The role of features and configural processing in face-race classification.

Abstract:

:We explored perceptual factors that might account for the other-race classification advantage (ORCA) in classifying faces by race. Testing Chinese participants in China and Israeli participants in Israel we show that: (a) The distinction between Chinese and Israeli faces is highly accurate even on the basis of isolated eyes or faces with eyes concealed, but full faces are categorized faster. (b) The ORCA is similarly robust for full faces and for face parts. (c) The ORCA was larger when the configuration of the inner-face components was distorted, reflecting delayed categorization of own-race distorted faces relative to own-race normally configured faces but no conspicuous distortion effect on other-race faces. These data demonstrate that perceptual factors can account for the ORCA independently of social bias. We suggest that one source of the ORCA in race categorization is the configural analysis applied by default while processing own-race but not other-race faces.

journal_name

Vision Res

journal_title

Vision research

authors

Zhao L,Bentin S

doi

10.1016/j.visres.2011.10.001

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2011-12-08 00:00:00

pages

2462-70

issue

23-24

eissn

0042-6989

issn

1878-5646

pii

S0042-6989(11)00354-3

journal_volume

51

pub_type

杂志文章
  • Sustained deviation of gaze direction can affect "inverted vection" induced by the foreground motion.

    abstract::A slowly moving foreground with an orthogonally moving background can induce self-motion perception in the same direction as the foreground motion (inverted vection; [Vision Research 40 (2000) 2915]). In the present study, we investigate the effect of sustained gaze deviation on inverted vection. We hypothesized that ...

    journal_title:Vision research

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/s0042-6989(03)00081-6

    authors: Nakamura S,Shimojo S

    更新日期:2003-03-01 00:00:00

  • Discriminating depth in corrugated stereo surfaces: facilitation by a pedestal is explained by removal of uncertainty.

    abstract::With luminance gratings, psychophysical thresholds for detecting a small increase in the contrast of a weak 'pedestal' grating are 2-3 times lower than for detection of a grating when the pedestal is absent. This is the 'dipper effect'--a reliable improvement whose interpretation remains controversial. Analogies betwe...

    journal_title:Vision research

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/j.visres.2008.07.009

    authors: Georgeson MA,Yates TA,Schofield AJ

    更新日期:2008-09-01 00:00:00

  • Dissecting perception and memory-driven imagery by boosting GABA-ergic neurotransmission.

    abstract::Flanking lateral masks enhance or weaken the detection of a low-contrast visual target. This effect depends on the target-to-mask distance. An improvement of stimulus detection can also be observed when participants imagine (i.e., retrieve from memory) the previously presented masks. In this double-blind, placebo-cont...

    journal_title:Vision research

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验

    doi:10.1016/j.visres.2014.10.030

    authors: Kéri S

    更新日期:2015-01-01 00:00:00

  • Potential ultraviolet vision in pre-settlement larvae and settled reef fish--a comparison across 23 families.

    abstract::After hatching, larvae of coral reef fishes experience a pelagic phase during which they are diurnal planktivores. It has been suggested that ultraviolet (UV) vision is beneficial for the detection of planktonic prey. Aims were therefore to investigate whether ocular media of pre-settlement reef fish differ from those...

    journal_title:Vision research

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/j.visres.2007.05.014

    authors: Siebeck UE,Marshall NJ

    更新日期:2007-08-01 00:00:00

  • Morphology and spatial arrangement of large retinal ganglion cells projecting to the optic tectum in the perciform fish Pholidapus dybowskii.

    abstract::Using retrograde HRP labeling from the optic nerve (ON) or optic tectum (OT), we have visualized large ganglion cells (LGCs) in wholemounted retinas of the teleost Pholidapus dybowskii and studied their morphology and spatial properties. In all, three LGC types were distinguished. In a previous paper, detailed data we...

    journal_title:Vision research

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/j.visres.2007.07.004

    authors: Pushchin II,Podugolnikova TA,Kondrashev SL

    更新日期:2007-11-01 00:00:00

  • Imaging maculopathy in post-mortem human eyes.

    abstract::Age-related maculopathy (ARM) remains a poorly understood degeneration. To discover new pathways using contemporary genomics, proteomics, and immunohistochemistry, validate emerging animal models, and validate new imaging modalities, human tissues obtained from donor eyes will be essential to ARM research for the fore...

