The changing landscape of hepatitis C virus therapy: focus on interferon-free treatment.

Abstract:

:Chronic hepatitis C (CHC) affects over 185 million individuals worldwide, approximately 3% of the world's population. CHC can lead to quality of life impairment, cirrhosis, hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), liver failure and liver-related death. While CHC has been associated with increases in HCC, liver-related mortality and all-cause mortality, being cured of CHC is associated with improvement in these outcomes. Older interferon-based regimens were complex and toxic and required 6-12 months of therapy, with cure rates averaging around 40-45% for HCV genotype 1. Newer interferon-free regimens are now available in the US, Europe, Japan and in other countries. These regimens have short durations, minimal side effects, low pill burden and efficacy approaching 90-100%. We may eventually see single-tablet regimens lasting no more than 4-6 weeks. This review will summarize the data regarding these interferon-free regimens, including Gilead's Harvoni (sofosbuvir/ledipasvir), AbbVie's Viekira Pak (paritaprevir/ritonavir/ombitasvir with dasabuvir), and Janssen's Olysio (simeprevir) with sofosbuvir. Some practical considerations as we move into an interferon-free era will also be discussed, such as patient adherence and drug-drug interactions.

authors

Lam BP,Jeffers T,Younoszai Z,Fazel Y,Younossi ZM

doi

10.1177/1756283X15587481

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2015-09-01 00:00:00

pages

298-312

issue

5

eissn

1756-283X

issn

1756-2848

pii

10.1177_1756283X15587481

journal_volume

8

pub_type

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