Normalization of maximal cardiovascular variables for body size in premenarcheal girls.


:Previous studies have indicated the importance of allometric scaling of VO2max for body size. However, no information is available on adjusting maximal cardiac output (Qmax) and stroke volume (SVmax) for body dimensions. The allometric exponent b was determined for the equation Y = aXb (where Y is the physiological outcome and X is the anthropometric variable) for VO2max, Qmax, and SVmax relative to mass, height, and body surface area (BSA) in 24 premenarcheal girls (mean age 12.2 years) during cycle testing. Values for b were 1.08 and 1.05 for BSA relative to Qmax and SVmax, approximating that of 1.0 using the traditional ratio standard (cardiac index and stroke index). Exponents of body mass relative to VO2max, Qmax, and SVmax (0.55, 0.55, and 0.59, respectively) eliminated the effects of body size, but the ratio standard (M1.0) did not. In this group of subjects, use of the ratio standard BSA was an appropriate means of adjusting maximal values of Q and SV for body size.


Pediatr Cardiol


Pediatric cardiology


Rowland T,Goff D,Martel L,Ferrone L,Kline G




Has Abstract


2000-09-01 00:00:00














  • Vertically oriented intramural right coronary artery in complete transposition of the great arteries: prospective recognition and surgical implications.

    abstract::This report describes a rare case of complete transposition of the great arteries (TGA) with an intramural right coronary artery arising well above the sinotubular junction. Additionally in this case, the left circumflex artery arose anomalously as a branch from the right coronary. Identification of this anatomic anom...

    journal_title:Pediatric cardiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Johnson JA,Burkhart HM,O'Leary PW

    更新日期:2012-01-01 00:00:00

  • Hemodynamic assessment in patients with one-and-a-half ventricle repair revealed by four-dimensional flow magnetic resonance imaging.

    abstract::We report hemodynamic findings in two patients with pulmonary atresia and intact ventricular septum (PAIVS) after "one-and-a-half ventricle repair" and placement of a bidirectional Glenn shunt using four-dimensional (4D) flow magnetic resonance imaging. Quantification of flow and analysis of flow patterns revealed the...

    journal_title:Pediatric cardiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Uribe S,Bächler P,Valverde I,Crelier GR,Beerbaum P,Tejos C,Irarrazaval P

    更新日期:2013-02-01 00:00:00

  • First Case of Q Fever Endocarditis Involving the Melody® Transcatheter Pulmonary Valve in an Afebrile Child.

    abstract::In this article we report the first case of Q fever endocarditis in a 13 years old child with a percutaneous pulmonary Melody® valve. The patient had a new onset of Melody valve dysfunction associated with the combination of hepatosplenomegaly and pancytopenia but was afebrile. Although blood cultures were negative, w...

    journal_title:Pediatric cardiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Jalal Z,Duperril M,Séguéla PE,Melenotte C,Chabaneix J,Raoult D,Thambo JB

    更新日期:2018-01-01 00:00:00

  • Age-related criteria for signal-averaged electrocardiographic late potentials in children.

    abstract::This study examined the age-related criteria of signal-averaged electrocardiographic (SA-ECG) parameters in children. SA-ECGs were obtained in 82 healthy volunteers in six groups depending on age (group 1: 1 day to < 1 month; group 2: 1 month to < 1 year; group 3: 1 to < 6 years; group 4: 6 to < 12 years; group 5: 12 ...

    journal_title:Pediatric cardiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hayabuchi Y,Matsuoka S,Kubo M,Akita H,Kuroda Y

    更新日期:1994-05-01 00:00:00

  • Secondary residual shunt after atrial septal defect closure with an amplatzer occluder: surgical removal and evaluation of device biocompatibility after 7 years.

    abstract::Interventional occluder implantation has become the preferred mode of treatment in children with clinically significant atrial septal defect (ASD). The continuous increase in the number of patients treated calls for long-term data on device integrity and biocompatibility. We report a child who underwent successful int...

    journal_title:Pediatric cardiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Zhu W,Neubauer H

    更新日期:2010-10-01 00:00:00

  • Percutaneous device closure of a bifurcated inferior vena cava and completion of the Kawashima procedure for the "difficult" univentricular heart.

    abstract::Azygos continuation of inferior venacava (IVC) is well known in association with interrupted IVC. We report azygos connection of uninterrupted IVC in a young child with complex univentricular heart. This peculiar anatomy was made suitable for univentricular repair by combining percutaneous device closure of prehepatic...

