[Neurobiology of violence: results of empirical and experimental studies of reactive violence].


OBJECTIVE AND METHOD:An overview on neurobiological findings of violence is given: We present 1. neurochemical findings, 2. genetical aspects, 3. neuroanatomical correlates and 4. a functional network of violence. Even if specific neurobiological findings have not been found, impulsive violence is closely linked to serotonergic function and to several brain regions: orbitofrontal cortex, temporale lobe, amygdala. Knowing that violence has multifactorial determinants, a model on the neurobiological findings on violence is given. Thus, neurobiology is just an important part of conditions correlated with violence.


Psychiatr Prax


Psychiatrische Praxis


Müller JL,Sommer M,Weber T,Hajak G





Has Abstract


2004-11-01 00:00:00








31 Suppl 1


  • [Association between fear of stigma, depressive and anxiety symptoms in patients with somatoform pain disorder].

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:There is still poor acceptance for pain without somatic causes, and patients with somatoform pain disorder carry a stigma per se. The aim of this study was to identify predictors of fear of stigma including depression, anxiety and somatisation among patients with somatoform pain disorder. METHODS:132 patien...

    journal_title:Psychiatrische Praxis

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Freidl M,Piralic-Spitzl S,Grohe N,Aigner M

    更新日期:2012-08-01 00:00:00

  • [Social support of mentally handicapped adults: effects of degree of handicap and type of residential facility].

    abstract::In a total sample of 141 mentally retarded adults the quality of social relationships was assessed by the newly developed "Interview for Social Support in Mentally Retarded Adults". Severely mentally retarded persons have close and intimate relationships to a consistently lesser extent than mildly retarded persons. Th...

    journal_title:Psychiatrische Praxis

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Meins W

    更新日期:1993-05-01 00:00:00

  • [Day hospitals--predictors for utilisation and quality expectations from the perspective of family caregivers of dementia patients].

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To relieve the burden on family caregivers of dementia patients, the utilisation of day hospitals should be increased. Therefore, the predictive variables for utilisation as well as family caregivers' views regarding the quality of day hospitals must be investigated. METHODS:The cross-sectional study was car...

    journal_title:Psychiatrische Praxis

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Donath C,Bleich S,Grässel E

    更新日期:2009-05-01 00:00:00

  • [High utilisers with affective and schizophrenic disorders in the psychiatric health care system: a comparison between Eastern and Western Germany].

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:High utilisers of psychiatric services are defined as a group of patients showing a great amount of service use, especially inpatient care, consequently causing immense costs. There is a lack of studies investigating differences between East and West Germany. METHODS:Service use and psychopathology were exam...

    journal_title:Psychiatrische Praxis

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: von Rad K,Puschner B,Spießl H,Grempler J,Janssen B,Becker T,Freyberger H

    更新日期:2014-10-01 00:00:00

  • [Psychiatric care research--an instrument for planning health care needs].

    abstract::The planning of health care is primarily an administrative task. Service research supports the health administration in this task by supplying empirical data to objectify the need for care and ways to cater for that need. In this, service research on the one hand draws on descriptive and analytical data of epidemiolog...

    journal_title:Psychiatrische Praxis

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Rössler W

    更新日期:2000-09-01 00:00:00

  • [Structure and contents of online counselor's responses in the field of eating disorders].

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:The importance of online counselling for many areas of health care has been increasing over the last years. Nevertheless, there is a lack of systematic research on the quality and specifics of the therapeutic intervention. METHODS:n = 1056 responses written by online counsellors between 12 / 2007 and 11 / 20...

    journal_title:Psychiatrische Praxis

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wesemann D,Fritsch S,Kündiger C,Grunwald M

    更新日期:2010-11-01 00:00:00

  • [Screening Instruments for the Detection of Male-Specific Symptoms of Unipolar Depression - A Critical Overview].

