Participation in Alcoholics Anonymous and post-treatment abstinence from alcohol and other drugs.


BACKGROUND:This study examined associations between two types of AA participation (i.e., meeting attendance, having a sponsor) and two types of post-treatment abstinence (i.e., abstinence from alcohol, abstinence from drugs). METHOD:Respondents completed measures that assessed their demographic characteristics, the severity of their substance use, and their motivation to change when they enrolled in treatment (T1). They completed measures of AA participation at T1 and a 3-month follow-up assessment (T2), and measures of recent abstinence at T1 and a 6-month follow-up assessment (T3). RESULTS:T2 sponsor was associated prospectively with T3 abstinence from alcohol. CONCLUSIONS:Having a sponsor served as a marker for subsequent abstinence. Future research can examine factors that may mediate or moderate the associations between having a sponsor and subsequent abstinence.


Addict Behav


Addictive behaviors


Kingree JB,Thompson M




Has Abstract


2011-08-01 00:00:00














  • Long-term effects of cessation of smoking on body weight, blood pressure and serum cholesterol in the middle-aged population with high blood pressure.

    abstract::Smoking habits are continuously changing in the population. Cessation of smoking is not only often difficult but may lead to undesired consequences, esp. to weight gain. A random sample of 2283 persons with mild hypertension was followed up for 5 years in Eastern Finland and examined at the community-based cardiovascu...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Tuomilehto J,Nissinen A,Puska P,Salonen JT,Jalkanen L

    更新日期:1986-01-01 00:00:00

  • Factor structure of the SOCRATES in a sample of primary care patients.

    abstract::Motivation or readiness to change has been studied intensively in recent years in research on the use of brief interventions to change alcohol problems in the primary care setting. The purpose of this study was to investigate the factor structure and concurrent and predictive evidence for validity of the short Stages ...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Maisto SA,Conigliaro J,McNeil M,Kraemer K,O'Connor M,Kelley ME

    更新日期:1999-11-01 00:00:00

  • Evaluation of a junior high school primary prevention program.

    abstract::A two-year primary prevention program for junior high school students was evaluated. The program consisted of drug education, "alternatives," and affective in- service training for the students' teachers. Students in one junior high school received the intervention and students in another school served as a no-treatme...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章


    authors: Moskowitz JM,Malvin J,Schaeffer GA,Schaps E

    更新日期:1983-01-01 00:00:00

  • Craving patterns in methadone maintenance treatment with dextromoramide as adjuvant.

    abstract::A study was performed to establish the effect on opiate craving among six long-term opiate-dependent subjects in methadone maintenance treatment. Subjects currently stabilised on methadone, received 5 or 10 mg dextromoramide besides methadone. During the study the usual methadone dose was diminished according to the i...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: de Vos JW,Ufkes JG,van den Brink W,van Brussel GH,de Wolff FA

    更新日期:1999-09-01 00:00:00

  • Patient characteristics and treatment implications of marijuana abuse among bipolar alcoholics: results from a double blind, placebo-controlled study.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:Marijuana abuse, primarily a disorder of adolescents and young adults, is highly prevalent among patients with severely ill psychiatric population, especially those with bipolar disorder. Additional marijuana abuse may impact on the clinical presentation of bipolar illness and may potentially act as mediator ...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Salloum IM,Cornelius JR,Douaihy A,Kirisci L,Daley DC,Kelly TM

    更新日期:2005-10-01 00:00:00

  • Factor analysis of the Alcohol and Drug Confrontation Scale (ADCS).

    abstract::The Alcohol and Drug Confrontation Scale (ADCS) is a 72-item instrument that defines confrontation as an individual being told "bad things" might happen if they do not make changes to address alcohol or drug problems or maintain sobriety. Preliminary assessment of the ADCS using substance abusers entering SLH's reveal...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Polcin DL,Galloway GP,Bostrom A,Greenfield TK

