Project D.A.R.E. outcome effectiveness revisited.


OBJECTIVES:We provide an updated meta-analysis on the effectiveness of Project D.A.R.E. in preventing alcohol, tobacco, and illicit drug use among school-aged youths. METHODS:We used meta-analytic techniques to create an overall effect size for D.A.R.E. outcome evaluations reported in scientific journals. RESULTS:The overall weighted effect size for the included D.A.R.E. studies was extremely small (correlation coefficient = 0.011; Cohen d = 0.023; 95% confidence interval = -0.04, 0.08) and nonsignificant (z = 0.73, NS). CONCLUSIONS:Our study supports previous findings indicating that D.A.R.E. is ineffective.


Am J Public Health


West SL,O'Neal KK




Has Abstract


2004-06-01 00:00:00














  • The teaching of occupational health in US medical schools: little improvement in 9 years.

    abstract::A questionnaire survey of the 127 US medical schools was undertaken to assess the present status of occupational health teaching as a follow-up to two prior similar studies. The present study revealed that 78 (68%) of the 115 responding schools specifically taught occupational health during the 1991/92 academic year, ...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Burstein JM,Levy BS

    更新日期:1994-05-01 00:00:00

  • The statin-iron nexus: anti-inflammatory intervention for arterial disease prevention.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We postulated the existence of a statin-iron nexus by which statins improve cardiovascular disease outcomes at least partially by countering proinflammatory effects of excess iron stores. METHODS:Using data from a clinical trial of iron (ferritin) reduction in advanced peripheral arterial disease, the Iron ...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Zacharski LR,DePalma RG,Shamayeva G,Chow BK

    更新日期:2013-04-01 00:00:00

  • A neonatal hepatitis B surveillance and vaccination program: New York City, 1987 to 1988.

    abstract::From July 1987 to June 1988, 1030 pregnant women with hepatitis B were reported to a New York City surveillance program. Among 832 infants under follow-up, the coverage rates for combined hepatitis B immune globulin and vaccine doses 1, 2, and 3 were 84%, 77%, and 59%, respectively. Infants covered by Medicaid and uni...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Henning KJ,Pollack DM,Friedman SM

    更新日期:1992-06-01 00:00:00

  • Eligibility under State Children's Health Insurance Programs.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:This study analyzed associations between income eligibility criteria under the State Children's Health Insurance Program (SCHIP) and state characteristics. METHODS:We used multivariate methods to explore relations between eligibility expansions under SCHIP and percentages of uninsured children from low-inco...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ullman F,Hill I

    更新日期:2001-09-01 00:00:00

  • Income inequality and mortality in US counties: does minority racial concentration matter?

    abstract:UNLABELLED:This study examined (1) the relationship between income inequality and mortality among all counties in the contiguous United States to ascertain whether the relationships found for states and metropolitan areas extend to smaller geographic units and (2) the influence of minority racial concentration on the i...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: McLaughlin DK,Stokes CS

    更新日期:2002-01-01 00:00:00

  • International Health Regulations, Ebola, and Emerging Infectious Diseases in Latin America and the Caribbean.

    abstract::The World Health Organization's determination of the Ebola virus disease outbreak as a public health event of international concern prompted nonaffected countries to implement measures to prevent, detect, and manage the introduction of the virus in their territories. The outbreak provided an opportunity to assess the ...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Espinal M,Aldighieri S,St John R,Becerra-Posada F,Etienne C

    更新日期:2016-02-01 00:00:00

  • Evaluation of drug dependence treatment in VA hospitals.

    abstract::A nationwide evaluation of 49 Veterans Administration drug dependence treatment programs was conducted using a sample of 1,655 patients. Their status with reference to seven treatment goals was assessed at admission and again 11 months later to determine change. The following changes were observed: a large decrease in...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lorei TW,Francke GN,Harger PS

    更新日期:1978-01-01 00:00:00

  • Ethnic differences in the impact of advanced maternal age on birth prevalence of Down syndrome.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:This study explored whether ethnic differences in the impact of advanced maternal age on the risk of Down syndrome might reflect differences in use of prenatal diagnostic technologies. METHODS:Maternal age-specific odds of Down syndrome and amniocentesis use were compared among African Americans, Mexican Am...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Khoshnood B,Pryde P,Wall S,Singh J,Mittendorf R,Lee KS

    更新日期:2000-11-01 00:00:00

  • The natural history of drug use from adolescence to the mid-thirties in a general population sample.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:This study sought to describe patterns of initiation, persistence, and cessation in drug use in individuals from their late 20s to their mid-30s, within a broad perspective that spans 19 years from adolescence to adulthood. METHODS:A fourth wave of personal interviews was conducted at ages 34-35 with a coho...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Chen K,Kandel DB

