Covert vertical transmission of feline immunodeficiency virus.

Abstract:

:Covert vertical transmission of feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV), the feline counterpart of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1), was identified in kittens born to FIV-infected cats. DNA PCR detected FIV gag and env sequences in tissues from kittens nonviable at birth, and in viable kittens monitored postnatally and necropsied at either 11 weeks or 1 year of age. Although FIV DNA was detected in initial blood samples from all 16 viable kittens, viral DNA became increasingly difficult to detect over time and infectious virus could rarely be demonstrated. Only maternal FIV antibody was detected in kitten plasma during the entire postnatal observation period, and kittens remained healthy, with normal CD4:CD8 T cell ratios at >14 months of age. Thus, mother-to-offspring FIV exposure, occurring in utero and postnatally, can result in covert infection in kittens with virus sequestered and contained in tissue sites. These findings appear directly relevant to suspected transient HIV infections and reports of HIV-specific cellular immune responses in highly exposed seronegative adults and uninfected infants born to HIV-positive women.

authors

Allison RW,Hoover EA

doi

10.1089/088922203765551764

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2003-05-01 00:00:00

pages

421-34

issue

5

eissn

0889-2229

issn

1931-8405

journal_volume

19

pub_type

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