Effects of fronto-occipital artificial cranial vault modification on the cranial base and face.

Abstract:

:Artificial reshaping of the cranial vault has been practiced by many human groups and provides a natural experiment in which the relationships of neurocranial, cranial base, and facial growth can be investigated. We test the hypothesis that fronto-occipital artificial reshaping of the neurocranial vault results in specific changes in the cranial base and face. Fronto-occipital reshaping results from the application of pads or a cradle board which constrains cranial vault growth, limiting growth between the frontal and occipital and allowing compensatory growth of the parietals in a mediolateral direction. Two skeletal series including both normal and artificially modified crania are analyzed, a prehistoric Peruvian Ancon sample (47 normal, 64 modified crania) and a Songish Indian sample from British Columbia (6 normal, 4 modified). Three-dimensional coordinates of 53 landmarks were measured with a diagraph and used to form 9 finite elements as a prelude to finite element scaling analysis. Finite element scaling was used to compare average normal and modified crania and the results were evaluated for statistical significance using a bootstrap test. Fronto-occipitally reshaped Ancon crania are significantly different from normal in the vault, cranial base, and face. The vault is compressed along an anterior-superior to posterior-inferior axis and expanded along a mediolateral axis in modified individuals. The cranial base is wider and shallower in the modified crania and the face is foreshortened and wider with the anterior orbital rim moving inferior and posterior towards the cranial base. The Songish crania display a different modification of the vault and face, indicating that important differences may exist in the morphological effects of fronto-occipital reshaping from one group to another.

journal_name

Am J Phys Anthropol

authors

Cheverud JM,Kohn LA,Konigsberg LW,Leigh SR

doi

10.1002/ajpa.1330880307

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

1992-07-01 00:00:00

pages

323-45

issue

3

eissn

0002-9483

issn

1096-8644

journal_volume

88

pub_type

杂志文章
  • Technical Note: Guidelines for the digital computation of 2D and 3D enamel thickness in hominoid teeth.

    abstract::The study of enamel thickness has received considerable attention in regard to the taxonomic, phylogenetic and dietary assessment of human and non-human primates. Recent developments based on two-dimensional (2D) and three-dimensional (3D) digital techniques have facilitated accurate analyses, preserving the original ...

    journal_title:American journal of physical anthropology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1002/ajpa.22421

    authors: Benazzi S,Panetta D,Fornai C,Toussaint M,Gruppioni G,Hublin JJ

    更新日期:2014-02-01 00:00:00

  • Tooth wear in Australian aboriginal populations from the River Murray Valley.

    abstract::The study of tooth wear among prehistoric and recent populations has frequently been concerned with the rate and pattern of wear over the dental arches. In this report we considered the question of tooth wear variation among collections of Australian Aboriginal crania recovered from several sites along the Murray Rive...

    journal_title:American journal of physical anthropology

    pub_type: 历史文章,杂志文章

    doi:10.1002/ajpa.1330790206

    authors: Molnar S,Richards L,McKee J,Molnar I

    更新日期:1989-06-01 00:00:00

  • Genetic relationships between Amerindian populations of Argentina.

    abstract::A total of 495 individuals from five different Argentinian tribes was examined for variation in 23 blood group and protein genetic systems, and the results were integrated with previous data on some of these systems. These tribes generally present RH * R1, PGM1 * 1, and ACP * A frequencies lower and RH * R2, ESD * 1, ...

    journal_title:American journal of physical anthropology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1002/ajpa.1063

    authors: Goicoechea AS,Carnese FR,Dejean C,Avena SA,Weimer TA,Franco MH,Callegari-Jacques SM,Estalote AC,Simões ML,Palatnik M,Salzano FM

    更新日期:2001-06-01 00:00:00

  • Prevalence and age at development of enamel hypoplasias in Mexican children.

    abstract::Enamel hypoplasias, deficiencies in enamel thickness resulting from disturbances during the secretory phase of enamel development, are generally believed to result from nonspecific metabolic and nutritional disruptions. However, data are scare on the prevalence and chronological distributions. of hypoplasias in popula...

    journal_title:American journal of physical anthropology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1002/ajpa.1330720103

    authors: Goodman AH,Allen LH,Hernandez GP,Amador A,Arriola LV,Chávez A,Pelto GH

    更新日期:1987-01-01 00:00:00

  • Initial studies on the contributions of body size and gastrointestinal passage rates to dietary flexibility among gorillas.

    abstract::Large body size has been traditionally seen as the primary dietary adaptation of gorillas, facilitating their consumption of fibrous foods (Schaller ¿1963 The Mountain Gorilla; Watts ¿1990 Int. J. Primatol. 11:21-45). Nevertheless, recent research has emphasized frugivory among western lowland gorillas, as well as the...

