Differences between abstinent and non-abstinent individuals in recovery from alcohol use disorders.


OBJECTIVE:Non-abstinent goals can improve quality of life (QOL) among individuals with alcohol use disorders (AUDs). However, prior studies have defined "recovery" based on DSM criteria, and thus may have excluded individuals using non-abstinent techniques that do not involve reduced drinking. Furthermore, no prior study has considered length of time in recovery when comparing QOL between abstinent and non-abstinent individuals. The current aims are to identify correlates of non-abstinent recovery and examine differences in QOL between abstainers and non-abstainers accounting for length of time in recovery. SAMPLE:A large (N=5380) national sample of individuals who self-describe as "in recovery" from alcohol problems recruited in the context of the What Is Recovery? (WIR) study. METHOD:Multivariate stepwise regressions estimating the probability of non-abstinent recovery and average quality of life. RESULTS:Younger age (OR=0.72), no prior treatment (OR=0.63) or AA (OR=0.32), fewer dependence symptoms (OR=0.17) and less time in recovery all significantly (P<0.05) related to non-abstinent recovery. Abstainers reported significantly (P<0.05) higher QOL than non-abstainers (B=0.39 for abstinence vs. non-abstinence), and abstinence was one of the strongest correlates of QOL, even beyond sociodemographic variables like education. CONCLUSIONS:Non-abstainers are younger with less time in recovery and less problem severity but worse QOL than abstainers. Clinically, individuals considering non-abstinent goals should be aware that abstinence may be best for optimal QOL in the long run. Furthermore, time in recovery should be accounted for when examining correlates of recovery.


Addict Behav


Addictive behaviors


Subbaraman MS,Witbrodt J




Has Abstract


2014-12-01 00:00:00














  • Genetic influences on craving for alcohol.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:Craving is being considered for inclusion in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM) DSM-5. However, little is known of its genetic underpinnings - specifically, whether genetic influences on craving are distinct from those influencing DSM-IV alcohol dependence. METHOD:Analyses were conducted in a sam...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Agrawal A,Wetherill L,Bucholz KK,Kramer J,Kuperman S,Lynskey MT,Nurnberger JI Jr,Schuckit M,Tischfield JA,Edenberg HJ,Foroud T,Bierut LJ

    更新日期:2013-02-01 00:00:00

  • Depression among regular heroin users: the influence of gender.

    abstract::The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of recent (last 12 months) depression in regular young heroin users and to ascertain factors associated with depression in this population, broken down by gender. A sample of 561 participants completed a cross-sectional survey. Eligibility criteria were: age 30 yea...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sordo L,Chahua M,Bravo MJ,Barrio G,Brugal MT,Domingo-Salvany A,Molist G,De la Fuente L,ITINERE Project Group.

    更新日期:2012-01-01 00:00:00

  • The relationships between sensation seeking and a spectrum of e-cigarette use behaviors: Cross-sectional and longitudinal analyses specific to Texas adolescents.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:Sensation seeking is strongly associated with cigarette use in adolescents. However, few studies have investigated its relationship with adolescent e-cigarette use. This study examined cross-sectional and longitudinal associations between sensation seeking and a variety of e-cigarette use behaviors among T...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章,多中心研究


    authors: Case KR,Harrell MB,Pérez A,Loukas A,Wilkinson AV,Springer AE,Creamer MR,Perry CL

    更新日期:2017-10-01 00:00:00

  • Statistical definition of relapse: case of family drug court.

    abstract::At any point in time, a patient's return to drug use can be seen either as a temporary event or as a return to persistent use. There is no formal standard for distinguishing persistent drug use from an occasional relapse. This lack of standardization persists although the consequences of either interpretation can be l...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Alemi F,Haack M,Nemes S

    更新日期:2004-06-01 00:00:00

  • Alcohol issues prior to training in the United States Air Force.

    abstract::The negative impact of alcohol is a significant concern to the US military given the costs associated with alcohol-related offenses. Despite considerable research in active duty personnel, relatively little is known about the current extent of alcohol use among incoming recruits. We examined the history of alcohol use...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Derefinko KJ,Klesges RC,Bursac Z,Little MA,Hryshko-Mullen A,Talcott GW

