Microanalysis of metals in barbs of a snow petrel (Pagodroma Nivea) from the Antarctica using synchrotron radiation X-ray fluorescence.


:For the first time synchrotron radiation X-ray fluorescence (SR-XRF) microanalysis was performed throughout the total length of 4 single barbs from the primaries and secondaries of a snow petrel (Pagodroma Nivea) collected in the Antarctica. Thirteen elements (S, Mg, K, Ca, Fe, Ni, Cu, Zn, Se, Sr, Ba, Hg and Pb) were detected somewhere in the barbs. Variations in levels of these elements within and among the barbs were obvious, indicating nonuniform microscale distributions. Factors influencing the fluctuations of the levels of the elements were investigated using a multivariate statistical analysis method. Five factors (F1 being associated with high loadings of Ca, Sr, and Ni, F2 with high loadings of Fe and Ba, F3 with high loadings of Se and Hg, F4 with high loadings of Ca and K, and F5 with high loadings of Zn and Pb) were found to explain about 80% of the total variance. Results from the factor analysis suggested external contamination of Fe, Ba, Pb, Zn and Hg on the feathers of the snow petrel.


Mar Pollut Bull


Xie Z,Zhang P,Sun L,Xu S,Huang Y,He W




Has Abstract


2008-03-01 00:00:00














  • A toxicity identification evaluation of silty marine harbor sediments to characterize persistent and non-persistent constituents.

    abstract::Sediment toxicity in silty marine harbor sediments is frequently dominated by ammonia or sulfide, leaving the adverse effects of persistent toxic substances unnoticed. To investigate the latter, we subjected interstitial water from three contaminated silty sediments to toxicity identification evaluation (TIE) phase I ...

    journal_title:Marine pollution bulletin

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Stronkhorst J,Schot ME,Dubbeldam MC,Ho KT

    更新日期:2003-01-01 00:00:00

  • Kinetic speciation and bioavailability of copper and nickel in mangrove sediments.

    abstract::An attempt was made to establish a mechanistic linkage between chemical speciation of copper and nickel, and their bioavailability in mangrove ecosystem. Kinetic speciation study was performed to determine the concentrations of labile metal-complexes and their dissociation rate constants in mangrove sediments. Concent...

    journal_title:Marine pollution bulletin

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Chakraborty P,Chakraborty S,Ramteke D,Chennuri K

    更新日期:2014-11-15 00:00:00

  • The impact of a macroalgal mat on benthic biodiversity in Poole Harbour.

    abstract::Blooms of macroalgal matting are increasingly common within temperate zones and are often comprised of opportunistic species such as Ulva lactuca. Where this algae forms a dense mat, a stressful environment is created in the sediment below, influencing the invertebrate infaunal assemblage. This study was conducted ove...

    journal_title:Marine pollution bulletin

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Jones M,Pinn E

    更新日期:2006-01-01 00:00:00

  • Colonization dynamics of protozoan communities in marine bioassessment surveys using two modified sampling systems.

    abstract::Colonization dynamics of protozoan communities were investigated at a depth of 1 m in the coastal waters of the Yellow Sea, northern China from May to June 2019, using modified glass slide (mGS) and modified polyurethane foam unit (mPFU) systems. The colonization process and growth curves of protozoa were well fitted ...

    journal_title:Marine pollution bulletin

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bai X,Zhong X,Guo C,Gui Y,Xu H

    更新日期:2020-08-01 00:00:00

  • Spatial variation of microbial communities in sediments along the environmental gradients from Xiaoqing River to Laizhou Bay.

    abstract::The Laizhou Bay is famous for aquaculture, but has been subject to eutrophication and contamination for years. High concentrations of nutrients from the Xiaoqing River are considered as the main cause for significant eutrophication in the west of Laizhou Bay. Here we present results of the research on sedimentary micr...

    journal_title:Marine pollution bulletin

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Yu SX,Pang YL,Wang YC,Li JL,Qin S

    更新日期:2017-07-15 00:00:00

  • Assessment of bioavailable hydrocarbons in Pribilof Island rock sandpiper fall staging areas and overwintering habitat.

    abstract::At present, significant adverse hydrocarbon influence on the Pribilof Island rock sandpiper (Calidris ptilocnemis ptilocnemis) is unlikely. Almost the entire population overwinters in Cook Inlet and breeds on four Bering Sea islands. Passive samplers deployed several times in a three year period and corresponding sedi...

    journal_title:Marine pollution bulletin

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Nesvacil K,Carls M,Holland L,Wright S

