Risk factors associated with the classification of unspecified and/or unexplained causes of death in an occupational cohort.


:In a matched case-control study of an occupational cohort in East Tennessee, data from the death certificates of 608 cases and controls were abstracted and analyzed in order to investigate possible risk factors associated with the certification on the death certificate of an ill-defined cause of death. There was a very strong association between the ill-defined classification and the certifier, especially if the certifier was a medical examiner (OR = 10.4, 95% CI: 6.0, 18.0).


Am J Public Health


Cragle DL,Fetcher A




Has Abstract


1992-03-01 00:00:00












  • Childhood vaccine purchase costs in the public sector: past trends, future expectations.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We examined recent public-sector trends in childhood vaccine costs and estimated future costs. METHODS:We used public-sector price data to calculate vaccine purchase cost per child for children aged 0 to 6 years from 1975 to 2001. We fit a linear regression model to historical data and then used it to proje...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Davis MM,Zimmerman JL,Wheeler JR,Freed GL

    更新日期:2002-12-01 00:00:00

  • Project FLAVOR: 1-Year Outcomes of a Multicultural, School-Based Smoking Prevention Curriculum for Adolescents.

    abstract::To evaluate a multicultural smoking prevention curriculum, 16 schools were randomized to receive the multicultural curriculum or a standard curriculum and program effects on 1-year smoking initiation among 1430 never smokers were assessed. Hispanic boys who received the multicultural curriculum were less likely to ini...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Unger JB,Chou CP,Palmer PH,Ritt-Olson A,Gallaher P,Cen S,Lichtman K,Azen S,Johnson CA

    更新日期:2004-02-01 00:00:00

  • Associations of perceived social and physical environmental supports with physical activity and walking behavior.

    abstract::We evaluated perceived social and environmental supports for physical activity and walking using multivariable modeling. Perceptions were obtained on a sample of households in a southeastern county. Respondents were classified according to physical activity levels and walking behaviors. Respondents who had good street...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Addy CL,Wilson DK,Kirtland KA,Ainsworth BE,Sharpe P,Kimsey D

    更新日期:2004-03-01 00:00:00

  • Transportation Barriers to Health Care in the United States: Findings From the National Health Interview Survey, 1997-2017.

    abstract::Objectives. To quantify the number of people in the US who delay medical care annually because of lack of available transportation and to examine the differential prevalence of this barrier for adults across sociodemographic characteristics and patient populations.Methods. We used data from the National Health Intervi...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wolfe MK,McDonald NC,Holmes GM

    更新日期:2020-06-01 00:00:00

  • Results of the 2004 National Worksite Health Promotion Survey.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We examined worksite health promotion programs, policies, and services to monitor the achievement of the Healthy People 2010 worksite-related goal of 75% of worksites offering a comprehensive worksite health promotion program. METHODS:We conducted a nationally representative, cross-sectional telephone surve...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Linnan L,Bowling M,Childress J,Lindsay G,Blakey C,Pronk S,Wieker S,Royall P

    更新日期:2008-08-01 00:00:00

  • Talking about public health: developing America's "second language".

    abstract::The mission of public health--improving the health of populations--is difficult to advance in public discourse because a language to express the values animating that mission has not been adequately developed. Following on the work of Robert Bellah, Dan Beauchamp, and others, we argue that the first "language" of Amer...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wallack L,Lawrence R

    更新日期:2005-04-01 00:00:00

  • Side effects of diphtheria-tetanus toxoid in adults.

    abstract::During a mass diphtheria-tetanus immunization campaign in November 1975, more than 220,000 doses of diphtheria-tetanus toxoid, adult type were administered to adults throughout Alaska. In Anchorage, where more than 87,000 doses were given, a survey was conducted to determine the frequency of side effects. Postcard que...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Middaugh JP

    更新日期:1979-03-01 00:00:00

  • Socioeconomic differences in the impact of HIV infection on workforce participation in France in the era of highly active antiretroviral therapy.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We sought to measure the difference in employment rates between HIV-seropositive and HIV-seronegative persons and to establish whether this difference varied according to the HIV-infected persons' socioeconomic position as defined by education level. METHODS:We used data from the VESPA (VIH: Enquête Sur les...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Dray-Spira R,Gueguen A,Ravaud JF,Lert F

    更新日期:2007-03-01 00:00:00

  • The impact of the Safe Kids/Healthy Neighborhoods Injury Prevention Program in Harlem, 1988 through 1991.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:This study evaluated the effectiveness of a community coalition to prevent severe injuries to children in Central Harlem, New York, NY. It was hypothesized that injury incidence rates would decline during the intervention (1989 through 1991) relative to preintervention years (1983 through 1988); that the dec...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Davidson LL,Durkin MS,Kuhn L,O'Connor P,Barlow B,Heagarty MC

    更新日期:1994-04-01 00:00:00

  • Wage theft as a neglected public health problem: an overview and case study from San Francisco's Chinatown District.

