Steady-state pharmacokinetics of indobufen enantiomers in patients with obliterative atherosclerosis.

Abstract:

:Steady-state pharmacokinetics of indobufen (INDB) enantiomers administered as racemic INDB (rac-INDB) tablets and bleeding time were studied in patients. Two-hundred mg INDB tablets (Ibustrin) were administered twice daily for 7 days to obliterative atherosclerosis patients. Enantiospecific reversed phase (RP) HPLC with UV detection (lambda = 275 nm) was used for determination of INDB enantiomers in serum of patients. The ratio AUCR:AUCS equalled 1.7 +/- 0.2 as a result of higher (-)-R-enantiomer serum levels. The (+)-S-enantiomer was more rapidly eliminated (oral clearance, Cl = 1.1 +/- 0.3 L/h) than its (-)-R-antipode (Cl = 0.7 +/- 0.2 L/h). Therefore, the mean steady/state levels of (-)/R/enantiomer (13.5 +/- 3.8 mg/L) exceeded those of its (+)-S-enantiomer (7.8 +/- 1.8 mg/L). Furthermore, half-life (t1/2) was significantly shorter for (+)-S-INDB (t1/2 = 4.5 +/- 1.2 h as compared to (-)-R-INDB (t1/2 = 7.4 +/- 2.4 h). However, no significant differences were observed in the respective Vd values. The bleeding time of patients was not significantly extended. The above pharmacokinetic data provide a rationale for potential future replacement of INDB racemic tablets with tablets of its (+)-S-enantiomer.

journal_name

Chirality

journal_title

Chirality

authors

Glówka FK,Strzelecka D,Zapalski S

doi

10.1002/chir.1036

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2001-06-01 00:00:00

pages

308-12

issue

6

eissn

0899-0042

issn

1520-636X

pii

10.1002/chir.1036

journal_volume

13

pub_type

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