    更新日期:2016-09-15 00:00:00

  • Organochlorine compounds and aliphatic hydrocarbons in Pacific walrus blubber.

    abstract::Blubber samples were collected from 8 male and 19 female Pacific walrus (Odobenus rosmarus divergens) taken during a 1991 joint USA/USSR cruise traveling widely through the Bering Sea. Dieldrin was found at a level similar to that reported 10 years earlier; oxychlordane was found at a slightly higher concentration tha...

    journal_title:Marine pollution bulletin

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Seagars DJ,Garlich-Miller J

    更新日期:2001-01-01 00:00:00

  • Seasonal and spatial characteristics of seawater and sediment at Youngil Bay, southeast coast of Korea.

    abstract::The seasonal geochemical characteristics of the seawater and sediments and the major factors causing heavy metal contamination were investigated at the Youngil bay and the Hyungsan river estuary in the Southeast Coast of Korea, where a world-scale steel-industry complex (Pohang iron and steel industrial complex, POSCO...

    journal_title:Marine pollution bulletin

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lee M,Bae W,Chung J,Jung HS,Shim H

    更新日期:2008-01-01 00:00:00

  • Risk assessment of added chemicals in plastics in the Danish marine environment.

    abstract::A risk assessment framework for direct exposure of residual additives and monomers present in ingested plastic particles, including microplastics, in the Danish marine environment, was presented. Eight cases of different polymer types and product groups were defined that represent the most significant exposures, and t...

    journal_title:Marine pollution bulletin

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Fauser P,Strand J,Vorkamp K

    更新日期:2020-08-01 00:00:00

  • Acoustic characterization of sensors used for marine environmental monitoring.

    abstract::Active acoustic sensors are widely used in oceanographic and environmental studies. Although many have nominal operating frequencies above the range of marine mammal hearing, they can produce out-of-band sound that may be audible to marine mammals. Acoustic emissions from four active acoustic transducers were characte...

    journal_title:Marine pollution bulletin

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Cotter E,Murphy P,Bassett C,Williamson B,Polagye B

    更新日期:2019-07-01 00:00:00

  • Large debris dumps in the northern South China Sea.

    abstract::Knowledge of the abundance, source, and fate of marine debris in the deep sea is largely constrained thus far. Here, we report the existence of large deep-sea debris dumps that have not been reported before on the seafloor worldwide. Marine debris remarkably accumulated at ~1700-1800 m in the tributary submarine canyo...

    journal_title:Marine pollution bulletin

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Peng X,Dasgupta S,Zhong G,Du M,Xu H,Chen M,Chen S,Ta K,Li J

    更新日期:2019-05-01 00:00:00

  • Numerical study on the summertime patches of red tide in the adjacent sea of the Changjiang (Yangtze) River Estuary, China.

    abstract::High incident rates of red tide have occurred off the coast of the Changjiang (Yangtze) River Estuary in summer, resulting from a magnified population growth discharging substantial nutrient loads into this vicinity. The presence of elevated Chlorophyll-a concentrations (≥36.3 μg/l), low suspended sediment concentrati...

    journal_title:Marine pollution bulletin

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Qu D,Yu H,Sun Y,Zhao Y,Wei Q,Yu H,Kelly RM,Yuan Y

    更新日期:2019-06-01 00:00:00

  • Fate and behavior of Sanchi oil spill transported by the Kuroshio during January-February 2018.

    abstract::The fate and behavior of the Sanchi oil spill during January-February 2018 was simulated by coupling an oil spill model and satellite observations with meteo-oceanographic forcing. Extensive validation tests were performed for winds, currents, surface slick, stranded oil and oil fate. A series of hindcast experiments ...

    journal_title:Marine pollution bulletin

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Pan Q,Yu H,Daling PS,Zhang Y,Reed M,Wang Z,Li Y,Wang X,Wu L,Zhang Z,Yu H,Zou Y

    更新日期:2020-03-01 00:00:00

  • Impacts of pollution on coastal and marine ecosystems including coastal and marine fisheries and approach for management: a review and synthesis.

    abstract::The history of aquatic environmental pollution goes back to the very beginning of the history of human civilization. However, aquatic pollution did not receive much attention until a threshold level was reached with adverse consequences on the ecosystems and organisms. Aquatic pollution has become a global concern, bu...

    journal_title:Marine pollution bulletin

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Shahidul Islam M,Tanaka M

    更新日期:2004-04-01 00:00:00

  • Alterations in the macrobenthic fauna from Guadarranque River (Southern Spain) associated with sediment-seawater acidification deriving from CO2 leakage.

