Speech characteristics and coronary heart disease incidence in the multiple risk factor intervention trial.


:To assess whether speech characteristics descriptive of Type A behavior were related to coronary heart disease (CHD) incidence in the Multiple Risk Factor Intervention Trial, we scored voice emphasis, speed of speaking, latency of answering, and answer content from 577 audiotaped structured interviews in a case-control design which included all 193 individuals who incurred CHD during the 7-year follow-up. These were matched with 384 CHD-free controls. Multivariate analyses showed that subjects' voice emphasis [relative risk ratio (RR) = 1.25, p = .02] and latency of answering (RR = .78, p = .02) were significantly associated with CHD incidence when controlled for baseline levels of diastolic blood pressure, serum cholesterol, and cigarette smoking.


J Behav Med


Scherwitz L,Graham LE 2nd,Grandits G,Billings J




Has Abstract


1990-02-01 00:00:00












  • The role of imagination in the disease process: post-Cartesian history.

    abstract::A previous paper traced the pre-Cartesian history of the concept of imagination as a causal variable in physiopathology. The present paper continues that history, showing the prohibitive impact of mind--body dualism and sampling the views of some eighteenth- and nineteenth-century supporters of the theory. Contemporar...

    journal_title:Journal of behavioral medicine

    pub_type: 历史文章,杂志文章


    authors: McMahon CE,Hastrup JL

    更新日期:1980-06-01 00:00:00

  • Past racial discrimination exacerbates the effects of racial exclusion on negative affect, perceived control, and alcohol-risk cognitions among Black young adults.

    abstract::Racial discrimination is associated with alcohol use and risky sex cognitions and behaviors, which are risk factors for negative health outcomes, including human immunodeficiency virus infection. The current study investigated the causal impact of racial discrimination on alcohol and sexual-risk cognitions while explo...

    journal_title:Journal of behavioral medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Stock ML,Peterson LM,Molloy BK,Lambert SF

    更新日期:2017-06-01 00:00:00

  • Health Belief Model variables as predictors of screening mammography utilization.

    abstract::Despite its efficacy, screening mammography is not widely utilized due to various factors. The Health Belief Model (HBM) has previously been used as one conceptualization of relevant patient attitudes. No psychometrically validated measure of these variables has previously been utilized, however, nor have prospective ...

    journal_title:Journal of behavioral medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hyman RB,Baker S,Ephraim R,Moadel A,Philip J

    更新日期:1994-08-01 00:00:00

  • Trait anger, anger expression, and ambulatory blood pressure: a meta-analytic review.

    abstract::A meta-analysis of 15 studies was conducted to investigate the relationship between trait anger and ambulatory blood pressure. Overall, the experience of anger was significantly and positively associated with systolic blood pressure (r+ = 0.049), but not reliably associated with diastolic blood pressure (r+ = 0.028). ...

    journal_title:Journal of behavioral medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章,meta分析,评审


    authors: Schum JL,Jorgensen RS,Verhaeghen P,Sauro M,Thibodeau R

    更新日期:2003-10-01 00:00:00

  • Predictors of adherence to diabetes medications: the role of disease and medication beliefs.

    abstract::Despite the effectiveness of drug therapy in diabetes management high rates of poor adherence persist. The purpose of this study was to identify potentially modifiable patient disease and medication beliefs associated with poor medication adherence among people with diabetes. A cohort of patients with diabetes was rec...

    journal_title:Journal of behavioral medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Mann DM,Ponieman D,Leventhal H,Halm EA

    更新日期:2009-06-01 00:00:00

  • The relationship between cognitive impairment and diabetes self-management in a population-based community sample of older adults with Type 2 diabetes.

    abstract::Although nearly one-third of older diabetics are cognitively impaired, their diabetes management remains poorly understood. To examine the relationship between cognitive impairment and diabetes self-management in a population-based community sample of older adults with Type 2 diabetes. Cross-sectional observational an...

    journal_title:Journal of behavioral medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Feil DG,Zhu CW,Sultzer DL