    更新日期:2007-10-01 00:00:00

  • Context effects and false memory for alcohol words in adolescents.

    abstract::This study assessed incidental recognition of Alcohol and Neutral words in adolescents who encoded the words under distraction. Participants were 171 (87 male) 10th grade students, ages 14-16 (M=15.1) years. Testing was conducted by telephone: Participants listened to a list containing Alcohol and Neutral (Experimenta...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Zack M,Sharpley J,Dent CW,Stacy AW

    更新日期:2009-03-01 00:00:00

  • Mediation analysis with binary outcomes: Direct and indirect effects of pro-alcohol influences on alcohol use disorders.

    abstract::A risk factor or intervention (an independent variable) may influence a substance abuse outcome (the dependent variable) indirectly, by affecting an intervening variable (a mediator) that in turn affects that outcome. Mediation analysis is a statistical method commonly used to examine the interrelations among independ...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Feingold A,MacKinnon DP,Capaldi DM

    更新日期:2019-07-01 00:00:00

  • Parental alcoholism: relationships to adult attachment in college women and men.

    abstract::The present study of general and romantic adult attachment among 484 female and male college students compared those who resided with an alcohol-abusing parent prior to age 16 and those who did not. Participants completed the Relationship Style Questionnaire (RSQ; general adult attachment), Experiences in Close Relati...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kelley ML,Cash TF,Grant AR,Miles DL,Santos MT

    更新日期:2004-11-01 00:00:00

  • The theory of planned behavior and binge drinking among undergraduate students: assessing the impact of habit strength.

    abstract::The present study sought to apply the theory of planned behavior (TPB) to the prediction of binge drinking intentions and behavior among undergraduate students and to test whether habit strength explains additional variance in binge drinking behavior. Undergraduate students (N=137) completed measures of the TPB (i.e.,...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Norman P

    更新日期:2011-05-01 00:00:00

  • Do different types of social identity moderate the association between perceived descriptive norms and drinking among college students?

    abstract::Perceived descriptive norms are one of the strongest predictors of college drinking. Social Identity Theory posits that much of our identity is based on groups with which we affiliate. Prior research suggests that there is an association between perceived descriptive norms and drinking among those who identify more st...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Rinker DV,Neighbors C

    更新日期:2014-09-01 00:00:00

  • Efficacy and outcomes of a mobile app targeting alcohol use in young people.

    abstract::Mobile apps provide a highly accessible way of reducing alcohol use in young people. This paper determines the 1-month efficacy and 2, 3 and 6month outcomes of the Ray's Night Out app, which aims to increase alcohol knowledge and reduce alcohol use in young people. User-experience design and agile development processe...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Hides L,Quinn C,Cockshaw W,Stoyanov S,Zelenko O,Johnson D,Tjondronegoro D,Quek LH,Kavanagh DJ

    更新日期:2018-02-01 00:00:00

  • Activity levels and drug use in a sample of Spanish adolescents.

    abstract::The importance of adolescents taking part in various activities as a protective factor in substance consumption has been demonstrated over time. The objective of this paper is to analyze a sample of 1378 adolescents and the explanatory capacity of participating in different activities in relation to present-day alcoho...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Aleixandre NL,Perello del Río MJ,Palmer Pol AL

    更新日期:2005-09-01 00:00:00

  • Mental health problems and interest in marijuana treatment among marijuana-using college students.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:There is growing recognition that marijuana use among college students is associated with marijuana-related problems. Yet little work has examined whether use is associated with mental health problems and whether there is a dose effect such that individuals engaging in more frequent use evince relatively gre...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Buckner JD,Ecker AH,Cohen AS

