Unlocking the Genomic Taxonomy of the Prochlorococcus Collective.

Abstract:

:Prochlorococcus is the most abundant photosynthetic prokaryote on our planet. The extensive ecological literature on the Prochlorococcus collective (PC) is based on the assumption that it comprises one single genus comprising the species Prochlorococcus marinus, containing itself a collective of ecotypes. Ecologists adopt the distributed genome hypothesis of an open pan-genome to explain the observed genomic diversity and evolution patterns of the ecotypes within PC. Novel genomic data for the PC prompted us to revisit this group, applying the current methods used in genomic taxonomy. As a result, we were able to distinguish the five genera: Prochlorococcus, Eurycolium, Prolificoccus, Thaumococcus, and Riococcus. The novel genera have distinct genomic and ecological attributes.

journal_name

Microb Ecol

journal_title

Microbial ecology

authors

Tschoeke D,Salazar VW,Vidal L,Campeão M,Swings J,Thompson F,Thompson C

doi

10.1007/s00248-020-01526-5

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2020-10-01 00:00:00

pages

546-558

issue

3

eissn

0095-3628

issn

1432-184X

pii

10.1007/s00248-020-01526-5

journal_volume

80

pub_type

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