The effect of contrast adaptation on briefly presented stimuli.


:Wilson and Humanski (1993) have recently reported evidence that adapting to low temporal frequency sinewave gratings yields little threshold elevation for briefly presented test stimuli. We postulated that brief stimuli may be detected by a transient channel which would be minimally affected by a low temporal frequency adapting pattern. We therefore measured the effect of adaptation on briefly presented test stimuli for a wider range of adapting temporal frequencies. The results indicate that adaptation may yield threshold elevation for briefly presented stimuli and that threshold elevation is greater for high than low temporal frequency adapting patterns. These results are consistent with the hypothesis that briefly presented stimuli are detected by a transient channel.


Vision Res


Vision research


Hammett ST,Snowden RJ




Has Abstract


1995-06-01 00:00:00














  • Global processing of orientation in amblyopia.

    abstract::We set out to determine whether extra-striate ventral stream function was compromised in amblyopia and to compare any observed deficit with previous data on comparable dorsal stream function. We devised a multi-element orientation task where orientation coherence sensitivity could be measured in a comparable way to mo...

    journal_title:Vision research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Husk JS,Hess RF

    更新日期:2013-04-19 00:00:00

  • The temporal dynamics of brightness filling-in.

    abstract::The temporal dynamics of brightness filling-in were studied through neural network simulation experiments conducted under visual masking stimulus conditions. Grossberg et al. have specified a filling-in model called the Boundary Contour System/Feature Contour System (BCS/FCS). The BCS generates boundary segmentation, ...

    journal_title:Vision research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Arrington KF

    更新日期:1994-12-01 00:00:00

  • Preattentive equivalence of multicomponent Gabor textures in the central and peripheral visual field.

    abstract::Similarity ratings were obtained to determine the minimum number of Gabor components that would produce a comparison texture that appeared preattentively similar to a 64-component standard texture. All textures were chosen to be both specifiable by a relatively small number of localized spectral components and suffici...

    journal_title:Vision research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Geri GA,Lyon DR,Zeevi Y

    更新日期:1995-02-01 00:00:00

  • Photoperiod, early post-natal eye growth, and visual deprivation.

    abstract::(1) We studied the influence of photoperiod and unilateral lid suture on post-natal ocular growth in two types of White Leghorn chicks previously reported to respond differently to visual deprivation, Truslow and Cornell K chicks. We analyzed the chicks after 2 weeks of rearing, a time period commonly used in neuropha...

    journal_title:Vision research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Stone RA,Lin T,Desai D,Capehart C

    更新日期:1995-05-01 00:00:00

  • Receptive field dimensions of lateral geniculate cells in the common marmoset (Callithrix jacchus).

    abstract::We measured the spatial receptive field dimensions of cells in the lateral geniculate nucleus (LGN) of the common marmoset (Callithrix jacchus) using a bipartite field stimulus in which the two halves of the field were modulated identically but in counterphase. Horizontal and vertical edges between the two fields were...

    journal_title:Vision research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kremers J,Weiss S

    更新日期:1997-08-01 00:00:00

  • Contrast masking in strabismic amblyopia: attenuation, noise, interocular suppression and binocular summation.

    abstract::To investigate amblyopic contrast vision at threshold and above we performed pedestal-masking (contrast discrimination) experiments with a group of eight strabismic amblyopes using horizontal sinusoidal gratings (mainly 3c/deg) in monocular, binocular and dichoptic configurations balanced across eye (i.e. five conditi...

    journal_title:Vision research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Baker DH,Meese TS,Hess RF

    更新日期:2008-07-01 00:00:00

  • Topographic organization of the ganglion cell layer and intraocular vascularization in the retinae of two reef teleosts.

    abstract::The retinae of two species of teleosts, the rippled blenny Istiblennius edentulus and the blue tusk fish Choerodon albigena are examined in wholemount. The retinal topography of Nissl-stained cells within the ganglion cell layer in each species reveals a temporal (4.32 x 10(4) cells per mm2) and a nasal (3.83 x 10(4) ...

    journal_title:Vision research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Collin SP

    更新日期:1989-01-01 00:00:00

  • The effects of spectacle wear in infancy on eye growth and refractive error in the marmoset (Callithrix jacchus).

    abstract::We made a comprehensive study, involving observations on 45 marmosets, of the effects on ocular growth and refraction of wearing spectacles from the ages of 4-8 weeks. This period was within the period early in life when the eye grows rapidly and refraction changes from hyperopia to its adult value of modest myopia. I...

    journal_title:Vision research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Graham B,Judge SJ

    更新日期:1999-01-01 00:00:00

  • The influence of orientation jitter and motion on contour saliency and object identification.

    abstract::One of the ultimate goals of vision research is to understand how some elements are grouped together and differentiated from others to form object representations in a complex visual scene. There exists an extensive literature on this grouping/segmentation problem, but most of the studies have used un-recognizable sti...

    journal_title:Vision research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Nygård GE,Looy TV,Wagemans J

