The public's view of the competence, dangerousness, and need for legal coercion of persons with mental health problems.


OBJECTIVES:The authors examined Americans' opinions about financial and treatment competence of people with mental health problems, potential for harm to self or others, and the use of legal means to force treatment. METHODS:The 1996 General Social Survey provided interview data with a nationally representative sample (n = 1444). Respondents were given a vignette based on diagnostic criteria for schizophrenia, major depression, alcohol dependence, or drug dependence, or a "control" case. RESULTS:The specific nature of the problem was the most important factor shaping public reaction. Respondents viewed those with "troubles," alcohol dependence, or depression as able to make treatment decisions. Most reported that persons with alcohol or drug problems or schizophrenia cannot manage money and are likely to be violent toward others. Respondents indicated a willingness to coerce individuals into treatment. Respondent and other case characteristics rarely affected opinions. CONCLUSIONS:Americans report greater concern with individuals who have drug or alcohol problems than with persons who have other mental health problems. Evaluations of dangerousness and coercion indicate a continuing need for public education.


Am J Public Health


Pescosolido BA,Monahan J,Link BG,Stueve A,Kikuzawa S




Has Abstract


1999-09-01 00:00:00












  • Income inequality and mortality in US counties: does minority racial concentration matter?

    abstract:UNLABELLED:This study examined (1) the relationship between income inequality and mortality among all counties in the contiguous United States to ascertain whether the relationships found for states and metropolitan areas extend to smaller geographic units and (2) the influence of minority racial concentration on the i...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: McLaughlin DK,Stokes CS

    更新日期:2002-01-01 00:00:00

  • New Jersey's electronic birth certificate program: variations in data sources.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:This study sought to determine primary sources of data for electronic birth certificates. METHODS:A survey was administered from 1997 through 1998 to maternity facilities in New Jersey requesting information about what primary information sources were used for 53 electronic birth certificate variables. Pote...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Smulian JC,Ananth CV,Hanley ML,Knuppel RA,Donlen J,Kruse L

    更新日期:2001-05-01 00:00:00

  • Sharing a Playbook: Integrated Care in Community Health Centers in the United States.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We investigated basic measures used to assess collaboration between colocated providers and to gauge the extent to which health centers practice integrated care. METHODS:We used the Assessment of Behavioral Health Services survey and the 2010 Uniform Data System to explore the elements of integrated care fo...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Jones EB,Ku L

    更新日期:2015-10-01 00:00:00

  • HIV-related behaviors and perceptions among adults in 25 states: 1997 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System.

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    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Holtzman D,Bland SD,Lansky A,Mack KA

    更新日期:2001-11-01 00:00:00

  • The physician visit patterns of chiropractic users: health-seeking behavior of the elderly in Manitoba, Canada.

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    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Shapiro E

    更新日期:1983-05-01 00:00:00

  • Effects of smoke-free laws on alcohol-related car crashes in California and New York: time series analyses from 1982 to 2008.

    abstract::We examined effects of New York and California's statewide smoke-free restaurant and bar policies on alcohol-related car crash fatalities. We used an interrupted time-series design from 1982 to 2008, with 312 monthly observations, to examine the effect of each state's law on single-vehicle-nighttime crashes and crashe...

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    更新日期:2013-02-01 00:00:00

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    pub_type: 杂志文章


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    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hosmer DW,Taber S,Lemeshow S

    更新日期:1991-12-01 00:00:00

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    journal_title:American journal of public health

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    authors: Hardy AM,Fowler MG

    更新日期:1993-09-01 00:00:00

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    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ramanathan T

    更新日期:2014-11-01 00:00:00

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    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Martín S,Elosua R,Covas MI,Pavesi M,Vila J,Marrugat J

    更新日期:1999-03-01 00:00:00

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    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lee S,Colditz G,Berkman L,Kawachi I

    更新日期:2003-11-01 00:00:00

  • Social inequalities in perinatal mortality in Belo Horizonte, Brazil: the role of hospital care.

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    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lansky S,França E,Kawachi I

    更新日期:2007-05-01 00:00:00

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    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Eichorn P,Yankauer A

    更新日期:1987-08-01 00:00:00

  • Health outcomes for HIV-infected persons released from the New York City jail system with a transitional care-coordination plan.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We sought to assess 6-month outcomes for HIV-infected people released from New York City jails with a transitional care plan. METHODS:Jail detainees in New York City living with HIV who accepted a transitional care plan during incarceration were asked to participate in a multi-site evaluation aimed at impro...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Teixeira PA,Jordan AO,Zaller N,Shah D,Venters H

    更新日期:2015-02-01 00:00:00

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    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Katz AR,Manea SJ,Sasaki DM

    更新日期:1991-10-01 00:00:00

  • A prospective study of syphilis and HIV infection among injection drug users receiving methadone in the Bronx, NY.

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    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


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    更新日期:1996-08-01 00:00:00

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    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kritz-Silverstein D,Barrett-Connor E

    更新日期:1993-01-01 00:00:00

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    journal_title:American journal of public health

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    authors: Raisler J,Alexander C,O'Campo P

    更新日期:1999-01-01 00:00:00

  • The global dimensions of public health preparedness and implications for US action.

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    journal_title:American journal of public health

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    authors: Moore M

    更新日期:2012-06-01 00:00:00

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    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,多中心研究,随机对照试验


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    更新日期:1995-10-01 00:00:00

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    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章,多中心研究,随机对照试验


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    journal_title:American journal of public health

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    journal_title:American journal of public health

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    journal_title:American journal of public health

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    authors: Rudolph L,Sharp DS,Samuels S,Perkins C,Rosenberg J

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