Human cooperation in groups: variation begets variation.


:Many experiments on human cooperation have revealed that individuals differ systematically in their tendency to cooperate with others. It has also been shown that individuals condition their behaviour on the overall cooperation level of their peers. Yet, little is known about how individuals respond to heterogeneity in cooperativeness in their neighbourhood. Here, we present an experimental study investigating whether and how people respond to heterogeneous behaviour in a public goods game. We find that a large majority of subjects does respond to heterogeneity in their group, but they respond in quite different ways. Most subjects contribute less to the public good when the contributions of their peers are more heterogeneous, but a substantial fraction of individuals consistently contributes more in this case. In addition, we find that individuals that respond positively to heterogeneity have a higher general cooperation tendency. The finding that social responsiveness occurs in different forms and is correlated with cooperativeness may have important implications for the outcome of cooperative interactions.


Sci Rep


Scientific reports


van den Berg P,Molleman L,Junikka J,Puurtinen M,Weissing FJ




Has Abstract


2015-11-04 00:00:00










  • Influence of pH, competing ions, and salinity on the sorption of strontium and cobalt onto biogenic hydroxyapatite.

    abstract::Anthropogenic radionuclides contaminate a range of environments as a result of nuclear activities, for example, leakage from waste storage tanks/ponds (e.g. Hanford, USA or Sellafield sites, UK) or as a result of large scale nuclear accidents (e.g. Chernobyl, Ukraine or Fukushima, Japan). One of the most widely applie...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Handley-Sidhu S,Mullan TK,Grail Q,Albadarneh M,Ohnuki T,Macaskie LE

    更新日期:2016-03-18 00:00:00

  • Early gestational maternal low-protein diet diminishes hepatic response to fasting in young adult male mice.

    abstract::Maternal low-protein (MLP) diet can lead to hepatic steatosis, which only develops with ageing. It is still unclear whether the young offspring show any signs of past exposure to prenatal adverse conditions. We hypothesized that early nutritional insult would first affect the dynamic responsiveness to nutritional chal...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sato N,Sudo K,Mori M,Imai C,Muramatsu M,Sugimoto M

    更新日期:2017-08-29 00:00:00

  • Insights into the structure and function of Est3 from the Hansenula polymorpha telomerase.

    abstract::Telomerase is a ribonucleoprotein enzyme, which maintains genome integrity in eukaryotes and ensures continuous cellular proliferation. Telomerase holoenzyme from the thermotolerant yeast Hansenula polymorpha, in addition to the catalytic subunit (TERT) and telomerase RNA (TER), contains accessory proteins Est1 and Es...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Shepelev NM,Mariasina SS,Mantsyzov AB,Malyavko AN,Efimov SV,Petrova OA,Rodina EV,Zvereva MI,Dontsova OA,Polshakov VI

    更新日期:2020-07-06 00:00:00

  • Publisher Correction: Molecular mechanisms of Charcot-Marie-Tooth neuropathy linked to mutations in human myelin protein P2.

    abstract::A correction to this article has been published and is linked from the HTML version of this paper. The error has been fixed in the paper. ...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章,已发布勘误


    authors: Ruskamo S,Nieminen T,Kristiansen CK,Vatne GH,Baumann A,Hallin EI,Raasakka A,Joensuu P,Bergmann U,Vattulainen I,Kursula P

    更新日期:2018-01-08 00:00:00

  • Diversity hotspot and unique community structure of foraminifera in the world's deepest marine blue hole - Sansha Yongle Blue Hole.

    abstract::Marine blue holes are precious geological heritages with high scientific research values. Their physical and chemical characteristics are unique because of the steep-walled structure and isolated water column which create isolated ecosystems in geographically restricted areas. The Sansha Yongle Blue Hole (SYBH) is the...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Li Q,Lei Y,Morard R,Li T,Wang B

    更新日期:2020-06-24 00:00:00

  • A system dynamics model for pests and natural enemies interactions.

    abstract::Stemborers (Busseola fusca, Sesamia calamistis and Chilo partellus), the fall armyworm (Spodoptera frugiperda) and associated parasitoids constitute an interacting system in maize fields in Kenya. This work aims at developing and evaluating models that represent the evolution of those interactions by applying system t...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sokame BM,Tonnang HEZ,Subramanian S,Bruce AY,Dubois T,Ekesi S,Calatayud PA