    更新日期:2010-09-01 00:00:00

  • The relationships between sensation seeking and a spectrum of e-cigarette use behaviors: Cross-sectional and longitudinal analyses specific to Texas adolescents.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:Sensation seeking is strongly associated with cigarette use in adolescents. However, few studies have investigated its relationship with adolescent e-cigarette use. This study examined cross-sectional and longitudinal associations between sensation seeking and a variety of e-cigarette use behaviors among T...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章,多中心研究


    authors: Case KR,Harrell MB,Pérez A,Loukas A,Wilkinson AV,Springer AE,Creamer MR,Perry CL

    更新日期:2017-10-01 00:00:00

  • Modeling the activation of tobacco smoking expectancies in memory in relation to use patterns.

    abstract::Methodology that has led to successful strategies to reduce alcohol use was applied to tobacco smoking expectancies. Individual differences scaling was used to empirically model a semantic network of associations stored in memory and preference mapping was used to model likely paths of expectancy activation for groups...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Linkovich-Kyle TL,Schreiner AM,Dunn ME

    更新日期:2012-04-01 00:00:00

  • The effects of eliciting implicit versus explicit social support among youths susceptible for late-onset smoking.

    abstract:PURPOSE:Adolescents susceptible to late-onset smoking (becoming regular smokers at age 18 or later) are an understudied population. Social support is a promising target for intervention, but it is important to distinguish between implicit social support (reminders that one belongs to a network of valued others) and exp...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Roberts ME,Bernstein MH,Colby SM

    更新日期:2016-11-01 00:00:00

  • Self and partner alcohol-related problems among ACOAs and non-ACOAs: associations with depressive symptoms and motivations for alcohol use.

    abstract::The present study examined whether drinking motivations and depressive symptoms would have a stronger impact on alcohol-related problems among adult children of alcoholics (ACOAs) and their dating partners as compared to non-ACOAs and their dating partners. Participants were 197 undergraduate (60 ACOAs, 137 non-ACOAs)...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kelley ML,Linden AN,Milletich RJ,Lau-Barraco C,Kurtz ED,D'Lima GM,Bodkins JA,Sheehan BE

    更新日期:2014-01-01 00:00:00

  • Characteristics of cocaine- and marijuana-dependent subjects presenting for medication treatment trials.

    abstract::Evaluation of the characteristics of individuals presenting for substance abuse treatment can provide important information to help focus treatment services. In this study, demographic and clinical characteristics of individuals presenting for medication trials for the treatment of cocaine or marijuana dependence were...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章


    authors: McRae AL,Hedden SL,Malcolm RJ,Carter RE,Brady KT

    更新日期:2007-07-01 00:00:00

  • Negative urgency mediates the relationship between childhood maltreatment and problems with alcohol and cannabis in late adolescence.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Childhood maltreatment is an important risk factor for problems with alcohol and other drugs such as cannabis. Although this link has been well established, the mechanisms in this association require further study. High levels of impulsivity and difficulties with emotion regulation are often associated with ...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wardell JD,Strang NM,Hendershot CS

    更新日期:2016-05-01 00:00:00

  • Motives for simultaneous alcohol and marijuana use among young adults.

    abstract::The majority of young adults who use alcohol and marijuana sometimes use the two substances simultaneously. Understanding why young adults engage in simultaneous alcohol and marijuana (SAM) use may inform interventions and help offset negative consequences. To date, research has not yet examined motives for SAM use. T...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Patrick ME,Fairlie AM,Lee CM

    更新日期:2018-01-01 00:00:00

  • The association between probable personality disorders and smoking cessation and maintenance.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:Although it has been suggested that persons with psychopathological disorders experience greater difficulty in quitting smoking, the few studies that have analyzed personality disorders in smokers have failed to produce conclusive results. The aim of this study was to examine whether the presence of probab...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Piñeiro B,Fernández Del Río E,López-Durán A,Martínez U,Becoña E