    journal_title:American journal of physical anthropology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1002/(SICI)1096-8644(2000)112:2<171::AID-AJPA4>

    authors: Remis MJ

    更新日期:2000-06-01 00:00:00

  • Individual variation in enamel structure of human mandibular first premolars.

    abstract::Nine human mandibular first premolars were examined to assess variation in external morphology and enamel structural organization within a tooth type. The relationship of enamel ultrastructure to gross dental morphology was also studied. The teeth were cut in the mesiodistal direction just lingual to the buccal cusp, ...

    journal_title:American journal of physical anthropology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1002/ajpa.1330680207

    authors: Stern D,Skobe Z

    更新日期:1985-10-01 00:00:00

  • Hominin taxic diversity: Fact or fantasy?

    abstract::In this review of the evidence for and against taxic diversity within the hominin clade, we begin by looking at the logic and the history of simple "ladder-like" interpretations of the hominin fossil record. We then look at the hominin fossil record in a series of time intervals and use current published evidence abou...

    journal_title:American journal of physical anthropology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1002/ajpa.22902

    authors: Wood B,K Boyle E

    更新日期:2016-01-01 00:00:00

  • Genetic markers of an aboriginal Taiwanese population.

    abstract::A group of Taiwan aborigines, the Toroko, was typed for 21 classical genetic loci. This is part of an ongoing program aimed at a comprehensive study of Taiwan aborigines. In this first paper a short summary of historical, archeological, and anthropological data in the literature is made, and results of the present sur...

    journal_title:American journal of physical anthropology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1002/ajpa.1330660310

    authors: Chen KH,Cann H,Chen TC,Van West B,Cavalli-Sforza L

    更新日期:1985-03-01 00:00:00

  • Calculating hominin and nonhuman anthropoid femoral head diameter from acetabular size.

    abstract::Femoral head size provides important information on body size in extinct species. Although it is well-known that femoral head size is correlated with acetabular size, the precision with which femoral head size can be estimated from acetabular size has not been quantified. The availability of accurate 3D surface models...

    journal_title:American journal of physical anthropology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1002/ajpa.22591

    authors: Plavcan JM,Hammond AS,Ward CV

    更新日期:2014-11-01 00:00:00

  • Technical note: chromosomal and mtDNA analysis of Oliver.

    abstract::Oliver is an African ape whose species identity has been debated in the popular media and by various scientists since the early 1970s. Although decisive morphological data has never been adduced on Oliver, many reports indicated that Oliver was morphologically unusual for a chimpanzee, particularly in his habitual bip...

    journal_title:American journal of physical anthropology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1002/(SICI)1096-8644(199803)105:3<395::AID-AJPA

    authors: Ely JJ,Leland M,Martino M,Swett W,Moore CM

    更新日期:1998-03-01 00:00:00

  • Mitochondrial genomics identifies major haplogroups in Aboriginal Australians.

    abstract::We classified diversity in eight new complete mitochondrial genome sequences and 41 partial sequences from living Aboriginal Australians into five haplogroups. Haplogroup AuB belongs to global lineage M, and AuA, AuC, AuD, and AuE to N. Within N, we recognize subdivisions, assigning AuA to haplogroup S, AuD to haplogr...

    journal_title:American journal of physical anthropology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1002/ajpa.20426

    authors: van Holst Pellekaan SM,Ingman M,Roberts-Thomson J,Harding RM

    更新日期:2006-10-01 00:00:00

  • Hominid footprints at Laetoli: facts and interpretations.

    abstract::The history of discovery and interpretation of primate footprints at the site of Laetoli in northern Tanzania is reviewed. An analysis of the geological context of these tracks is provided. The hominid tracks in Tuff 7 at Site G in the Garusi River Valley demonstrate bipedality at a mid-Pliocene datum. Comparison of t...

    journal_title:American journal of physical anthropology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1002/ajpa.1330720409

    authors: White TD,Suwa G

    更新日期:1987-04-01 00:00:00

  • The Aymara of Western Bolivia. II. Maxillofacial and dental arch variation.

    abstract::Maxillofacial and dental arch dimensions of the Bolivian Aymara population are age and sex dependent. Interpopulational comparisons reveal these dimensions to differ from those seen in Aleuts, Australian aborigines, and Swedes, but to be similar to those of the indigenous Taiwanese. Finally, these dimensions are not t...

    journal_title:American journal of physical anthropology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1002/ajpa.1330490202

    authors: Palomino H,Barton SA,Murillo F,Schull WJ

    更新日期:1978-08-01 00:00:00

  • Conformity in diversity? Isotopic investigations of infant feeding practices in two iron age populations from Southern Öland, Sweden.

