Teaching basic science: Dr Fox in the physiology chicken coop.


:In a variation of the Dr Fox study, an educational specialist delivered a lecture in the first-year course on physiology. A highly expressive teaching style was used for content which was determined by physiology teachers. The aim was to determine whether students would note a difference. According to student evaluations, this was the highest rated lecture in the 1984 course. The lecture was repeated in the 1985 and 1986 courses with positive, but less high ratings. No students detected that the lecturer was not a physiologist.


Med Educ


Medical education


Whitman N,Burgess PR




Has Abstract


1988-09-01 00:00:00












  • Medical education: the discontinuers' view point.

    abstract::A postal questionnaire was distributed to all students who had discontinued, for any reason, their studies at Aberdeen Medical School. Opinions were sought about their experiences while there, as well as their reactions to the discontinuation therefrom. Claiming that learning to cope with stress was an essential aspe...

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Alexander DA,Haldane JD

    更新日期:1980-01-01 00:00:00

  • Paediatric candidates' attitudes to computerized patient management problems in a certifying examination.

    abstract::In September 1974 candidates who had taken a computerized patient managment problem examination (CPMP), as part of the certification process in paediatrics required by the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada, completed a questionnaire designed to elicit their reactions to CPMPs. The results indicated th...

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Fincham SM,Grace M,Taylor WC,Skakun EN,Davis FC

    更新日期:1976-09-01 00:00:00

  • Hand-scoring of multiple choice questions.

    abstract::Although computer marking of MCQ papers is common practice and is popular because of its accuracy, speed and the fact that detailed statistical analysis can be carried out painlessly, there is still a major role for hand-scoring. A computer and computer time are not always immediately available and some form of data c...

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Anderson J

    更新日期:1983-03-01 00:00:00

  • A critical narrative review of transfer of basic science knowledge in health professions education.

    abstract:CONTEXT:'Transfer' is the application of a previously learned concept to solve a new problem in another context. Transfer is essential for basic science education because, to be valuable, basic science knowledge must be transferred to clinical problem solving. Therefore, better understanding of interventions that enhan...

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Castillo JM,Park YS,Harris I,Cheung JJH,Sood L,Clark MD,Kulasegaram K,Brydges R,Norman G,Woods N

    更新日期:2018-06-01 00:00:00

  • The effectiveness of arts-based interventions in medical education: a literature review.

    abstract:CONTEXT:arts-based interventions, which aim to foster understanding of the patient's perspective and to enhance communication skills, have been part of the medical curriculum for several years. This review aims to evaluate the available evidence base for their effectiveness and to suggest the nature of future work. ME...

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Perry M,Maffulli N,Willson S,Morrissey D

    更新日期:2011-02-01 00:00:00

  • Continuity of supervision: Does it mean what we think it means?

    abstract:CONTEXT:Continuity of supervision (CoS) is generally accepted as an important element of competency-based medical education (CBME). However, collecting and interpreting evidence for its effectiveness are a challenge because we lack a shared understanding of CoS. Translating the available evidence about CoS into practic...

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lee AS,Ross S

    更新日期:2020-09-14 00:00:00

  • Motivations for studying dentistry among first-year dental students.

    abstract::Reasons for choosing dentistry as a profession were analysed among first-year dental students at the University of Toronto. The motivations of various sub-groups were also examined. It was found that an extrinsic motivation, financial rewards, was the most widespread, although the other widely chosen motivations refer...

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Cohen R,Coburn D

    更新日期:1977-03-01 00:00:00

  • Advanced training in general practice in the UK for overseas postgraduates.

    abstract::The strengths of general practice in the UK as a training environment for overseas doctors intending to implement the World Health Organization strategy 'Health for All by the Year 2000' in primary care are identified. A course of advanced training for teachers and administrators of primary care is described and evalu...

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: al-Bashir M,Bundred PE,Stanley IM

    更新日期:1991-01-01 00:00:00

  • Professional behaviour of medical school graduates: an analysis.

    abstract::Recent graduates (1989-1990) of a traditional school of Chinese medicine were assessed by observers using a 10-item scale for professional behaviour in the non-cognitive realm. Overall, 10.7% of the graduates had low ratings on this scale. Of those who scored in the top two quartiles on this scale, 71.4% reported that...