    更新日期:2009-10-01 00:00:00

  • Absorptance and spectral sensitivity measurements of rod photoreceptors of the tiger salamander, Ambystoma tigrinum.

    abstract::The spectral sensitivity of the extracellularly-recorded photoresponse of isolated rods of the tiger salamander, Ambystoma tigrinum, was compared to the absorptance spectrum. Both measurements were made with the same optical system on the same portion of each cell to avoid errors that could occur when the two kinds of...

    journal_title:Vision research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Cornwall MC,MacNichol EF Jr,Fein A

    更新日期:1984-01-01 00:00:00

  • An improved mathematical description of the foveal visual point spread function with parameters for age, pupil size and pigmentation.

    abstract::An analytical description of the point spread function (PSF) for human foveal vision, together with its closed form two-dimensional Fourier transform, the modulation transfer function (MTF), is proposed. It also possesses an analytical line spread function (LSF) counterpart. It fits to both PSF and MTF experimental da...

    journal_title:Vision research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: IJspeert JK,van den Berg TJ,Spekreijse H

    更新日期:1993-01-01 00:00:00

  • Eye movements and reading in macular disease: further support for the shrinking perceptual span hypothesis.

    abstract::Reduced perceptual span is one factor which limits reading speed in patients with macular disease. This study measured the perceptual span and the number of saccades to locate a target in 18 patients with macular disease and seven control subjects on two occasions separated by up to 12 months. Perceptual span changed ...

    journal_title:Vision research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Crossland MD,Rubin GS

    更新日期:2006-02-01 00:00:00

  • Molecular biology of the visual pigments.

    abstract::With the identification and structural characterization of several visual pigments has come a new era of investigation. The above comparisons of amino acids sequences predict specific functional domains that may be tested to tell us how visual pigments function to absorb light and transform this "signal" to trigger a ...

    journal_title:Vision research

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Applebury ML,Hargrave PA

    更新日期:1986-01-01 00:00:00

  • Combining local and global contributions to perceived colour: an analysis of the variability in symmetric and asymmetric colour matching.

    abstract::Are surfaces' colours judged from weighted averages of the light that they reflect to the eyes and the colour contrast at their borders? To find out we asked subjects to set the colour and luminance of test disks to match reference disks, on various backgrounds, and analysed the variability in their settings. Most of ...

    journal_title:Vision research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Brenner E,Granzier JJ,Smeets JB

    更新日期:2007-01-01 00:00:00

  • Estimates of edge detection filters in human vision.

    abstract::Edge detection is widely believed to be an important early stage in human visual processing. However, there have been relatively few attempts to map human edge detection filters. In this study, observers had to locate a randomly placed step edge in brown noise (the integral of white noise) with a 1/f2 power spectrum. ...

    journal_title:Vision research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: McIlhagga W

    更新日期:2018-12-01 00:00:00

  • Word ambiguity and the optimal viewing position in reading.

    abstract::The optimal viewing position phenomenon discovered by (O'Regan, J. K., Lévy-Schoen, A., Pynte, J., Brugaillère, B. (1984). Convenient fixation location within isolated words of different length and structure. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and performance. 10 (2), 250-257) is characterized by a m...

    journal_title:Vision research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Clark JJ,O'Regan JK

    更新日期:1999-02-01 00:00:00

  • Diabetic retinopathy and dysregulated innate immunity.

    abstract::Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is the progressive degeneration of retinal blood vessels and neurons. Inflammation is known to play an important role in the pathogenesis of DR. During diabetes, metabolic disorder leads to the release of damage-associated molecular patterns (DAMPs) both in the retina and elsewhere in the bod...

    journal_title:Vision research

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Xu H,Chen M

    更新日期:2017-10-01 00:00:00

  • Light deprivation slows but does not prevent the loss of photoreceptors in taurine transporter knockout mice.

    abstract:UNLABELLED:Taurine transporter knockout mice show severe retinal degeneration at an early age. The study was designed to determine whether degeneration also takes place in the absence of light. Mice were maintained up to 6 weeks of age in cyclic lighting or in total darkness. Degeneration took place in both groups, but...

    journal_title:Vision research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Rascher K,Servos G,Berthold G,Hartwig HG,Warskulat U,Heller-Stilb B,Häussinger D

    更新日期:2004-01-01 00:00:00

  • Time course of deterioration of rod and cone function in RCS rat and the effects of subretinal cell grafting: a light- and dark-adaptation study.

    abstract::To examine how rod and cone function are differentially affected during retinal degeneration, and after subretinal cell grafting, we obtained light- and dark-adaptation curves by recording threshold multiunit responses from the superior colliculus of anesthetized rats. Unoperated RCS dystrophic and non-dystrophic rats...

    journal_title:Vision research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Girman SV,Wang S,Lund RD

    更新日期:2005-02-01 00:00:00

  • A size illusion of the letter 'P'.

    abstract::The perceived size of 'P' and 'p' is influenced by their vertical position relative to nearby letters. In the experiments reported here, we show that uppercase 'P' appears smallest when it is displaced downward toward the letter's lowercase position, whereas lowercase 'p' appears largest when it is near the uppercase ...

