The risk of reduced physical activity in children with probable Developmental Coordination Disorder: a prospective longitudinal study.


:The aim of the current study was to test the hypothesis that children with probable Developmental Coordination Disorder have an increased risk of reduced moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA), using data from a large population based study. Prospectively collected data from 4331 children (boys=2065, girls=2266) who had completed motor coordination testing at 7 years and accelerometry at 12 years were analysed from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC). Probable DCD (p-DCD) was defined, using criteria based on the DSM IV classification, as those children below the 15th centile of the ALSPAC Coordination Test at seven years who had a functional impairment in activities of daily living or handwriting, excluding children with a known neurological diagnosis or IQ<70. Secondary exposure variables consisted of subtests from the ALSPAC Coordination test (manual dexterity, ball skills and balance). Objective measurement of the average daily minutes of MVPA was recorded as ≥3600 counts per minute (cpm) using actigraph accelerometry. Boys with p-DCD were less physically active than boys without DCD (mean difference in MVPA 4.36 cpm, t=2.69; p=0.007). For boys, targeting skill (bean bag toss) was related to increased MVPA, after adjustment for confounding factors including neonatal, family and environmental factors as well as Body Mass Index at age seven and 12 years (β=0.76, t=3.37, p<0.001, CI 0.32-1.20). There was no difference in level of MVPA in girls with and without p-DCD (mean difference 1.35 min, t=0.97, p=0.31), which may reflect the low levels of MVPA of girls in this cohort. Our findings suggest that the presence of movement difficulties, particularly poor targeting (bean bag toss/ball skills), at a young age is a potential risk factor for reduced MVPA in boys.


Res Dev Disabil


Green D,Lingam R,Mattocks C,Riddoch C,Ness A,Emond A




Has Abstract


2011-07-01 00:00:00














  • A technology-aided stimulus choice program for two adults with multiple disabilities: choice responses and mood.

    abstract::This study was aimed at replicating and extending early research on technology-aided stimulus choice with two adults with multiple disabilities. The technology-aided program involved (a) a computer-aided system presenting the participants samples of different environmental stimuli and (b) a microswitch device allowing...

    journal_title:Research in developmental disabilities

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章


    authors: Lancioni GE,Singh NN,O'Reilly MF,Sigafoos J,Alberti G,Oliva D,Buono S

    更新日期:2011-11-01 00:00:00

  • Building words on actions: verb enactment and verb recognition in children with specific language impairment.

    abstract::Recent studies have shown that language processing is grounded in actions. Multiple independent research findings indicate that children with specific language impairment (SLI) show subtle difficulties beyond the language domain. Uncertainties remain on possible association between body-mediated, non-linguistic expres...

    journal_title:Research in developmental disabilities

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Levi G,Colonnello V,Giacchè R,Piredda ML,Sogos C

    更新日期:2014-05-01 00:00:00

  • Exploration of differences in types of sleep disturbance and severity of sleep problems between individuals with Cri du Chat syndrome, Down's syndrome, and Jacobsen syndrome: a case control study.

    abstract::The prevalence of sleep problems in individuals with intellectual disability (ID) seems to vary between genetic syndromes associated with ID. Different types of sleep disturbances may indicate underlying causes of sleep problems and these types of sleep disturbances may vary between different genetic syndromes. We exa...

    journal_title:Research in developmental disabilities

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Maas AP,Didden R,Korzilius H,Curfs LM

    更新日期:2012-11-01 00:00:00

  • Impact of maladaptive behavior on school function in Down syndrome.

    abstract:BACKGROUND/AIMS:Individuals with Down syndrome (DS) are at an increased risk for certain maladaptive behaviors. This study characterized maladaptive behavior in school-aged children with DS and examined the extent to which maladaptive behaviors are associated with school function. METHODS AND PROCEDURES:Participants w...

    journal_title:Research in developmental disabilities

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Will EA,Gerlach-McDonald B,Fidler DJ,Daunhauer LA

    更新日期:2016-12-01 00:00:00

  • Obesity trends of 8-18 year old Special Olympians: 2005-2010.

    abstract::Obesity is a worldwide health problem. Individuals with intellectual disabilities (ID) experience health disparities, including higher rates of obesity than their peers with typical development; however, there has been no tracking of the obesity rates of children and youth with ID over time. The objective of this stud...

    journal_title:Research in developmental disabilities

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Foley JT,Lloyd M,Vogl D,Temple VA

    更新日期:2014-03-01 00:00:00

  • Use of prism adaptation in children with unilateral brain lesion: Is it feasible?

