Zone I flexor profundus tendon repair in children 5-10 years of age using 3 "figure of eight" sutures followed by immediate active mobilization.


:A review of the English medical literature over the last 20 years reporting on flexor profundus lacerations revealed only 55 reported cases of zone I flexor profundus lacerations in children. The standard repair technique in young children (5-10 years of age) has been either tendon reinsertion into bone (usually Bunnell technique) for distal zone I injuries or a 2-strand repair (usually modified Kessler technique) for proximal zone I injuries. We report on 22 children (5-10 years of age) with zone I flexor profundus tendon lacerations (10 children had distal zone I injury and 12 had proximal zone I injury) repaired with a 6-strand technique (3 separate "figure of 8" sutures) followed by early postoperative active mobilization. There were no ruptures. Using the Strickland and Glogovac criteria (on the basis of the net active motion of both the interphalangeal joints), all children qualified for an excellent outcome. However, using Moremen and Elliot criteria (on the basis of the net active motion of the distal interphalangeal joint only), 11 children had an excellent outcome, 3 had a good outcome, and 8 had a fair outcome. Our results were compared with previously reported series. It was concluded that the 6-strand figure of 8 suture technique may be used in pediatric zone I injuries and it is strong enough to allow safe early postoperative active mobilization in the 5- to 10-year age group children.


Ann Plast Surg


Al-Qattan MM




Has Abstract


2012-01-01 00:00:00












  • Iloprost improves survival of ischemic experimental skin flaps.

    abstract::The ability of the prostacyclin analogue iloprost to improve survival of ischemic experimental skin flaps was investigated. Unilateral island skin flaps based on the superficial inferior epigastric vessels were raised in 70 rats and subjected to varying lengths of primary ischemia. The flaps were divided into the foll...

    journal_title:Annals of plastic surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Senderoff DM,Israeli D,Zhang WX,Urken ML,Weinberg H

    更新日期:1994-05-01 00:00:00

  • Vacuum-assisted closure: a new method for wound control and treatment: animal studies and basic foundation.

    abstract::A series of basic animal studies using a new subatmospheric pressure technique (The V.A.C.) to expedite wound healing are presented. The technique entails placing an open-cell foam into the wound, sealing the site with an adhesive drape, and applying subatmospheric pressure (125 mmHg below ambient) that is transmitted...

    journal_title:Annals of plastic surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Morykwas MJ,Argenta LC,Shelton-Brown EI,McGuirt W

    更新日期:1997-06-01 00:00:00

  • Experimental end-to-side anastomosis of arteries less than one millimeter in diameter and clinical applications.

    abstract::Experimental end-to-side anastomoses of rabbit arteries less than 1.0 mm in diameter were performed. Technical details, angle of inset, and vessel opening discrepancy are discussed. We emphasize the value of end-to-side arterial anastomoses in increasing the patency rates of anastomoses and consequently the survival r...

    journal_title:Annals of plastic surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gao XS,Gao JH,Zhan HL

    更新日期:1985-10-01 00:00:00

  • Transverse rectus abdominis musculocutaneous flap breast reconstruction in sickle cell disease.

    abstract::Patients with homozygous sickle cell disease pose an enormous challenge to the reconstructive surgeon. Historically, the risk of attempting flap reconstruction was considered prohibitive. A successful case of immediate breast reconstruction with a "supercharged" bipedicled transverse rectus abdominis musculocutaneous ...

    journal_title:Annals of plastic surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hawes AS,Carlson GW

    更新日期:1995-11-01 00:00:00

  • Growth of vascularized composite mandibular allografts in young rabbits.

    abstract::Forty-one hemimandible allografts were transplanted in young rabbits immunosuppressed with cyclosporine. The majority of the grafts demonstrated normal wound healing, and growth of hair, bone, and teeth. The mandibular body and the premolars showed significant growth in length. The allografted mandibles functioned suf...

    journal_title:Annals of plastic surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Randzio J,Kniha H,Gold ME,Chang TT,Su LD,Park HH,Cho JS,Booth K,Furnas DW

    更新日期:1991-02-01 00:00:00

  • The Use of Dehydrated Human Amnion/Chorion Membranes in the Treatment of Burns and Complex Wounds: Current and Future Applications.