    journal_title:Pediatric cardiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Chaudhuri M,Shivanna D,Jayranganath M,Chandra S

    更新日期:2011-01-01 00:00:00

  • Inferior sinus venosus defects: anatomic features and echocardiographic correlates.

    abstract::Inferior sinus venosus defects (SVDs) are rare imperfections located in the inferior portion of the atrial septum, leading to an overriding inferior vena cava (IVC) and an interatrial connection. These defects have increased risk of anomalous pulmonary venous return (PAPVR) and often are confused with secundum atrial ...

    journal_title:Pediatric cardiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Plymale J,Kolinski K,Frommelt P,Bartz P,Tweddell J,Earing MG

    更新日期:2013-02-01 00:00:00

  • The impact of fetal echocardiography.

    abstract::Fetal echocardiography has impacted the fetus with congenital heart disease in many important ways. Advances in fetal echocardiography have allowed for more accurate and earlier detection of cardiac abnormalities. In turn, the prenatal diagnosis of cardiac abnormalities has improved the care and outcome of selected fe...

    journal_title:Pediatric cardiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Kovalchin JP,Silverman NH

    更新日期:2004-05-01 00:00:00

  • Congenital left ventricular diverticulum diagnosed by echocardiography.

    abstract::Congenital left ventricular diverticulum is a rare cardiac malformation. The incidence of left ventricular diverticulum is reported to be 0.05% of all congenital heart malformations. This case series comprised three infants with the diagnosis of congenital left ventricular diverticulum determined by echocardiography. ...

    journal_title:Pediatric cardiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Yang H,Zhu Q,Chen J,Guo N

    更新日期:2012-04-01 00:00:00

  • Tripartite Assessment of Right Ventricular Systolic Function in Persistent Pulmonary Hypertension of the Newborn.

    abstract::Non-invasive evaluation of right ventricular (RV) systolic function in neonates with pulmonary hypertension (PH) with traditional metrics including RV fractional area change (FAC) and tricuspid annular systolic plane excursion (TAPSE) has improved outcomes. Apical three-chamber (3C) RV-FAC, a novel tripartite assessme...

    journal_title:Pediatric cardiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Chikkabyrappa SM,Critser P,Roane J,Buddhe S,Tretter JT

    更新日期:2020-08-01 00:00:00

  • Examining the cardiac NK-2 genes in early heart development.

    abstract::The cardiac NK-2 transcription factors are the vertebrate relatives of the Drosophila tinman gene. Without the Drosophila tinman gene, fruit flies fail to form their heart ("dorsal vessel"), and mutations or altered expression of cardiac NK-2 genes may lead to abnormal heart formation in vertebrates. Although the card...

    journal_title:Pediatric cardiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Bartlett H,Veenstra GJ,Weeks DL

    更新日期:2010-04-01 00:00:00

  • The growing epidemic of hypertension among children and adolescents: a challenging road ahead.

    abstract::Currently, it is clear that primary hypertension begins in childhood and that it contributes to the early development of chronic kidney disease (CKD). Hypertension also increases the risk of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality, and that risk rises as blood pressure levels escalate. As among adult patients, overweig...

    journal_title:Pediatric cardiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Assadi F

    更新日期:2012-10-01 00:00:00

  • Levosimendan as Rescue Therapy for Acute Heart Failure in a Patient with Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy.

    abstract::The longer survival of patients with Duchenne muscular dystrophy due to advances in clinical care has increased the incidence of Duchenne muscular dystrophy-associated cardiomyopathy, a nearly consistent feature in the third decade of life. A 26-year-old patient with Duchenne muscular dystrophy experienced severe acut...

    journal_title:Pediatric cardiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sumanaru D,Josseran L,Essid A,Mbieleu B,Haegy I,Bergounioux J

    更新日期:2019-03-01 00:00:00

  • Cerebral arteriovenous malformation in neonates. The role of myocardial ischemia.

    abstract::Ischemic myocardial damage was identified as a complicating feature in the clinical course of 12 newborn infants who died in congestive failure with cerebral arteriovenous malformation. Electrocardiograms of 11 patients showed signs of chamber hypertrophy and T wave and ST segment features of varying degree compatible...

    journal_title:Pediatric cardiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Jedeikin R,Rowe RD,Freedom RM,Olley PM,Gillan JE

    更新日期:1983-01-01 00:00:00

  • Anomalous origin of the left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery in a premature infant with preserved left ventricular function.

    abstract::Anomalous origin of the left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery (ALCAPA) is a rare condition. The majority of cases present with impaired left ventricular function. We report on a premature infant who was diagnosed at a gestational age near term with ALCAPA during routine cardiac examination. The patient showed...

