Environmental and biological monitoring for lead exposure in California workplaces.


:Patterns of environmental and biological monitoring for lead exposure were surveyed in lead-using industries in California. Employer self-reporting indicates a large proportion of potentially lead-exposed workers have never participated in a monitoring program. Only 2.6 percent of facilities have done environmental monitoring for lead, and only 1.4 percent have routine biological monitoring programs. Monitoring practices vary by size of facility, with higher proportions in industries in which larger facilities predominate. Almost 80 percent of battery manufacturing employees work in job classifications which have been monitored, versus only 1 percent of radiator-repair workers. These findings suggest that laboratory-based surveillance for occupational lead poisoning may seriously underestimate the true number of lead poisoned workers and raise serious questions regarding compliance with key elements of the OSHA Lead Standard.


Am J Public Health


Rudolph L,Sharp DS,Samuels S,Perkins C,Rosenberg J




Has Abstract


1990-08-01 00:00:00












  • The importance of public health agency independence: Marcellus shale gas drilling in Pennsylvania.

    abstract::Public health often deals with inconvenient truths. These are best communicated and acted on when public health agencies are independent of the organizations or individuals for whom the truths are inconvenient. The importance of public health independence is exemplified by the lack of involvement of the Pennsylvania D...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Goldstein BD

    更新日期:2014-02-01 00:00:00

  • The role of historically black colleges and universities in training the health care workforce.

    abstract::Historically Black colleges and universities (HBCUs) continue to be overlooked as a resource to address health care workforce shortages and growing needs for a diverse health workforce, despite our commitment as a nation to health equity and eliminating health disparities. Health workforce graduation rates help illum...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Noonan A,Lindong I,Jaitley VN

    更新日期:2013-03-01 00:00:00

  • Promotion of physical activity among high-school girls: a randomized controlled trial.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:Many adolescent girls fail to meet national guidelines for physical activity, and the prevalence of obesity is increasing among this group. Our study examined the effects of a comprehensive school-based intervention on physical activity among high-school girls. METHODS:A group-randomized controlled field tr...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Pate RR,Ward DS,Saunders RP,Felton G,Dishman RK,Dowda M

    更新日期:2005-09-01 00:00:00

  • Predictors of smoking cessation and relapse in older adults.

    abstract::We examined longitudinal changes in smoking behavior among older adults in three community cohorts of the Established Populations for Epidemiologic Studies of the Elderly. Smoking prevalence declined from 15% at baseline to 9% during 6 years of follow-up. Annual smoking cessation and relapse rates were 10% and less th...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Salive ME,Cornoni-Huntley J,LaCroix AZ,Ostfeld AM,Wallace RB,Hennekens CH

    更新日期:1992-09-01 00:00:00

  • Future directions in research on institutional and interpersonal discrimination and children's health.

    abstract::Research evidence indicates that 2 forms of racial discrimination-perceived interpersonal discrimination and racial/ethnic residential segregation (a form of institutional discrimination)-may influence children's health and disparities. Although research on these 2 forms of discrimination and health has primarily focu...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Acevedo-Garcia D,Rosenfeld LE,Hardy E,McArdle N,Osypuk TL

    更新日期:2013-10-01 00:00:00

  • Predictors of medical or surgical and psychiatric hospitalizations among a population-based cohort of homeless adults.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We identified factors associated with inpatient hospitalizations among a population-based cohort of homeless adults in Toronto, Ontario. METHODS:We recruited participants from shelters and meal programs. We then linked them to administrative databases to capture hospital admissions during the study (2005-20...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Chambers C,Katic M,Chiu S,Redelmeier DA,Levinson W,Kiss A,Hwang SW

    更新日期:2013-12-01 00:00:00

  • Put prevention into practice: a controlled evaluation.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether Put Prevention Into Practice (PPIP) materials affected the delivery of 8 clinical preventive services. METHODS:Program materials were provided to a family medicine practice serving a diverse, low-income population. Appropriate use of clinical preventive serv...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Melnikow J,Kohatsu ND,Chan BK

    更新日期:2000-10-01 00:00:00

  • Psychosocial factors associated with mouth and throat cancer examinations in rural Florida.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We examined the knowledge and prevalence of mouth and throat cancer examinations in a sample drawn from rural populations in north Florida. METHODS:Telephone interviews were conducted across rural census tracts throughout north Florida in 2009 and 2010, in a survey that had been adapted for cultural appropr...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Riley JL 3rd,Dodd VJ,Muller KE,Guo Y,Logan HL

    更新日期:2012-02-01 00:00:00

  • Socioeconomic differentials in selected causes of death.

    abstract::The areal approach utilized in mortality analysis for cities in the past is argued to be fruitful for suburban mortality analysis as well. Through factor analysis of four Census Tract indicators, weighted scores were computed and socioeconomic groups were constructed for each central city and each suburban area for th...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Yeracaris CA,Kim JH

