'Call fast, Call 911': a direct mail campaign to reduce patient delay in acute myocardial infarction.


OBJECTIVES:A 10-month direct mail campaign was implemented to increase use of emergency medical services via 911 calls and to reduce prehospital delay for individuals experiencing acute myocardial infarction symptoms. METHODS:This prospective, randomized, controlled trial involved three intervention groups (receiving brochures with informational, emotional, or social messages) and a control group. RESULTS:Intervention effects were not observed except for individuals who had a history of acute myocardial infarction and who were discharged with a diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction; their 911 use was meaningfully higher in each intervention group than in the control group. CONCLUSIONS:The mailings affected only the individuals at greatest risk.


Am J Public Health


Meischke H,Dulberg EM,Schaeffer SS,Henwood DK,Larsen MP,Eisenberg MS




Has Abstract


1997-10-01 00:00:00












  • Paradigm shifts in disability and health: toward more ethical public health research.

    abstract::Disability is often considered a health outcome disproportionately experienced by minority groups. It is also possible to view people with disabilities as a minority group that itself experiences health disparities. Calls to reduce these disparities necessitate the inclusion of people with developmental disabilities i...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: McDonald KE,Raymaker DM

    更新日期:2013-12-01 00:00:00

  • Effect of polybrominated biphenyls (PBB) on developmental abilities in young children.

    abstract::Eighteen children, ages 4 to 6 years, with known exposure to polybrominated biphenyls (PBB) in utero and/or through breast milk were administered developmental tests. These same children had exhibited low scores on a partial developmental assessment two years earlier. Current results were compared to normative test da...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Schwartz EM,Rae WA

    更新日期:1983-03-01 00:00:00

  • The economic burden of hospitalizations associated with child abuse and neglect.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:This study assessed the economic burden of child abuse-related hospitalizations. METHODS:We compared inpatient stays coded with a diagnosis of child abuse or neglect with stays of other hospitalized children using the 1999 National Inpatient Sample of the Healthcare Costs and Utilization Project. RESULTS:C...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Rovi S,Chen PH,Johnson MS

    更新日期:2004-04-01 00:00:00

  • Surveillance of antituberculosis drug resistance among children from the Western Cape Province of South Africa--an upward trend.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We assessed the prevalence of antituberculosis drug resistance among children with tuberculosis (TB) in the Western Cape Province of South Africa. METHODS:Drug susceptibility testing for isoniazid and rifampin was prospectively done on all children with culture-confirmed TB at Tygerberg Children's Hospital,...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Schaaf HS,Marais BJ,Hesseling AC,Brittle W,Donald PR

    更新日期:2009-08-01 00:00:00

  • Elective foot surgery: relative roles of doctors of podiatric medicine and orthopedic surgeons.

    abstract::We examined the roles of Doctors of Podiatric Medicine (DPMs) and orthopedic surgeons in the provision of foot surgery by analyzing the 1982 computerized claims of over 1.1 million federal employees, retirees, and family members. We found that DPMs provided over 60 per cent of all elective insured foot surgery. Withou...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Weiner JP,Steinwachs DM,Frank RG,Schwartz KJ

    更新日期:1987-08-01 00:00:00

  • Expert evidence, the adversary system, and the jury.

    abstract::Many assertions have been made about the competence of juries in dealing with expert evidence. I review the types of expert evidence that jurors hear and the impact of adversary legal procedure on the form and manner in which evidence is presented. Empirical research indicates that jurors understand the adversary proc...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Vidmar N

    更新日期:2005-01-01 00:00:00

  • The regional immunization registry as a public health tool for improving clinical practice and guiding immunization delivery policy.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We assessed the distribution of immunization records among 3 health care delivery sectors and the impact of a regional immunization registry on "up to date" rates. METHODS:Immunization registry records in 2 regions were categorized as having originated in private practices, community health centers, or publ...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kempe A,Beaty BL,Steiner JF,Pearson KA,Lowery NE,Daley MF,Crane LA,Berman S

    更新日期:2004-06-01 00:00:00

  • HIV infection in intravenous drug users entering drug treatment, United States, 1988 to 1989. The Field Services Branch of the Centers for Disease Control.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Intravenous drug use has played a key role in the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) epidemic. Standardized surveillance of HIV infection among intravenous drug users (IVDUs) is needed to determine HIV prevalence rates, to monitor changes in prevalence over time, and to describe behaviors associated with HIV...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Allen DM,Onorato IM,Green TA

    更新日期:1992-04-01 00:00:00

  • Exposure to the US Criminal Legal System and Well-Being: A 2018 Cross-Sectional Study.

    abstract::Objectives. To assess the association between exposure to the US criminal legal system and well-being.Methods. We used data from the 2018 Family History of Incarceration Survey, a nationally representative cross-sectional study of family incarceration experience (n = 2815), which includes measures of participants' own...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sundaresh R,Yi Y,Roy B,Riley C,Wildeman C,Wang EA