    更新日期:2012-04-01 00:00:00

  • Psychological and physiological predictors of lipids in black males.

    abstract::The association between lipids and both psychological and physiological measures were examined in this study of healthy black males. The results revealed that certain psychological measures, namely, State and Trait Curiosity and Trait Anger, explained a significant proportion of the variance in high-density lipoprotei...

    journal_title:Journal of behavioral medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Johnson EH,Collier P,Nazzaro P,Gilbert DC

    更新日期:1992-06-01 00:00:00

  • Stress, loneliness, and changes in herpesvirus latency.

    abstract::This study used a prospective design to examine the influence of examination stress and loneliness on herpesvirus latency as measured by changes in antibody levels to three herpesviruses, Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), Herpes simplex type I (HSV-1), and cytomegalovirus (CMV). Three blood samples were obtained from 49 first...

    journal_title:Journal of behavioral medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Glaser R,Kiecolt-Glaser JK,Speicher CE,Holliday JE

    更新日期:1985-09-01 00:00:00

  • Physical exercise rehabilitation: long-term dropout rate in cardiac patients.

    abstract::The long-term dropout rate was examined in a physical exercise rehabilitation program in which 203 cardiac patients were followed for 40 months. The dropout curve was found to be downward-sloping and negatively accelerated with most of the dropouts occurring during the first 3 months. This dropout rate appeared to res...

    journal_title:Journal of behavioral medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Carmody TP,Senner JW,Malinow MR,Matarazzo JD

    更新日期:1980-06-01 00:00:00

  • Self-focus and social evaluative threat increase salivary cortisol responses to acute stress in men.

    abstract::This experiment tested the hypothesis that self-focused attention might increase cortisol release. Social self-preservation theory suggests that social evaluation and associated feelings of shame are associated with cortisol reactivity, whereas one implication of objective self-awareness theory is that self-critical a...

    journal_title:Journal of behavioral medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Denson TF,Creswell JD,Granville-Smith I

    更新日期:2012-12-01 00:00:00

  • The relationship between threat appraisal and social constraints in cancer survivors and their spouses.

    abstract::: Social constraints stem from unsupportive social environments and are associated with reluctance to discuss stressor-related thoughts and feelings. Support deterioration and erosion models provide a framework for explaining how a cancer patient's threat appraisal contributes to a spouse's inadvertent constraint on t...

    journal_title:Journal of behavioral medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章,多中心研究


    authors: Herzer M,Zakowski SG,Flanigan R,Johnson P

    更新日期:2006-12-01 00:00:00

  • Stress-resilience, illness, and coping: a person-focused investigation of young women athletes.

    abstract::Coping correlates of resilience, defined as resistance to illness in the face of exposure to high numbers of negative life events, were studied in a sample of 404 young women high school athletes. Negative life events and coping strategies were assessed preseason, and daily illness data were collected during the cours...

    journal_title:Journal of behavioral medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Yi JP,Smith RE,Vitaliano PP

    更新日期:2005-06-01 00:00:00

  • Using disease-related and demographic variables to form cancer-distress risk groups.

    abstract::The use of disease-related (i.e., stage, phase, perceived health) and demographic (i.e., age, education, income) variables to identify subgroups of cancer patients and survivors manifesting divergent risk for psychosocial adjustment problems was assessed. Clustering procedures distinguished three clusters across two s...

    journal_title:Journal of behavioral medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Schnoll RA,Harlow LL

    更新日期:2001-02-01 00:00:00

  • What does potential for hostility measure? Gender differences in the expression of hostility.

    abstract::We examined the construct validity of Potential for Hostility (PH) for healthy undergraduate males and females. In Study 1, 45 males and 76 females were rated for PH. Subjects then completed the Cook Medley Hostility Scale (Ho) and a trait negative affectivity (NA) scale. For males, PH correlated with Cynicism, a subs...

    journal_title:Journal of behavioral medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Davidson K,Hall P

    更新日期:1995-06-01 00:00:00

  • Fear of movement/injury in the general population: factor structure and psychometric properties of an adapted version of the Tampa Scale for Kinesiophobia.

