Quantitative structure-activity relationships of 1,3,4-thiadiazol-2(3H)-ones and 1,3,4-oxadiazol-2(3H)-ones as human protoporphyrinogen oxidase inhibitors.


:Protoporphyrinogen oxidase (Protox, EC has attracted great interest during the last decades due to its unique biochemical characteristics and biomedical significance. As a continuation of our research work on the development of new PPO inhibitors, 23 new 1,3,4-thiadiazol-2(3H)-ones bearing benzothiazole substructure were designed and synthesized. The in vitro assay indicated that the newly synthesized compounds 1a-w displayed good inhibition activity against human PPO (hPPO) with K(i) values ranging from 0.04μM to 245μM. To the knowledge, compound 1a, O-ethyl S-(5-(5-(tert-butyl)-2-oxo-1,3,4-thiadiazol-3(2H)-yl)-6-fluorobenzothiazol-2-yl)carbonothioate, with the K(i) value of 40nM, is so far known as the most potent inhibitor against hPPO. Based on the molecular docking and modified molecular mechanics/Poisson-Boltzmann surface area (MM-PBSA) calculations, the quantitative structure-activity relationships of 1,3,4-thiadiazol-2(3H)-ones and 1,3,4-oxadiazol-2(3H)-one derivatives were established with excellent correlation relationships (r(2)=0.81) between the calculated and experimental binding free energies. Some important insights were also concluded for guiding the future rational design of new hPPO inhibitors with improved potency.


Bioorg Med Chem


Zuo Y,Yang SG,Jiang LL,Hao GF,Wang ZF,Wu QY,Xi Z,Yang GF




Has Abstract


2012-01-01 00:00:00














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