    abstract::Wage theft, or nonpayment of wages to which workers are legally entitled, is a major contributor to low income, which in turn has adverse health effects. We describe a participatory research study of wage theft among immigrant Chinatown restaurant workers. We conducted surveys of 433 workers, and developed and used a ...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Minkler M,Salvatore AL,Chang C,Gaydos M,Liu SS,Lee PT,Tom A,Bhatia R,Krause N

    更新日期:2014-06-01 00:00:00

  • Effects of traditional classroom and distance continuing education: a theory-driven evaluation of a vaccine-preventable diseases course.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:This study evaluated the effects of a major federal immunization continuing education course, delivered in both traditional classroom and satellite broadcast versions, on public health professionals' knowledge, agreement, self-efficacy, and adherence in practice to recommendations. METHODS:The study used a ...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Umble KE,Cervero RM,Yang B,Atkinson WL

    更新日期:2000-08-01 00:00:00

  • The costs and effects of cervical and breast cancer screening in a public hospital emergency room. The Cancer Control Center of Harlem.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:This study assessed the cost-effectiveness of cervix and breast cancer screening in a public hospital emergency room. METHODS:Age-eligible women with nonurgent conditions and without recent screening were offered screening by a nurse. A decision analysis compared the costs and outcomes of emergency room scr...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Mandelblatt J,Freeman H,Winczewski D,Cagney K,Williams S,Trowers R,Tang J,Gold K,Lin TH,Kerner J

    更新日期:1997-07-01 00:00:00

  • A Novel Indicator of Life-Course Smoking Prevalence in the United States Combining Popularity, Duration, Quantity, and Quality of Smoking.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To develop a smoking indicator that combines the popularity and duration of smoking and the quantity and quality of consumed cigarettes, factors that vary dramatically over time and across generations. METHODS:We used retrospective reports on smoking behavior and a time series of cigarette tar yields to sta...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Christopoulou R,Lillard DR

    更新日期:2016-07-01 00:00:00

  • Protecting the public from mercury exposure: success through microexchange events.

    abstract::Mercury is a growing environmental threat that can cause serious health problems and birth defects. Household thermometers are high-risk sources of mercury because most people lack the knowledge to properly dispose of one when it is broken. The Boston Public Health Commission's Environmental Health Office, with local ...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Shoemaker PA,Ghaemghami J

    更新日期:2003-12-01 00:00:00

  • "Unleashed on an Unsuspecting World": The Asbestos Information Association and Its Role in Perpetuating a National Epidemic.

    abstract::Examining previously underused corporate documents, we revisit the story of the Asbestos Information Association/North America, an industry trade group that sought in the early 1970s to counteract the growing public attention to, and government regulation of, asbestos as a serious threat to workers and consumers. From...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Markowitz G,Rosner D

    更新日期:2016-05-01 00:00:00

  • Draw the line/respect the line: a randomized trial of a middle school intervention to reduce sexual risk behaviors.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:This study evaluated the long-term effectiveness of Draw the Line/Respect the Line, a theoretically based curriculum designed to reduce sexual risk behaviors among middle school adolescents. METHODS:The randomized controlled trial involved 19 schools in northern California. A cohort of 2829 sixth graders wa...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Coyle KK,Kirby DB,Marín BV,Gómez CA,Gregorich SE

    更新日期:2004-05-01 00:00:00

  • Patterns of treatment utilization before suicide among male veterans with substance use disorders.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We sought to describe the extent and nature of contact with the health care system before suicide among veterans with substance use disorders (SUDs). METHODS:We examined all male Veterans Health Administration patients who died by suicide between October 1, 1999, and September 30, 2007, and who had a docume...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ilgen MA,Conner KR,Roeder KM,Blow FC,Austin K,Valenstein M

    更新日期:2012-03-01 00:00:00

  • The immediate and subsequent outcomes of nursing home care.

    abstract::To determine the relationship between admission status and subsequent outcomes, 563 patients discharged during 1980 from 24 nursing homes were followed through 1982. Only 28 per cent of patients were discharged to their homes. Reconstructed life histories of 529 discharges for the two-year follow-up revealed only 38 p...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lewis MA,Kane RL,Cretin S,Clark V

    更新日期:1985-07-01 00:00:00

  • Analysis of the accuracy of weight loss information search engine results on the internet.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We systematically identified and evaluated the quality and comprehensiveness of online information related to weight loss that users were likely to access. METHODS:We evaluated the content quality, accessibility of the information, and author credentials for Web sites in 2012 that were identified from weigh...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Modave F,Shokar NK,Peñaranda E,Nguyen N

    更新日期:2014-10-01 00:00:00

  • Preterm birth in the United States: the impact of stressful life events prior to conception and maternal age.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We determined whether and to what extent a woman's exposure to stressful life events prior to conception (PSLEs) was associated with preterm birth and whether maternal age modified this relationship. METHODS:We examined 9350 mothers and infants participating in the first wave of the Early Childhood Longitud...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Witt WP,Cheng ER,Wisk LE,Litzelman K,Chatterjee D,Mandell K,Wakeel F

    更新日期:2014-02-01 00:00:00

  • Impact of CVS Pharmacy's Discontinuance of Tobacco Sales on Cigarette Purchasing (2012-2014).

