Analysis of twin data ascertained through probands: the double-entry approach.

Abstract:

:Twin pairs are sometimes included in studies because at least one of them is a proband, and conventionally the analysis of the data is based on the conditional distribution of the co twin given the proband. In the case of more than one proband in each pair, an often used "ad hoc" method of analysis is to allow each twin to act as proband as well as co twin. An example of this is the pro band wise concordance, which is used as an estimate of the case wise concordance under incomplete ascertainment. In this paper, we show that the method of double entry under a regularity condition provides consistent estimates of parameters, but that conventional standard errors as well as a correction suggested by Stevenson et al. will be wrong. Instead, we recommend the use of an easily calculated sandwich estimator. We illustrate the method with twin data from a study of the genetic component in hand eczema.

journal_name

Genet Epidemiol

journal_title

Genetic epidemiology

authors

Hindsberger C,Bryld LE

doi

10.1002/gepi.10253

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2003-11-01 00:00:00

pages

225-35

issue

3

eissn

0741-0395

issn

1098-2272

journal_volume

25

pub_type

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