Shifts in momentary motivation to quit smoking based on experimental context and perceptions of motivational instability.

Abstract:

BACKGROUND:Smoking quit intentions (i.e., plans or commitments to reduce smoking) are distinct from quit motivation (i.e., desire to quit). Motivation to quit is a dynamic avoidance motivational state, likely subject to frequent fluctuations and shifts based on environmental context, similar to craving (an approach motivational state). Moreover, people's perceptions of motivational instability may influence their momentary quit motivation and beliefs surrounding their abilities to manage the quit process successfully. METHODS:In the current study, smokers were recruited online. Baseline motivation to quit was examined along with perceptions of motivational instability. Participants who reported some interest in eventually quitting (n = 174; Mage = 45.29, SD = 14.81, 74.1% women) were randomly assigned to negative affect, cigarette or neutral cue conditions and then momentary motivation to quit was assessed, followed by a validated index of quit intentions. RESULTS:Participants in the negative affect and cigarette cue conditions reported greater momentary motivation to quit than participants in the neutral condition (F = 3.73, p = .03), particularly for people who reported upfront that their motivation did not change from day-to-day (F = 3.97, p = .02). In addition, greater momentary quit motivation predicted stronger quit intentions (B = 0.66, p < .001). CONCLUSION:Findings from this study suggest that motivation to quit is likely dynamic and influenced by context as well as by self-perceptions. Implications suggest that further efforts to separate motivation from intention may be useful in understanding smokers' desires and plans to quit smoking.

journal_name

Addict Behav

journal_title

Addictive behaviors

authors

Veilleux JC

doi

10.1016/j.addbeh.2019.04.012

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2019-09-01 00:00:00

pages

62-67

eissn

0306-4603

issn

1873-6327

pii

S0306-4603(19)30096-6

journal_volume

96

pub_type

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