    更新日期:2016-07-01 00:00:00

  • Shifts in momentary motivation to quit smoking based on experimental context and perceptions of motivational instability.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Smoking quit intentions (i.e., plans or commitments to reduce smoking) are distinct from quit motivation (i.e., desire to quit). Motivation to quit is a dynamic avoidance motivational state, likely subject to frequent fluctuations and shifts based on environmental context, similar to craving (an approach mot...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Veilleux JC

    更新日期:2019-09-01 00:00:00

  • Smoking and cognitive deficits in schizophrenia: a pilot study.

    abstract::The cross-sectional study assessed the associations among smoking status, number of cigarettes smoked per day, and psychiatric symptoms in 88 chronic schizophrenic outpatients with a stable psychic condition. Among the 49 smokers, the number of cigarettes smoked per day was associated with the severity of cognitive sy...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Taiminen TJ,Salokangas RK,Saarijärvi S,Niemi H,Lehto H,Ahola V,Syvälahti E

    更新日期:1998-03-01 00:00:00

  • Ward atmosphere changes during restructuring of an alcoholism treatment center. A quasi-experimental study.

    abstract::At an Alcoholism Treatment Center which was under restructuring, the Ward Atmosphere Scale (WAS) was used to study the effect of changes on the climate of two wards. Before implementation, after the first phase of changes one year later, and after the second phase changes a year later, patients (n1 = 19, n2 = 16, n3 =...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Eriksen L

    更新日期:1987-01-01 00:00:00

  • Automatic detection advantage of problematic Internet users for Wi-Fi signal cues and the moderating effect of negative affect: An event-related potential study.

    abstract::Cognitive bias toward Internet-related cues is an important factor of the formation and maintenance of the addictive behavior of problematic Internet users (PIUs). The development of fiber-optic communication and smartphones has ushered human society into the era of wireless networks. The Wi-Fi signal, the symbol of w...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Nie Y,Pan T,Zheng Y,He J

    更新日期:2020-02-01 00:00:00

  • Risk factors for pathological gambling.

    abstract::To better understand pathological gambling, potential risk factors were assessed within three domains--gambling behaviors, substance abuse and other problem behaviors, and sociodemographic factors. A random-digit-dial telephone survey was conducted in 1999-2000 with a representative sample of the U.S. population aged ...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Welte JW,Barnes GM,Wieczorek WF,Tidwell MC,Parker JC

    更新日期:2004-02-01 00:00:00

  • Adverse childhood events, substance abuse, and measures of affiliation.

    abstract::Adverse childhood events may influence later behaviors, including adulthood substance use and social affiliation. Studies have noted high prevalence rates of adverse childhood experiences and adulthood substance abuse among homeless adults. Using an existing longitudinal, countywide probability sample of 397 homeless ...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Zlotnick C,Tam T,Robertson MJ

    更新日期:2004-08-01 00:00:00

  • Parental monitoring and family relations: associations with drinking patterns among male and female Mexican students.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:Parental monitoring and family relations are recognized as protective factors for youth alcohol use. The purpose of this study was to investigate perceived parental monitoring and family relations among subgroups of Mexican youths with different patterns of drinking behaviors and consequences. METHODS:A l...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Strunin L,Rosa Díaz-Martínez L,Díaz-Martínez A,Heeren T,Winter M,Kuranz S,Hernández-Ávila CA,Fernández-Varela H,Solís-Torres C

    更新日期:2015-12-01 00:00:00

  • Mediators of drug treatment outcomes.

    abstract::Treatment for drug use, like the process by which a person comes to use illicit drugs, may be seen to be at least in part a psychosocial process involving emotional, cognitive, and relationship domains. Treatment programs attempt to improve the psychosocial functioning of clients with the ultimate goal of effecting ch...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bell DC,Richard AJ,Feltz LC

    更新日期:1996-09-01 00:00:00

  • The relationship of counselor and peer alliance to drug use and HIV risk behaviors in a six-month methadone detoxification program.

