participants from 11 European countries, each of which was assigned an individualism sc...

    journal_title:Journal of behavioral medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Okely JA,Weiss A,Gale CR

    更新日期:2018-02-01 00:00:00

  • Stress-resilience, illness, and coping: a person-focused investigation of young women athletes.

    abstract::Coping correlates of resilience, defined as resistance to illness in the face of exposure to high numbers of negative life events, were studied in a sample of 404 young women high school athletes. Negative life events and coping strategies were assessed preseason, and daily illness data were collected during the cours...

    journal_title:Journal of behavioral medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Yi JP,Smith RE,Vitaliano PP

    更新日期:2005-06-01 00:00:00

  • Gender differences in the self-regulation of hypertension.

    abstract::The theory of planned behavior was adapted and revised to explain efforts made by patients to regulate their hypertension. A test of this theory of self-regulation revealed significant differences between men (N = 105) and women (N = 102) in their decision making and goal pursuit activities. For men, attitude toward s...

    journal_title:Journal of behavioral medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Taylor SD,Bagozzi RP,Gaither CA

    更新日期:2001-10-01 00:00:00

  • Stress generation over the course of breast cancer survivorship.

    abstract::Depressive symptoms are frequently elevated following breast cancer diagnosis. The stress generation hypothesis states that people with depression generate stressful events and these stressors lead to subsequent depression. This study tested the stress generation hypothesis over the first 5 years of cancer survivorshi...

    journal_title:Journal of behavioral medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Wu SM,Andersen BL

    更新日期:2010-06-01 00:00:00

  • The relationship between cognitive impairment and diabetes self-management in a population-based community sample of older adults with Type 2 diabetes.

    abstract::Although nearly one-third of older diabetics are cognitively impaired, their diabetes management remains poorly understood. To examine the relationship between cognitive impairment and diabetes self-management in a population-based community sample of older adults with Type 2 diabetes. Cross-sectional observational an...

    journal_title:Journal of behavioral medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Feil DG,Zhu CW,Sultzer DL

    更新日期:2012-04-01 00:00:00

  • A comparison of the Fishbein and Ajzen and the Triandis attitudinal models for the prediction of exercise intention and behavior.

    abstract::The main purpose of the study was to compare the efficiency of the Fishbein and Ajzen and the Triandis models to predict (1) the intention to participate regularly in some physical activities during free time within a 3-week period and (2) the exercise behavior within these 3 weeks among a group of 166 subjects, aged ...

    journal_title:Journal of behavioral medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Valois P,Desharnais R,Godin G

    更新日期:1988-10-01 00:00:00

  • Acute back pain: a control-group comparison of behavioral vs traditional management methods.

    abstract::Back-pain patients with onset in the preceding 1-10 days and comparable on a back examination were randomly assigned to traditional management (A regimen) and behavioral treatment methods (B regimen). Patients were compared at 6 weeks and 9-12 months on a set of "Sick/Well" scores derived from patient reported vocatio...

    journal_title:Journal of behavioral medicine

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Fordyce WE,Brockway JA,Bergman JA,Spengler D

    更新日期:1986-04-01 00:00:00

  • Hostility-related variables and plasma lipid levels.

    abstract::The present study was conducted to examine whether lipid levels would be related to cynical hostility (an attitudinal component of hostility), expressive hostility (a behavioral component of hostility), and neurotic hostility (an emotional component of hostility). Subjects were 74 men and 54 women who were free of pot...

    journal_title:Journal of behavioral medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Dujovne VF,Houston BK

    更新日期:1991-12-01 00:00:00

  • Elevating mothers' voices: recommendations for improved patient-centered postpartum.

    abstract::The weeks and months after birth are vital not only for infant health but also for the health and well-being of women and families as a whole. The first 12 weeks postpartum, also known as the 4th trimester, is part of a continuum of pregnancy to recovery and family adjustment. In the United States, this transitional p...

    journal_title:Journal of behavioral medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Verbiest S,Tully K,Simpson M,Stuebe A

    更新日期:2018-10-01 00:00:00

  • Affective associations and cognitive beliefs relate to individuals' decisions to perform testicular or breast self-exams.

    abstract::Affective associations with behavioral practices play an important role in individuals' uptake of a variety of health behaviors. Most work has looked at individual behavioral practices with a direct impact on health; because screening behaviors are conceptually distinct from such behaviors, it is important to examine ...

    journal_title:Journal of behavioral medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Brown-Kramer CR,Kiviniemi MT

    更新日期:2015-08-01 00:00:00

  • Religion and preventive service use: do congregational support and religious beliefs explain the relationship between attendance and utilization?

    abstract::Religious individuals are more likely to engage in healthy practices, including using preventive services; however, the underlying mechanisms have not been adequately explored. To begin addressing this, the current study examines the association between religious attendance, four aspects of congregational support, two...

    journal_title:Journal of behavioral medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Benjamins MR,Ellison CG,Krause NM,Marcum JP

    更新日期:2011-12-01 00:00:00

  • Out-of-home informal support important for medication adherence, diabetes distress, hemoglobin A1c among adults with type 2 diabetes.

    abstract::Adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) often receive self-management support from adult children, siblings or close friends residing outside of their home. However, the role of out-of-home support in patients' self-management and well-being is unclear. Patients (N = 313) with HbA1c > 7.5% were recruited from comm...

    journal_title:Journal of behavioral medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Mayberry LS,Piette JD,Lee AA,Aikens JE

    更新日期:2019-06-01 00:00:00

  • Unrealistic optimism about susceptibility to health problems: conclusions from a community-wide sample.

    abstract::A mailed questionnaire was used to obtain comparative risk judgments for 32 different hazards from a random sample of 296 individuals living in central New Jersey. The results demonstrate that an optimistic bias about susceptibility to harm--a tendency to claim that one is less at risk than one's peers--is not limited...

    journal_title:Journal of behavioral medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Weinstein ND

    更新日期:1987-10-01 00:00:00

  • Goals of treatment in diabetes: a comparison of doctors and parents of children with diabetes.

    abstract::Treatment failure is usually understood as a problem of patient compliance. This paper suggests another approach: to see this problem as resulting from a difference in the goals of the two parties involved, the doctor and the patient. Comparison was made between the goals of doctors and those of parents in treating ch...

    journal_title:Journal of behavioral medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Marteau TM,Johnston M,Baum JD,Bloch S

    更新日期:1987-02-01 00:00:00