Checklists for review articles.

Abstract:

:Preparing a review entails many judgments. The focus of the review must be decided. Studies that are relevant to the focus of the review must be identified, selected for inclusion and critically appraised. Information must be collected and synthesised from the relevant studies, and conclusions must be drawn. Checklists can help prevent important errors in this process. Reviewers, editors, content experts, and users of reviews all have a role to play in improving the quality of published reviews and promoting the appropriate use of reviews by decisionmakers. It is essential that both providers and users appraise the validity of review articles.

journal_name

BMJ

authors

Oxman AD

doi

10.1136/bmj.309.6955.648

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

1994-09-10 00:00:00

pages

648-51

issue

6955

eissn

0959-8138

issn

1756-1833

journal_volume

309

pub_type

杂志文章
  • Influence of moving to the UK on maternal health behaviours: prospective cohort study.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To compare health behaviours during pregnancy (smoking and alcohol consumption) and after birth (initiation and duration of breast feeding) between British/Irish white mothers and mothers from ethnic minority groups; and, in mothers from ethnic minority groups, to examine whether indicators of acculturation (...

    journal_title:BMJ (Clinical research ed.)

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1136/bmj.39532.688877.25

    authors: Hawkins SS,Lamb K,Cole TJ,Law C,Millennium Cohort Study Child Health Group.

    更新日期:2008-05-10 00:00:00

  • Performance evaluation of a new rapid urine test for chlamydia in men: prospective cohort study.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To evaluate the performance of a rapid test for chlamydia with first void male urine samples as a potential tool for diagnosis and screening of chlamydial infection in men. DESIGN:Evaluation of test performance in prospective cohort study. Settings A young people's sexual health centre (site 1) and a genitou...

    journal_title:BMJ (Clinical research ed.)

    pub_type: 杂志文章,多中心研究

    doi:10.1136/bmj.b2655

    authors: Nadala EC,Goh BT,Magbanua JP,Barber P,Swain A,Alexander S,Laitila V,Michel CE,Mahilum-Tapay L,Ushiro-Lumb I,Ison C,Lee HH

    更新日期:2009-07-28 00:00:00

  • Antenatal peer support workers and initiation of breast feeding: cluster randomised controlled trial.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To assess the effectiveness of an antenatal service using community based breastfeeding peer support workers on initiation of breast feeding. DESIGN:Cluster randomised controlled trial. SETTING:Community antenatal clinics in one primary care trust in a multiethnic, deprived population. PARTICIPANTS:66 ante...

    journal_title:BMJ (Clinical research ed.)

    pub_type: 杂志文章,多中心研究,随机对照试验

    doi:10.1136/bmj.b131

    authors: MacArthur C,Jolly K,Ingram L,Freemantle N,Dennis CL,Hamburger R,Brown J,Chambers J,Khan K

    更新日期:2009-01-30 00:00:00

  • Where have all the pennies gone? The work of Manchester Medical Audit Advisory Group.

    abstract::Medical audit has its critics, who point to the large sums of NHS cash that seem to be disappearing down a medical plughole. These criticisms are recognised by medical audit advisory groups but there are many reasons why the work of these groups has not yet resulted in many publications in journals or bumped up health...

    journal_title:BMJ (Clinical research ed.)

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1136/bmj.309.6947.98

    authors: Johnson R

    更新日期:1994-07-09 00:00:00

  • Association between hormone replacement therapy and subsequent stroke: a meta-analysis.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To review completed trials assessing effect of hormone replacement therapy on subsequent risk of stroke, assessing stroke by pathological type, severity, and outcome. DESIGN:Systematic review of randomised controlled trials identified from the Cochrane Library, Embase, and Medline; reviews; and reference li...

    journal_title:BMJ (Clinical research ed.)

    pub_type: 杂志文章,meta分析,评审

    doi:10.1136/bmj.38331.655347.8F

    authors: Bath PM,Gray LJ

    更新日期:2005-02-12 00:00:00

  • Risk behaviours for HIV infection among injecting drug users attending a drug dependency clinic.

    abstract::To study a range of possible risk factors for HIV among injecting drug user patients attending a clinic in London were interviewed from November 1986 to November 1987. Serum samples were tested for viral markers. Of 116 patients, 101 had shared injecting equipment, 75 on the first occasion of injecting and 76 during t...

    journal_title:BMJ (Clinical research ed.)