    更新日期:2021-01-14 00:00:00

  • Fuzzy Union to Assess Climate Suitability of Annual Ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum), Alfalfa (Medicago sativa) and Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor).

    abstract::The Law of the Minimum is often implemented using t-norm or fuzzy intersection. We propose the use of t-conorm or fuzzy union for climate suitability assessment of a grass species using annual ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum Lam.) as an example and evaluate the performance for alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) and sorghum (So...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kim H,Hyun SW,Hoogenboom G,Porter CH,Kim KS

    更新日期:2018-07-05 00:00:00

  • Genome-wide assessment of gene-by-smoking interactions in COPD.

    abstract::Cigarette smoke exposure is a major risk factor in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and its interactions with genetic variants could affect lung function. However, few gene-smoking interactions have been reported. In this report, we evaluated the effects of gene-smoking interactions on lung function using ...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Park B,Koo SM,An J,Lee M,Kang HY,Qiao D,Cho MH,Sung J,Silverman EK,Yang HJ,Won S

    更新日期:2018-06-18 00:00:00

  • Loss of tricellular tight junction protein LSR promotes cell invasion and migration via upregulation of TEAD1/AREG in human endometrial cancer.

    abstract::Lipolysis-stimulated lipoprotein receptor (LSR) is a unique molecule of tricellular contacts of normal and cancer cells. We investigated how the loss of LSR induced cell migration, invasion and proliferation in endometrial cancer cell line Sawano. mRNAs of amphiregulin (AREG) and TEA domain family member 1 (TEAD1) wer...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Shimada H,Abe S,Kohno T,Satohisa S,Konno T,Takahashi S,Hatakeyama T,Arimoto C,Kakuki T,Kaneko Y,Takano KI,Saito T,Kojima T

    更新日期:2017-01-10 00:00:00

  • Extraintestinal pathogenic Escherichia coli are associated with intestinal inflammation in patients with ulcerative colitis.

    abstract::E. coli of the phylogenetic group B2 harbouring Extra intestinal Pathogenic Escherichia coli (ExPEC) genes are frequently seen as colonizers of the intestine in patients with active ulcerative colitis (UC). In this study, we describe the influence of E. coli Nissle (EcN) B2 as add-on treatment to conventional therapie...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Mirsepasi-Lauridsen HC,Halkjaer SI,Mortensen EM,Lydolph MC,Nordgaard-Lassen I,Krogfelt KA,Petersen AM

    更新日期:2016-09-30 00:00:00

  • A model of the PI cycle reveals the regulating roles of lipid-binding proteins and pitfalls of using mosaic biological data.

    abstract::The phosphatidylinositol (PI) cycle is central to eukaryotic cell signaling. Its complexity, due to the number of reactions and lipid and inositol phosphate intermediates involved makes it difficult to analyze experimentally. Computational modelling approaches are seen as a way forward to elucidate complex biological ...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Mazet F,Tindall MJ,Gibbins JM,Fry MJ

    更新日期:2020-08-06 00:00:00

  • CPT1C promotes human mesenchymal stem cells survival under glucose deprivation through the modulation of autophagy.

    abstract::Human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) are widely used in regenerative medicine. In some applications, they must survive under low nutrient conditions engendered by avascularity. Strategies to improve hMSCs survival may be of high relevance in tissue engineering. Carnitine palmitoyltransferase 1 C (CPT1C) is a pseudoenz...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Roa-Mansergas X,Fadó R,Atari M,Mir JF,Muley H,Serra D,Casals N

    更新日期:2018-05-03 00:00:00

  • An Investigation of the Behavior of Solvent based Polycaprolactone ink for Material Jetting.

    abstract::An initial study of processing bioresorbable polycaprolactone (PCL) through material jetting was conducted using a Fujifilm Dimatix DMP-2830 material printer. The aim of this work was to investigate a potential solvent based method of jetting polycaprolactone. Several solvents were used to prepare a PCL solvent based ...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: He Y,Wildman RD,Tuck CJ,Christie SD,Edmondson S

    更新日期:2016-02-12 00:00:00

  • Assessing fuel properties effects of 2,5-dimethylfuran on microscopic and macroscopic characteristics of oxygenated fuel/diesel blends spray.

    abstract::2,5-Dimethylfuran (DMF) is a type of attractive sustainable green energy for diesel engines that is designed to reduce soot emission. This study investigated the effect of fuel properties on the macroscopic and microscopic spray characteristics of four test blends under injection pressures of 90, 120 and 150 MPa and a...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Zhang P,Su X,Chen H,Geng L,Zhao X