    abstract::Historically, biologic materials found in nature have been used for a wide variety of medicinal purposes, although their widespread use may be limited due to challenges in obtaining and properly preparing the material for safe clinical use. Amniotic membrane has long been recognized to possess unique properties favora...

    journal_title:Annals of plastic surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Tenenhaus M

    更新日期:2017-02-01 00:00:00

  • Microsurgical reconstruction of noma-related facial defects with folded free flaps: an overview of 31 cases.

    abstract::Noma is primarily affecting children in underprivileged countries and results in disfiguring facial defects, loss of mandibular movement, and subsequent social disintegration. Plastic surgery in West Africa traditionally uses pedicled flaps. In large, complex, or central facial defects, though, pedicled flaps are apt ...

    journal_title:Annals of plastic surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Giessler GA,Fieger A,Cornelius CP,Schmidt AB

    更新日期:2005-08-01 00:00:00

  • Squamous carcinoma in scars: clinicopathological correlations.

    abstract::Twelve cases of squamous cell carcinoma arising in scars of the skin are analyzed. Correlation of tumor aggressiveness, tumor differentiation, intensity of small lymphocyte infiltration, and nature of adjacent collagen tissue to tumor stroma was investigated. All tumors were predominantly well differentiated. Nine pat...

    journal_title:Annals of plastic surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Visuthikosol V,Boonpucknavig V,Nitiyanant P

    更新日期:1986-01-01 00:00:00

  • Silver-impregnated porcine xenografts for treatment of meshed autografts.

    abstract::Meshing of skin grafts has gained wide acceptance as a means of conserving donor sites in cases of extensive skin loss. In smaller injuries, meshed grafts have the advantage of providing for more efficient wound drainage than unmeshed grafts. Covering widely meshed skin grafts with meshed allografts has been found to ...

    journal_title:Annals of plastic surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ersek RA,Denton DR

    更新日期:1984-12-01 00:00:00

  • Automated facial image analysis: detecting improvement in abnormal facial movement after treatment with botulinum toxin A.

    abstract::The purpose of this study was to evaluate the ability of Automated Facial Image Analysis (AFA) to detect changes in facial motion after Botox injections in patients with facial nerve disorders accompanied by abnormal muscle activity. Eight subjects received Botox for oral to ocular synkinesis (n = 6), ocular to oral s...

    journal_title:Annals of plastic surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Rogers CR,Schmidt KL,VanSwearingen JM,Cohn JF,Wachtman GS,Manders EK,Deleyiannis FW

    更新日期:2007-01-01 00:00:00

  • Comparison of otoplasty techniques in the rabbit model.

    abstract::The relative merit of cartilage scoring versus suturing in otoplasty remains a subject of debate among leading plastic surgeons. We compared a variety of otoplasty techniques in 42 rabbit ears using anterior or posterior scoring, horizontal or vertical mattress sutures, and combinations of scoring and suturing. The ea...

    journal_title:Annals of plastic surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Rohrich RJ,Friedman RM,Liland DL

    更新日期:1995-01-01 00:00:00

  • Fibroblast variability in photoaged and nonphotoaged facelift skin.

    abstract::Pre- and postauricular skin was harvested from 25 facelift patients to study fibroblast replicative ability (RA). In tissue cultures, considerable heterogeneity was found in the ability of facial skin fibroblasts to replicate, both from patient to patient, and in the relationship of preauricular and postauricular skin...

    journal_title:Annals of plastic surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Rudolph R,Vande Berg J

    更新日期:1998-02-01 00:00:00

  • Metastasis in head and neck cancer, 1979.

    abstract::Metastatic spread of head and neck cancer signifies a grave change in prognosis for the patient. The presence or absence of detectable metastasis is valuable knowledge both in planning treatment and in predicting prognosis. Knowledge of the metastatic behavior patterns of such tumors, and of the diagnostic means of de...

    journal_title:Annals of plastic surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Cochran JH Jr,Fee WE Jr

    更新日期:1980-05-01 00:00:00

  • The growth of vascularized onlay bone transfers.

    abstract::The growth of vascularized onlay bone (autogenous) transfers on the skulls of 27 newborn New Zealand white rabbits was studied. Freeze-dried bone weight in control newborns and control adults (group 1) was compared with that in experimental adult animals (group 2). In the experimental group, the bone was transferred o...