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1136/bmj.298.6680.1081

    authors: Hart GJ,Sonnex C,Petherick A,Johnson AM,Feinmann C,Adler MW

    更新日期:1989-04-22 00:00:00

  • Altered calcitonin gene in a young patient with osteoporosis.

    abstract::To assess whether calcitonin is important in maintaining the integrity of bone the calcitonin gene of a young male patient with osteoporosis and no detectable plasma concentrations of calcitonin was studied. Genomic Southern blots with various restriction enzymes showed no large abnormalities in his calcitonin gene. G...

    journal_title:BMJ (Clinical research ed.)

    pub_type: 杂志文章,收录出版

    doi:10.1136/bmj.298.6682.1215

    authors: Alevizaki M,Stevenson JC,Girgis SI,MacIntyre I,Legon S

    更新日期:1989-05-06 00:00:00

  • Optimisation of positive and expiratory pressure for maximal delivery of oxygen to tissues using oesophageal Doppler ultrasonography.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To assess oesophageal Doppler ultrasonography as a convenient means of optimising positive end expiratory pressure for maximal delivery of oxygen to tissues. DESIGN:Measurements of blood flow, arterial oxygen saturation, and cardiac output by thermodilution (when available) at baseline and at 20-30 minutes a...

    journal_title:BMJ (Clinical research ed.)

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1136/bmj.298.6684.1350

    authors: Singer M,Bennett D

    更新日期:1989-05-20 00:00:00

  • Randomised controlled trial of integrated care to reduce disability from chronic low back pain in working and private life.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To evaluate the effectiveness of an integrated care programme, combining a patient directed and a workplace directed intervention, for patients with chronic low back pain. DESIGN:Population based randomised controlled trial. SETTING:Primary care (10 physiotherapy practices, one occupational health service, ...

    journal_title:BMJ (Clinical research ed.)

    pub_type: 杂志文章,多中心研究,随机对照试验

    doi:10.1136/bmj.c1035

    authors: Lambeek LC,van Mechelen W,Knol DL,Loisel P,Anema JR

    更新日期:2010-03-16 00:00:00

  • Does the decline in child injury mortality vary by social class? A comparison of class specific mortality in 1981 and 1991.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To examine whether the decline in child injury death rates between 1981 and 1991 varied by social class. DESIGN:Comparison of class specific child injury death rates for 1979, 1980, 1982, and 1983, with those for the four years 1989-92. SETTING:England and Wales. SUBJECTS:Children aged 0-15 years. MAIN OU...

    journal_title:BMJ (Clinical research ed.)

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1136/bmj.313.7060.784

    authors: Roberts I,Power C

    更新日期:1996-09-28 00:00:00

  • Drug companies cut HIV drug prices in the developing world.

    abstract::The UN has reported that five multinational pharmaceutical companies would cut down HIV drug prices in the developing world. One of these drug companies is GlaxoWellcome, which has promised to reduce the price of zidovudine and lamivudine to US$2 in the poorest nations, a fifth of its price in the US. Although Peter ...

    journal_title:BMJ (Clinical research ed.)

    pub_type: 新闻

    doi:10.1136/bmj.320.7246.1357

    authors: Yamey G

    更新日期:2000-05-20 00:00:00

  • Resting energy expenditure, substrate use, and video tapes.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To investigate the effect of watching different types of video on energy expenditure. DESIGN:Randomised study assessing a "pleasant," an "amusing," an "exciting," and no video film clips. SUBJECTS:12 volunteers who did not know the purpose of the study. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:Changes in energy expenditure, ...

    journal_title:BMJ (Clinical research ed.)