    abstract::This article presents the results of a study of infant diet at two Iron Age sites on the island of Öland, Sweden. The cemetery at Bjärby contained a large number of subadults who had survived the earliest years of life, whereas most individuals at Triberga had died by 6 months of age. To investigate whether difference...

    journal_title:American journal of physical anthropology

    pub_type: 历史文章,杂志文章

    doi:10.1002/ajpa.22113

    authors: Howcroft R,Eriksson G,Lidén K

    更新日期:2012-10-01 00:00:00

  • Subadult sex estimation from diaphyseal dimensions.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:Many studies on subadult sex estimation focus on elements that express sexually dimorphic features in adults. In contrast, diaphyseal dimensions have been shown to display sex-specific differences prior to adolescence. The current study evaluates the use of diaphyseal dimensions in subadult sex estimation. ...

    journal_title:American journal of physical anthropology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1002/ajpa.23185

    authors: Stull KE,L'Abbé EN,Ousley SD

    更新日期:2017-05-01 00:00:00

  • Inbreeding effects on fetal growth in Beirut, Lebanon.

    abstract::Effects of consanguineous marriages on offspring's gestational age and anthropometrics at birth were investigated in Beirut through a hospital-based survey of 1,252 newborns. Twenty-five percent of all newborns were inbred, and the mean inbreeding coefficient was 1.25%. Neither prematurity rate nor weight, length, hea...

    journal_title:American journal of physical anthropology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1002/ajpa.1330800407

    authors: Khlat M

    更新日期:1989-12-01 00:00:00

  • Brief communication: Facial fluctuating asymmetry as a marker of sex differences of the response to phenotypic stresses.

    abstract::Fluctuating asymmetry (FA) is thought to increase as a result of environmental perturbations during development. A number of studies involving measures of health and developmental stability other than FA have discussed the presumed increased buffering in females relative to males. But, there is little evidence in the ...

    journal_title:American journal of physical anthropology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1002/ajpa.21357

    authors: Ozener B

    更新日期:2010-10-01 00:00:00

  • Brief communication: Fecal androgen excretion and fetal sex effects during gestation in wild Assamese macaques (Macaca assamensis).

    abstract::In placental mammals, pregnancy usually is associated with an increase in maternal androgens, which may significantly impact fetal growth and differentiation, and affect postnatal development and behavior. Owing to their slow life histories and challenging social conditions, determination of maternal androgens and pot...

    journal_title:American journal of physical anthropology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1002/ajpa.21646

    authors: Fürtbauer I,Heistermann M,Schülke O,Ostner J

    更新日期:2012-02-01 00:00:00

  • Brief communication: a test and correction of the clavicle method of Stout and Paine for histological age estimation of skeletal remains.

    abstract::The histological method developed by Stout and Paine ([1992] Aln. J. Phys. Antropol. 87:111-115) for estimating age at death using the clavicle is tested on a known age independent sample from a nineteenth century cemetery near Spitalfriedhof St. Johann in Basel, Switzerland. The mean absolute difference between repor...

    journal_title:American journal of physical anthropology

    pub_type: 历史文章,杂志文章

    doi:10.1002/(SICI)1096-8644(199605)100:1<139::AID-AJPA

    authors: Stout SD,Porro MA,Perotti B

    更新日期:1996-05-01 00:00:00

  • Commingled crypts: Comparative health among Byzantine monastics in the Levant.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:Early Byzantine (A.D. 330-842) monastic rules stipulated that entrants relinquished familial connections, personal belongings and secular relationships to become part of the ascetic collective that continued in death, resulting in bioarchaeological marginalization, as was the case of the monastics excavated ...

    journal_title:American journal of physical anthropology

    pub_type: 历史文章,杂志文章

    doi:10.1002/ajpa.23993

    authors: Judd MA

    更新日期:2020-05-01 00:00:00

  • Preparation and use of varied natural tools for extractive foraging by bonobos (Pan Paniscus).

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:The tool-assisted extractive foraging capabilities of captive (zoo) and semi-captive (sanctuary) bonobo (Pan paniscus) groups were compared to each other and to those known in wild chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes) cultures. MATERIALS AND METHODS:The bonobos were provided with natural raw materials and challenge...

    journal_title:American journal of physical anthropology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1002/ajpa.22778

    authors: Roffman I,Savage-Rumbaugh S,Rubert-Pugh E,Stadler A,Ronen A,Nevo E

    更新日期:2015-09-01 00:00:00

  • Brief communication: earliest cranial surgery in North America.

    abstract::The archaeological evidence of ancient cranial surgery is limited to cases of trepanation and cauterization. I report here on the only known case of cranial surgery in direct association with the osseous image of a non-trauma-induced soft tissue lesion (sinus pericranii). This case, from Alameda County, California (La...