    journal_title:Vision research

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审

    doi:10.1016/j.visres.2005.07.038

    authors: Curcio CA

    更新日期:2005-12-01 00:00:00

  • Local processes and spatial pooling in texture and symmetry detection.

    abstract::We examined the ability of human observers to detect three kinds of statistical structure in binary arrays: first-order statistics (luminance), local fourth-order statistics (isodipole textures), and long-range statistics (bilateral symmetry). Performance was closest to ideal on the luminance task and furthest from id...

    journal_title:Vision research

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/j.visres.2004.10.012

    authors: Victor JD,Conte MM

    更新日期:2005-04-01 00:00:00

  • Sensitivity of the blue-sensitive cones across the central retina.

    abstract::We measured increment thresholds up to 5 degrees eccentricity using a 10' dia flash viewed against 10(4) td of 572-nm background. We found two distinct sensitivity profiles, one with flash wavelengths 410-470 nm and another with 520-580 nm. Spectral sensitivity plots indicate blue-sensitive cones and green-sensitive c...

    journal_title:Vision research

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/0042-6989(82)90102-x

    authors: Castańo JA,Sperling HG

    更新日期:1982-01-01 00:00:00

  • Validity of the Holmes-Wright lantern as a color vision test for the rail industry.

    abstract::A simulated field test was designed to determine whether the Holmes-Wright A lantern (HWA) is a valid color vision test for the rail industry. The simulation replicated viewing rail signal lights at 0.8 km distance under daylight conditions. Using the worst-normal as the maximum number of allowable errors on the simul...

    journal_title:Vision research

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/s0042-6989(98)00054-6

    authors: Hovis JK,Oliphant D

    更新日期:1998-11-01 00:00:00

  • Quantitative properties of achromatic color induction: an edge integration analysis.

    abstract::Edge integration refers to a hypothetical process by which the visual system combines information about the local contrast, or luminance ratios, at luminance borders within an image to compute a scale of relative reflectances for the regions between the borders. The results of three achromatic color matching experimen...

    journal_title:Vision research

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/j.visres.2003.12.004

    authors: Rudd ME,Zemach IK

    更新日期:2004-05-01 00:00:00

  • Effect of contrast on the frequency response of synchronous period doubling.

    abstract::At temporal frequencies between approximately 30 and 70 Hz, the flicker electroretinogram (ERG) of the cone system can exhibit an alternation in response amplitude from cycle to cycle that has been termed synchronous period doubling. This phenomenon has been attributed to a nonlinear feedback mechanism at an early ret...

    journal_title:Vision research

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/j.visres.2006.09.011

    authors: Alexander KR,Raghuram A

    更新日期:2007-02-01 00:00:00

  • Genetic studies of variation in Rayleigh and photometric matches in normal trichromats.

    abstract::The inheritance of Rayleigh match midpoints and photometric matches (551-667 nm) was studied in observers with normal color vision. An analysis was performed to evaluate whether the measured interobserver variations in these two traits were consistent with single gene allelic variation, polygenic variation, or environ...

    journal_title:Vision research

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/0042-6989(90)90134-7

    authors: Lutze M,Cox NJ,Smith VC,Pokorny J

    更新日期:1990-01-01 00:00:00

  • Temporal summation in the achromat.

    abstract::We investigated temporal summation of the rods in a complete achromat, who lacks cone vision. Critical duration (tc) was estimated both at the achromat's preferred area of fixation and at an area 12 deg laterally in the nasal visual field. Comparable tc determinations were made in a normal trichromat. At background lu...

    journal_title:Vision research

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/0042-6989(88)90042-9

    authors: Sharpe LT,Fach C,Nordby K

    更新日期:1988-01-01 00:00:00

  • Processing statistics: an examination of focused and distributed attention using event related potentials.

    abstract::Human observers show remarkable efficiency in statistical estimation; they are able, for instance, to estimate the mean size of visual objects, even if their number exceeds the capacity limits of focused attention. This ability has been understood as the result of a distinct mode of attention, i.e. distributed attenti...