    journal_title:Pediatric cardiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Grosse-Wortmann L,Wenzl T,Hoevels-Guerich HH

    更新日期:2006-03-01 00:00:00

  • Correction to: Blalock-Taussig Shunt Size: Should it be Based on Body Weight or Target Branch Pulmonary Artery Size?

    abstract::The original version of the article unfortunately contained an alignment error in Table 1. The correct version of Table 1 is given below. ...

    journal_title:Pediatric cardiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,已发布勘误


    authors: Şişli E,Tuncer ON,Şenkaya S,Doğan E,Şahin H,Ayık MF,Atay Y

    更新日期:2019-01-01 00:00:00

  • Percutaneous closure of ventricular septal defect associated with tunnel-shaped aneurysm using the Amplatzer duct occluder.

    abstract::Different devices have been used for percutaneous closure of ventricular septal defects (VSDs). Over the past 6 months, we have used the Amplatzer duct occluder for VSDs associated with tunnel-shaped aneurysm in three patients here at our institution. Due to the anatomic resemblance between such VSDs and the duct occl...

    journal_title:Pediatric cardiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Dilawar M,Numan M,El-Sisi A,Gendi SM,Ahmad Z

    更新日期:2008-03-01 00:00:00

  • Myocardial perfusion abnormalities in patients occurring more than 1 year after successful univentricular (Fontan surgery) and biventricular repair (complete repair of tetralogy of Fallot).

    abstract::The outcome of children born with cyanotic congenital heart disease has markedly improved over the years. Follow up is recommended for most post-operated cases as complications may occur over long term. One of the complications is the development of ventricular dysfunction, often seen after a successful Fontan surgery...

    journal_title:Pediatric cardiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Priyadarshini A,Saxena A,Patel C,Paul VK,Lodha R,Airan B

    更新日期:2013-04-01 00:00:00

  • Double-outlet single ventricle and an abdominal vascular mass: in utero diagnosis with pathological confirmation.

    abstract::A fetal echocardiographic scan was performed when routine prenatal ultrasound screening failed to identify four cardiac chambers. The scan showed a single ventricle with an associated circoid varicosity. Because of these anomalies, amniocentesis was suggested and trisomy 18 confirmed. The presence of major cardiac str...

    journal_title:Pediatric cardiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Duncan WJ,George D,Ezzat W,Wallace K,Van den Beuken B

    更新日期:1993-01-01 00:00:00

  • CCN1 mutation is associated with atrial septal defect.

    abstract::The genetic basis of congenital heart disease remains unknown in most of the cases. Recently, a novel mouse model shed new light on the role of CCN1/CYR61, a matricellular regulatory factor, in cardiac morphogenesis. In a candidate gene approach, we analyzed a cohort of 143 patients with atrial septal defects (ASD) by...

    journal_title:Pediatric cardiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Perrot A,Schmitt KR,Roth EM,Stiller B,Posch MG,Browne EN,Timmann C,Horstmann RD,Berger F,Özcelik C

    更新日期:2015-02-01 00:00:00

  • A neonate with cyanosis and tortuous great arteries.

    abstract::This report describes an unusual case with tortuosity of the great vessels in a neonate who presented at birth with cyanosis. The diagnosis was made with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), then confirmed by genetic analysis. ...

    journal_title:Pediatric cardiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Pilati M,Luciani GB,Prioli MA,Puppini G

    更新日期:2009-11-01 00:00:00

  • Total one-stage repair of aortopulmonary window and interrupted aortic arch in a neonate.

    abstract::The congenital anomaly of aortopulmonary window is rare. Its combination with interruption of the aortic arch has been previously recognized and reported in infants and children. Early and complete repair of such a congenital anomaly may prevent progression to cardiac failure and premature death. We describe the succe...

    journal_title:Pediatric cardiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Davies MJ,Dyamenahalli U,Leanage RR,Firmin RK

    更新日期:1996-03-01 00:00:00

  • Elevated Troponin in the First 72 h of Hospitalization for Pediatric Viral Myocarditis is Associated with ECMO: An Analysis of the PHIS+ Database.

    abstract::Serum troponin (Tn) is often elevated in viral myocarditis; however, its prognostic significance is unknown. We tested the hypothesis that abnormal serum Tn is associated with mortality in children hospitalized with myocarditis. We retrospectively studied data from six large children's hospitals participating in the P...

