The experimental and numerical study of indirect effect of a rifle bullet on the bone.

Abstract:

:We study the transient indirect effect of a rifle bullet on bone in the gelatin-bone composite target experimentally and computationally. The process of a 56 type 7.62-mm rifle bullet penetrating the composite target has been simulated using numerical method. The experiment provided the criteria for verifying the correctness of the numerical model. We have obtained tomographic data of bone by CT scans, and also defined the bone as different layers by the gray scale to simulate its heterogeneity. The computed results are in good agreement with the experimental data. Effects of the impact velocity and bone location on damage caused to the composite target have also been studied. The numerical results imply the follows: When the velocity of bullet increases, the stress on bone also increases with the earlier pressure peak; When the bone is located in a certain distance from the trajectory, it will not be fractured, although it is affected by the stress wave.

journal_name

Forensic Sci Int

authors

Zhang X,Xu C,Wen Y,Luo S

doi

10.1016/j.forsciint.2015.10.032

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2015-12-01 00:00:00

pages

473-480

eissn

0379-0738

issn

1872-6283

pii

S0379-0738(15)00458-2

journal_volume

257

pub_type

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