The relationship between jumping to conclusions and neuropsychological functioning in schizophrenia.

Abstract:

:Jumping to conclusions (JTC) is defined as a tendency to make decisions based on insufficient information. JTC has been reported in patients with psychosis, but the mechanisms of this cognitive bias remain unknown. The main aim of our study was to investigate the relationship between JTC and neuropsychological functioning in schizophrenia. A total of 85 schizophrenia patients were assessed with neuropsychological tests, including executive functions, verbal memory, working memory, processing speed and attention. JTC was assessed with the Fish Task (probability 80:20 and 60:40) and a self-report scale (The Davos Assessment of Cognitive Biases Scale, DACOBS). Symptom severity was assessed with the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS). The relationship between JTC and neuropsychological functioning was investigated with correlation and regression analyses. The regression analyses model, when controlling for duration of illness, age and symptoms, showed that verbal memory and working memory were specifically related to JTC measured by Fish Task 60:40. JTC measured using Fish Task 60:40 was correlated only with severity of symptoms of disorganization (PANSS). The results from the present study suggest that the relationship between decision making during the reasoning task and neuropsychological functioning is modulated by task demands.

journal_name

Psychiatry Res

journal_title

Psychiatry research

authors

Krężołek M,Pionke R,Banaszak B,Kokoszka A,Gawęda Ł

doi

10.1016/j.psychres.2019.01.035

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2019-03-01 00:00:00

pages

443-449

eissn

0165-1781

issn

1872-7123

pii

S0165-1781(18)31517-8

journal_volume

273

pub_type

杂志文章
  • High frequency rTMS; a more effective treatment for auditory verbal hallucinations?

    abstract::The great majority of studies on repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) as a therapeutic tool for auditory verbal hallucinations (AVH) have used 1-Hz stimulation with inconsistent results. Recently, it has been suggested that 20-Hz rTMS has strong therapeutic effects. It is conceivable that this 20-Hz sti...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验

    doi:10.1016/j.pscychresns.2014.10.007

    authors: de Weijer AD,Sommer IE,Lotte Meijering A,Bloemendaal M,Neggers SF,Daalman K,Boezeman EH

    更新日期:2014-12-30 00:00:00

  • Distress reduction during the structured clinical interview for DSM-III-R.

    abstract::In an attempt to assess the influence of standardized diagnostic interviews on psychological distress in research volunteers, the Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) was used to measure anxiety and depression during the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-III-R, Non-patient version (SCID). Subjects were 50 adults with conce...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/0165-1781(95)02802-1

    authors: Scarvalone PA,Cloitre M,Spielman LA,Jacobsberg L,Fishman B,Perry SW

    更新日期:1996-01-31 00:00:00

  • Monoamine oxidase type A in fibroblasts from patients with bipolar depressive illness.

    abstract::No differences in levels of type A monoamine oxidase (MAO) were observed in cultured human skin fibroblasts from nine patients with bipolar depressive illness as compared to 18 age-, sex-, and race-matched controls. All cells were biopsied and cultured under parallel conditions. Fibroblasts from monozygotic twins (thr...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/0165-1781(80)90022-0

    authors: Breakefield XO,Giller EL Jr,Nurnberger JI Jr,Castiglione CM,Buchsbaum MS,Gershon ES

    更新日期:1980-07-01 00:00:00

  • Symptom patterns in unipolar and bipolar depression correlating with monoamine metabolites in the cerebrospinal fluid: I. General patterns.

    abstract::The symptom scores on the Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia (SADS) of 21 unipolar and 12 bipolar depressive patients diagnosed with Research Diagnostic Criteria (RDC) were correlated with the monoamine metabolites homovanillic acid (HVA), 3-methoxy-4-hydroxyphenylglycol (MHPG), and 5-hydroxyindoleacet...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/0165-1781(80)90038-4

    authors: Agren H

    更新日期:1980-10-01 00:00:00

  • Increased intra-subject reaction time variability in the volitional control of movement in schizophrenia.