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验

    doi:10.1136/bmj.311.7021.1664

    authors: Cooper BG,Matthews JN,Alberti KG

    更新日期:1995-12-23 00:00:00

  • French bishops ease ban on condoms.

    abstract::A committee of French bishops has contradicted the Vatican's condemnation of all methods of contraception by acknowledging that condom use may be necessary in order to prevent the spread of HIV and protect against AIDS. The Social Commission of the French Episcopate made this statement in a book entitled AIDS: Societ...

    journal_title:BMJ (Clinical research ed.)

    pub_type: 新闻

    doi:10.1136/bmj.312.7029.462a

    authors: Dorozynski A

    更新日期:1996-02-24 00:00:00

  • Counselling needs and experience of junior hospital doctors.

    abstract::A sample of 106 senior house officers who had graduated from Nottingham University in 1987 was surveyed about their experience of and need for careers guidance, performance appraisal, and stress counselling. Of the 80 who replied, a quarter had received no careers guidance and a quarter no feedback about their work pe...

    journal_title:BMJ (Clinical research ed.)

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1136/bmj.300.6722.445

    authors: Garrud P

    更新日期:1990-02-17 00:00:00

  • Low dose oestrogen combined oral contraception and risk of pulmonary embolism, stroke, and myocardial infarction in five million French women: cohort study.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To assess the risk of pulmonary embolism, ischaemic stroke, and myocardial infarction associated with combined oral contraceptives according to dose of oestrogen (ethinylestradiol) and progestogen. DESIGN:Observational cohort study. SETTING:Data from the French national health insurance database linked with...

    journal_title:BMJ (Clinical research ed.)

    pub_type: 评论,杂志文章

    doi:10.1136/bmj.i2002

    authors: Weill A,Dalichampt M,Raguideau F,Ricordeau P,Blotière PO,Rudant J,Alla F,Zureik M

    更新日期:2016-05-10 00:00:00

  • South African minister accused of human rights abuse.

    abstract::South African Health Minister Dr. Manto Tshabalala-Msimang was accused of human rights abuse for refusing to supply zidovudine to all HIV-positive pregnant women. The accusations were laid by Dr. Costa Gazi, a South African doctor employed in the state health system with the Human Rights Commission. Dr. Gazi believe...

    journal_title:BMJ (Clinical research ed.)

    pub_type: 新闻

    doi:

    authors: Sidley P

    更新日期:2000-01-29 00:00:00

  • Auditing audits: the method of Oxfordshire Medical Audit Advisory Group.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To develop a systematic method for both summative and formative audit of practice audits, and to use the method to review Oxfordshire practice audits and to plan improvement. DESIGN:Development of a coding system for the audit cycle subsequently used prospectively to assess audits reported to medical audit ...

    journal_title:BMJ (Clinical research ed.)

    pub_type: 杂志文章,meta分析

    doi:10.1136/bmj.303.6812.1247

    authors: Derry J,Lawrence M,Griew K,Anderson J,Humphreys J,Pandher KS

    更新日期:1991-11-16 00:00:00

  • Trial of support treatment with human chorionic gonadotrophin in the luteal phase after treatment with buserelin and human menopausal gonadotrophin in women taking part in an in vitro fertilisation programme.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To evaluate the effect of support with human chorionic gonadotrophin in the luteal phase in women taking part in an in vitro fertilisation programme after buserelin and human menopausal gonadotrophin were used to hyperstimulate their ovaries. DESIGN:Controlled group comparison. SETTING:Outpatient department...

    journal_title:BMJ (Clinical research ed.)

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章

    doi:10.1136/bmj.298.6686.1483

    authors: Smith EM,Anthony FW,Gadd SC,Masson GM

    更新日期:1989-06-03 00:00:00

  • Trimethoprim use for urinary tract infection and risk of adverse outcomes in older patients: cohort study.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To determine if trimethoprim use for urinary tract infection (UTI) is associated with an increased risk of acute kidney injury, hyperkalaemia, or sudden death in the general population. DESIGN:Cohort study. SETTING:UK electronic primary care records from practices contributing to the Clinical Practice Resea...

    journal_title:BMJ (Clinical research ed.)