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To assess the impact of CVS Health's discontinuation of tobacco sales on cigarette purchasing. METHODS:We used households' purchasing data to assess rates at which households stopped cigarette purchasing for at least 6 months during September 2014 to August 2015 among 3 baseline groups: CVS-exclusive cigare...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Polinski JM,Howell B,Gagnon MA,Kymes SM,Brennan TA,Shrank WH

    更新日期:2017-04-01 00:00:00

  • Chronic neurological sequelae to organophosphate pesticide poisoning.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:This work was undertaken to determine whether there are any chronic neurological sequelae to acute organophosphate pesticide poisoning. METHODS:California surveillance data were used in a study of neurological function among 128 men poisoned by organophosphate pesticides in California from 1982 to 1990 and ...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Steenland K,Jenkins B,Ames RG,O'Malley M,Chrislip D,Russo J

    更新日期:1994-05-01 00:00:00

  • Identification and evaluation of competencies of public health nutritionists.

    abstract::The Delphi Technique was used to elicit a number of essential competencies expected of the "entry-level" public health nutritionist from members of Graduate Faculties of Programs in Public Health Nutrition. Questionnaires composed of "competency statements" were constructed from these responses and sent to practitione...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sims LS

    更新日期:1979-11-01 00:00:00

  • Future directions in research on institutional and interpersonal discrimination and children's health.

    abstract::Research evidence indicates that 2 forms of racial discrimination-perceived interpersonal discrimination and racial/ethnic residential segregation (a form of institutional discrimination)-may influence children's health and disparities. Although research on these 2 forms of discrimination and health has primarily focu...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Acevedo-Garcia D,Rosenfeld LE,Hardy E,McArdle N,Osypuk TL

    更新日期:2013-10-01 00:00:00

  • Patterns of smokeless tobacco use in a population of high school students.

    abstract::We assessed the prevalence of smokeless tobacco use by 901 high school students in two Arkansas communities, and identified factors associated with initiation and maintenance. Results showed that 36.7 per cent of males and 2.2 per cent of females currently used smokeless tobacco. Modal responses indicated that if smok...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Marty PJ,McDermott RJ,Williams T

    更新日期:1986-02-01 00:00:00

  • Review of Recent Methodological Developments in Group-Randomized Trials: Part 2-Analysis.

    abstract::In 2004, Murray et al. reviewed methodological developments in the design and analysis of group-randomized trials (GRTs). We have updated that review with developments in analysis of the past 13 years, with a companion article to focus on developments in design. We discuss developments in the topics of the earlier rev...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Turner EL,Prague M,Gallis JA,Li F,Murray DM

    更新日期:2017-07-01 00:00:00

  • Reducing pregnancy and induced abortion rates in China: family planning with husband participation.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:This study assessed the effectiveness of a family planning intervention with and without husband's participation in reducing pregnancy and abortion rates in Shanghai, China. METHODS:In this 3-arm randomized trial among 1800 nonsterilized married women, educational interventions targeting both spouses and ta...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Wang CC,Vittinghoff E,Hua LS,Yun WH,Rong ZM

    更新日期:1998-04-01 00:00:00

  • The protective effect of condoms and nonoxynol-9 against HIV infection.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:Whether or not spermicides can reduce the risk of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) transmission remains an important question for the control of heterosexual HIV transmission. The authors provide estimates from a reanalysis of one of the few observational studies on the efficacy of condoms and spermicides,...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wittkowski KM,Susser E,Dietz K

    更新日期:1998-04-01 00:00:00

  • Determinants of hearing aid acquisition in older adults.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We determined factors associated with hearing aid acquisition in older adults. METHODS:We conducted a population-based, prospective study that used information from 3 examinations performed on study participants as part of the Epidemiology of Hearing Loss Study (1993-2005). We included participants (n = 718...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Fischer ME,Cruickshanks KJ,Wiley TL,Klein BE,Klein R,Tweed TS

    更新日期:2011-08-01 00:00:00

  • Police Brutality and Black Health: Setting the Agenda for Public Health Scholars.

    abstract::We investigated links between police brutality and poor health outcomes among Blacks and identified five intersecting pathways: (1) fatal injuries that increase population-specific mortality rates; (2) adverse physiological responses that increase morbidity; (3) racist public reactions that cause stress; (4) arrests, ...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Alang S,McAlpine D,McCreedy E,Hardeman R

    更新日期:2017-05-01 00:00:00