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Epidemiological studies have repeatedly pointed out gender differences in unipolar depression, whereas women have a 1.5 to 3 times higher risk of receiving a diagnosis. This however stands in sharp contrast with the 10 times higher suicide-rate of men, although depression is among the main risk-factors for s...

    journal_title:Psychiatrische Praxis

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Zülke AE,Kersting A,Dietrich S,Luck T,Riedel-Heller SG,Stengler K

    更新日期:2018-05-01 00:00:00

  • [Philippe Pinel and the legendary "chain liberation" in the Bicêtre (1793) and Salpêtrìere (1793) Paris hospitals. I: Pinel's personality and previous reform attempts].

    abstract::Philippe Pinel is generally regarded as the leading con-founder of scientific psychiatry. His "chain liberation" of the insane is in this context often seen as breakbrough to an human conception of psychiatry. This article describes in two parts the historical backgrounds of Pinels activities and analyses the discipli...

    journal_title:Psychiatrische Praxis

    pub_type: 传,历史文章,杂志文章


    authors: Kohl F

    更新日期:1996-01-01 00:00:00

  • [Attachment styles in German alcoholics with or without attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)].

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:Attachment theory yields empirical constructs for development of human self, personality and cognition. Insecure attachment strategies were associated with various psychiatric disorders. METHOD:We investigated distribution of attachment styles in 368 adult alcoholics of German descent with or without pers...

    journal_title:Psychiatrische Praxis

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Johann M,Laufkötter R,Lange K,Wodarz N

    更新日期:2004-11-01 00:00:00

  • [Comparative effectiveness of flupenthixol and risperidone on negative symptoms of schizophrenia].

    abstract::The efficacy of flupentixol and risperidone were compared in a randomized double-blind study in 153 chronic schizophrenic patients. Flupentixol showed to be not inferior to risperidone concerning schizophrenic negative symptoms at week 8, 16 and 24. Positive symptoms and general psychopathology improved comparably, to...

    journal_title:Psychiatrische Praxis

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,多中心研究,随机对照试验


    authors: Philipp M,Lesch OM,Schmauss M,Dose M,Glaser T

    更新日期:2003-05-01 00:00:00

  • [Concept and services provided by a mobile pediatric and adolescent psychiatric service in a rural area].

    abstract::A mobile child and youth psychiatric service is presented that concerned with the mental health care of a county with a population of 239,000 inhabitants. This kind of service was conceived especially to meet the demands of rural regions which are high, as empirical investigations about administrative and real prevale...

    journal_title:Psychiatrische Praxis

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Remschmidt H,Walter R,Warnke A

    更新日期:1990-05-01 00:00:00

  • [Cerebral seizures in neuroleptic therapy].

    abstract::Basing on a review of the literature and on own research, the authors examine the incidence rate of convulsions under neuroleptic treatment. In addition, the authors go into the neurophysiological and neuropharmacological mechanisms of the convulsive action of neuroleptics. An attempt is made to present information on...

    journal_title:Psychiatrische Praxis

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bartels M,Heimann H

    更新日期:1985-11-01 00:00:00

  • [Not quite the same: illness beliefs regarding burnout and depression among the general population].

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:This study examined illness beliefs of the lay public associated with the diagnostic labels burnout and depression. METHODS:Representative population survey in Germany 2011, using unlabelled case vignettes of a person suffering from depression. Following presentation of the vignette, respondents were asked o...

    journal_title:Psychiatrische Praxis

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bahlmann J,Schomerus G,Angermeyer MC

    更新日期:2015-11-01 00:00:00

  • [Quality of life of patients with eating disorders. A catamnestic study].