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1136/bmj.k341

    authors: Crellin E,Mansfield KE,Leyrat C,Nitsch D,Douglas IJ,Root A,Williamson E,Smeeth L,Tomlinson LA

    更新日期:2018-02-09 00:00:00

  • Spontaneous pneumothorax: marker gas technique for predicting outcome of manual aspiration.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To determine whether in a patient with spontaneous pneumothorax the presence or absence of a pleural leak can be shown at the time of manual aspiration by use of a marker gas. Also, to find out if the technique can predict whether manual aspiration will be successful, hence avoiding the need for intercostal t...

    journal_title:BMJ (Clinical research ed.)

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1136/bmj.302.6771.262

    authors: Seaton D,Yoganathan K,Coady T,Barker R

    更新日期:1991-02-02 00:00:00

  • Use of high potency statins and rates of admission for acute kidney injury: multicenter, retrospective observational analysis of administrative databases.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To quantify an association between acute kidney injury and use of high potency statins versus low potency statins. DESIGN:Retrospective observational analysis of administrative databases, using nine population based cohort studies and meta-analysis. We performed as treated analyses in each database with a ne...

    journal_title:BMJ (Clinical research ed.)

    pub_type: 杂志文章,meta分析,多中心研究

    doi:10.1136/bmj.f880

    authors: Dormuth CR,Hemmelgarn BR,Paterson JM,James MT,Teare GF,Raymond CB,Lafrance JP,Levy A,Garg AX,Ernst P,Canadian Network for Observational Drug Effect Studies.

    更新日期:2013-03-18 00:00:00

  • Tired, weak, or in need of rest: fatigue among general practice attenders.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To determine the prevalence and associations of symptoms of fatigue. DESIGN:Questionnaire survey. SETTING:London general practice. PARTICIPANTS:611 General practice attenders. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:Scores on a fatigue questionnaire and reasons given for fatigue. RESULTS:10.2% Of men (17/167) and 10.6% o...

    journal_title:BMJ (Clinical research ed.)

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1136/bmj.301.6762.1199

    authors: David A,Pelosi A,McDonald E,Stephens D,Ledger D,Rathbone R,Mann A

    更新日期:1990-11-24 00:00:00

  • Combined resynchronisation and implantable defibrillator therapy in left ventricular dysfunction: Bayesian network meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To review the evidence base from randomised controlled trials of combined cardiac resynchronisation therapy and implantable cardioverter defibrillator therapy in left ventricular impairment and symptomatic heart failure. DESIGN:Bayesian network meta-analysis. DATA SOURCES:Medline, Embase, and Cochrane datab...

    journal_title:BMJ (Clinical research ed.)

    pub_type: 杂志文章,meta分析,评审

    doi:10.1136/bmj.39343.511389.BE

    authors: Lam SK,Owen A

    更新日期:2007-11-03 00:00:00

  • Targets and self monitoring in hypertension: randomised controlled trial and cost effectiveness analysis.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To assess whether blood pressure control in primary care could be improved with the use of patient held targets and self monitoring in a practice setting, and to assess the impact of these on health behaviours, anxiety, prescribed antihypertensive drugs, patients' preferences, and costs. DESIGN:Randomised c...

    journal_title:BMJ (Clinical research ed.)