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lu YH,Meng XY,Liu X

    更新日期:1994-07-01 00:00:00

  • Changing education, changing assessment, changing research?

    abstract:BACKGROUND:In medical education, assessment of medical competence and performance, important changes have taken place in the last 5 decades. These changes have affected the basic concepts in all 3 domains. DEVELOPMENTS IN EDUCATION AND ASSESSMENT:In education constructivism has provided a completely new view on how st...

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Schuwirth LW,van der Vleuten CP

    更新日期:2004-08-01 00:00:00

  • A comparison of the interviewing skills of first- and final-year medical students.

    abstract::This study compared the communication skills of randomly chosen first- and final-year medical students. The intention was to follow up previous research, conducted over 10 years ago, into the effects of the medical curriculum on communication skills. It was hypothesized that there would be little improvement in such s...

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Davis H,Nicholaou T

    更新日期:1992-11-01 00:00:00

  • Teaching of primary health care in practice: a model using local health centres in undergraduate medical education.

    abstract::In Finland primary health care has a long historical background. The local communities, the state and the church have at various times and places been responsible for primary health care during the last few centuries. In 1972, a major reform took place when a new Primary Health Care Act came into force. In the same ye...

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kumpusalo E,Tuomilehto J

    更新日期:1987-09-01 00:00:00

  • Rater cognition: review and integration of research findings.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Given the complexity of competency frameworks, associated skills and abilities, and contexts in which they are to be assessed in competency-based education (CBE), there is an increased reliance on rater judgements when considering trainee performance. This increased dependence on rater-based assessment has l...

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Gauthier G,St-Onge C,Tavares W

    更新日期:2016-05-01 00:00:00

  • Workplace-based assessments in postgraduate medical education: A hermeneutic review.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:Since their introduction, workplace-based assessments (WBAs) have proliferated throughout postgraduate medical education. Previous reviews have identified mixed findings regarding WBAs' effectiveness, but have not considered the importance of user-tool-context interactions. The present review was conducted t...

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Prentice S,Benson J,Kirkpatrick E,Schuwirth L

    更新日期:2020-11-01 00:00:00

  • The impact of an individual tutorial session on MEDLINE use among obstetrics and gynaecology residents in an academic training programme: a randomized trial.

    abstract::Over the past decade, on-line databases have become increasingly popular among health care professionals. As a group, these 'end-users' report utilizing databases to keep abreast of medical progress, to conduct research and to address specific patient care issues. Throughout the literature, medical professionals ('con...

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Erickson S,Warner ER

    更新日期:1998-05-01 00:00:00

  • The art and science of clinical teaching.

    abstract::A review of the literature on clinical teaching indicates that medical schools emphasize didactic teaching of facts. Interpersonal skills, problem solving skills and cultivation of attitudes are neglected. However, the literature also described the skills of 'good' clinical teachers, and enumerates them. Programmes at...

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Yonke AM

    更新日期:1979-03-01 00:00:00

  • Reducing variability in treatment decision-making: effectiveness of educating clinicians about uncertainty.

    abstract::The objective of this study was to investigate whether or not education about the concept of uncertainty reduced variability in treatment decision-making. Three small groups of dentists in North York, Canada were asked to make restorative treatment decisions about simulated bitewing radiographs. They subsequently took...

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Choi BC,Jokovic A,Kay EJ,Main PA,Leake JL

    更新日期:1998-01-01 00:00:00

  • Assessing the emotional impact of cadaver dissection on medical students.

    abstract:AIM:The study's first aim was to assess the emotional impact of cadaver dissection on first year medical students using the newly developed Appraisal of Life Events Scale (ALE). Its secondary aim was to evaluate the validity of the ALE by comparing it with the Impact of Events Scale (IOE). SETTING:Division of Biomedic...

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: O'Carroll RE,Whiten S,Jackson D,Sinclair DW

    更新日期:2002-06-01 00:00:00

  • Assumptions and blind spots in patient-centredness: action research between American and Italian health care professionals.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To examine how patient-centredness is understood and enacted in an American (US) and an Italian group of health care professionals. METHODS:An action research methodology was used. Two interprofessional groups of US (n = 4) and Italian (n = 5) health care professionals independently wrote a patient-centred d...

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lamiani G,Meyer EC,Rider EA,Browning DM,Vegni E,Mauri E,Moja EA,Truog RD

    更新日期:2008-07-01 00:00:00

  • Evaluation of an instruction programme on diabetes diet by means of a teaching machine.

    abstract::In 119 patients with diabetes, student nurses, social workers, dietitians and medical students a pretest was carried out with multiple-choice questions on the subject of diabetes diet. The group was then exposed to programmed diet instruction with a teaching machine. There was a significant learning effect as measured...