    journal_title:Annals of plastic surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: LaTrenta GS,McCarthy JG,Cutting CB

    更新日期:1987-06-01 00:00:00

  • Color flow ultrasound for delineating microsurgical vessels: a clinical and experimental study.

    abstract::There is a need in plastic and reconstructive surgery for a method of monitoring flaps and replants pre- and postoperatively. This study evaluates color flow Doppler done as a monitoring technique for microvascular vessels. The capability of color flow ultrasound to monitor venous and arterial insufficiency and occlus...

    journal_title:Annals of plastic surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Amerhauser A,Moelleken BR,Mathes SJ,Gooding G,Goldstein R,Callen P,Filly RA

    更新日期:1993-03-01 00:00:00

  • Primary vein grafting in treatment of ring avulsion injuries: a 5-year prospective study.

    abstract::Out of 262 hands with total finger amputations treated by replantation of finger/fingers from January 2001 until January 2006, there were only 6 cases of type III ring avulsion injuries, all of which were replanted. Radical resection of the damaged part of the artery with primary vein grafting was used in each case; o...

    journal_title:Annals of plastic surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hyza P,Vesely J,Drazan L,Stupka I,Ranno R,Castagnetti F

    更新日期:2007-08-01 00:00:00

  • Negative Pressure Wound Therapy in Conjunction With Artificial Dermis for Burned Hand Reconstruction.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:Proper wound care along with the use of skin grafts over deep burn wounds has been the standard treatment. However, the goal in burn wound care has shifted from achieving a satisfactory survival rate to improving long-term form and function of the healed wound, which is sometimes hindered by scar contractu...

    journal_title:Annals of plastic surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ou KL,Tzeng YS,Liu HH,Wu CJ,Chen CY,Chou YY,Hsu KF,Wang CH,Dai NT,Chang CK

    更新日期:2021-02-01 00:00:00

  • A modified cervical collar for the immediate postoperative care of the burned neck.

    abstract::We present a modified version of the cervical collar that can be used immediately postoperatively and accommodates bulky bolster dressings. Its benefits include immediate neck hyperextension and immobilization and parallel monitoring of a skin graft or free flap. ...

    journal_title:Annals of plastic surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Friedman R,Cohen M

    更新日期:1985-06-01 00:00:00

  • Dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans of the toe.

    abstract::Dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans is an unusual soft-tissue tumor with a propensity for local recurrence and occasional metastatic spread. Given its indolent course, it may be mistaken for atypical scarring or a keloid growth. Most lesions are trunkal or on the proximal extremities with digital lesions being extremely r...

    journal_title:Annals of plastic surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Kraemer BA,Fremling M

    更新日期:1990-10-01 00:00:00

  • Excluding Antibiotics in the Management of Nonoperative Orbital and Zygomatic Fractures.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:Indications for prophylactic antibiotic therapy in nonoperative, closed fractures of the orbit and zygoma remain controversial and are based on anecdotal data. The purpose of this study was to report the incidence of infectious sequelae among patients who presented to our institution with stated fractures ...

    journal_title:Annals of plastic surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Pessino K,Cook T,Layliev J,Bradley JP,Bastidas N

    更新日期:2020-10-28 00:00:00

  • Scaphoid fracture nonunion treated with pronator quadratus pedicled vascularized bone graft and headless compression screw.

    abstract::The purpose of our retrospective study was to evaluate the outcomes of scaphoid fracture nonunion treated with a pronator quadratus pedicled vascularized bone graft and a headless compression screw with regard to early wrist and thumb mobilization. From January 2008 to June 2011, 27 patients (20 men and 7 women; mean ...

    journal_title:Annals of plastic surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lee SK,Park JS,Choy WS

    更新日期:2015-06-01 00:00:00

  • Initial experience with the use of porcine acellular dermal matrix (Strattice) for abdominal wall reinforcement after transverse rectus abdominis myocutaneous flap breast reconstruction.

    abstract::Reestablishing anterior rectus fascial integrity remains a clinical challenge after transverse rectus abdominis myocutaneous (TRAM) flap breast reconstruction. The main concerns include herniation and bulging due to abdominal weakness. Mesh-assisted closure of the fascial defect has improved bulging and herniation rat...