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:Unilateral visuospatial deficits have been observed in children with brain damage. While the effectiveness of prism adaptation for treating unilateral neglect in adult stroke patients has been demonstrated previously, the usefulness of prism adaptation in a pediatric population is still unknown. The presen...

    journal_title:Research in developmental disabilities

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Riquelme I,Henne C,Flament B,Legrain V,Bleyenheuft Y,Hatem SM

    更新日期:2015-08-01 00:00:00

  • Emergent literacy skills, behavior problems and familial antecedents of reading difficulties: a follow-up study of reading achievement from kindergarten to fifth grade.

    abstract::This study examined the relation between emergent literacy skills, teachers' reports of behavioral problems, and word reading achievement in a community sample of French students. Family background was investigated and included familial antecedents of reading difficulties (Fa/Rd) and parents' educational level. The an...

    journal_title:Research in developmental disabilities

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Costa HC,Perdry H,Soria C,Pulgar S,Cusin F,Dellatolas G

    更新日期:2013-03-01 00:00:00

  • Effects of thioridazine and visual screening on stereotypy and social behavior in individuals with mental retardation.

    abstract::Thioridazine and visual screening procedures are effective in reducing the stereotypic behaviors of individuals with mental retardation. A double-blind, placebo-controlled study, using alternating treatments within a multiple-baseline across subjects design, was conducted to assess the effects of two doses of thiorida...

    journal_title:Research in developmental disabilities

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章


    authors: Singh NN,Landrum TJ,Ellis CR,Donatelli LS

    更新日期:1993-05-01 00:00:00

  • Dopamine transporter genotype modulates brain activity during a working memory task in children with ADHD.

    abstract::Dopamine active transporter gene (DAT1) is a candidate gene associated with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The DAT1 variable number tandem repeat (VNTR)-3' polymorphism is functional and 9R carriers have been shown to produce more DAT than 10R homozygotes. We used functional magnetic resonance imagin...

    journal_title:Research in developmental disabilities

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Pineau G,Villemonteix T,Slama H,Kavec M,Balériaux D,Metens T,Baijot S,Mary A,Ramoz N,Gorwood P,Peigneux P,Massat I

    更新日期:2019-09-01 00:00:00

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    abstract::Over five years, various types of aggressive incidents by 421 intellectually disabled inpatients were recorded on a daily basis, using an adapted version of the Modified Overt Aggression Scale. Stable patient characteristics (e.g., gender, intelligence, DSM IV classification at the start of treatment) and pre-treatmen...

    journal_title:Research in developmental disabilities

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Drieschner KH,Marrozos I,Regenboog M

    更新日期:2013-08-01 00:00:00

  • Differences on morphological and phonological processing between typically developing children and children with Down syndrome.

    abstract::It is widely acknowledged that people with Down syndrome (Ds) have less highly developed morphosyntactic abilities than typically developing (TD) children. However, little is known about the morphological processing of this population. In this paper we carry out two experiments in which the morphological Base Frequenc...

    journal_title:Research in developmental disabilities

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lázaro M,Garayzábal E,Moraleda E

    更新日期:2013-07-01 00:00:00

  • The clinical outcomes of deep gray matter injury in children with cerebral palsy in relation with brain magnetic resonance imaging.

    abstract:UNLABELLED:In the present study we investigated the nature and extent of clinical outcomes using various classifications and analyzed the relationship between brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings and the extent of clinical outcomes in children with cerebral palsy (CP) with deep gray matter injury. The deep g...

    journal_title:Research in developmental disabilities

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Choi JY,Choi YS,Rha DW,Park ES

    更新日期:2016-08-01 00:00:00

  • Evaluation of multiple component relaxation training with developmentally disabled persons.