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To assess the eating behaviour, quality of life and changes in life style in 46 female patients with eating disorders, discharged from our psychosomatic unit at least six month ago. METHODS:Patients meeting the criteria for DSM-IV anorexia nervosa or bulimia nervosa completed the "Lancashire Quality of Life ...

    journal_title:Psychiatrische Praxis

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Danzl C,Kemmler G,Gottwald E,Mangweth B,Kinzl J,Biebl W

    更新日期:2001-01-01 00:00:00

  • [Concepts on the supraregional sociopsychiatric continuing education of female and male nurses within the competence of the "Landschaftsverband Westfalen-Lippe" (author's transl)].

    abstract::The new activities of nurses working in the field of psychiatry, resulting from the realisation of sociopsychiatric and sociotherapeutic concepts, have led to an expansion of the "job description" of the nursing personnel. Intensive measures for additinal training and continuing education will have to be taken to acqu...

    journal_title:Psychiatrische Praxis

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Winkler WT

    更新日期:1979-11-01 00:00:00

  • [Myasthenia gravis in the frontier of psychiatric diagnosis].

    abstract::Retrospectively 20% of more than 200 patients with myasthenia gravis reported being initially diagnosed as having a psychiatric disorder. Younger women are significantly most at risk of a psychiatric misdiagnosis whereas men are more often subject to somatic misdiagnoses. The sample's mean duration of the disease was ...

    journal_title:Psychiatrische Praxis

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Rohr W

    更新日期:1992-09-01 00:00:00

  • [Possibilities and limitations of the use of quality of life as outcome-indicator in schizophrenic patients].

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:A systematic review on empirical results of studies that assess Quality of Life (QoL) in schizophrenic patients. METHOD:A systematic overview of the literature is provided with focus on schizophrenic patients under deprived living conditions. RESULTS:No consistent relationships are found between objective l...

    journal_title:Psychiatrische Praxis

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Franz M

    更新日期:2006-10-01 00:00:00

  • [Health Assistants Perspectives on Team-Led Program for Patients with Panic Disorder in General Practice - A Qualitative Study].

    abstract:AIM OF THE STUDY:Investigation of the perspective of medical assistants (MA) regarding their participation in behaviour-therapy oriented interventions in family practice. METHOD:15 MA (w, 39.5 years old), case managers in a general practitioner supported exercise programme for patients with panic disorder (ICD-10: F41...

    journal_title:Psychiatrische Praxis

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Blank WA,Lukaschek K,Breitbart J,Hiller TS,Brettschneider C,Margraf J,Gensichen J,für die PARADIES-Studiengruppe.

    更新日期:2020-12-03 00:00:00

  • [About the addiction to using the telephone or a structural approach in the crisis intervention for a better work with long-term users].

    abstract::The presented document discusses the problems of psychological/psychiatric and emergency long term users. The author, director of the East Berlin Crisis Centre, describes the long-term patient phenomenon from different perspectives. He develops ideas to change the concept of acute intervention. The crisis intervention...

    journal_title:Psychiatrische Praxis

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Neumann O

    更新日期:2002-11-01 00:00:00

  • [Psychotherapeutic responsibilities in psychiatry--and the cooperation of fields].

    abstract::In the context of discussions on the re-organisation of specialities in psychiatry and psychological therapy recent studies on the prevalence of psychogenic disorders in different psychiatric institutions are presented and compared with the communications available so far. Despite the availability of excellent psychot...

    journal_title:Psychiatrische Praxis

    pub_type: 社论,评审


    authors: Müller P

    更新日期:1997-05-01 00:00:00

  • [The regional budget for mental health care: a new approach to combine inpatient and outpatient care].

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:Due to increasing health care expenditures the discussion about advantages and disadvantages of new methods for resource allocation in mental health care has been intensified. A promising model is the Regional Budget for Mental Health Care, which is currently being examined in Schleswig-Holstein. The present ...

    journal_title:Psychiatrische Praxis

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Roick C,Deister A,Zeichner D,Birker T,König HH,Angermeyer MC

    更新日期:2005-05-01 00:00:00

  • [Confusional states in advanced age--a current review of the literature].

    abstract::Delirium--a state of acute or subacute confusion--is a common organic mental syndrome occurring predominantly in old age. The disorder is highly prevalent in psychiatric institutions, in general hospitals and nursing homes. Patients affected by delirium carry an increased mortality-risk and will become dependent on nu...