    更新日期:1995-01-01 00:00:00

  • Physicians and non-physician health practitioners: the characteristics of their practices and their relationships.

    abstract::Six primary care practices which utilize both physician and non-physician practitioner types were studied to measure differences between practitioner types in the care of patients. By chart review 1,369 patient-practitioner encounters were examined. Physicians identified less symptoms and signs in their patients and p...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Simborg DW,Starfield BH,Horn SD

    更新日期:1978-01-01 00:00:00

  • Health care access among individuals involved in same-sex relationships.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We used data from the National Health Interview Survey to compare health care access among individuals involved in same-sex versus opposite-sex relationships. METHODS:We conducted descriptive and logistic regression analyses from pooled data on 614 individuals in same-sex relationships and 93418 individuals...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Heck JE,Sell RL,Gorin SS

    更新日期:2006-06-01 00:00:00

  • Local health department factors associated with performance in the successful implementation of community-based strategies: a mixed-methods approach.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We examined which local health department (LHD)-level factors contributed to successful implementation of policy, systems, and environmental change strategies in Minnesota. METHODS:We used a retrospective mixed-methods design to evaluate the relationship between the Statewide Health Improvement Plan (SHIP) ...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gyllstrom E,Gearin K,Frauendienst R,Myhre J,Larson M,Riley W

    更新日期:2015-04-01 00:00:00

  • Consistency between increasing trends in added-sugar intake and body mass index among adults: the Minnesota Heart Survey, 1980-1982 to 2007-2009.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We described 27-year secular trends in added-sugar intake and body mass index (BMI) among Americans aged 25 to 74 years. METHODS:The Minnesota Heart Survey (1980-1982 to 2007-2009) is a surveillance study of cardiovascular risk factors among residents of the Minneapolis-St Paul area. We used generalized lin...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wang H,Steffen LM,Zhou X,Harnack L,Luepker RV

    更新日期:2013-03-01 00:00:00

  • Slowdown in the Decline of Tuberculosis Rates in California, 2000-2016.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To determine the impact of the 2007-2009 economic crisis on tuberculosis (TB) trends among California residents. METHODS:We analyzed available data from 4 different population-representative data sets. We used time charts, trend lines, and change-point detection tests during 2000 to 2016 to describe TB tren...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Medel-Herrero A,Martínez-López B

    更新日期:2019-02-01 00:00:00

  • Changes in prescribing of antiviral medications for influenza associated with new treatment guidelines.

    abstract::In 2006, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommended discontinuing the use of adamantanes (amantadine and rimantadine) to treat influenza because of high levels of resistance to this class of antivirals. We examined changes in prescribing practices resulting from this recommendation and found that presc...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hersh AL,Maselli JH,Cabana MD

    更新日期:2009-10-01 00:00:00

  • Hysterectomies in one Canadian Province: a new look at risks and benefits.

    abstract::This paper assesses the risks and benefits associated with hysterectomy by comparing the age-adjusted health care usage patterns of all women receiving hysterectomy in the Province of Manitoba in 1974 during the two years before and the two years after surgery with those of women undergoing cholecystectomy, and with t...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Roos NP

    更新日期:1984-01-01 00:00:00

  • Planning a health component for an economic development program.

    abstract::Noneconomic factors can be critical to the outcome of an economic development program. Anyone with development experience will have no difficulty recalling instances where, despite good economic planning, failure to account for social, cultural, and/or health factors has resulted in program accomplishments which fell...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Zukin P

    更新日期:1971-09-01 00:00:00

  • The influence of geopolitical change on the well-being of a population: the Berlin Wall.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:Social cohesion is recognized as a fundamental condition for healthy populations, but social cohesion itself arises from political unity. The history of the Berlin Wall provides a unique opportunity to examine the effects of partition on social cohesion and, by inference, on health. METHODS:This ethnographi...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Héon-Klin V,Sieber E,Huebner J,Fullilove MT

    更新日期:2001-03-01 00:00:00

  • Ongoing coverage for ongoing care: access, utilization, and out-of-pocket spending among uninsured working-aged adults with chronic health care needs.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We sought to determine how part-year and full-year gaps in health insurance coverage affected working-aged persons with chronic health care needs. METHODS:We conducted multivariate analyses of the 2002-2004 Medical Expenditure Panel Survey to compare access, utilization, and out-of-pocket spending burden am...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gulley SP,Rasch EK,Chan L

    更新日期:2011-02-01 00:00:00

  • Providing culturally competent services for American Indian and Alaska Native veterans to reduce health care disparities.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We conducted an exploratory study to determine what organizational characteristics predict the provision of culturally competent services for American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) veterans in Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) health facilities. METHODS:In 2011 to 2012, we adapted the Organizational Re...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Noe TD,Kaufman CE,Kaufmann LJ,Brooks E,Shore JH