    abstract::Prior studies evaluating the response of developmentally disabled persons to relaxation training procedures are largely limited to case study reports. Most often relaxation training procedures are vaguely described in these studies, and limited outcome measures are employed. In the present comparative group outcome st...

    journal_title:Research in developmental disabilities

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Calamari JE,Geist GO,Shahbazian MJ

    更新日期:1987-01-01 00:00:00

  • Sleep EEG fingerprints reveal accelerated thalamocortical oscillatory dynamics in Williams syndrome.

    abstract::Sleep EEG alterations are emerging features of several developmental disabilities, but detailed quantitative EEG data on the sleep phenotype of patients with Williams syndrome (WS, 7q11.23 microdeletion) is still lacking. Based on laboratory (Study I) and home sleep records (Study II) here we report WS-related feature...

    journal_title:Research in developmental disabilities

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bódizs R,Gombos F,Kovács I

    更新日期:2012-01-01 00:00:00

  • Relationship between parent-reported gastrointestinal symptoms, sleep problems, autism spectrum disorder symptoms, and behavior problems in children and adolescents with 22q11.2 deletion syndrome.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:22q11.2 deletion syndrome (22q) is a chromosome disorder, where a segment of chromosome 22, located at q11.2, is missing. This study aims to investigate the relationship between a number of parent-reported comorbid conditions including gastrointestinal symptoms, sleep problems, autism spectrum disorder (ASD)...

    journal_title:Research in developmental disabilities

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Leader G,Murray M,O'Súilleabháin PS,Maher L,Naughton K,Arndt S,White K,Traina I,Mannion A

    更新日期:2020-09-01 00:00:00

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    journal_title:Research in developmental disabilities

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hamama L,Gaber S

    更新日期:2021-01-01 00:00:00

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    abstract::Few studies reported in the literature have addressed the long-term trend of the use of medical care for people with intellectual disabilities (ID) in institutions. The subject cohort in this study was made of 168 individuals with ID in a public residential facility from 1999 to 2002 in Taipei, Taiwan. The average age...

    journal_title:Research in developmental disabilities

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lin JD,Loh CH,Choi IC,Yen CF,Hsu SW,Wu JL,Chu CM

    更新日期:2007-01-01 00:00:00

  • Children with cerebral palsy, spina bifida and pragmatic language impairment: differences and similarities in pragmatic ability.

    abstract::Pragmatically related abilities were studied in three clinical groups of children from 5 to 11 years of age; children with cerebral palsy (CP; n=10), children with spina bifida and hydrocephalus (SBH; n=10) and children with pragmatic language impairment (PLI; n=10), in order to explore pragmatic abilities within each...

    journal_title:Research in developmental disabilities

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Holck P,Nettelbladt U,Sandberg AD

    更新日期:2009-09-01 00:00:00

  • Focus on communication: improving interaction between staff and residents who have severe or profound mental retardation.

    abstract::The purpose of the present research project was to examine change in interactive behaviors between staff and residents of facilities that serve individuals with mental retardation. Twelve staff members were trained using an adapted component of the Nursing Child Assessment Satellite Training model, the Mental Retardat...

    journal_title:Research in developmental disabilities

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Golden J,Reese M

    更新日期:1996-09-01 00:00:00

  • Control of angular momentum during walking in children with cerebral palsy.

    abstract::Children with hemiparetic Cerebral Palsy (CP) walk with marked asymmetries. For instance, we have recently shown that they have less arm swing on the affected side, and more arm swing at the unaffected side. Such an increase in arm swing at the unaffected side may be aimed at controlling total body angular momentum ab...

    journal_title:Research in developmental disabilities

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bruijn SM,Meyns P,Jonkers I,Kaat D,Duysens J

    更新日期:2011-11-01 00:00:00

  • Assessing placement tendency in families with children who have severe handicaps.

    abstract::Data are reported from a brief measure to assess placement tendency of parents who have young children with severe handicaps. Parents of 84 severely retarded children were interviewed in their own homes, three times, 18 to 24 months apart. Their thoughts and actions regarding out-of-home placement for their child were...