    更新日期:2020-01-29 00:00:00

  • Statistical learning in domestic chicks is modulated by strain and sex.

    abstract::Statistical learning is a key mechanism for detecting regularities from a variety of sensory inputs. Precocial newborn domestic chicks provide an excellent model for (1) exploring unsupervised forms of statistical learning in a comparative perspective, and (2) elucidating the ecological function of statistical learnin...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Santolin C,Rosa-Salva O,Lemaire BS,Regolin L,Vallortigara G

    更新日期:2020-09-15 00:00:00

  • Tumor fitness, immune exhaustion and clinical outcomes: impact of immune checkpoint inhibitors.

    abstract::Recently proposed tumor fitness measures, based on profiling neoepitopes for reactive viral epitope similarity, have been proposed to predict response to immune checkpoint inhibitors in melanoma and small-cell lung cancer. Here we applied these checkpoint based fitness measures to the matched checkpoint treatment naiv...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bubie A,Gonzalez-Kozlova E,Akers N,Villanueva A,Losic B

    更新日期:2020-03-19 00:00:00

  • Enhancing Surface Sensing Sensitivity of Metallic Nanostructures using Blue-Shifted Surface Plasmon Mode and Fano Resonance.

    abstract::Improving surface sensitivities of nanostructure-based plasmonic sensors is an important issue to be addressed. Among the SPR measurements, the wavelength interrogation is commonly utilized. We proposed using blue-shifted surface plasmon mode and Fano resonance, caused by the coupling of a cavity mode (angle-independe...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lee KL,Chang CC,You ML,Pan MY,Wei PK

    更新日期:2018-06-27 00:00:00

  • Near ideal synaptic functionalities in Li ion synaptic transistor using Li3POxSex electrolyte with high ionic conductivity.

    abstract::All solid-state lithium-ion transistors are considered as promising synaptic devices for building artificial neural networks for neuromorphic computing. However, the slow ionic conduction in existing electrolytes hinders the performance of lithium-ion-based synaptic transistors. In this study, we systematically explor...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Nikam RD,Kwak M,Lee J,Rajput KG,Banerjee W,Hwang H

    更新日期:2019-12-11 00:00:00

  • One-dimensional electron gas in strained lateral heterostructures of single layer materials.

    abstract::Confinement of the electron gas along one of the spatial directions opens an avenue for studying fundamentals of quantum transport along the side of numerous practical electronic applications, with high-electron-mobility transistors being a prominent example. A heterojunction of two materials with dissimilar electroni...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Rubel O

    更新日期:2017-06-28 00:00:00

  • Increased systolic blood pressure reactivity to acute stress is related with better self-reported health.

    abstract::The stress reactivity hypothesis posits that the magnitude of cardiovascular reactions to acute stress tasks is related with future blood pressure status, heart hypertrophy, and atherosclerosis. We assessed the stress reactivity hypothesis and aimed to identify which physiological indices (blood pressure, heart-rate, ...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wright BJ,O'Brien S,Hazi A,Kent S

    更新日期:2014-11-13 00:00:00

  • The use of radiocobalt as a label improves imaging of EGFR using DOTA-conjugated Affibody molecule.

    abstract::Several anti-cancer therapies target the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR). Radionuclide imaging of EGFR expression in tumours may aid in selection of optimal cancer therapy. The 111In-labelled DOTA-conjugated ZEGFR:2377 Affibody molecule was successfully used for imaging of EGFR-expressing xenografts in mice. A...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Garousi J,Andersson KG,Dam JH,Olsen BB,Mitran B,Orlova A,Buijs J,Ståhl S,Löfblom J,Thisgaard H,Tolmachev V

    更新日期:2017-07-20 00:00:00

  • Inverse Resolution Limit of Partition Density and Detecting Overlapping Communities by Link-Surprise.

    abstract::Finding overlapping communities of complex networks remains a challenge in network science. To address this challenge, one of the widely used approaches is finding the communities of links by optimizing the objective function, partition density. In this study, we show that partition density suffers from inverse resolu...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lee J,Zhang ZY,Lee J,Brooks BR,Ahn YY

    更新日期:2017-09-29 00:00:00

  • Characterization of the dielectric properties of water and methanol in the D-band using a quasi-optical spectroscopy.