    journal_title:Psychiatrische Praxis

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Hewer W,Förstl H

    更新日期:1994-07-01 00:00:00

  • [Munchhausen patients in general hospitals--Clinical features and treatment approaches in C-L psychiatry settings].

    abstract::Factitious disorders have been reported in 0.5 - 1 % of general hospital patients. It often takes several years until the disorder is detected. During this period, enormous health care cost can arise not least out of iatrogenic self-induced mutilations and related secondary somatic complications. Apart from surgeons a...

    journal_title:Psychiatrische Praxis

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Rothenhäusler HB,Kapfhammer HP

    更新日期:2002-10-01 00:00:00

  • [Moclobemide in the long-term treatment of depressed patients].

    abstract::13 patients with major depressive disorder, who responded well to the reversible MAO-A-inhibitor moclobemide after unsuccessful initial treatment with tri- or tetracyclic antidepressants were monitored under naturalistic outpatient therapy conditions with moclobemide plasma level control for an average of 7.4 months. ...

    journal_title:Psychiatrische Praxis

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章


    authors: Carl G,Laux G

    更新日期:1989-08-01 00:00:00

  • [Dimensions of Luck and Happiness in Psychiatric Nursing].

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:The purpose of this article is to discuss various aspects of the concepts of luck and happiness within the field of psychiatric nursing. METHODS:Personal factors, work characteristics and work environment were included and combined with case studies from a local hospital. RESULTS:Fortune and happiness of ps...

    journal_title:Psychiatrische Praxis

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hahn B,Nienaber A,Schulz M

    更新日期:2018-07-01 00:00:00

  • [Pain perception is not influenced by altered autonomic function in major depression].

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:Depression is a common comorbidity of chronic pain and chronic pain represents a common additional symptom of depressed patients. The physiological basis is unknown. METHODS:We investigated the possible interrelation between autonomic dysfunction and altered pain perception in unmedicated patients (U1), afte...

    journal_title:Psychiatrische Praxis

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bär KJ,Greiner W

    更新日期:2007-09-01 00:00:00

  • [The presentation of depression in German daily newspapers].

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:According to results of the latest research, the state of knowledge of the German population regarding depressive disorders has improved during the last years. The question arises to what extent the print media have contributed to this development. METHOD:All editions of three German dailies--Sueddeutsche Ze...

    journal_title:Psychiatrische Praxis

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kroll M,Dietrich S,Angermeyer MC

    更新日期:2003-10-01 00:00:00

  • [Psychosocial interventions for high-risk family members with mental health problems--concepts and results].

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:Systematic review of psychosocial interventions for high-risk family members with mental health problems in highly developed industrialized countries. METHODS:Systematic search in electronic databases as well as manual search for intervention studies. RESULTS:Interventions were effective in significantly re...

    journal_title:Psychiatrische Praxis

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Stiawa M,Kilian R,Becker T

    更新日期:2014-09-01 00:00:00

  • [Frontal dysfunctions in Huntington's disease -- neuropsychology and therapy].

    abstract::Huntington's disease is a hereditary and progressive disease of the central nervous system. Sudden and irregular hyperkinesias are prominent. Psychopathological findings are very frequent and often proceed the decline of motor functions for years. Almost all the patients develop a dementia in later stages of the illne...

    journal_title:Psychiatrische Praxis

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Weimer E,Ries S,Tost H,Braus DF

    更新日期:2003-01-01 00:00:00

  • [Supported Employment in Routine Operation: Evaluation of the Bern Job Coach Placement Program 2005 - 2016].

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:This study reports on the evaluation of the Bern Job Coach Placement program, a supported employment intervention, in the routine operation. METHODS:Administrative data of participants from the years 2005 to 2016 were analysed in terms of integration into the general labour market and in terms of achieving a...

    journal_title:Psychiatrische Praxis

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Richter D,Hunziker M,Hoffmann H

    更新日期:2019-09-01 00:00:00