Choice of treatments for small hepatocellular carcinoma: hepatectomy, embolization or ethanol injection.

Abstract:

:The results of hepatectomy, percutaneous ethanol injection therapy and transcatheter arterial embolization for small hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) of 3 cm or less in diameter from the published literature were compared with the authors' experiences with surgical treatment. The survival rates for those treated by hepatectomy and ethanol injection were almost the same, being more than 90% at 1 year and 70% at 3 years. The overall results achieved by embolization were inferior to those achieved by the other two therapeutic modalities, although the 1 year survival rate was not worse. The cancer-free survival rates after hepatectomy and ethanol injection were also similar. Most of the patients with small HCC had associated liver cirrhosis or chronic active hepatitis, but the degree of liver dysfunction and the level of hepatic reserve varied. Anatomically, the number, size, and location of the cancer also varies. Choice of treatment for small HCC should be made based upon the degree of liver function and the anatomic status of the cancer. For example, a patient with multiple (more than four) cancer nodules is a good candidate for embolization. Ethanol injection is indicated for a small HCC, deeply seated in a severely diseased liver. Hepatectomy is the first choice for a small HCC situated near the surface of a liver with relatively good liver function.

authors

Yamasaki S,Hasegawa H,Makuuchi M,Takayama T,Kosuge T,Shimada K

doi

10.1111/j.1440-1746.1991.tb00879.x

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

1991-07-01 00:00:00

pages

408-13

issue

4

eissn

0815-9319

issn

1440-1746

journal_volume

6

pub_type

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