Introduction of point-of-care neonatal lung ultrasound in a developing country.

Abstract:

:Despite neonatal lung ultrasound (LU) being diffused worldwide, its introduction in limited-resource areas has not been formally investigated. We conceived a project to introduce it in a level 3 NICU of a developing country and verify if, after a short protocolized training, clinicians may efficaciously use LU. Inter-rater agreement between ultrasound trainees and trainers was analyzed within both the local test and the diffusion phases of the project. High inter-rater agreements were found between expert trainers and the two neonatologists who were trained in a skilled European center (Cohen's Kappa, 0.951; 95%CI, 0.882-0.999), as well as between the two and the second round of locally trained colleagues (Cohen's Kappa, 0.896; 95%CI, 0.797-0.996). Moreover, a high agreement was found between the clinical respiratory diagnosis (used as the "gold standard") and the LU diagnosis given by the first two trainees (intraclass correlation, 0.992; 95%CI, 0.987-0.996) and the locally trained physicians (intraclass correlation, 0.97; 95%CI, 0.95-0.98). A final survey demonstrated that the project was perceived as efficacious and that LU was going to be integrated into routine clinical practice.Conclusions: А short LU training provided sufficient proficiency and allowed the LU introduction in clinical practice in the neonatal intensive care unit in a developing country.What is Known:• Lung ultrasound is a promising technique for evaluating neonatal respiratory distress at least in high-income countries. Previous studies revealed high specificity and sensitivity in diagnosing specific neonatal disorders.• An important barrier to the more extensive use of lung ultrasound in neonatal critical care is a lack of efficient and suitable training solutions.What is New:• Descriptive LU performed by neonatologist in a developing country after a short formal training is feasible with good quality.• A short formal LU training program provided good proficiency and allowed a correct descriptive diagnosis in a neonatal unit in a developing country.

journal_name

Eur J Pediatr

authors

Mazmanyan P,Kerobyan V,Shankar-Aguilera S,Yousef N,De Luca D

doi

10.1007/s00431-020-03603-w

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2020-07-01 00:00:00

pages

1131-1137

issue

7

eissn

0340-6199

issn

1432-1076

pii

10.1007/s00431-020-03603-w

journal_volume

179

pub_type

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