    journal_title:Vision research

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/j.visres.2012.09.018

    authors: Baijal S,Nakatani C,van Leeuwen C,Srinivasan N

    更新日期:2013-06-07 00:00:00

  • Effects of longitudinal chromatic aberration on accommodation and emmetropization.

    abstract:PURPOSE:Less accommodation was found when human subjects read in blue (peak at about 440 nm) than when they read in red light (above 600 nm; [Kroger & Binder, British Journal of Ophthalmology 84 (2000) 890]). On the other hand, emmetropization in chickens did not appear to compensate for the chromatic defocus (385 nm v...

    journal_title:Vision research

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/s0042-6989(02)00262-6

    authors: Seidemann A,Schaeffel F

    更新日期:2002-09-01 00:00:00

  • A comparison of stereo and vernier acuity within spatial channels as a function of distance from fixation.

    abstract::We have used DOG stimuli to selectively stimulate size tuned channels within the visual system in order to investigate the relationship between stereo and vernier acuity. We measured these acuities as a function of spatial frequency, retinal eccentricity and distance from the fixation point in depth. Both hyperacuitie...

    journal_title:Vision research

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/0042-6989(85)90100-2

    authors: Schor CM,Badcock DR

    更新日期:1985-01-01 00:00:00

  • Separate detection of moving luminance and contrast modulations: fact or artifact?

    abstract::We have investigated first-order artifacts in second-order motion perception. Subjects were required to identify the orientation and direction of a drifting sinusoidal contrast modulation. When the carrier consisted of static two-dimensional noise, performance often reflected the use of first-order artifacts that aris...

    journal_title:Vision research

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/s0042-6989(96)00147-2

    authors: Smith AT,Ledgeway T

    更新日期:1997-01-01 00:00:00

  • An unsupervised learning model of neural plasticity: Orientation selectivity in goggle-reared kittens.

    abstract::The selectivities of neurons in primary visual cortex are often considered to be adapted to the statistics of natural images. Accordingly, simple cell-like tuning emerges when unsupervised learning models that seek sparse representations of input probabilities are trained on natural scenes. However, orientation tuning...

    journal_title:Vision research

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/j.visres.2007.07.023

    authors: Hsu AS,Dayan P

    更新日期:2007-10-01 00:00:00

  • MT neurons in the macaque exhibited two types of bimodal direction tuning as predicted by a model for visual motion detection.

    abstract::We previously proposed a model for detecting local image velocity on the magnocellular visual pathway (Kawakami & Okamoto (1996) Vision Research, 36, 117-147). The model detects visual motion in two stages using the hierarchical network that includes component and pattern cells in area MT. To validate the model, we pr...

    journal_title:Vision research

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/s0042-6989(99)00073-5

    authors: Okamoto H,Kawakami S,Saito H,Hida E,Odajima K,Tamanoi D,Ohno H

    更新日期:1999-10-01 00:00:00

  • The magnitude of longitudinal chromatic aberration of the human eye between 458 and 633 nm.

    abstract::The longitudinal chromatic aberration (LCA) of the human eye was determined between wavelengths 458 and 633 nm for ten observers by incorporating Argon and Helium-Neon Lasers into a Badal optometer system such that tonic (or "dark focus") resting positions of accommodation could be measured under darkroom conditions. ...

    journal_title:Vision research

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/0042-6989(85)90148-8

    authors: Gilmartin B,Hogan RE

    更新日期:1985-01-01 00:00:00

  • Control of chromatic adaptation: signals from separate cone classes interact.

    abstract::Match stimuli presented on one side of a contextual image were adjusted to have the same appearance as test stimuli presented on the other side. Both full color and isochromatic contextual images were used. Contextual image pairs were constructed that had identical S-cone image planes, while their L- and M-cone image ...

    journal_title:Vision research

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/s0042-6989(00)00125-5

    authors: Delahunt PB,Brainard DH

    更新日期:2000-01-01 00:00:00

  • The field topography of ERG components in man--I. The photopic luminance response.

    abstract::A technique of multi-input systems analysis is used to explore the field topography of ERG responses to local luminance modulation. Variations in amplitude and wave form are studied within the central 23 degrees. Outside the fovea, the amplitude appears to follow a simple power law rx as a function of eccentricity r w...