    journal_title:Vision research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Katz M,Pola J

    更新日期:2000-01-01 00:00:00

  • High and low luminance letters, acuity reserve, and font effects on reading speed.

    abstract::We compared reading speed with two fonts, Dutch (serif) and Swiss (sans serif). Text was displayed on a computer monitor, white letters on black, with the RSVP method. Luminance of the letters was either 146.0 or 0.146 cd m-2. Lower-case x-height of the fonts was approximately 5.5 times as large as letter acuity. At t...

    journal_title:Vision research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Yager D,Aquilante K,Plass R

    更新日期:1998-09-01 00:00:00

  • 1st- and 2nd-order motion and texture resolution in central and peripheral vision.

    abstract::STIMULI. The 1st-order stimuli are moving sine gratings. The 2nd-order stimuli are fields of static visual texture, whose contrasts are modulated by moving sine gratings. Neither the spatial slant (orientation) nor the direction of motion of these 2nd-order (microbalanced) stimuli can be detected by a Fourier analysis...

    journal_title:Vision research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Solomon JA,Sperling G

    更新日期:1995-01-01 00:00:00

  • A motion-in-depth model based on inter-ocular velocity to estimate direction in depth.

    abstract::Perception of motion in depth is one of the most important visual functions for living in the three-dimensional world. Two binocular cues have been investigated for motion in depth: inter-ocular velocity difference (IOVD) and changing disparity (CD). IOVD provides direction information directly by comparing velocity s...

    journal_title:Vision research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wu W,Hatori Y,Tseng CH,Matsumiya K,Kuriki I,Shioiri S

    更新日期:2020-07-01 00:00:00

  • Short-wavelength acuity: blue-yellow and achromatic resolution loss with age.

    abstract::Previous studies have indicated that peripheral resolution for achromatic gratings is sampling limited and directly related to the density of the underlying midget ganglion cell population. Previous studies by the authors have shown that peripheral resolution for blue-cone isolating gratings is also sampling limited, ...

    journal_title:Vision research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Zlatkova MB,Coulter E,Anderson RS

    更新日期:2003-01-01 00:00:00

  • Rod light and dark adaptation influence cone-mediated spatial acuity.

    abstract::The influence of rod light and dark adaptation upon cone mediated spatial acuity was studied in the near parafoveal retina of normal human observers. The luminance just necessary to detect squarewave test gratings of variable frequency provided an index of spatial acuity. Such thresholds were determined in the presenc...

    journal_title:Vision research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Naarendorp F,Denny N,Frumkes TE

    更新日期:1988-01-01 00:00:00

  • Increasing the temporal g(r)ain: double-pulse resolution is affected by the size of the attention focus.

    abstract::Spatial cueing of transient attention has recently been shown to reduce temporal sensitivity. We investigated how the size of the sustained attentional focus influences double-pulse resolution (DPR) thresholds mapped across the visual field in a sample of 95 healthy subjects using a 9-fold interleaved adaptive algorit...

    journal_title:Vision research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Poggel DA,Treutwein B,Calmanti C,Strasburger H

    更新日期:2006-09-01 00:00:00

  • Influence of achromatic surrounds on categorical perception of surface colors.

    abstract::Color samples selected from the OSA Uniform Color Scales set were seen isolated in a dark field, illuminated by hidden projectors. These appeared as self-luminous aperture colors when thus isolated. We employed a categorical color-naming procedure to assess color appearance. Achromatic surrounds of 33 min width, if ad...

    journal_title:Vision research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Uchikawa H,Uchikawa K,Boynton RM

    更新日期:1989-01-01 00:00:00

  • Faces in early visual environments are persistent not just frequent.

    abstract::The regularities in very young infants' visual worlds likely have out-sized effects on the development of the visual system because they comprise the first-in experience that tunes, maintains, and specifies the neural substrate from low-level to higher-level representations and therefore constitute the starting point ...

    journal_title:Vision research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Jayaraman S,Smith LB

    更新日期:2019-04-01 00:00:00

  • Altered white matter in early visual pathways of humans with amblyopia.

    abstract::Amblyopia is a visual disorder caused by poorly coordinated binocular input during development. Little is known about the impact of amblyopia on the white matter within the visual system. We studied the properties of six major visual white-matter pathways in a group of adults with amblyopia (n=10) and matched controls...

    journal_title:Vision research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Allen B,Spiegel DP,Thompson B,Pestilli F,Rokers B

    更新日期:2015-09-01 00:00:00

  • Revisiting motion repulsion: evidence for a general phenomenon?

    abstract::Previous studies have found large misperceptions when subjects are reporting the perceived angle between two directions of motion moving transparently at an acute angle, the so called motion repulsion. While these errors have been assumed to be caused by interactions between the two directions present, we reassessed t...

    journal_title:Vision research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Rauber HJ,Treue S

    更新日期:1999-09-01 00:00:00