The hydroxylation, dechlorination, and glucuronidation of 4,4'-dichlorobiphenyl (4-DCB) by human hepatic microsomes.

Abstract:

:Since chlorine placement and the degree of chlorination of the biphenyl nucleus play an important role in the metabolism and ultimate elimination of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), we have studied the metabolism of 4,4'-dichlorobiphenyl (4-DCB) by human hepatic microsomes. This low molecular weight PCB congener is substituted at the preferred site of metabolism (para-position). 4-DCB was metabolized by human microsomes with a Km of 0.43 microM and a Vmax of 1.2 pmoles/mg microsomal protein/min. Six metabolites were identified: 4,4'-dichloro-3,3'-biphenyldiol, 4'-chloro-3-biphenylol, 4'-chloro-4-biphenylol, 4,4'-dichloro-2-biphenylol, 4,4'-dichloro-3-biphenylol (most abundant), and 3,4'-dichloro-4-biphenylol. [14C]-4-DCB equivalents were found to covalently bind to microsomal protein. Addition of a 1 mM concentration of reduced glutathione decreased the degree of covalent binding. These data suggest that human microsomes metabolize this PCB through an arene oxide and that an "NIH shift" occurs. When UDPGA was added to the incubation, human microsomal glucuronosyltransferase catalyzed the formation of the glucuronide of the major metabolite, 4,4'-dichloro-3-biphenylol. These and previous in vitro results show that the biotransformation of PCBs by humans is governed by the same principles established for the in vivo biotransformation of PCBs by the rat, mouse and monkey. That is, PCBs without two adjacent unsubstituted carbon atoms are poorly metabolized and that an unsubstituted para-position facilitates metabolism.

journal_name

Biochem Pharmacol

journal_title

Biochemical pharmacology

authors

Schnellmann RG,Volp RF,Putnam CW,Sipes IG

doi

10.1016/0006-2952(84)90127-8

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

1984-11-01 00:00:00

pages

3503-9

issue

21

eissn

0006-2952

issn

1873-2968

pii

0006-2952(84)90127-8

journal_volume

33

pub_type

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