Inspiratory muscle warm-up and inspiratory muscle training: separate and combined effects on intermittent running to exhaustion.


:In the present study, we examined the independent and combined effects of an inspiratory muscle warm-up and inspiratory muscle training on intermittent running to exhaustion. Twelve males were recruited to undertake four experimental trials. Two trials (Trials 1 and 2) preceded either a 4-week training period of 1 × 30 breaths twice daily at 50% (experimental group) or 15% (control group) maximal inspiratory mouth pressure (PImax). A further two trials (Trials 3 and 4) were performed after the 4 weeks. Trials 2 and 4 were preceded by a warm-up: 2 × 30 breaths at 40% PImax. Pre-training PImax and distance covered increased (P < 0.05) similarly between groups after the warm-up (~11% and ~5-7% PImax and distance covered, respectively). After training, PImax increased by 20 ± 6.1% (P < 0.01; d = 3.6) and 26.7 ± 6.3% (P < 0.01; d = 3.1) when training and warm-up were combined in the experimental group. Distance covered increased after training in the experimental group by 12 ± 4.9% (P < 0.01; d = 3.6) and 14.9 ± 4.5% (P < 0.01; d = 2.3) when training and warm-up interventions were combined. In conclusion, inspiratory muscle training and inspiratory muscle warm-up can both increase running distance independently, but the greatest increase is observed when they are combined.


J Sports Sci


Lomax M,Grant I,Corbett J




Has Abstract


2011-03-01 00:00:00














  • Can subjective comfort be used as a measure of plantar pressure in football boots?

    abstract::Comfort has been shown to be the most desired football boot feature by players. Previous studies have shown discomfort to be related to increased plantar pressures for running shoes which, in some foot regions, has been suggested to be a causative factor in overuse injuries. This study examined the correlation between...

    journal_title:Journal of sports sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Okholm Kryger K,Jarratt V,Mitchell S,Forrester S

    更新日期:2017-05-01 00:00:00

  • Effect of intermittent normobaric hypoxic exposure at rest on haematological, physiological, and performance parameters in multi-sport athletes.

    abstract::The aim of this study was to determine whether 3 weeks of intermittent normobaric hypoxic exposure at rest was able to elicit changes that would benefit multi-sport athletes. Twenty-two multi-sport athletes of mixed ability were exposed to either a normobaric hypoxic gas (intermittent hypoxic training group) or a plac...

    journal_title:Journal of sports sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Hamlin MJ,Hellemans J

    更新日期:2007-02-15 00:00:00

  • The anaerobic power reserve and its applicability in professional road cycling.

    abstract::This study examined if short-duration record power outputs can be predicted with the Anaerobic Power Reserve (APR) model in professional cyclists using a field-based approach. Additionally, we evaluated if modified model parameters could improve predictive ability of the model. Twelve professional cyclists (V̇O2max 75...

    journal_title:Journal of sports sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sanders D,Heijboer M

    更新日期:2019-03-01 00:00:00

  • Spatial-temporal constraints on decision-making during shooting performance in the team sport of futsal.

    abstract::In this paper we examined the influence of opposing players constraining the decision-making of an attacker during shooting performance in futsal. Performance during 10 competitive matches was recorded and examined from the moment a shot was taken until the ball was intercepted or entered the goal in sequences of play...

    journal_title:Journal of sports sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Vilar L,Araújo D,Davids K,Correia V,Esteves PT

    更新日期:2013-01-01 00:00:00

  • Analysis of foot strike pattern, rearfoot dynamic and foot rotation over childhood. A cross-sectional study.

    abstract::The purpose of this study was to determine the foot strike patterns (FSP), rearfoot position at initial contact (RPic, i.e., No INV/EVE) and foot rotation in children in relation to age. A total of 932 children aged 3 to 16 years participated in this study. A sagittal and frontal-plane video was recorded using a high-...

    journal_title:Journal of sports sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Latorre Román PÁ,Redondo Balboa F,Párraga Montilla J,Soto Hermoso VM,Consuegra González PJ,García Pinillos F