    journal_title:Research in developmental disabilities

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Blacher J

    更新日期:1990-01-01 00:00:00

  • General case simulation instruction and the establishment and maintenance of work performance.

    abstract::This study was conducted to determine whether general case simulation instruction on selected job task sequences and teaching examples, which sampled the range of stimulus/response variation encountered in two community jobs, resulted in the generalized performance of specific community job requirements by four young ...

    journal_title:Research in developmental disabilities

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Woolcock WW,Lyon SR,Woolcock KP

    更新日期:1987-01-01 00:00:00

  • Discriminating autism and language impairment and specific language impairment through acuity of musical imagery.

    abstract::Deficits in auditory short-term memory have been widely reported in children with Specific Language Impairment (SLI), and recent evidence suggests that children with Autism Spectrum Disorder and co-morbid language impairment (ALI) experience similar difficulties. Music, like language relies on auditory memory and the ...

    journal_title:Research in developmental disabilities

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Heaton P,Tsang WF,Jakubowski K,Mullensiefen D,Allen R

    更新日期:2018-09-01 00:00:00

  • The effects of progressive relaxation training on the disruptive behavior of a boy with autism.

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    journal_title:Research in developmental disabilities

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Mullins JL,Christian L

    更新日期:2001-11-01 00:00:00

  • Naltrexone in treatment of self injurious behavior: a clinical study.

    abstract::It has been suggested that the parenteral opiate antagonist, naloxone, might ameliorate self-injurious behavior. However, clinical studies have had conflicting results. We have evaluated whether a potent oral opiate antagonist, naltrexone, is effective in the treatment of this condition. The study was conducted on two...

    journal_title:Research in developmental disabilities

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Szymanski L,Kedesdy J,Sulkes S,Cutler A,Stevens-Our P

    更新日期:1987-01-01 00:00:00

  • Mothers and fathers of young Dutch adolescents with Down syndrome: Health related quality of life and family functioning.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Like any child, children with Down syndrome (DS) affect the lives of their families. Most studies focus on the adaptation of parents and families of young children with DS, while relatively few studies include the perspective of fathers. AIMS:To determine 1) whether mothers and fathers of 11 to 13-year-olds...

    journal_title:Research in developmental disabilities

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Marchal JP,Maurice-Stam H,van Trotsenburg ASP,Grootenhuis MA

    更新日期:2016-12-01 00:00:00

  • Oddity performance in preschool children at risk for mental retardation: transfer and maintenance.

    abstract::The oddity performance of five preschool children at risk for mental retardation was facilitated by increasing the number of nonodd elements in a visual array. A combination intrasubject reversal and multiple baseline across subjects design indicated the internal validity of interventions designed to enhance the perce...

    journal_title:Research in developmental disabilities

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Soraci SA Jr,Deckner CW,Haenlein M,Baumeister AA,Murata-Soraci K,Blanton RL

    更新日期:1987-01-01 00:00:00

  • Sustained attention in sensory modulation disorder and attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:There are high comorbidity rates between sensory modulation disorder (SMD) and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Knowledge regarding the objective neuropsychological differentiation between them is scarce. AIM:This study examines the effects of SMD and ADHD on a sustained attention task with ...

    journal_title:Research in developmental disabilities

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Mazor-Karsenty T,Parush S,Shalev L

    更新日期:2019-05-01 00:00:00

  • Effects of tangible and social reinforcers on skill acquisition, stereotyped behavior, and task engagement in three children with autism spectrum disorders.

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    journal_title:Research in developmental disabilities

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章


    authors: Kang S,O'Reilly M,Rojeski L,Blenden K,Xu Z,Davis T,Sigafoos J,Lancioni G

    更新日期:2013-02-01 00:00:00

  • Who stays, who goes? Downsizing the institution in America's most rural state.

    abstract::Between 1988 and 1993, Wyoming reduced the census of its only state institution for persons with mental retardation by more than 50%, with a significant percentage occurring as a result of a class action suit in 1990. This article demonstrates the similarities between the characteristics of the individuals who left th...

    journal_title:Research in developmental disabilities

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Heinlein KB,Fortune J

    更新日期:1995-05-01 00:00:00