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Teuscher A,Heidecker B

    更新日期:1976-11-01 00:00:00

  • Do patients have an obligation to participate in student teaching?

    abstract:CONTEXT:Patients may participate in teaching in many ways, in different settings and with different degrees of expert supervision. The majority of patients are generally very willing to participate in teaching. At times, however, patients may decline to see students because they are too sick, wish to maintain their pri...

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lowe M,Kerridge I,McPhee J,Hart C

    更新日期:2008-03-01 00:00:00

  • A pilot study of microcomputer testing in paediatrics.

    abstract::A system for administering multiple choice questions and for providing immediate feedback via microcomputer was designed and field-tested by three groups of paediatric residents. Only minor technical problems were encountered, and these can be resolved easily. Attitudes towards the system were strongly positive. Resid...

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Butzin DW,Friedman CP,Brownlee RC

    更新日期:1984-09-01 00:00:00

  • The dual nature of medical enculturation in postgraduate medical training and practice.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:Enculturation is a normal and continuing part of human development. This study examined how medical graduates perceive the process of enculturation after graduation. METHODS:We conducted a qualitative study of the values of medical graduates associated with Sydney Medical School to identify processes that c...

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gordon J,Markham P,Lipworth W,Kerridge I,Little M

    更新日期:2012-09-01 00:00:00

  • Residents' evaluation of behavioural paediatrics instruction.

    abstract::This study sought to explore the following questions: (1) Do residents perceive training focused on infancy and early childhood care issues as more clinically applicable than training focused on care of older children and adolescents? (2) Do residents at different training levels differ in their evaluation of behaviou...

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Mullan PB,Wolf FM,Ertel IJ

    更新日期:1989-09-01 00:00:00

  • Stakeholder views of rural community-based medical education: a narrative review of the international literature.

    abstract:CONTEXT:Rural community-based medical education (RCBME), in which medical student learning activities take place within a rural community, requires students, clinical teachers, patients, community members and representatives of health and government sectors to actively contribute to the educational process. Therefore, ...

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Somporn P,Ash J,Walters L

    更新日期:2018-08-01 00:00:00

  • The Educational Commission for Foreign Medical Graduates: global efforts in graduate medical education.

    abstract::In addition to its certification programme, which assesses the readiness of foreign medical graduates to enter graduate medical education programmes in the USA, the Educational Commission for Foreign Medical Graduates (ECFMG) is involved in a number of other programmes in international medical education. These include...

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Miranda M

    更新日期:1995-01-01 00:00:00

  • Techniques for measuring clinical competence: objective structured clinical examinations.

    abstract::The traditional clinical examination has been shown to have serious limitations in terms of its validity and reliability. The OSCE provides some answers to these limitations and has become very popular. Many variants on the original OSCE format now exist and much research has been done on various aspects of their use....

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Newble D

    更新日期:2004-02-01 00:00:00

  • Analysing qualitative data: ethnography and the evaluation of medical education.

    abstract::Quantitative methods of evaluating the outcomes of medical education may not always deliver the information which course organizers and teachers most need in order to improve their courses. Qualitative methods of research could provide such information. However, the use of qualitative methods has been limited by the d...

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Walker M

    更新日期:1989-11-01 00:00:00

  • Professionalism education should reflect reality: findings from three health professions.

    abstract:CONTEXT:Despite a growing and influential literature, 'professionalism' remains conceptually unclear. A recent review identified three discourses of professionalism in the literature: the individual; the interpersonal, and the societal-institutional. Although all have credibility and empirical support, there are tensio...

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Burford B,Morrow G,Rothwell C,Carter M,Illing J

    更新日期:2014-04-01 00:00:00

  • Medical education accreditation in Mexico and the Philippines: impact on student outcomes.

    abstract:CONTEXT:Accreditation of medical education programmes is becoming increasingly prevalent worldwide, but beyond the face validity of these quality assurance methods, data linking accreditation to improved student outcomes are limited. Mexico and the Philippines both have voluntary systems of medical education accreditat...

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: van Zanten M,McKinley D,Durante Montiel I,Pijano CV

    更新日期:2012-06-01 00:00:00