    abstract::This work presents the measurement of the permittivities of water and methanol in the D-band. Water is a reference medium for dielectric measurement. The dielectric permittivity of water in the millimeter wave range is a fundamental parameter in many applications, and needs to be investigated systematically. The measu...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Liu X,Yu J

    更新日期:2019-12-06 00:00:00

  • Controlling evolution of protein corona: a prosperous approach to improve chitosan-based nanoparticle biodistribution and half-life.

    abstract::Protein corona significantly affects in vivo fate of nanoparticles including biodistribution and half-life. Without manipulating the physicochemical properties of nanoparticles with considering their biointerference, attaining effective treatment protocols is impossible. For this reason, protein corona evolution and b...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Tekie FSM,Hajiramezanali M,Geramifar P,Raoufi M,Dinarvand R,Soleimani M,Atyabi F

    更新日期:2020-06-15 00:00:00

  • Enhanced production of sucrose in the fast-growing cyanobacterium Synechococcus elongatus UTEX 2973.

    abstract::Cyanobacteria are attractive microbial hosts for production of chemicals using light and CO2. However, their low productivity of chemicals is a major challenge for commercial applications. This is mostly due to their relatively slow growth rate and carbon partitioning toward biomass rather than products. Many cyanobac...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lin PC,Zhang F,Pakrasi HB

    更新日期:2020-01-15 00:00:00

  • ZeBRα a universal, multi-fragment DNA-assembly-system with minimal hands-on time requirement.

    abstract::The recently evolved field of synthetic biology has revolutionized the way we think of biology as an "engineerable" discipline. The newly sprouted branch is constantly in need of simple, cost-effective and automatable DNA-assembly methods. We have developed a reliable DNA-assembly system, ZeBRα (Zero-Background Redα),...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Richter D,Bayer K,Toesko T,Schuster S

    更新日期:2019-02-27 00:00:00

  • Anti-proliferative and anti-migratory properties of coffee diterpenes kahweol acetate and cafestol in human renal cancer cells.

    abstract::Despite improvements in systemic therapy options for renal cancer, it remains one of the most drug-resistant malignancies. Interestingly, reports have shown that kahweol and cafestol, natural diterpenes extracted from coffee beans, exhibit anti-cancer activity. However, the multiple potential pharmacological actions o...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Makino T,Izumi K,Hiratsuka K,Kano H,Shimada T,Nakano T,Kadomoto S,Naito R,Iwamoto H,Yaegashi H,Shigehara K,Kadono Y,Nakata H,Saito Y,Nakagawa-Goto K,Sakai N,Iwata Y,Wada T,Mizokami A

    更新日期:2021-01-12 00:00:00

  • Localization of Laplacian eigenvectors on random networks.

    abstract::In large random networks, each eigenvector of the Laplacian matrix tends to localize on a subset of network nodes having similar numbers of edges, namely, the components of each Laplacian eigenvector take relatively large values only on a particular subset of nodes whose degrees are close. Although this localization p...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hata S,Nakao H

    更新日期:2017-04-25 00:00:00

  • Endothelial cell-surface tissue transglutaminase inhibits neutrophil adhesion by binding and releasing nitric oxide.

    abstract::Nitric oxide (NO) produced by endothelial cells in response to cytokines displays anti-inflammatory activity by preventing the adherence, migration and activation of neutrophils. The molecular mechanism by which NO operates at the blood-endothelium interface to exert anti-inflammatory properties is largely unknown. He...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lai TS,Lindberg RA,Zhou HL,Haroon ZA,Dewhirst MW,Hausladen A,Juang YL,Stamler JS,Greenberg CS

    更新日期:2017-11-23 00:00:00

  • Attenuation of Na/K-ATPase Mediated Oxidant Amplification with pNaKtide Ameliorates Experimental Uremic Cardiomyopathy.

    abstract::We have previously reported that the sodium potassium adenosine triphosphatase (Na/K-ATPase) can effect the amplification of reactive oxygen species. In this study, we examined whether attenuation of oxidant stress by antagonism of Na/K-ATPase oxidant amplification might ameliorate experimental uremic cardiomyopathy i...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Liu J,Tian J,Chaudhry M,Maxwell K,Yan Y,Wang X,Shah PT,Khawaja AA,Martin R,Robinette TJ,El-Hamdani A,Dodrill MW,Sodhi K,Drummond CA,Haller ST,Kennedy DJ,Abraham NG,Xie Z,Shapiro JI

    更新日期:2016-10-04 00:00:00