    更新日期:2020-01-01 00:00:00

  • Geographic residency status and census tract socioeconomic status as determinants of colorectal cancer outcomes.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We examined the impact of geographic residency status and census tract (CT)-level socioeconomic status (SES) on colorectal cancer (CRC) outcomes. METHODS:This was a retrospective cohort study of patients diagnosed with CRC in Georgia for the years 2000 through 2007. Study outcomes were late-stage disease at...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hines R,Markossian T,Johnson A,Dong F,Bayakly R

    更新日期:2014-03-01 00:00:00

  • Analysis of the accuracy of weight loss information search engine results on the internet.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We systematically identified and evaluated the quality and comprehensiveness of online information related to weight loss that users were likely to access. METHODS:We evaluated the content quality, accessibility of the information, and author credentials for Web sites in 2012 that were identified from weigh...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Modave F,Shokar NK,Peñaranda E,Nguyen N

    更新日期:2014-10-01 00:00:00

  • The effects of HIV/AIDS intervention groups for high-risk women in urban clinics.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:This study reports the results of a behavior change intervention offered to women at high risk for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection seen in an urban primary health care clinic. METHODS:Participants were 197 women randomly assigned to either an HIV/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) risk re...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Kelly JA,Murphy DA,Washington CD,Wilson TS,Koob JJ,Davis DR,Ledezma G,Davantes B

    更新日期:1994-12-01 00:00:00

  • Research recruitment through US central cancer registries: balancing privacy and scientific issues.

    abstract::Cancer registries are a valuable resource for recruiting participants for public health-oriented research, although such recruitment raises potentially competing concerns about patient privacy and participant accrual. We surveyed US central cancer registries about their policies for research contact with patients, and...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Beskow LM,Sandler RS,Weinberger M

    更新日期:2006-11-01 00:00:00

  • Reducing tobacco use and access through strengthened minimum price laws.

    abstract::Higher prices reduce consumption and initiation of tobacco products. A minimum price law that establishes a high statutory minimum price and prohibits the industry's discounting tactics for tobacco products is a promising pricing strategy as an alternative to excise tax increases. Although some states have adopted min...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: McLaughlin I,Pearson A,Laird-Metke E,Ribisl K

    更新日期:2014-10-01 00:00:00

  • Ongoing Disparities in Prediagnosis Preexposure Prophylaxis Use Among Persons Recently Diagnosed With HIV in New York City, 2015-2017.

    abstract::Objectives. To quantify sociodemographic disparities in prediagnosis preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) use in persons recently diagnosed with HIV in New York City and assigned for partner services.Methods. We used partner services data from November 2015 to September 2017 from persons diagnosed with HIV in the past 12 mo...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Misra K,Huang JS,Udeagu CN

    更新日期:2019-09-01 00:00:00

  • Integrating epidemiology, education, and organizing for environmental justice: community health effects of industrial hog operations.

    abstract::The environmental justice movement has stimulated community-driven research about the living and working conditions of people of color and low-income communities. We describe an epidemiological study designed to link research with community education and organizing for social justice. In eastern North Carolina, high-d...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wing S,Horton RA,Muhammad N,Grant GR,Tajik M,Thu K

    更新日期:2008-08-01 00:00:00

  • Toward a strategic approach for reducing disparities in infant mortality.

    abstract::The United States' international ranking for infant mortality slipped from 19th in the 1980s to 27th in 1997. This slippage may be related to the segregation of priorities that occurred early in the 1990s, when national concern was diverted from infant mortality to minority health. To rekindle concern about infant mor...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hogue CJ,Vasquez C

    更新日期:2002-04-01 00:00:00

  • Depressive symptoms in blood donors notified of HIV infection.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:Understanding more about the psychological state of persons notified of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection is critical for designing notification and counseling programs that will have the most positive effect. METHODS:The subjects were blood donors who had been notified of HIV infection by the Ne...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Cleary PD,Van Devanter N,Rogers TF,Singer E,Shipton-Levy R,Steilen M,Stuart A,Avorn J,Pindyck J

    更新日期:1993-04-01 00:00:00

  • Ischemic heart disease mortality of firemen and policemen.

    abstract::Ischemic heart disease (IHD) mortality of Connecticut firemen and policemen is studied for the years 1960-78, using death certificate data. The mortality of these two occupations is expected to be greater than that of other workers. Standardized Mortality Odds Ratios for firemen and policemen are greater than 1.00. Al...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sardinas A,Miller JW,Hansen H