    abstract::Nowadays, Carbon Storage in Sub-Seabed Geological Structures (CS-SSGS) is having much interest. Nonetheless, these technologies are still under development, especially the leakage of the stored CO2 and the consequent acidification of the environment. Therefore, the goal of this study is to test the impact of CO2-induc...

    journal_title:Marine pollution bulletin

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Almagro-Pastor V,Conradi M,DelValls TA,Riba I

    更新日期:2015-07-15 00:00:00

  • Real-time PCR and NASBA for rapid and sensitive detection of Vibrio cholerae in ballast water.

    abstract::Transport of ballast water is one major factor in the transmission of aquatic organisms, including pathogenic bacteria. The IMO-guidelines of the Convention for the Control and Management of Ships' Ballast Water and Sediments, states that ships are to discharge <1 CFU per 100 ml ballast water of toxigenic Vibrio chole...

    journal_title:Marine pollution bulletin

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Fykse EM,Nilsen T,Nielsen AD,Tryland I,Delacroix S,Blatny JM

    更新日期:2012-02-01 00:00:00

  • Evaluation of diffusive gradients in thin-films (DGTs) as a monitoring tool for the assessment of the chemical status of transitional waters within the Water Framework Directive.

    abstract::In this contribution, the potential use of diffusive gradients in thin-films (DGTs) for the chemical evaluation of transitional water bodies within the Water Framework Directive (WFD) has been studied. The water metal concentration has been evaluated in 13 estuaries in the southeastern Bay of Biscay. The DGTs were dep...

    journal_title:Marine pollution bulletin

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Montero N,Belzunce-Segarra MJ,Gonzalez JL,Larreta J,Franco J

    更新日期:2012-01-01 00:00:00

  • The use of dinoflagellate cysts to separate human-induced from natural variability in the trophic state of the Po River discharge plume over the last two centuries.

    abstract::To obtain insight into the natural and/or human-induced changes in the trophic state of the distal portion of the Po River discharge plume over the last two centuries, high temporal resolution dinoflagellate cyst records were established at three sites. Cyst production rates appear to reflect the natural variability i...

    journal_title:Marine pollution bulletin

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Zonneveld KAF,Chen L,Elshanawany R,Fischer HW,Hoins M,Ibrahim MI,Pittauerova D,Versteegh GJM

    更新日期:2012-01-01 00:00:00

  • A model of PCB bioaccumulation in the sea bass food web from the Seine Estuary (eastern English Channel).

    abstract::A bioaccumulation model was developed to simulate the PCB contamination in the sea bass food web from the Seine Estuary. The model relies upon a contaminant mass balance budget for each biological species. Biological processes determine the extent of bioaccumulation: respiration and feeding rates control the uptake of...

    journal_title:Marine pollution bulletin

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Loizeau V,Abarnou A,Cugier P,Jaouen-Madoulet A,Le Guellec AM,Menesguen A

    更新日期:2001-07-01 00:00:00

  • Antimicrobial resistance not related to 1,2,3 integrons and Superintegron in Vibrio spp. isolated from seawater sample of Lima (Peru).

    abstract::Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) in microorganisms has been attributed to integrons, which have the ability to capture antimicrobial resistance gene cassettes and express them in their hosts. 170 strains of Vibrio spp. were isolated from Lima (Peru) seawater samples and identified by biochemical tests and PCR. AMR profi...

    journal_title:Marine pollution bulletin

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sulca MA,Orozco R,Alvarado DE

    更新日期:2018-06-01 00:00:00

  • PCBs and PBDEs in microplastic particles and zooplankton in open water in the Pacific Ocean and around the coast of Japan.

    abstract::PCBs and PBDEs in microplastics and zooplankton collected in surface water at 27 locations in the Pacific Ocean and around the coast of Japan were investigated. Both PCBs and PBDEs were observed in buoyant microplastics, even in smaller particles of 0.315-1 mm. Concentrations of Σ13 PCBs were 0.04-124 ng/g, and were h...

    journal_title:Marine pollution bulletin

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Yeo BG,Takada H,Yamashita R,Okazaki Y,Uchida K,Tokai T,Tanaka K,Trenholm N

    更新日期:2020-02-01 00:00:00

  • Heavy metals, metalloids and other hazardous elements in marine plastic litter.