    更新日期:2019-03-01 00:00:00

  • Experiential knowledge of expert coaches can help identify informational constraints on performance of dynamic interceptive actions.

    abstract::Coordination of dynamic interceptive movements is predicated on cyclical relations between an individual's actions and information sources from the performance environment. To identify dynamic informational constraints, which are interwoven with individual and task constraints, coaches' experiential knowledge provides...

    journal_title:Journal of sports sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Greenwood D,Davids K,Renshaw I

    更新日期:2014-01-01 00:00:00

  • A method to assess the influence of individual player performance distribution on match outcome in team sports.

    abstract::This study developed a method to determine whether the distribution of individual player performances can be modelled to explain match outcome in team sports, using Australian Rules football as an example. Player-recorded values (converted to a percentage of team total) in 11 commonly reported performance indicators w...

    journal_title:Journal of sports sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Robertson S,Gupta R,McIntosh S

    更新日期:2016-10-01 00:00:00

  • Measurement of motivational imagery abilities in sport.

    abstract::Athletes report using imagery most often to successfully cope with and master challenging situations. This function of imagery is termed "motivational general-mastery" and includes imagining being focused, confident and in control in difficult circumstances. Also, athletes often use imagery to regulate their arousal l...

    journal_title:Journal of sports sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gregg M,Hall C

    更新日期:2006-09-01 00:00:00

  • Equivalence of accelerometer data for walking and running: treadmill versus on land.

    abstract::The aim of this study was to compare equivalence and agreement of physical activity output data collected by a Research Tri-axial accelerometer (R3T) during walking and running on a treadmill versus on land. Fifty healthy volunteers, 35 males (age 21.9 +/- 1.8 years) and 15 females (age 21.6 +/- 0.7 years), underwent ...

    journal_title:Journal of sports sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Vanhelst J,Zunquin G,Theunynck D,Mikulovic J,Bui-Xuan G,Beghin L

    更新日期:2009-05-01 00:00:00

  • Physiological responses and time-motion characteristics of various small-sided soccer games in youth players.

    abstract::The aim of this study was to examine acute physiological responses and time-motion characteristics associated with three different small-sided soccer game formats in youth players. Sixteen male soccer players aged 16.3+/-0.6 years (mean+/-s) completed three variations of a small-sided game (i.e. 2 vs. 2, 4 vs. 4, and ...

    journal_title:Journal of sports sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hill-Haas SV,Dawson BT,Coutts AJ,Rowsell GJ

    更新日期:2009-01-01 00:00:00

  • Interpersonal variability in timing strategy and temporal accuracy in rapid interception task with variable time-to-contact.

    abstract::In rapid interceptive actions such as hitting a baseball, cricket ball or tennis ball, ball speed varies between trials, and players have to compensate the time lag by controlling the moment of movement onset and movement duration. Previous studies have found that these two variables can flexibly co-vary and are robus...

    journal_title:Journal of sports sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ijiri T,Shinya M,Nakazawa K

    更新日期:2015-01-01 00:00:00

  • Validity of Wrist-Worn photoplethysmography devices to measure heart rate: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

    abstract::Heart rate (HR), when combined with accelerometry, can dramatically improve estimates of energy expenditure and sleep. Advancements in technology, via the development and introduction of small, low-cost photoplethysmography devices embedded within wrist-worn consumer wearables, have made the collection of heart rate (...

    journal_title:Journal of sports sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章,meta分析


    authors: Zhang Y,Weaver RG,Armstrong B,Burkart S,Zhang S,Beets MW

    更新日期:2020-09-01 00:00:00

  • Strategies of Parkour practitioners for executing soft precision landings.

    abstract::Parkour landing techniques differ from performances of other sports as they are practiced in urban spaces with uncontrolled surfaces and drop heights. Due to the relatively young age of the sport, few studies have tried to understand how practitioners - called traceurs - succeed at performing these dynamic performance...

    journal_title:Journal of sports sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Maldonado G,Soueres P,Watier B

    更新日期:2018-11-01 00:00:00

  • "Macro-structure" of developmental participation histories and "micro-structure" of practice of German female world-class and national-class football players.