    更新日期:1986-09-01 00:00:00

  • Disparities in cancer mortality and incidence among American Indians and Alaska Natives in the United States.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We used improved data on American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) ancestry to provide an updated and comprehensive description of cancer mortality and incidence among AI/AN populations from 1990 to 2009. METHODS:We linked the National Death Index and central cancer registry records independently to the Ind...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: White MC,Espey DK,Swan J,Wiggins CL,Eheman C,Kaur JS

    更新日期:2014-06-01 00:00:00

  • Neural tube defects in Jamaica following Hurricane Gilbert.

    abstract::An increased incidence of obvious live-birth neural tube defects (i.e., spina bifida cystica and encephalocele) occurred in Jamaica 11 to 18 months after Hurricane Gilbert. The conceptions of the affected babies coincided with a rise in megaloblastic change in sickle cell patients, suggesting a wide-spread drop in die...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Duff EM,Cooper ES

    更新日期:1994-03-01 00:00:00

  • The global dimensions of public health preparedness and implications for US action.

    abstract::The globalization of public health is both real and relevant throughout the United States and to Americans traveling or residing abroad. US public policy responses are evolving, but a crisper and more comprehensive global perspective is needed. I suggest four timely US actions to address today's competing realities o...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Moore M

    更新日期:2012-06-01 00:00:00

  • Prevalence of genital chlamydial infection in young women entering a national job training program, 1990-1997.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:This analysis describes trends in the prevalence of genital chlamydial infection in economically disadvantaged young women entering a national job training program. METHODS:We examined chlamydia test data for May 1990 through June 1997 for women aged 16 to 24 years who enrolled in the program. The significa...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Mertz KJ,Ransom RL,St Louis ME,Groseclose SL,Hadgu A,Levine WC,Hayman C

    更新日期:2001-08-01 00:00:00

  • Decreasing Hepatitis C Incidence Among a Population With Repeated Tests: British Columbia, Canada, 1993-2011.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We estimated HCV incidence among individuals who repeatedly underwent anti-HCV testing. METHODS:We studied HCV-negative individuals who had at least 2 tests between April 1992 and September 2012 in British Columbia, Canada. We calculated incidence as the number of new infections per 100 person-years at risk...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kuo M,Janjua NZ,Burchell AN,Buxton JA,Krajden M,Gilbert M

    更新日期:2015-08-01 00:00:00

  • Measuring severity of illness: comparisons across institutions.

    abstract::Conventional methods for classifying patients with respect to utilization of health care resources are based almost exclusively on diagnostic criteria. We review a new severity of illness index which is generic to most medical and surgical conditions in a hospital, and which has been found to produce subgroups of pati...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Horn SD

    更新日期:1983-01-01 00:00:00

  • Examination of a theoretical model for oral health-related quality of life among youths with cleft.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We evaluated relationships among physical and psychological indicators and oral health-related quality of life (OHRQOL) in youths with cleft. METHODS:We recruited youths aged 7 to 18 years with cleft palate (n = 282) or cleft lip and palate (n = 918) and their caregivers into a 5-year observational investig...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Broder HL,Wilson-Genderson M,Sischo L

    更新日期:2014-05-01 00:00:00

  • Population Survey Features and Response Rates: A Randomized Experiment.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To study the effects of several survey features on response rates in a general population health survey. METHODS:In 2012 and 2013, 8000 households in British Columbia, Canada, were randomly allocated to 1 of 7 survey variants, each containing a different combination of survey features. Features compared inc...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Guo Y,Kopec JA,Cibere J,Li LC,Goldsmith CH

    更新日期:2016-08-01 00:00:00

  • New Jersey's electronic birth certificate program: variations in data sources.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:This study sought to determine primary sources of data for electronic birth certificates. METHODS:A survey was administered from 1997 through 1998 to maternity facilities in New Jersey requesting information about what primary information sources were used for 53 electronic birth certificate variables. Pote...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Smulian JC,Ananth CV,Hanley ML,Knuppel RA,Donlen J,Kruse L

    更新日期:2001-05-01 00:00:00

  • Community violence perpetration and victimization among adults with mental illnesses.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:In a large heterogeneous sample of adults with mental illnesses, we examined the 6-month prevalence and nature of community violence perpetration and victimization, as well as associations between these outcomes. METHODS:Baseline data were pooled from 5 studies of adults with mental illnesses from across th...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Desmarais SL,Van Dorn RA,Johnson KL,Grimm KJ,Douglas KS,Swartz MS

    更新日期:2014-12-01 00:00:00

  • Results of the 2004 National Worksite Health Promotion Survey.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We examined worksite health promotion programs, policies, and services to monitor the achievement of the Healthy People 2010 worksite-related goal of 75% of worksites offering a comprehensive worksite health promotion program. METHODS:We conducted a nationally representative, cross-sectional telephone surve...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Linnan L,Bowling M,Childress J,Lindsay G,Blakey C,Pronk S,Wieker S,Royall P

    更新日期:2008-08-01 00:00:00