Differences in the effect of patients' socioeconomic status on the use of invasive cardiovascular procedures across health insurance categories.


OBJECTIVES:This study evaluated the effect of patients' socioeconomic status on use of coronary angiography, bypass grafting, and angioplasty across health insurance categories. METHODS:Multiple logistic regression was used to compute the odds of receiving each procedure among 206 233 ischemic heart disease patients residing in urban California zip codes from 1991 through 1993. RESULTS:Residents of high socioeconomic status areas were more likely (odds ratios [ORs] = 1.20-1.41) and residents of low socioeconomic status areas were less likely (ORs = 0.79-0.84) than residents of middle socioeconomic status areas to undergo each procedure. These effects were common among Medicare and health maintenance organization patients and uncommon for privately insured and uninsured patients. CONCLUSIONS:The effect of socioeconomic status varies across health insurance categories.


Am J Public Health


Carlisle DM,Leake BD




Has Abstract


1998-07-01 00:00:00












  • The incidence of tuberculosis among North Carolina migrant farmworkers, 1991.

    abstract::All locatable subjects (n = 94) for whom tuberculosis prevalence had been determined in an earlier study were tested with purified protein derivative (PPD) and control antigens, sputum sampling, and chest x-rays. Of the 46 who had been tuberculin negative (confirmed with control antigens) 3 years earlier, 2 had develo...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ciesielski S,Esposito D,Protiva J,Piehl M

    更新日期:1994-11-01 00:00:00

  • A matter of opinion about hysterectomies: experts' and practicing community gynecologists' ratings of appropriateness.

    abstract::The degree to which national expert panel survey ratings of the appropriateness of hysterectomy differed from those of a random sample of practicing community gynecologists was determined. Community gynecologists rated hysterectomy as more appropriate on six of eight cervical dysplasia scenarios. Experts agreed among ...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bickell NA,Earp J,Evans AT,Bernstein SJ

    更新日期:1995-08-01 00:00:00

  • Effects of individually motivating smoking cessation in male blue collar workers.

    abstract::Adverse demonstrable health effects linked to the individual's smoking were shown to 2,689 American workers to motivate cessation during routine examinations to detect asbestosis. This intervention was evaluated six to 25 months later by a mailed questionnaire and by telephone to non-responders. Results were compared ...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kilburn KH,Warshaw RH

    更新日期:1990-11-01 00:00:00

  • Evaluating the effectiveness of public health leadership training: the NEPHLI experience.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We assessed the effect of public health leadership training on the capacity of public health leaders to perform competencies derived from the list of "Ten Essential Public Health Services" presented in 1994 by the steering committee of the Public Health Functions Project. METHODS:Graduating scholars of the ...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Saleh SS,Williams D,Balougan M

    更新日期:2004-07-01 00:00:00

  • International Health Regulations, Ebola, and Emerging Infectious Diseases in Latin America and the Caribbean.

    abstract::The World Health Organization's determination of the Ebola virus disease outbreak as a public health event of international concern prompted nonaffected countries to implement measures to prevent, detect, and manage the introduction of the virus in their territories. The outbreak provided an opportunity to assess the ...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Espinal M,Aldighieri S,St John R,Becerra-Posada F,Etienne C

    更新日期:2016-02-01 00:00:00

  • Epigenome: biosensor of cumulative exposure to chemical and nonchemical stressors related to environmental justice.

    abstract::Understanding differential disease susceptibility requires new tools to quantify the cumulative effects of environmental stress. Evidence suggests that social, physical, and chemical stressors can influence disease through the accumulation of epigenetic modifications. Geographically stable epigenetic alterations could...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Olden K,Lin YS,Gruber D,Sonawane B

    更新日期:2014-10-01 00:00:00

  • Atrial fibrillation as a risk factor for stroke: a retrospective cohort study of hospitalized Medicare beneficiaries.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:This study examined the relationship between atrial fibrillation and (1) stroke and (2) all-cause mortality. METHODS:All eligible Medicare patients older than 65 years of age hospitalized in 1985 were followed up for 4 years. Kaplan-Meier and Cox proportional hazards models were used for assessment of risk ...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Yuan Z,Bowlin S,Einstadter D,Cebul RD,Conners AR Jr,Rimm AA

    更新日期:1998-03-01 00:00:00

  • Obesity and risk for death due to motor vehicle crashes.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We examined the role of body mass index (BMI) and other factors in driver deaths within 30 days after motor vehicle crashes. METHODS:We collected data for 22 107 drivers aged 16 years and older who were involved in motor vehicle crashes from the Crashworthiness Data System of the National Automotive Samplin...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Zhu S,Layde PM,Guse CE,Laud PW,Pintar F,Nirula R,Hargarten S

    更新日期:2006-04-01 00:00:00

  • Oral health care for children in countries using dental therapists in public, school-based programs, contrasted with that of the United States, using dentists in a private practice model.

    abstract::The United States faces a significant problem with access to oral health care, particularly for children. More than 50 countries have developed an alternative dental provider, a dental therapist, practicing in public, school-based programs, to address children's access to care. This delivery model has been demonstrate...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Mathu-Muju KR,Friedman JW,Nash DA