    更新日期:2014-09-01 00:00:00

  • HPV Vaccine Searches on Pinterest: Before and After Pinterest's Actions to Moderate Content.

    abstract::Objectives. To compare how human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination was portrayed on Pinterest before and after the platform acted to moderate vaccine-related search results to understand (1) what the information environment looked like previously and (2) whether Pinterest's policy decisions improved this environment in...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Guidry JPD,Vraga EK,Laestadius LI,Miller CA,Occa A,Nan X,Ming HM,Qin Y,Fuemmeler BF,Carlyle KE

    更新日期:2020-10-01 00:00:00

  • Identification and evaluation of competencies of public health nutritionists.

    abstract::The Delphi Technique was used to elicit a number of essential competencies expected of the "entry-level" public health nutritionist from members of Graduate Faculties of Programs in Public Health Nutrition. Questionnaires composed of "competency statements" were constructed from these responses and sent to practitione...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sims LS

    更新日期:1979-11-01 00:00:00

  • Scalability of an Evidence-Based Adolescent Pregnancy Prevention Program: New Evidence From 5 Cluster-Randomized Evaluations of the Teen Outreach Program.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES: To determine if the Teen Outreach Program (TOP), a youth development and service learning program, can reduce sexual risk-taking behaviors compared with a business as usual or benign counterfactual. METHODS: We synthesized results of 5 independent studies conducted in 5 geographically and ethnically divers...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Francis K,Philliber S,Walsh-Buhi ER,Philliber A,Seshadri R,Daley E

    更新日期:2016-09-01 00:00:00

  • An innovative method to involve community health workers as partners in evaluation research.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We developed a process through which community outreach workers, whose role is not typically that of a trained researcher, could actively participate in collection of qualitative evaluation data. METHODS:Outreach workers for a community-based intervention project received training in qualitative research me...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Peacock N,Issel LM,Townsell SJ,Chapple-McGruder T,Handler A

    更新日期:2011-12-01 00:00:00

  • The health impact of restricting public funds for abortion. October 10, 1977--June 10, 1978.

    abstract::The Center for Disease Control (CDC), Atlanta, Georgia implemented an eight-month prospective surveillance system in 24 hospitals distributed among states with and without public funding for abortion. Out of 3,157 visits for abortion-related complications, only 10 women gave a history of non-physician or self-induced ...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Cates W Jr,Kimball AM,Gold J,Rubin GL,Smith JC,Rochat RW,Tyler CW Jr

    更新日期:1979-09-01 00:00:00

  • Factors associated with increased dental care utilization in five urban, low-income areas.

    abstract::Survey data were used to measure change in dental utilization in five urban low-income areas as a result of increased financial (Medicaid) and facility (community health centers) access to dental care. The average annual dental visit between the baseline and follow-up surveys showed a dramatic increase in four of the ...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Okada LM,Wan TT

    更新日期:1979-10-01 00:00:00

  • Role of Department of Defense Policies in Identifying Traumatic Brain Injuries Among Deployed US Service Members, 2001-2016.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To examine the role of Department of Defense policies in identifying theater-sustained traumatic brain injuries (TBIs). METHODS:We conducted a retrospective study of 48 172 US military service members who sustained their first lifetime TBIs between 2001 and 2016 while deployed to Afghanistan or Iraq. We use...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Agimi Y,Regasa LE,Ivins B,Malik S,Helmick K,Marion D

    更新日期:2018-05-01 00:00:00

  • Project FLAVOR: 1-Year Outcomes of a Multicultural, School-Based Smoking Prevention Curriculum for Adolescents.

    abstract::To evaluate a multicultural smoking prevention curriculum, 16 schools were randomized to receive the multicultural curriculum or a standard curriculum and program effects on 1-year smoking initiation among 1430 never smokers were assessed. Hispanic boys who received the multicultural curriculum were less likely to ini...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Unger JB,Chou CP,Palmer PH,Ritt-Olson A,Gallaher P,Cen S,Lichtman K,Azen S,Johnson CA

    更新日期:2004-02-01 00:00:00

  • Employment and Health Among Recently Incarcerated Men Before and After the Affordable Care Act (2009-2017).

    abstract::Objectives. To explore whether and how the Affordable Care Act (ACA) affects the relationship between employment and health insurance coverage, health care utilization, and health outcomes among recently incarcerated men aged 18 to 64 years in the United States.Methods. With data from the National Survey on Drug Use a...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gutierrez CM,Pettit B

    更新日期:2020-01-01 00:00:00

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    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We studied whether park size, number of features in the park, and distance to a park from participants' homes were related to a park being used for physical activity. METHODS:We collected observational data on 28 specific features from 33 parks. Adult residents in surrounding areas (n=380) completed 7-day p...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kaczynski AT,Potwarka LR,Saelens BE

    更新日期:2008-08-01 00:00:00