    journal_title:American journal of physical anthropology

    pub_type: 历史文章,杂志文章

    doi:10.1002/ajpa.1330980209

    authors: Richards GD

    更新日期:1995-10-01 00:00:00

  • Brief communication: skeletal evidence of operations on cadavers from Sens (Yonne, France) at the end of the XVth century.

    abstract::Human remains giving direct evidence concerning the history of dissection practices are rare. Thirteen cranial fragments which bear evidence of having been purposely cut and sawn were discovered in a crypt during excavations undertaken in Sens (Yonne, France). Ceramics date these remains to the period from the end of ...

    journal_title:American journal of physical anthropology

    pub_type: 历史文章,杂志文章

    doi:10.1002/ajpa.1330980310

    authors: Valentin F,d'Errico F

    更新日期:1995-11-01 00:00:00

  • A linkage study of protein-coding loci in Macaca mulatta and Macaca fascicularis.

    abstract::Genealogical and gene marker data from the closely related species Macaca mulatta and Macaca fascicularis have been used to search for linkage between genes coding for the blood proteins albumin, carbonic anhydrase 1 and 2, diaphorase 1 and 2, group-specific component, glucose phosphate isomerase, hemoglobin alpha cha...

    journal_title:American journal of physical anthropology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1002/ajpa.1330680302

    authors: Ferrell RE,Majumder PP,Smith DG

    更新日期:1985-11-01 00:00:00

  • Matrix decomposition model for investigating prehistoric intracemetery biological variation.

    abstract::A matrix decomposition model for analyzing prehistoric intracemetery biological variability is presented. The model, based on the correlation between interindividual biological and burial distance matrices, provides an estimate of the number of distinct burial populations interred within a single cemetery, which effec...

    journal_title:American journal of physical anthropology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1002/ajpa.10221

    authors: Stojanowski CM

    更新日期:2003-11-01 00:00:00

  • Infant mortality and isotopic complexity: New approaches to stress, maternal health, and weaning.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:Studies of the carbon and nitrogen stable isotope ratios (δ(13) C and δ(15) N) of modern tissues with a fast turnover, such as hair and fingernails, have established the relationship between these values in mothers and their infants during breastfeeding and weaning. Using collagen from high-resolution dentin...

    journal_title:American journal of physical anthropology

    pub_type: 历史文章,杂志文章

    doi:10.1002/ajpa.22736

    authors: Beaumont J,Montgomery J,Buckberry J,Jay M

    更新日期:2015-07-01 00:00:00

  • Development of an anatomically based whole-body musculoskeletal model of the Japanese macaque (Macaca fuscata).

    abstract::We constructed a three-dimensional whole-body musculoskeletal model of the Japanese macaque (Macaca fuscata) based on computed tomography and dissection of a cadaver. The skeleton was modeled as a chain of 20 bone segments connected by joints. Joint centers and rotational axes were estimated by joint morphology based ...

    journal_title:American journal of physical anthropology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1002/ajpa.20986

    authors: Ogihara N,Makishima H,Aoi S,Sugimoto Y,Tsuchiya K,Nakatsukasa M

    更新日期:2009-07-01 00:00:00

  • Hunter-gatherer postcranial robusticity relative to patterns of mobility, climatic adaptation, and selection for tissue economy.

    abstract::Human skeletal robusticity is influenced by a number of factors, including habitual behavior, climate, and physique. Conflicting evidence as to the relative importance of these factors complicates our ability to interpret variation in robusticity in the past. It remains unclear how the pattern of robusticity in the sk...

    journal_title:American journal of physical anthropology

    pub_type: 历史文章,杂志文章

    doi:10.1002/ajpa.20398

    authors: Stock JT

    更新日期:2006-10-01 00:00:00

  • Migration to the medieval Middle East with the crusades.

    abstract::During the 12th and 13th centuries thousands of people moved from Europe to the Middle East to fight, undertake pilgrimage, or settle and make a new life. The aim of this research is to investigate two populations from the Crusader kingdom of Jerusalem, by determining who was born in Europe and who came from the Middl...

    journal_title:American journal of physical anthropology

    pub_type: 历史文章,杂志文章

    doi:10.1002/ajpa.21100

    authors: Mitchell PD,Millard AR

    更新日期:2009-11-01 00:00:00

  • Rates of evolution: is there a conflict between neo-darwinian evolutionary theory and the fossil record?

    abstract::Neo-darwinian and population genetics theory assumes that the necessary and sufficient set of conditions for all genetic, therefore evolutionary, change has been identified. Punctuationalists have assumed the opposite and cite the fossil record as evidence for change too rapid to be explained in neo-darwinian theory. ...

    journal_title:American journal of physical anthropology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1002/ajpa.1330730110

    authors: Williams BJ

    更新日期:1987-05-01 00:00:00