    abstract::The study examined the "micro-structure" of football practice and the "macro-structure" of participation history of female professional football players. Participants were 29 German 1st league (Bundesliga) players, 14 of whom played on the senior national team (Olympic Champion in 2016). A questionnaire recorded the p...

    journal_title:Journal of sports sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Güllich A

    更新日期:2019-06-01 00:00:00

  • Determination of the prevalence of anabolic steroids, stimulants, and selected drugs subject to doping controls among elite sport students using analytical chemistry.

    abstract::Drug abuse by adolescents has been investigated in various surveys that reported correlations between age, gender, and activity. However, none of these studies included chemical analyses to help substantiate the statements of participants. In the present study, the urine specimens of 964 students (439 females, 525 mal...

    journal_title:Journal of sports sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Thevis M,Sauer M,Geyer H,Sigmund G,Mareck U,Schänzer W

    更新日期:2008-08-01 00:00:00

  • The effects of outcome imagery on golf-putting performance.

    abstract::The aim of this study was to determine the effects of positive and negative outcome imagery on golf-putting performance. Players of both high and low ability performed a golf-putting task in three imagery conditions: (a) a positive outcome imagery condition, (b) a negative outcome imagery condition and (c) a no-imager...

    journal_title:Journal of sports sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Taylor JA,Shaw DF

    更新日期:2002-08-01 00:00:00

  • Acute effects of different warm-up protocols on highly skilled golfers' drive performance.

    abstract::Previous research has highlighted the positive effect that different warm-up protocols have on golf performance (e.g. Sorbie et al., 2016; Tilley & Macfarlane, 2012) with the design of warm-ups and programmes targeting and improving golf performance through the activation and development of specific muscle groups. Thi...

    journal_title:Journal of sports sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Langdown BL,Wells JET,Graham S,Bridge MW

    更新日期:2019-03-01 00:00:00

  • Vital statistics and early death predictors of North American professional basketball players: A historical examination.

    abstract::While empirical evidence suggests that elite athletes have superior lifespan outcomes relative to the general population, less is known regarding their causes of death. The purpose of this study was to critically examine the mortality outcomes of deceased National Basketball Association and American Basketball Associa...

    journal_title:Journal of sports sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lemez S,Wattie N,Lawler T,Baker J

    更新日期:2018-07-01 00:00:00

  • Similar results for face mask versus mouthpiece during incremental exercise to exhaustion.

    abstract::Investigations in the 1990s evaluated the influence of breathing assemblies on respiratory variables at rest and during exercise; however, research on new models of breathing assemblies is lacking. This study compared metabolic gas analysis data from a mouthpiece with a noseclip (MOUTH) and a face mask (MASK). Volunte...

    journal_title:Journal of sports sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wagner DR,Clark NW

    更新日期:2016-01-01 00:00:00

  • The effects of frequency of encouragement on performance during maximal exercise testing.

    abstract::The aim of this study was to determine the effects of frequency of verbal encouragement during maximal exercise testing. Twenty-eight participants (12 males, 16 females) aged 20.9 +/- 1.5 years (mean +/- s) performed a maximal exercise test (VO2max) on a treadmill without any verbal encouragement. The participants wer...

    journal_title:Journal of sports sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Andreacci JL,LeMura LM,Cohen SL,Urbansky EA,Chelland SA,Von Duvillard SP

    更新日期:2002-04-01 00:00:00

  • Relationships between multidimensional competitive state anxiety and cognitive and motor subcomponents of performance.

    abstract::This study examined the relationship between multidimensional competitive state anxiety and cognitive (i.e. digit span) and motor (i.e. perceptuo-motor speed) subcomponents of performance in an experimental group of hockey players during the period leading up to an important hockey match, and also in a control group o...

    journal_title:Journal of sports sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Jones JG,Cale A

    更新日期:1989-01-01 00:00:00

  • Bioenergetics of ice hockey: considerations for fatigue.

    abstract::This paper addresses the potential role of fatigue as a factor contributing to the deterioration of high level performance in ice hockey. Particularly, attention is given to the general description of different types of fatigue and the mechanisms underlying each type. Data have been presented illustrating the nature a...