    abstract::The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship of treatment outcomes in opioid detoxification to levels of counselor and peer alliance. Forty-one subjects were recruited from a larger, 180-day study of psychosocial treatment. Beginning at day 90, subjects completed monthly measures of alliance. Outcome meas...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Tunis SL,Delucchi KL,Schwartz K,Banys P,Sees KL

    更新日期:1995-05-01 00:00:00

  • Predicting university undergraduates' binge-drinking behavior: a comparative test of the one- and two-component theories of planned behavior.

    abstract::This study provides a comparative test of the one- and two-component theories of planned behavior (TPB) in the context of university undergraduates' binge-drinking. Participants (N=120) self-completed questionnaire measures of all TPB constructs at time 1 and subsequent binge-drinking at time 2 (two-weeks later). The ...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Elliott MA,Ainsworth K

    更新日期:2012-01-01 00:00:00

  • Validation of the "problematic use of narcotics" (PUN) screening test for drug using adolescents.

    abstract::The aim of the study was to examine psychometric properties of the PUN screening test concerning illicit drug problem use by adolescents. The criterion standard for the test's validity was a diagnostic interview conducted by trained specialists. Respondents were reached by snowball sampling in 58 randomly chosen Polis...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Okulicz-Kozaryn K,Sierosławski J

    更新日期:2007-03-01 00:00:00

  • The role of flavors in vaping initiation and satisfaction among U.S. adults.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:The prevalence of electronic cigarette use has grown over the past decade, with some users reportedly initiating e-cigarette use primarily due to flavors. This study examined the role of flavors in initiation among adult e-cigarette users, as well as the association of flavors with satisfaction and perceived...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Landry RL,Groom AL,Vu TT,Stokes AC,Berry KM,Kesh A,Hart JL,Walker KL,Giachello AL,Sears CG,McGlasson KL,Tompkins LK,Mattingly DT,Robertson RM,Payne TJ

    更新日期:2019-12-01 00:00:00

  • Prevalence and correlates of alcohol misuse among returning Afghanistan and Iraq veterans.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:Several studies have reported high rates of alcohol misuse and low rates of substance use treatment among OEF/OIF military service members. This study assessed the prevalence and correlates of alcohol misuse and the factors associated with treatment utilization among recently returned National Guard service m...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Burnett-Zeigler I,Ilgen M,Valenstein M,Zivin K,Gorman L,Blow A,Duffy S,Chermack S

    更新日期:2011-08-01 00:00:00

  • Smoking topography and nicotine blood levels.

    abstract::Frequency and durational components of smoking topography were measured by a portable smoking device while 10 subjects smoked four cigarettes ad libitum in a non-laboratory environment. Nicotine blood levels were measured before and after smoking each cigarette and serial blood samples for determining nicotine metabol...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hatsukami DK,Pickens RW,Svikis DS,Hughes JR

    更新日期:1988-01-01 00:00:00

  • Smoking and quitting behaviours by mental health conditions in Great Britain (1993-2014).

    abstract::Smoking is a major contributor to the disparity in life expectancy between those with and without a mental health condition. Previous work has found associations between individual conditions such as depression and current smoking, cigarette consumption and dependence, but did not compare a range of specific mental di...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Richardson S,McNeill A,Brose LS

    更新日期:2019-03-01 00:00:00

  • Psychometric properties and social correlates of assertion measures in chronic alcoholics.

    abstract::Assertion is a major focus of many social skills interventions for alcoholics. The assessment of assertion often relies on self-report measures. However, few psychometric data are available on the most frequently used instruments. This study determined the internal characteristics and structure of two commonly employe...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ammerman RT,Van Hasselt VB,Hersen M

    更新日期:1989-01-01 00:00:00

  • Correlates of non-medical prescription drug use among a cohort of injection drug users in Baltimore City.

    abstract::Despite reports of increasing non-medical prescription drug use, relatively few studies have systematically evaluated the prevalence and correlates of non-medical prescription drug use, particularly in populations that might be especially vulnerable (e.g., injection drug users [IDUs]). We examined factors associated w...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Khosla N,Juon HS,Kirk GD,Astemborski J,Mehta SH