    更新日期:2013-09-01 00:00:00

  • Nonoccupational and occupational injuries to US workers with disabilities.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We examined medically treated injuries among US workers with disability. METHODS:Using 2006-2010 National Health Interview Survey data, we compared 3-month rates of nonoccupational and occupational injuries to workers with disability (n = 7729) and without disability (n = 175 947). We fitted multivariable l...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Price J,Shi J,Lu B,Smith GA,Stallones L,Wheeler KK,Xiang H

    更新日期:2012-09-01 00:00:00

  • "What Is Our Story?" Philip Morris's Changing Corporate Narrative.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We sought to learn how employees reacted to changes in the corporate narrative of Philip Morris Companies (PMC) in the late 1990s and early 2000s. METHODS:We analyzed archival internal tobacco industry documents about PMC's creation of a new corporate story. RESULTS:In response to litigation and public opp...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: McDaniel PA,Malone RE

    更新日期:2015-10-01 00:00:00

  • Battered and pregnant: a prevalence study.

    abstract::We interviewed 290 pregnant women randomly selected from public and private prenatal clinics, 80 per cent of whom were at least five months pregnant (ages 18-43, 42 per cent Latino, 22 per cent Black). Twenty-four women reported physical battering during this pregnancy (44 reported physical battering before the curren...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Helton AS,McFarlane J,Anderson ET

    更新日期:1987-10-01 00:00:00

  • Sharing a Playbook: Integrated Care in Community Health Centers in the United States.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We investigated basic measures used to assess collaboration between colocated providers and to gauge the extent to which health centers practice integrated care. METHODS:We used the Assessment of Behavioral Health Services survey and the 2010 Uniform Data System to explore the elements of integrated care fo...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Jones EB,Ku L

    更新日期:2015-10-01 00:00:00

  • Marketing practices of vapor store owners.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We examined the marketing strategies for local vapor stores in a large metropolitan area in Oklahoma. METHODS:Vapor store owners or managers (n = 33) participated in individual interviews regarding marketing practices in 2014. We asked owners about their marketing strategies and the groups they targeted. We...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Cheney M,Gowin M,Wann TF

    更新日期:2015-06-01 00:00:00

  • "Speaking the dialect": understanding public discourse in the aftermath of an HIV vaccine trial shutdown.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We investigated how persons from key populations at higher risk of HIV exposure interpreted the process and outcomes of the Step Study HIV-1 vaccine trial, which was terminated early, and implications for willingness to participate in and community support for HIV vaccine research. METHODS:We used qualitati...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Newman PA,Logie C,James L,Charles T,Maxwell J,Salam K,Woodford M

    更新日期:2011-09-01 00:00:00

  • Hepatitis C virus infection in young, low-income women: the role of sexually transmitted infection as a potential cofactor for HCV infection.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We evaluated risk for hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection in women residing in low-income neighborhoods of northern California. METHODS:A population-based sample of 1707 women, aged 18 to 29, were surveyed and screened for sexually transmitted infections and HCV. RESULTS:Women infected with HCV (2.5%) were m...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Page-Shafer KA,Cahoon-Young B,Klausner JD,Morrow S,Molitor F,Ruiz J,McFarland W,Young Women's Survey Team.

    更新日期:2002-04-01 00:00:00

  • Domestic violence and childhood sexual abuse in HIV-infected women and women at risk for HIV.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence and effect of domestic violence and childhood sexual abuse in women with HIV or at risk for HIV infection. METHODS:Participants with HIV or at risk for HIV infection enrolled in the Women's Interagency HIV Study. Childhood sexual abuse; all physical,...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Cohen M,Deamant C,Barkan S,Richardson J,Young M,Holman S,Anastos K,Cohen J,Melnick S

    更新日期:2000-04-01 00:00:00

  • Interventions to increase physical activity among healthy adults: meta-analysis of outcomes.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We conducted a meta-analysis summarizing the effects of interventions designed to increase physical activity among healthy adults. METHODS:Our comprehensive searches located 358 reports eligible for inclusion. We used random-effects analyses to synthesize data, and we used meta-analytic analogues of regress...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章,meta分析


    authors: Conn VS,Hafdahl AR,Mehr DR

    更新日期:2011-04-01 00:00:00

  • Evaluation of the Be the Exception Sixth-Grade Program in Rural Communities to Delay the Onset of Sexual Behavior.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES: To investigate the impact of Be the Exception, a newly developed program to delay onset of sexual behaviors, in a White, rural population. METHODS: A cluster randomized controlled trial in northwestern Indiana (14 schools, 1776 students, 2011-2015) compared an intervention (5 group sessions and multimedia ...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Piotrowski ZH,Hedeker D

    更新日期:2016-09-01 00:00:00

  • The onset of depression during the great recession: foreclosure and older adult mental health.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We examined neighborhood-level foreclosure rates and their association with onset of depressive symptoms in older adults. METHODS:We linked data from the National Social Life, Health, and Aging Project (2005-2006 and 2010-2011 waves), a longitudinal, nationally representative survey, to data on zip code-lev...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Cagney KA,Browning CR,Iveniuk J,English N