    abstract::In recent years, several studies have pointed out the importance of pain-related fear in the development and maintenance of chronic pain. An important instrument for measuring pain-related fear in the context of low back pain is the Tampa Scale for Kinesiophobia (TSK). Recently, a version of this questionnaire has bee...

    journal_title:Journal of behavioral medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Houben RM,Leeuw M,Vlaeyen JW,Goubert L,Picavet HS

    更新日期:2005-10-01 00:00:00

  • The relationship of hardiness, coping strategies, and perceived stress to symptoms of illness.

    abstract::We proposed a conceptual model based on research supporting the relationship between symptoms of illness and the determinants of hardiness, coping strategies, and perceived stress. In this model, hardiness, avoidance coping, and approach coping have paths to perceived stress, perceived stress has a path to symptoms of...

    journal_title:Journal of behavioral medicine

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章


    authors: Soderstrom M,Dolbier C,Leiferman J,Steinhardt M

    更新日期:2000-06-01 00:00:00

  • Pain catastrophizing, activity engagement and pain willingness as predictors of the benefits of multidisciplinary cognitive behaviorally-based chronic pain treatment.

    abstract::Pain catastrophizing and pain acceptance have been shown to be associated with improvements after participation in cognitive behaviorally-based treatment (CBT) for chronic pain. However, it is not yet clear how important each of these factors is relative to the other. Furthermore, it is also not clear if multidiscipli...

    journal_title:Journal of behavioral medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Miró J,Castarlenas E,de la Vega R,Galán S,Sánchez-Rodríguez E,Jensen MP,Cane D

    更新日期:2018-12-01 00:00:00

  • "We get what we deserve": the belief in a just world and its health consequences for Blacks.

    abstract::This study explored whether individual differences in the endorsement of the belief that the world is a just place (i.e., the just world belief) would predict individual differences in resilience/vulnerability to the negative health consequences of discrimination. One-hundred and thirty Blacks participated in a vital ...

    journal_title:Journal of behavioral medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hagiwara N,Alderson CJ,McCauley JM

    更新日期:2015-12-01 00:00:00

  • Anger management style, degree of expressed anger, and gender influence cardiovascular recovery from interpersonal harassment.

    abstract::The hypothesis that the degree to which individuals expressed anger during harassment would mediate relationships between anger management style and cardiovascular recovery from harassment was examined in a college sample of 31 men and 32 women. Subjects told stories about Thematic Apperception Test cards during nonha...

    journal_title:Journal of behavioral medicine

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Faber SD,Burns JW

    更新日期:1996-02-01 00:00:00

  • The placebo effect, sleep difficulty, and side effects: a balanced placebo model.

    abstract::Medical treatment is usually accompanied by a warning about potential side effects. While constituting an important component of informed consent, these warnings may themselves contribute to side effects via the placebo effect. We tested this possibility using a 2 × 2 between-subjects design. Under the guise of a tria...

    journal_title:Journal of behavioral medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Neukirch N,Colagiuri B

    更新日期:2015-04-01 00:00:00

  • Social insecurity, the type A behavior pattern, and sympathetic arousal.

    abstract::Social insecurity is a psychological orientation that has been found to be associated significantly with both coronary atherosclerosis and psychological distress. Although sympathetic arousal has been assumed to be a cause of coronary atherosclerosis and an effect of psychological distress, neither of the prior studie...

    journal_title:Journal of behavioral medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Fontana AF,Rosenberg RL,Kerns RD,Marcus JL

    更新日期:1986-02-01 00:00:00

  • Depression predicts failure to complete phase-II cardiac rehabilitation.

    abstract::Reduced adherence to medical treatment regimens may help to explain the higher risk of mortality among depressed cardiac patients. Participation in cardiac rehabilitation is a highly recommended part of the medical treatment regimen for cardiac patients. This study examined if elevated depressive symptomology, as meas...

    journal_title:Journal of behavioral medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Casey E,Hughes JW,Waechter D,Josephson R,Rosneck J