    更新日期:1978-04-01 00:00:00

  • RiskScape: A Data Visualization and Aggregation Platform for Public Health Surveillance Using Routine Electronic Health Record Data.

    abstract::Automated analysis of electronic health record (EHR) data is a complementary tool for public health surveillance. Analyzing and presenting these data, however, demands new methods of data communication optimized to the detail, flexibility, and timeliness of EHR data.RiskScape is an open-source, interactive, Web-based,...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Cocoros NM,Kirby C,Zambarano B,Ochoa A,Eberhardt K,Rocchio Sb C,Ursprung WS,Nielsen VM,Durham NN,Menchaca JT,Josephson M,Erani D,Hafer E,Weiss M,Herrick B,Callahan M,Isaac T,Klompas M

    更新日期:2021-02-01 00:00:00

  • Prevalence and correlates of forced sex perpetration and victimization in Botswana and Swaziland.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We sought to identify correlates of forced sex perpetration among men and victimization among women in Botswana and Swaziland. METHODS:We surveyed a 2-stage probability sample of 2074 adults from the 5 districts of Botswana with the highest HIV prevalence rates and all 4 regions of Swaziland. We used multiv...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Tsai AC,Leiter K,Heisler M,Iacopino V,Wolfe W,Shannon K,Phaladze N,Hlanze Z,Weiser SD

    更新日期:2011-06-01 00:00:00

  • Asthma and enrollment in special education among urban schoolchildren.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We assessed whether asthma is associated with urban children's use of special education services. METHODS:We conducted a cross-sectional study in 24 randomly selected New York City public elementary schools using a parent-report questionnaire focusing on sociodemographic characteristics, special education e...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Stingone JA,Claudio L

    更新日期:2006-09-01 00:00:00

  • Drive-by readings: a creative strategy for tuberculosis control among immigrants.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We explored an innovative strategy for targeted testing and disease management among immigrant communities at risk for tuberculosis. METHODS:Taxi drivers were recruited at an airport holding lot to undergo tuberculin skin testing (Mantoux). After receiving their test results in a location convenient for the...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gany FM,Trinh-Shevrin C,Changrani J

    更新日期:2005-01-01 00:00:00

  • Secondhand Smoke Exposure Among Nonsmoking Adolescents in West Africa.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We estimated the prevalence and determinants of secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure among nonsmoking adolescents in 9 West African countries. METHODS:We conducted a pooled analysis with nationally representative 2006 to 2009 Global Youth Tobacco Survey data. We used descriptive statistics to determine the preva...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Mamudu HM,Veeranki SP,John RM,Kioko DM,Ogwell Ouma AE

    更新日期:2015-09-01 00:00:00

  • Painting a truer picture of US socioeconomic and racial/ethnic health inequalities: the Public Health Disparities Geocoding Project.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We describe a method to facilitate routine monitoring of socioeconomic health disparities in the United States. METHODS:We analyzed geocoded public health surveillance data including events from birth to death (c. 1990) linked to 1990 census tract (CT) poverty data for Massachusetts and Rhode Island. RESUL...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Krieger N,Chen JT,Waterman PD,Rehkopf DH,Subramanian SV

    更新日期:2005-02-01 00:00:00

  • Level of education and alcohol abuse and dependence in adulthood: a further inquiry.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:Prospectively gathered data were used to reexamine and to strengthen previously described observations about education and the risk of alcohol abuse and dependence. The hypothesis was that individuals who dropped out of high school and those who entered college but failed to get a college degree might be at ...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Crum RM,Helzer JE,Anthony JC

    更新日期:1993-06-01 00:00:00

  • Reducing pregnancy and induced abortion rates in China: family planning with husband participation.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:This study assessed the effectiveness of a family planning intervention with and without husband's participation in reducing pregnancy and abortion rates in Shanghai, China. METHODS:In this 3-arm randomized trial among 1800 nonsterilized married women, educational interventions targeting both spouses and ta...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Wang CC,Vittinghoff E,Hua LS,Yun WH,Rong ZM

    更新日期:1998-04-01 00:00:00

  • Community-based tuberculin screening in Montreal: a cost-outcome description.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:This study describes the costs and outcomes of community-based tuberculin screening programs conducted between 1987 and 1991 in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. METHODS:Follow-up information was abstracted from hospital records of all reactors detected in tuberculin screening of students in grades 6 and 10, of fir...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Adhikari N,Menzies R

    更新日期:1995-06-01 00:00:00

  • Effects of the 1997-1998 El Niño episode on community rates of diarrhea.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To improve our understanding of climate variability and diarrheal disease at the community level and inform predictions for future climate change scenarios, we examined whether the El Niño climate pattern is associated with increased rates of diarrhea among Peruvian children. METHODS:We analyzed daily surve...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bennett A,Epstein LD,Gilman RH,Cama V,Bern C,Cabrera L,Lescano AG,Patz J,Carcamo C,Sterling CR,Checkley W