    journal_title:Annals of plastic surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Cicilioni O Jr,Araujo G,Mimbs N,Cox MD

    更新日期:2012-03-01 00:00:00

  • Subjective recovery of nerve graft donor site.

    abstract::Nerve graft procedures require the use of a donor nerve to supply the graft material. This results in an area of numbness in a less critical region. The purpose of this study was to assess donor site recovery using patient subjective evaluation. Thirty-one patients (mean age, 38 years) who were at least 2 years past a...

    journal_title:Annals of plastic surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ehretsman RL,Novak CB,Mackinnon SE

    更新日期:1999-12-01 00:00:00

  • The Role of Postoperative Antibiotics in Mandible Fractures: A Systematic Review of the Literature.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:Little debate exists regarding the use of preoperative and perioperative antibiotic prophylaxis in the setting of mandibular fracture management; however, employing postoperative prophylactic antibiotics remains an inexact science based on experience rather than evidence. In this systematic review, the aut...

    journal_title:Annals of plastic surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Shridharani SM,Berli J,Manson PN,Tufaro AP,Rodriguez ED

    更新日期:2015-09-01 00:00:00

  • Accuracy of High-Resolution Ultrasonography in the Detection of Extensor Tendon Lacerations.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Lacerations to the extensor mechanism are usually diagnosed clinically. Ultrasound (US) has been a growing diagnostic tool for tendon injuries since the 1990s. To date, there has been no publication establishing the accuracy and reliability of US in the evaluation of extensor mechanism lacerations in the han...

    journal_title:Annals of plastic surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Dezfuli B,Taljanovic MS,Melville DM,Krupinski EA,Sheppard JE

    更新日期:2016-02-01 00:00:00

  • Complications and removal rates of miniplates and screws used for maxillofacial fractures.

    abstract::Complications of miniplates and screws used for maxillofacial fractures were analyzed, and complications were evaluated in relation to fracture site. Motor vehicle accidents were the cause of all fractures in this study. During the last 7 years (1994-2001), noncompressive titanium miniplates and screws were used for s...

    journal_title:Annals of plastic surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Islamoglu K,Coskunfirat OK,Tetik G,Ozgentas HE

    更新日期:2002-03-01 00:00:00

  • Basal cell carcinoma of scalp in patients with history of childhood therapeutic radiation: a retrospective study and comparison to nonirradiated patients.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is the most common human malignant neoplasm. Some patients with scalp BCC have had a history of childhood scalp radiation for the treatment of tinea capitis. It is not clear whether BCC in these cases has a more aggressive nature and requires a more aggressive resection. We perform...

    journal_title:Annals of plastic surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hassanpour SE,Kalantar-Hormozi A,Motamed S,Moosavizadeh SM,Shahverdiani R

    更新日期:2006-11-01 00:00:00

  • A longitudinal study of nose growth from ages 6 to 18.

    abstract::The purpose of this study was to investigate nose maturation by cephalometric sagittal surface area methodology longitudinally in males and females. Both males and females exhibited a statistically significant continuum of nose growth from ages 6 to 18. Growth ceased in both sexes at age 18. Correlation coefficients i...

    journal_title:Annals of plastic surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Buck DL,Brown CM

    更新日期:1987-04-01 00:00:00

  • Aesthetic units in skin grafting of the face.

    abstract::In patients with difficult facial reconstructions, one of the most important requirements is to plan well, before beginning treatment. It is known that it is important to consider the aesthetic unit of the face. Each cutaneous area is to be reconstructed by a single, separate graft or flap. We present 4 patients illus...

    journal_title:Annals of plastic surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Maillard GF,Clavel PR

    更新日期:1991-04-01 00:00:00

  • Postmastectomy radiation therapy and breast reconstruction: an analysis of complications and patient satisfaction.

    abstract::The indications for postmastectomy radiotherapy (PMRT) have expanded over the past decade. This study examines PMRT and reconstruction compared with a control group without radiotherapy. There were 919 reconstructed breasts identified (1999-2006) and separated into 3 groups: mastectomy with PMRT before reconstruction ...

    journal_title:Annals of plastic surgery

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lee BT,A Adesiyun T,Colakoglu S,Curtis MS,Yueh JH,E Anderson K,Tobias AM,Recht A

    更新日期:2010-05-01 00:00:00