    更新日期:2014-03-01 00:00:00

  • The Collateral Damage of Mass Incarceration: Risk of Psychiatric Morbidity Among Nonincarcerated Residents of High-Incarceration Neighborhoods.

    abstract::Objectives. We examined whether residence in neighborhoods with high levels of incarceration is associated with psychiatric morbidity among nonincarcerated community members. Methods. We linked zip code-linked information on neighborhood prison admissions rates to individual-level data on mental health from the Detroi...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hatzenbuehler ML,Keyes K,Hamilton A,Uddin M,Galea S

    更新日期:2015-01-01 00:00:00

  • Immigration and acculturation in relation to health and health-related risk factors among specific Asian subgroups in a health maintenance organization.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We sought to determine how risk factors for disease vary among Asian subgroups. METHODS:Using data from a case-control study conducted at Northern California Kaiser Medical Centers (from 1996 to 2001), we compared prevalence of selected risk factors among Asian subgroups and evaluated the associations of th...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gomez SL,Kelsey JL,Glaser SL,Lee MM,Sidney S

    更新日期:2004-11-01 00:00:00

  • Thinness among young Japanese women.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We described changes in body mass index (BMI) and the prevalence of thinness among young Japanese women (aged 15-29 years) from 1976 to 2000 by reanalyzing the nationwide data in the National Nutrition Survey, Japan. METHODS:We used height and weight data sets for 30 903 nonpregnant, nonlactating women duri...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Takimoto H,Yoshiike N,Kaneda F,Yoshita K

    更新日期:2004-09-01 00:00:00

  • The role of occupational health clinics in surveillance of occupational disease.

    abstract::Academic occupational health centers can support state-based occupational disease surveillance by playing a role in case identification and management, physician education, workplace investigation, and surveillance case criteria development. The existing centers can also serve as models for developing new clinics. As ...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Welch L

    更新日期:1989-12-01 00:00:00

  • Achieving population health in accountable care organizations.

    abstract::Although "population health" is one of the Institute for Healthcare Improvement's Triple Aim goals, its relationship to accountable care organizations (ACOs) remains ill-defined and lacks clarity as to how the clinical delivery system intersects with the public health system. Although defining population health as "pa...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hacker K,Walker DK

    更新日期:2013-07-01 00:00:00

  • Challenges associated with screening for traumatic brain injury among US veterans seeking homeless services.

    abstract::We identified the prevalence of traumatic brain injury (TBI) among homeless veterans and assessed the TBI-4, a screening tool created to identify TBI history. Between May 2010 and October 2011, 800 US veterans from two hospitals, one eastern (n = 122) and one western (n = 678) completed some or all measures. Findings ...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Russell LM,Devore MD,Barnes SM,Forster JE,Hostetter TA,Montgomery AE,Casey R,Kane V,Brenner LA

    更新日期:2013-12-01 00:00:00

  • Consistency between increasing trends in added-sugar intake and body mass index among adults: the Minnesota Heart Survey, 1980-1982 to 2007-2009.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We described 27-year secular trends in added-sugar intake and body mass index (BMI) among Americans aged 25 to 74 years. METHODS:The Minnesota Heart Survey (1980-1982 to 2007-2009) is a surveillance study of cardiovascular risk factors among residents of the Minneapolis-St Paul area. We used generalized lin...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wang H,Steffen LM,Zhou X,Harnack L,Luepker RV

    更新日期:2013-03-01 00:00:00

  • An epidemiologic study of gypsy moth rash.

    abstract::In 1981, outbreaks of itchy skin rashes were reported accompanying the heavy infestation of gypsy moths (GM) in the Northeastern United States. The rash problem was widespread and a considerable public annoyance. In the spring of 1982, during the period of greatest contact with the caterpillars, a telephone survey was...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Tuthill RW,Canada AT,Wilcock K,Etkind PH,O'Dell TM,Shama SK

    更新日期:1984-08-01 00:00:00

  • Life after the ban: an assessment of US syringe exchange programs' attitudes about and early experiences with federal funding.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We aimed to determine whether syringe exchange programs (SEPs) currently receive or anticipate pursuing federal funding and barriers to funding applications following the recent removal of the long-standing ban on using federal funds for SEPs. METHODS:We conducted a telephone-administered cross-sectional su...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Green TC,Martin EG,Bowman SE,Mann MR,Beletsky L

    更新日期:2012-05-01 00:00:00

  • Evaluation of the effects of the North Carolina Improved Pregnancy Outcome Project: implications for state-level decision-making.

    abstract::This study was designed to assess the effects of the North Carolina Improved Pregnancy Outcome (IPO) Project on use of prenatal care and incidence of low birthweight among its primarily Black registrants . Weighted least squares and stratified analysis procedures were used to scrutinize vital statistics data for subpo...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Peoples MD,Grimson RC,Daughtry GL

    更新日期:1984-06-01 00:00:00