    更新日期:2012-07-01 00:00:00

  • Hospital religious affiliation and emergency contraceptive prescribing practices.

    abstract::With access to reproductive health care eroding, examination of prescribing of contraception, including emergency contraception (EC), is important. We examined whether working in a family practice affiliated with a religious institution changes the likelihood of a provider prescribing EC. Our survey asked about EC pre...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Rubin SE,Grumet S,Prine L

    更新日期:2006-08-01 00:00:00

  • From subject to participant: ethics and the evolving role of community in health research.

    abstract::Belmont Report principles focus on the well-being of the research subject, yet community-engaged investigators often eschew the role of subject for that of participant. We conducted semistructured interviews with 29 community and academic investigators working on 10 community-engaged studies. Interviews elicited persp...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bromley E,Mikesell L,Jones F,Khodyakov D

    更新日期:2015-05-01 00:00:00

  • Aerobic fitness, blood lipids, and body fat in children.

    abstract::This study examined the association between aerobic fitness and serum cholesterol and the effects of controlling for gender, body composition, abdominal fat, and dietary saturated fat in 262 children. The 1-mile run was used to estimate fitness. Skinfolds were used in assessing body fat. Fit children had lower total c...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hager RL,Tucker LA,Seljaas GT

    更新日期:1995-12-01 00:00:00

  • The influence of geopolitical change on the well-being of a population: the Berlin Wall.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:Social cohesion is recognized as a fundamental condition for healthy populations, but social cohesion itself arises from political unity. The history of the Berlin Wall provides a unique opportunity to examine the effects of partition on social cohesion and, by inference, on health. METHODS:This ethnographi...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Héon-Klin V,Sieber E,Huebner J,Fullilove MT

    更新日期:2001-03-01 00:00:00

  • Marketing practices of vapor store owners.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We examined the marketing strategies for local vapor stores in a large metropolitan area in Oklahoma. METHODS:Vapor store owners or managers (n = 33) participated in individual interviews regarding marketing practices in 2014. We asked owners about their marketing strategies and the groups they targeted. We...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Cheney M,Gowin M,Wann TF

    更新日期:2015-06-01 00:00:00

  • Professional relationships between midwives and physicians: collaboration or conflict?

    abstract::This study examines the professional relationships between midwives and physicians providing obstetrical care in Washington State. Four hundred ninety-six randomly sampled family physicians and obstetrician-gynecologists and 211 certified nurse, licensed, and lay midwives were surveyed to learn more about midwife/phys...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Baldwin LM,Hutchinson HL,Rosenblatt RA

    更新日期:1992-02-01 00:00:00

  • Social Network Diagramming as an Applied Tool for Public Health: Lessons Learned From an HCV Cluster.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We present an applied example of social network diagramming from 2010 to 2012 that was used to guide follow-up in a large HCV cluster in rural Wisconsin. METHODS:In addition to collecting standard individual-level attributes, we also obtained partner-level information. Both sets of data were input into a ne...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Grande KM,Stanley M,Redo C,Wergin A,Guilfoyle S,Gasiorowicz M

    更新日期:2015-08-01 00:00:00

  • The use of vitamin supplements and the risk of cataract among US male physicians.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:The purpose of this study was to examine prospectively the association between reported use of vitamin supplements and risk of cataract and cataract extraction. METHODS:The study population consisted of 17,744 participants in the Physicians' Health Study, a randomized trial of aspirin therapy and beta-carot...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Seddon JM,Christen WG,Manson JE,LaMotte FS,Glynn RJ,Buring JE,Hennekens CH

    更新日期:1994-05-01 00:00:00

  • Contemporary table salt practices and blood pressure.

    abstract::Salt intake of 978 subjects when compared to 1954 data demonstrated a trend toward the decreased use of table salt. When hypertensives in treatment were excluded, persons reporting low salt use had higher mean systolic and diastolic blood pressures than those reporting high salt use. These findings were the reverse of...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Phillips K,Holm K,Wu AC

    更新日期:1985-04-01 00:00:00

  • Non-fatal suicidal and life-threatening behavior among 13- to 17-year old adolescents seeking emergency medical care.

    abstract::In suicidal behavior emergency room admissions of 13- to 17-year olds at the Brockton Hospital (Massachusetts), females predominated over males by almost two to one. For subclassification of life-threatening behaviors, frequency was about the same for males and females, but for suicide attempts and suicide gestures, f...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Deykin EY,Perlow R,McNamarra J

    更新日期:1985-01-01 00:00:00

  • Racial/ethnic differences in the likelihood of cesarean delivery, California.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:The purpose of this study was to determine whether women's sociodemographic characteristics are independently associated with cesarean delivery. METHODS:A retrospective review was conducted of hospital discharge data for singleton first births in California in 1991. RESULTS:After insurance and personal, co...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Braveman P,Egerter S,Edmonston F,Verdon M

    更新日期:1995-05-01 00:00:00