Comparative analysis of the growth and biological activity of a respiratory and atheroma isolate of Chlamydia pneumoniae reveals strain-dependent differences in inflammatory activity and innate immune evasion.

Abstract:

BACKGROUND:Chlamydia pneumoniae is a common human pathogen that is associated with upper and lower respiratory tract infections. It has also been suggested that C. pneumoniae infection can trigger or promote a number of chronic inflammatory conditions, including asthma and atherosclerosis. Several strains of C. pneumoniae have been isolated from humans and animals, and sequence data demonstrates marked genetic conservation, leaving unanswered the question as to why chronic inflammatory conditions may occur following some respiratory-acquired infections. METHODS:C. pneumoniae strains AR39 and AO3 were used in vitro to infect murine bone marrow derived macrophages and L929 fibroblasts, or in vivo to infect C57BL/6 mice via the intranasal route. RESULTS:We undertook a comparative study of a respiratory isolate, AR39, and an atheroma isolate, AO3, to determine if bacterial growth and host responses to infection varied between these two strains. We observed differential growth depending on the host cell type and the growth temperature; however both strains were capable of forming plaques in vitro. The host response to the respiratory isolate was found to be more inflammatory both in vitro, in terms of inflammatory cytokine induction, and in vivo, as measured by clinical response and lung inflammatory markers using a mouse model of respiratory infection. CONCLUSIONS:Our data demonstrates that a subset of C. pneumoniae strains is capable of evading host innate immune defenses during the acute respiratory infection. Further studies on the genetic basis for these differences on both the host and pathogen side could enhance our understanding how C. pneumoniae contributes to the development chronic inflammation at local and distant sites.

journal_name

BMC Microbiol

journal_title

BMC microbiology

authors

He X,Liang Y,LaValley MP,Lai J,Ingalls RR

doi

10.1186/s12866-015-0569-3

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2015-10-23 00:00:00

pages

228

issn

1471-2180

pii

10.1186/s12866-015-0569-3

journal_volume

15

pub_type

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