    journal_title:Vision research

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/0042-6989(92)90235-b

    authors: Sutter EE,Tran D

    更新日期:1992-03-01 00:00:00

  • A system of regular ridges instead of nipples on a compound eye that has to operate near the diffraction limit.

    abstract::A system of regular, radial ridges, spaced approx. 250 nm apart, is reported from the outer corneal surface of the eye of the tiny moth Leucoptera coffeella. Antireflective coatings in larger insects with flatter facets often take the form of corneal nipples. However, evidence is presented that in an insect whose eyes...

    journal_title:Vision research

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/0042-6989(93)90223-j

    authors: Meyer-Rochow VB,Stringer IA

    更新日期:1993-12-01 00:00:00

  • Detecting the displacements of spatial beats: a monocular capability.

    abstract::Sensitivity to the sudden displacement (phase shift) of a single monocularly presented sinusoidal grating is increased when a static grating of similar spatial frequency is presented to the same eye. If the static grating is presented to the other eye instead sensitivity is, at best, halved. This demonstration implies...

    journal_title:Vision research

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/0042-6989(87)90076-9

    authors: Badcock DR,Derrington AM

    更新日期:1987-01-01 00:00:00

  • The binocular depth stereoacuity of the pigeon and its relation to the anatomical resolving power of the eye.

    abstract::The stereoacuity of the pigeon was measured by finding the smallest depth difference discriminable between two arrays of elements, each array confined to one of two parallel planes in space. For both the human and the pigeon, the depth between the two planes was not discriminable under stationary monocular conditions....

    journal_title:Vision research

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/0042-6989(87)90061-7

    authors: McFadden SA

    更新日期:1987-01-01 00:00:00

  • The pigeon's distant visual acuity as a function of viewing angle.

    abstract::Distant visual acuity was determined for several viewing angles in two restrained White Carneaux pigeons. The behavioral technique was a classical conditioning procedure that paired presentation of sinusoidal gratings with shock. A conditioned heart rate acceleration during the grating presentation indicated resolutio...

    journal_title:Vision research

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/0042-6989(82)90188-2

    authors: Uhlrich DJ,Blough PM,Blough DS

    更新日期:1982-01-01 00:00:00

  • Visual discomfort and the spatial distribution of Fourier energy.

    abstract::Quite independently of what they represent, some images provoke discomfort, and even headaches and seizures in susceptible individuals. The visual system has adapted to efficiently process the images it typically experiences, and in nature these images are usually scale-invariant. In this work, we sought to characteri...

    journal_title:Vision research

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/j.visres.2014.12.013

    authors: Penacchio O,Wilkins AJ

    更新日期:2015-03-01 00:00:00

  • Presbyopia and the optical changes in the human crystalline lens with age.

    abstract::Lenses from 27 human eyes ranging in age from 10 to 87 years were used to determine how accommodation and age affect the optical properties of the lens. A scanning laser technique was used to measure focal length and spherical aberration of the lenses, while the lenses were subjected to stretching forces applied throu...

    journal_title:Vision research

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/s0042-6989(97)00102-8

    authors: Glasser A,Campbell MC

    更新日期:1998-01-01 00:00:00

  • Influence of higher order aberrations and retinal image quality in myopisation of emmetropic eyes.

    abstract::Refractive error, higher order aberrations (HOA), axial length (AL), anterior chamber depth (ACD) and average corneal radius of curvature were measured after cycloplegia from 166 emmetropic participants at the Sydney Myopia Study (SMS, 2004-2005, age 12.63 ± 0.48 years). Measurements were repeated approximately 5 year...

    journal_title:Vision research

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/j.visres.2014.10.003

    authors: Philip K,Sankaridurg P,Holden B,Ho A,Mitchell P

    更新日期:2014-12-01 00:00:00

  • The role of separation and eccentricity in encoding position.

    abstract::We measured two- and three-line spatial interval and alignment thresholds for a wide range of separations and eccentricities. In order to avoid confounding the role of separation and eccentricity, the test lines were presented on iso-eccentric arcs, with radii between 0.625 and 10 deg. The iso-eccentric paradigm allow...

    journal_title:Vision research

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/0042-6989(90)90068-v

    authors: Levi DM,Klein SA

    更新日期:1990-01-01 00:00:00