    更新日期:2008-10-01 00:00:00

  • Cigarette smoking among HIV+ men and women: examining health, substance use, and psychosocial correlates across the smoking spectrum.

    abstract::The prevalence of cigarette smoking among HIV+ individuals is greater than that found in the general population. However, factors related to smoking within this population are not well understood. This study examined the associations between smoking and demographic, medical, substance use, and psychosocial factors in ...

    journal_title:Journal of behavioral medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Webb MS,Vanable PA,Carey MP,Blair DC

    更新日期:2007-10-01 00:00:00

  • Effects of laughter and relaxation on discomfort thresholds.

    abstract::Two experiments were conducted to test the proposal that laughter is a pain antagonist. In Experiment I, thresholds for pressure-induced discomfort of 20 male and 20 female subjects were measured after each subject listened to a 20-min-long laughter-inducing, relaxation-inducing, or dull-narrative audio tape or no tap...

    journal_title:Journal of behavioral medicine

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Cogan R,Cogan D,Waltz W,McCue M

    更新日期:1987-04-01 00:00:00

  • Conceptualizations, measurement, and effects of prenatal maternal stress on birth outcomes.

    abstract::This article analyzes the conceptual and methodological approaches which have been used to investigate effects of prenatal maternal stress on birth outcomes and highlights the major findings of this research. By viewing the most widely used operational definitions of prenatal stress in a broader theoretical framework,...

    journal_title:Journal of behavioral medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Lobel M

    更新日期:1994-06-01 00:00:00

  • Behavioral treatment of hyperlipidemia: techniques, results, and future directions.

    abstract::The present review examines the role of several target behaviors in the treatment of hyperlipidemia, including diet, exercise, cigarette smoking, Type A pattern, and medication adherence. Modification of the typical American diet (high in cholesterol, fat, and sodium) is emphasized in the treatment of hyperlipidemia s...

    journal_title:Journal of behavioral medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Carmody TP,Fey SG,Pierce DK,Connor WE,Matarazzo JD

    更新日期:1982-03-01 00:00:00

  • Suicidal ideation and attempted suicide among women living with HIV/AIDS.

    abstract::The prevalence, timing, and predictors of suicidal ideation and attempted suicide were evaluated in a sample of 207 HIV-positive women in New York City. Twenty-six percent of the women reported attempting suicide since their HIV diagnosis. Of those who made an attempt, 42% acted within the first month after diagnosis ...

    journal_title:Journal of behavioral medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Cooperman NA,Simoni JM

    更新日期:2005-04-01 00:00:00

  • Uncertainty of illness relationships with mental health and coping processes in fibromyalgia patients.

    abstract::Fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) is a chronic musculoskeletal pain condition poorly understood in terms of etiology and treatment by both physicians and patients. This condition of "uncertainty of illness" was examined as a variable involved in the adjustment of FMS patients, relating it to their depression, anxiety, affec...

    journal_title:Journal of behavioral medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Reich JW,Johnson LM,Zautra AJ,Davis MC

    更新日期:2006-08-01 00:00:00

  • Subjective stress sensitivity and physiological responses to an aversive auditory stimulus in migraine and control subjects.

    abstract::Subjective stress sensitivity and physiological parameters were compared between 24 migraine subjects and 24 matched headache-free controls during a multifrequency 85-dB (A) aversive auditory stressor and during a recovery period. Measures consisted of frontalis EMG, temporal artery blood volume pulse, heart rate, a s...

    journal_title:Journal of behavioral medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Rojahn J,Gerhards F

    更新日期:1986-04-01 00:00:00

  • "I'm sorry to tell you ..." physicians' reports of breaking bad news.

    abstract::In this investigation the authors assessed what physicians do when planning for and delivering bad news to patients. Seventy-three physicians responded to a series of statements about the behaviors, thoughts, and feelings they might have had while preparing for and delivering bad medically-related news. Data were also...

    journal_title:Journal of behavioral medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ptacek JT,Ptacek JJ,Ellison NM

    更新日期:2001-04-01 00:00:00