    更新日期:2013-08-01 00:00:00

  • Response inhibition toward alcohol-related cues using an alcohol go/no-go task in problem and non-problem drinkers.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Previous results suggested that alcohol abusers and alcohol dependent patients show cognitive biases in the treatment of alcohol-related cues, especially approach and inhibition deficit biases. Response inhibition was often tested using the go/no-go task in which the participants had to respond as quickly as...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kreusch F,Vilenne A,Quertemont E

    更新日期:2013-10-01 00:00:00

  • Protective behavioral strategies and alcohol-related outcomes: The moderating effects of drinking refusal self-efficacy and sex.

    abstract::The investigation of drinking refusal self-efficacy and alcohol protective behavioral strategies (PBSA) has revealed inconsistent results. Sex may be one factor that plays a role in these results given the demonstrable differences between the alcohol use behaviors of men and women. The current study examined the moder...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Miller CM,Whitley RB,Scully KA,Madson MB,Zeigler-Hill V

    更新日期:2019-12-01 00:00:00

  • Relapse prevention treatment for cocaine dependence: group vs. individual format.

    abstract::To investigate the role of treatment modality in relapse prevention treatment, 32 cocaine-dependent subjects were randomly assigned by cohorts to group-based relapse prevention (G-RP) or individually based RP (I-RP). The two RP formats were identical in content, consisting of 12 outpatient treatment sessions over a 2-...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Schmitz JM,Oswald LM,Jacks SD,Rustin T,Rhoades HM,Grabowski J

    更新日期:1997-05-01 00:00:00

  • Prevalence and motives for drugged driving among emerging adults presenting to an emergency department.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:Drugged driving [DD] is a public health concern, particularly among emerging adults who have the highest rates of drug use. Understanding involvement with DD could inform prevention efforts for this population. We evaluated the prevalence of, motives for, and correlates of past-year DD among emerging adults ...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bonar EE,Arterberry BJ,Davis AK,Cunningham RM,Blow FC,Collins RL,Walton MA

    更新日期:2018-03-01 00:00:00

  • Menthol cigarette smoking is associated with greater subjective reward, satisfaction, and "throat hit", but not greater behavioral economic demand.

    abstract:AIMS:The cooling and minty flavor of menthol in cigarettes has been hypothesized to mask the harshness of inhaled cigarette smoke, contributing to menthol's appeal and subjective reinforcement and linking menthol use to smoking initiation, progression, nicotine dependence, and difficulty quitting. This study examined d...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Cohn AM,Ganz O,Dennhardt AA,Murphy JG,Ehlke S,Cha S,Graham AL

    更新日期:2020-02-01 00:00:00

  • The interplay between trauma, substance abuse and appetitive aggression and its relation to criminal activity among high-risk males in South Africa.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:In persistently unsafe environments, the cumulative exposure to violence predicts not only the development of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), but also of increased aggression and violent outbursts. Substance use disorders interact with these developments, as drug consumption may blunt symptoms and also...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sommer J,Hinsberger M,Elbert T,Holtzhausen L,Kaminer D,Seedat S,Madikane S,Weierstall R

    更新日期:2017-01-01 00:00:00

  • Compulsive smoking: the development of a Rasch homogeneous scale of nicotine dependence.

    abstract::The unidimensionality of nicotine dependence has not been established firmly yet. The aim of this study was to assess the dimensionality of nicotine dependence, preferably meeting the strict assumptions of the Rasch model. First, we examined the validity of the Fagerström Test for Nicotine Dependence (FTND) [Br. J. Ad...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Breteler MH,Hilberink SR,Zeeman G,Lammers SM

    更新日期:2004-01-01 00:00:00

  • Self assessment of relapse risk and assertiveness in relation to treatment outcome of female alcoholics.

    abstract::Prior to and following social-skills training during a three months inpatient treatment, 145 female alcoholics indicated for various situations involving social pressure to drink alcohol (a) how difficult it would be for them not to drink (Relapse Risk) and (b) the degree of discomfort they expected (Specific Assertiv...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Rist F,Watzl H

    更新日期:1983-01-01 00:00:00