    journal_title:Journal of sports sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Green HJ

    更新日期:1987-01-01 00:00:00

  • Visually focusing on the far versus the near target during the putting stroke.

    abstract::The purpose was to evaluate the traditional method, of visually focusing on the ball, in comparison to focusing on the hole, during the putting stroke. The study design consisted of a pretest, a 4-week practice period, and a posttest. Participants (n = 31, handicap: 18.7 ± 10.4) practised using only one of the two gaz...

    journal_title:Journal of sports sciences

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章


    authors: Mackenzie SJ,Foley SM,Adamczyk AP

    更新日期:2011-09-01 00:00:00

  • Effect of postural changes on 3D joint angular velocity during starting block phase.

    abstract::Few studies have focused on the effect of posture during sprint start. The aim of this study was to measure the effect of the modification of horizontal distance between the blocks during sprint start on three dimensional (3D) joint angular velocity. Nine trained sprinters started using three different starting positi...

    journal_title:Journal of sports sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Slawinski J,Dumas R,Cheze L,Ontanon G,Miller C,Mazure-Bonnefoy A

    更新日期:2013-01-01 00:00:00

  • The influence of golf shaft stiffness on grip and clubhead kinematics.

    abstract::The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of shaft stiffness on grip and clubhead kinematics. Two driver shafts with disparate levels of stiffness, but very similar inertial properties, were tested by 33 golfers representing a range of abilities. Shaft deflection data as well as grip and clubhead kine...

    journal_title:Journal of sports sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: MacKenzie SJ,Boucher DE

    更新日期:2017-01-01 00:00:00

  • Development and validation of the Referee Training Activity Questionnaire (RTAQ): Towards a better understanding of the training practices of soccer officials.

    abstract::To develop and assess the validity of the Referee Training Activity Questionnaire (RTAQ), a systematic process was employed: 1) item generation; 2) assessments of content and face validity; and 3) assessments of criterion validity. In stage 1, items were generated following semi-structured interviews with an expert pa...

    journal_title:Journal of sports sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: P McEwan G,Unnithan V,Easton C,Arthur R

    更新日期:2020-12-01 00:00:00

  • Effect of cold water immersion on repeat cycling performance and thermoregulation in the heat.

    abstract::To assess the effect of cold water immersion and active recovery on thermoregulation and repeat cycling performance in the heat, ten well-trained male cyclists completed five trials, each separated by one week. Each trial consisted of a 30-min exercise task, one of five 15-min recoveries (intermittent cold water immer...

    journal_title:Journal of sports sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Vaile J,Halson S,Gill N,Dawson B

    更新日期:2008-03-01 00:00:00

  • Are the Multidimensional Body Self-Relations Questionnaire Scales stable or transient?

    abstract::Body image is an important concept when assessing mental health and, thus, a target for intervention work. The common approach to assess body image is via self-report and, consequently, it is important to assess stability and susceptibility of items to random change. Participants (N = 99, aged: 18-30 years) completed ...

    journal_title:Journal of sports sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Nevill AM,Lane AM,Duncan MJ

    更新日期:2015-01-01 00:00:00

  • Talent identification and women's soccer: an Australian experience.

    abstract::This study used a quasi-applied research model to identify and develop potentially talented female soccer players. Athletes aged 15-19 years with a background in team ball sports or athletics were targeted for recruitment using advertisements and promotions through various media. Interested athletes attended a 2-day p...

    journal_title:Journal of sports sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hoare DG,Warr CR

    更新日期:2000-09-01 00:00:00

  • Shared mental models and intra-team psychophysiological patterns: a test of the juggling paradigm.

    abstract::We explored implicit coordination mechanisms underlying the conceptual notion of "shared mental models" (SMM) through physiological (i.e., breathing and heart rates) and affective-cognitive (i.e., arousal, pleasantness, attention, self-efficacy, other's efficacy) monitoring of two professional jugglers performing a re...

    journal_title:Journal of sports sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Filho E,Pierini D,Robazza C,Tenenbaum G,Bertollo M

    更新日期:2017-01-01 00:00:00