    abstract::Plastics, foams and ropes collected from beaches in SW England have been analysed for As, Ba, Br, Cd, Cl, Cr, Cu, Hg, Ni, Pb, Sb, Se, Sn and Zn by field-portable-x-ray fluorescence spectrometry. High concentrations of Cl in foams that were not PVC-based were attributed to the presence of chlorinated flame retardants. ...

    journal_title:Marine pollution bulletin

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Turner A

    更新日期:2016-10-15 00:00:00

  • Sustainability and the Spanish port system. Analysis of the relationship between economic and environmental indicators.

    abstract::Research into the methodological development of alternative systems of sustainability measures is recent. In understanding sustainable development in a multi-dimensional sense, one of the most significant advances was the construction of Synthetic Indexes, applicable to different spatial spheres or to organisations, b...

    journal_title:Marine pollution bulletin

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Laxe FG,Bermúdez FM,Palmero FM,Novo-Corti I

    更新日期:2016-12-15 00:00:00

  • Differentiating on port fees to accelerate the green maritime transition.

    abstract::This study investigates conditions under which differentiating port fees based on vessels' environmental performance could be an additional driver for cruise-ship owners to invest in green technologies. Our case study on liquefied natural gas (LNG) as fuel for a cruise ship shows that port-based incentives could help ...

    journal_title:Marine pollution bulletin

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Mjelde A,Endresen Ø,Bjørshol E,Gierløff CW,Husby E,Solheim J,Mjøs N,Eide MS

    更新日期:2019-12-01 00:00:00

  • Modeling spreading of oil slicks based on random walk methods and Voronoi diagrams.

    abstract::We introduce a methodology for representation of a surface oil slick using a Voronoi diagram updated at each time step. The Voronoi cells scale the Gaussian random walk procedure representing the spreading process by individual particle stepping. The step length of stochastically moving particles is based on a theoret...

    journal_title:Marine pollution bulletin

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Durgut İ,Reed M

    更新日期:2017-05-15 00:00:00

  • Using a genetic algorithm to improve oil spill prediction.

    abstract::The performance of oil spill models is strongly influenced by multiple parameters. In this study, we explored the ability of a genetic algorithm (GA) to determine optimal parameters without the need for time-consuming manual attempts. An evaluation function integrating the percentage of coincidence between the predict...

    journal_title:Marine pollution bulletin

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Guo W,Jiang M,Li X,Ren B

    更新日期:2018-10-01 00:00:00

  • Metabolome responses of the sea cucumber Apostichopus japonicus to multiple environmental stresses: Heat and hypoxia.

    abstract::Economically important marine organisms face severe environmental challenges, such as high temperature and low dissolved oxygen, from global climate change. Adverse environmental factors impact the survival and growth of economically important marine organisms, thereby negatively influencing the aquaculture industry. ...

    journal_title:Marine pollution bulletin

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Huo D,Sun L,Zhang L,Ru X,Liu S,Yang H

    更新日期:2019-01-01 00:00:00

  • Entanglement of Steller sea lions (Eumetopias jubatus) in marine debris: identifying causes and finding solutions.

    abstract::Entanglement in marine debris is a contributing factor in Steller sea lion (SSL; Eumetopias jubatus) injury and mortality. We quantified SSL entanglement by debris type, sex and age class, entanglement incidence, and estimated population level effects. Surveys of SSL haul-outs were conducted from 2000-2007 in Southeas...

    journal_title:Marine pollution bulletin

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Raum-Suryan KL,Jemison LA,Pitcher KW

    更新日期:2009-10-01 00:00:00

  • Analysis and inorganic composition of microplastics in commercial Malaysian fish meals.

    abstract::Presence of microplastics (MPs) in a broad range of wild and cultured marine organisms is well-documented, but transfer mechanisms by which cultured organisms are contaminated with MPs is poorly understood. MP loads in three Malaysian commercial brands of fish meal were investigated. Chemical composition of extracted ...

    journal_title:Marine pollution bulletin

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Karbalaei S,Golieskardi A,Watt DU,Boiret M,Hanachi P,Walker TR,Karami A

    更新日期:2020-01-01 00:00:00

  • Poly-aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) inputs from the Rhône River to the Mediterranean Sea in relation with the hydrological cycle: impact of floods.

    abstract::The concentrations of dissolved and particulate polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) were monitored in waters of the Rhône River (France) every fortnight for a full calendar year, from June 1994 to May 1995. All flood events occurring over the course of the experiment were sampled at higher frequency to better quan...

    journal_title:Marine pollution bulletin

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sicre MA,Fernandes MB,Pont D

    更新日期:2008-11-01 00:00:00