    更新日期:2011-12-01 00:00:00

  • Cannabis withdrawal is common among treatment-seeking adolescents with cannabis dependence and major depression, and is associated with rapid relapse to dependence.

    abstract::Recently, reports have suggested that cannabis withdrawal occurs commonly in adults with cannabis dependence, though it is unclear whether this extends to those with comorbid depression or to comorbid adolescents. We hypothesized that cannabis withdrawal would be common among our sample of comorbid adolescents and you...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Cornelius JR,Chung T,Martin C,Wood DS,Clark DB

    更新日期:2008-11-01 00:00:00

  • Longitudinal changes in alcohol use and binge-drinking among young-adult college students: Analyses of predictors across system levels.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Longitudinal research regarding young-adult college student alcohol use behaviors is needed to identify risk factors and inform interventions, particularly with regard to binge-drinking. METHODS:Data from 3,418 US college students (aged 18-25) in a two-year, six-wave panel study (64.6% female, 63.4% White) ...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Haardörfer R,Windle M,Fairman RT,Berg CJ

    更新日期:2021-01-01 00:00:00

  • HIV infection and high-risk behaviors in opioid dependent patients: the Indian context.

    abstract::Various risk behaviors promote the spread of HIV in drug addicts. Reflecting the substantial regional and geographic differences in the impact of HIV, its prevalence rates vary from country to country. In view of increasing reports of injection drug-uses (IDUs) from different parts of India, the study was aimed to exa...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Vaswani M,Desai NG

    更新日期:2004-11-01 00:00:00

  • The validity of self-reports in a follow-up study with drug addicts.

    abstract::Self-reports continue to be the most commonly used method in studies on the effectiveness of treatments for drug addiction. Nevertheless, the validity of this procedure has been called into question, so that subjects' reports are often compared with data from other sources. This study compares the data collected from ...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Secades-Villa R,Fernández-Hermida JR

    更新日期:2003-08-01 00:00:00

  • Self-concept disturbances: cognitive vulnerability for early drinking and early drunkenness in adolescents at high risk for alcohol problems.

    abstract::We tested the hypotheses that adolescents with few positive and many negative self-schemas would drink and get drunk earlier than adolescents with many positive and few negative self-schemas. Adolescents (N=264) from an ongoing prospective family study of alcoholism [Zucker, R. A., Fitzgerald, H., Refior, S., Puttler,...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Corte C,Zucker RA

    更新日期:2008-10-01 00:00:00

  • Does neuropsychological test performance predict resumption of drinking in posttreatment alcoholics?

    abstract::The prediction of resumption of drinking in posttreatment alcoholics was investigated as a function of five possible confounding variables: depression, anxiety, childhood symptoms of attention deficit and conduct disorders and family history of alcoholism. Male and female detoxified alcoholics (n = 103) in inpatient t...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Parsons OA,Schaeffer KW,Glenn SW

    更新日期:1990-01-01 00:00:00

  • Romantic attraction and adolescent smoking trajectories.

    abstract::Research on sexual orientation and substance use has established that lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) individuals are more likely to smoke than heterosexuals. This analysis furthers the examination of smoking behaviors across sexual orientation groups by describing how same- and opposite-sex romantic attraction, and ...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Pollard MS,Tucker JS,Green HD,Kennedy DP,Go MH

    更新日期:2011-12-01 00:00:00

  • Smoking dependence across the levels of cigarette smoking in a multiethnic sample.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:The Brief Wisconsin Inventory of Smoking Dependence Motives (WISDM) is a multi-dimensional smoking dependence measure that assesses primary dependence motives (PDM; e.g., core dependence marked by tolerance, craving) and secondary dependence motives (SDM; e.g., auxiliary dependence motives such as cognitive ...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Scheuermann TS,Nollen NL,Cox LS,Reitzel LR,Berg CJ,Guo H,Resnicow K,Ahluwalia JS

    更新日期:2015-04-01 00:00:00