Large seasonal swings in leaf area of Amazon rainforests.

Abstract:

:Despite early speculation to the contrary, all tropical forests studied to date display seasonal variations in the presence of new leaves, flowers, and fruits. Past studies were focused on the timing of phenological events and their cues but not on the accompanying changes in leaf area that regulate vegetation-atmosphere exchanges of energy, momentum, and mass. Here we report, from analysis of 5 years of recent satellite data, seasonal swings in green leaf area of approximately 25% in a majority of the Amazon rainforests. This seasonal cycle is timed to the seasonality of solar radiation in a manner that is suggestive of anticipatory and opportunistic patterns of net leaf flushing during the early to mid part of the light-rich dry season and net leaf abscission during the cloudy wet season. These seasonal swings in leaf area may be critical to initiation of the transition from dry to wet season, seasonal carbon balance between photosynthetic gains and respiratory losses, and litterfall nutrient cycling in moist tropical forests.

authors

Myneni RB,Yang W,Nemani RR,Huete AR,Dickinson RE,Knyazikhin Y,Didan K,Fu R,Negrón Juárez RI,Saatchi SS,Hashimoto H,Ichii K,Shabanov NV,Tan B,Ratana P,Privette JL,Morisette JT,Vermote EF,Roy DP,Wolfe RE,Friedl MA,

doi

10.1073/pnas.0611338104

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2007-03-20 00:00:00

pages

4820-3

issue

12

eissn

0027-8424

issn

1091-6490

pii

0611338104

journal_volume

104

pub_type

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