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,多中心研究,随机对照试验

    doi:10.1136/bmj.38558.393669.E0

    authors: McManus RJ,Mant J,Roalfe A,Oakes RA,Bryan S,Pattison HM,Hobbs FD

    更新日期:2005-09-03 00:00:00

  • AIDS epidemic grows but response slows.

    abstract::A brief note on the status of the AIDS pandemic, from the Amsterdam VIIIth International Conference on AIDS, warns that the course of the epidemic is not being altered by prevention efforts. AIDS occurs in every country, usually spread by heterosexual contact, so that women are equally affected with men. WHO estimat...

    journal_title:BMJ (Clinical research ed.)

    pub_type: 新闻

    doi:10.1136/bmj.305.6847.209

    authors: Tanne JH

    更新日期:1992-07-25 00:00:00

  • Predictors of severe H1N1 infection in children presenting within Pediatric Emergency Research Networks (PERN): retrospective case-control study.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To identify historical and clinical findings at emergency department presentation associated with severe H1N1 outcome in children presenting with influenza-like illness. DESIGN:Multicentre retrospective case-control study. SETTING:79 emergency departments of hospitals associated with the Pediatric Emergency...

    journal_title:BMJ (Clinical research ed.)

    pub_type: 杂志文章,多中心研究

    doi:10.1136/bmj.f4836

    authors: Dalziel SR,Thompson JM,Macias CG,Fernandes RM,Johnson DW,Waisman Y,Cheng N,Acworth J,Chamberlain JM,Osmond MH,Plint A,Valerio P,Black KJ,Fitzpatrick E,Newton AS,Kuppermann N,Klassen TP,Pediatric Emergency Research Netwo

    更新日期:2013-08-12 00:00:00

  • Association between nutritional profiles of foods underlying Nutri-Score front-of-pack labels and mortality: EPIC cohort study in 10 European countries.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To determine if the Food Standards Agency nutrient profiling system (FSAm-NPS), which grades the nutritional quality of food products and is used to derive the Nutri-Score front-of-packet label to guide consumers towards healthier food choices, is associated with mortality. DESIGN:Population based cohort stu...

    journal_title:BMJ (Clinical research ed.)

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1136/bmj.m3173

    authors: Deschasaux M,Huybrechts I,Julia C,Hercberg S,Egnell M,Srour B,Kesse-Guyot E,Latino-Martel P,Biessy C,Casagrande C,Murphy N,Jenab M,Ward HA,Weiderpass E,Overvad K,Tjønneland A,Rostgaard-Hansen AL,Boutron-Ruault MC,Manc

    更新日期:2020-09-16 00:00:00

  • Prospective randomised study of an orthopaedic geriatric inpatient service.

    abstract::A randomised controlled trial of two management regimens was carried out in women patients over 65 years of age with hip fractures. Ninety seven patients were admitted to a designated orthopaedic geriatric unit and 125 to orthopaedic wards. No difference was observed in mortality, length of stay, or placement of patie...

    journal_title:BMJ (Clinical research ed.)

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验

    doi:10.1136/bmj.297.6656.1116

    authors: Gilchrist WJ,Newman RJ,Hamblen DL,Williams BO

    更新日期:1988-10-29 00:00:00

  • Mortality associated with moderate intakes of wine, beer, or spirits.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To examine the association between intake of different types of alcoholic drinks and mortality. DESIGN:Prospective population study with baseline assessment of alcohol intake, smoking habit, income, education, and body mass index, and 10-12 years' follow up of mortality. SETTING:Copenhagen city heart study,...

    journal_title:BMJ (Clinical research ed.)

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1136/bmj.310.6988.1165

    authors: Grønbaek M,Deis A,Sørensen TI,Becker U,Schnohr P,Jensen G

    更新日期:1995-05-06 00:00:00

  • Secondary prevention of coronary heart disease in older patients after the national service framework: population based study.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To examine the extent of uptake of medication for secondary prevention of coronary heart disease in older British men and women before (1998-2001) and after (2003) the implementation of the national service framework. DESIGN:Two population based, longitudinal studies of men and women aged 60-79 in 1998-2001,...

    journal_title:BMJ (Clinical research ed.)

    pub_type: 杂志文章,多中心研究

    doi:10.1136/bmj.38704.770127.BE

    authors: Ramsay SE,Whincup PH,Lawlor DA,Papacosta O,Lennon LT,Thomas MC,Ebrahim S,Morris RW

    更新日期:2006-01-21 00:00:00