    journal_title:Pediatric cardiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Butto A,Rossano JW,Nandi D,Ravishankar C,Lin KY,O'Connor MJ,Shaddy RE,Shamszad P

    更新日期:2018-08-01 00:00:00

  • Primary pulmonary artery sarcoma in two children.

    abstract::The clinical and pathological features of primary pulmonary artery sarcoma in two children are reported. The first patient presented with right ventricular outflow obstruction and underwent successful surgical resection of his tumor. The second patient developed cardiac arrest following a relatively short period of sy...

    journal_title:Pediatric cardiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Farooki ZQ,Chang CH,Jackson WL,Clapp SK,Hakimi M,Arciniegas E,Pinsky WW

    更新日期:1988-01-01 00:00:00

  • Primary rhabdomyosarcoma of the heart.

    abstract::A primary rhabdomyosarcoma of the heart observed in a 3-week-old infant, provides an opportunity to review this rare clinical entity; 61 reported cases are collated. The more common sites are right ventricle, left atrium, and right atrium; the tumour may protrude into the cavity and cause obstruction. Echocardiography...

    journal_title:Pediatric cardiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Schmaltz AA,Apitz J

    更新日期:1982-01-01 00:00:00

  • Sedation and Anesthesia in Pediatric and Congenital Cardiac Catheterization: A Prospective Multicenter Experience.

    abstract::Sedation/anesthesia is critical to cardiac catheterization in the pediatric/congenital heart patient. We sought to identify current sedation/anesthesia practices, the serious adverse event rate related to airway, sedation, or anesthesia, and the rate of intra-procedural conversion from procedural sedation to the use o...

    journal_title:Pediatric cardiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,多中心研究


    authors: Lin CH,Desai S,Nicolas R,Gauvreau K,Foerster S,Sharma A,Armsby L,Marshall AC,Odegard K,DiNardo J,Vincent J,El-Said H,Spaeth J,Goldstein B,Holzer R,Kreutzer J,Balzer D,Bergersen L

    更新日期:2015-10-01 00:00:00

  • The Challenge of Hammock Mitral Valve During Infancy: Precise Preoperative Advanced Imaging and Three-Dimensional Modeling Augments Customized Operative Valve Reconstruction.

    abstract::Hammock mitral valve (MV), also known as anomalous mitral arcade, is a rare congenital anomaly. We report a case of a 10-month-old child who presented with congestive heart failure and was found to have severe mitral stenosis (MS) secondary to a hammock MV anomaly. Detailed advanced imaging with cardiac MRI and three-...

    journal_title:Pediatric cardiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: VanLoozen D,McCafferty S,Lutin WA,Polimenakos AC

    更新日期:2018-03-01 00:00:00

  • Examining the Utility of Coronary Artery Lack of Tapering and Perivascular Brightness in Incomplete Kawasaki Disease.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:In 2017, the AHA published revised guidelines for the diagnosis of Kawasaki disease (KD). In the absence of compelling data supporting or refuting the utility of lack of tapering (LT) and perivascular brightness (PB), expert panel consensus removed LT and PB from consideration. We hypothesize that LT and PB ...

    journal_title:Pediatric cardiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Rabinowitz EJ,Rubin LG,Desai K,Hayes DA,Tugertimur A,Kwon EN,Dhanantwari P,Misra N,Stoffels G,Blaufox AD,Mitchell E

    更新日期:2019-01-01 00:00:00

  • Truncus arteriosus: diagnostic accuracy, outcomes, and impact of prenatal diagnosis.

    abstract::Limited data exist on the impact of prenatal diagnosis and outcomes of fetal truncus arteriosus (TA). We sought to assess prenatal diagnostic accuracy and prenatal outcomes in fetuses with TA and compare postnatal outcomes in neonates with prenatally and postnatally diagnosed TA. Records were reviewed for patients dia...

    journal_title:Pediatric cardiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Swanson TM,Selamet Tierney ES,Tworetzky W,Pigula F,McElhinney DB

    更新日期:2009-04-01 00:00:00

  • Evaluating safety, effectiveness, and user satisfaction of home international normalized ratio monitoring service: experience from a tertiary pediatric cardiology unit in the United Kingdom.

    abstract::Home international normalized ratio (INR) monitors are being increasingly used for monitoring the adequacy of anticoagulation in children on long-term warfarin. Their safety and effectiveness in the home setting has not been fully established. The purpose of this study was to explore the safety and effectiveness of ho...

    journal_title:Pediatric cardiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bhat D,Upponi A,Rakecha A,Thomson J

    更新日期:2010-01-01 00:00:00