The imaging features of neurologic complications of left atrial myxomas.

Abstract:

BACKGROUND:Neurologic complications may be the first symptoms of atrial myxomas. Understanding the imaging features of neurologic complications of atrial myxomas can be helpful for the prompt diagnosis. OBJECTIVE:To identify neuroimaging features for patients with neurologic complications attributed to atrial myxoma. METHODS:We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 103 patients with pathologically confirmed atrial myxoma at Xiangya Hospital from January 2009 to January 2014. The neuroimaging data for patients with neurologic complications were analyzed. RESULTS:Eight patients with atrial myxomas (7.77%) presented with neurologic manifestations, which constituted the initial symptoms for seven patients (87.5%). Neuroimaging showed five cases of cerebral infarctions and three cases of aneurysms. The main patterns of the infarctions were multiplicity (100.0%) and involvement of the middle cerebral artery territory (80.0%). The aneurysms were fusiform in shape, multiple in number (100.0%) and located in the distal middle cerebral artery (100.0%). More specifically, high-density in the vicinity of the aneurysms was observed on CT for two patients (66.7%), and homogenous enhancement surrounding the aneurysms was detected in the enhanced imaging for two patients (66.7%). CONCLUSION:Neurologic complications secondary to atrial myxoma consist of cerebral infarctions and aneurysms, which show certain characteristic features in neuroimaging. Echocardiography should be performed in patients with multiple cerebral infarctions, and multiple aneurysms, especially when aneurysms are distal in location. More importantly, greater attention should be paid to the imaging changes surrounding the aneurysms when myxomatous aneurysms are suspected and these are going to be the relevant features in our article.

journal_name

Eur J Radiol

authors

Liao WH,Ramkalawan D,Liu JL,Shi W,Zee CS,Yang XS,Li GL,Li J,Wang XY

doi

10.1016/j.ejrad.2015.02.005

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2015-05-01 00:00:00

pages

933-9

issue

5

eissn

0720-048X

issn

1872-7727

pii

S0720-048X(15)00073-X

journal_volume

84

pub_type

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