Effects of heparin-binding protein (CAP37/azurocidin) in a porcine model of Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae-induced pneumonia.

Abstract:

:Heparin-binding protein (HBP; CAP37/azurocidin) is secreted from neutrophil leukocytes early during inflammation and plays a central role in early capillary leakage and extravasation of neutrophils. Furthermore, HBP is chemotactic towards monocytes and lymphocytes and protects against stress-induced apoptosis, e.g. induced by oxygen radicals released during inflammation. Thus, administration of HBP as an adjunct to antibiotics increased survival of mice with peritonitis. In the present study, the effects of recombinant HBP as an adjunct to standard antibiotics were examined in a porcine model of Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae-induced pneumonia. Beneficial and possible adverse effects of HBP were evaluated clinically and pathologically as well as by measurement of clinical chemical variables and markers of inflammation (interleukin-6 and C-reactive protein) and oxidative stress (ascorbic acid and alpha-tocopherol). Pigs receiving HBP (0.55 mgkg-1, n=11) as a 6-hourly subcutaneous infusion starting 1-h post-infection had a faster decrease in rectal temperature compared to control animals receiving a carrier-infusion (n=11), with a significant lower temperature at 32 h post-infection (p<0.05). This difference was, however, transient and the temperature curves had a similar course from 38 h and onwards. The transient effect of HBP might be explained by the dosage regimen that was used. No signs of adverse effects of the HBP-infusion were observed. More studies are needed to elucidate of the effects of HBP further and to optimise the dosage regimen for further improvement the efficacy and safety.

journal_name

Pharmacol Res

journal_title

Pharmacological research

authors

Lauritzen B,Lykkesfeldt J,Djurup R,Flodgaard H,Svendsen O

doi

10.1016/j.phrs.2005.01.004

keywords:

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2005-06-01 00:00:00

pages

509-14

issue

6

eissn

1043-6618

issn

1096-1186

pii

S1043-6618(05)00028-9

journal_volume

51

pub_type

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