    abstract::Increased Reaction Time (RT) studies intra-subject variability is an emerging and consistent finding in RT studies of schizophrenia. A group of 23 patients suffering from DSM-IV schizophrenia and a group of 23 age-matched control subjects performed two RT tasks requiring basic sensorimotor processing and engaging two ...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/j.psychres.2013.10.031

    authors: Karantinos T,Tsoukas E,Mantas A,Kattoulas E,Stefanis NC,Evdokimidis I,Smyrnis N

    更新日期:2014-01-30 00:00:00

  • Stress-induced cortisol elevations are associated with impaired delayed, but not immediate recall.

    abstract::Glucocorticoids are known to modulate memory functions, with elevated cortisol levels being associated with impaired declarative memory. This specific effect has been shown in several studies using pharmacological doses of cortisol. The present study was designed to assess the effects of stress-induced cortisol elevat...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/j.psychres.2004.11.007

    authors: Elzinga BM,Bakker A,Bremner JD

    更新日期:2005-04-30 00:00:00

  • Plasma dopamine beta-hydroxylase activity in psychotic and non-psychotic post-traumatic stress disorder.

    abstract::Recognition and treatment of comorbid chronic psychotic symptoms in post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) has become of increasing clinical interest. Altered dopamine beta-hydroxylase (DBH) activity has been reported in mood disorders. Plasma DBH is reduced in major depression with psychosis and elevated in bipolar di...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/s0165-1781(98)00002-x

    authors: Hamner MB,Gold PB

    更新日期:1998-02-27 00:00:00

  • Personality traits in the differentiation of major depressive disorder and bipolar disorder during a depressive episode.

    abstract::The aim of this study was to determine the differences in personality traits between individuals with Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) and Bipolar Disorder (BD) during a depressive episode, when it can be hard to differentiate them. Data on personality traits (NEO-FFI), mental disorders (Mini International Neuropsychia...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/j.psychres.2015.12.029

    authors: Araujo JMG,Passos MBD,Molina ML,da Silva RA,Souza LDM

    更新日期:2016-02-28 00:00:00

  • Affective touch awareness in mental health and disease relates to autistic traits - An explorative neurophysiological investigation.

    abstract::Affective touch is important for social interaction within families and groups and there is evidence that unmyelinated C tactile fibers are involved in this process. Individuals with autism spectrum disorders show alterations in the perception and processing of affective touch. sThus, we hypothesized that affective to...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/j.psychres.2016.09.011

    authors: Croy I,Geide H,Paulus M,Weidner K,Olausson H

    更新日期:2016-11-30 00:00:00

  • Impaired performance on the Rapid Visual Information Processing task (RVIP) could be an endophenotype of schizophrenia.

    abstract::The aim of the present study was to investigate whether healthy first-degree relatives of schizophrenia patients show reduced sensitivity performance, higher intra-individual variability (IIV) in reaction time (RT), and a steeper decline in sensitivity over time in a sustained attention task. Healthy first-degree rela...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/j.psychres.2009.12.012

    authors: Hilti CC,Hilti LM,Heinemann D,Robbins T,Seifritz E,Cattapan-Ludewig K

    更新日期:2010-05-15 00:00:00

  • Cavum septum pellucidum in pediatric traumatic brain injury.

    abstract::The cavum septum pellucidum (CSP) is a fluid-filled cavity in the thin midline structure of the septum pellucidum. The CSP has been linked to several neurodevelopmental disorders, but it also occurs as a result of head injury. The aims were to assess the presence and characterization of the CSP in youth with traumatic...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/j.pscychresns.2013.03.001

    authors: Silk T,Beare R,Crossley L,Rogers K,Emsell L,Catroppa C,Beauchamp M,Anderson V

    更新日期:2013-09-30 00:00:00

  • Normalization of auditory sensory gating in schizophrenic patients after a brief period for sleep.

    abstract::Diminished suppression of the P50 component of the evoked potential following repeated auditory stimuli is one example of a deficit in elementary sensory processing in schizophrenia. Normal subjects suppress the P50 evoked potential to the second of two paired auditory stimuli. Although normal P50 suppression is occas...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/0165-1781(93)90028-f

    authors: Griffith JM,Waldo M,Adler LE,Freedman R

    更新日期:1993-10-01 00:00:00

  • Responsibility beliefs and persecutory delusions.

    abstract::Recent research implicates cognitive processes traditionally linked to anxiety disorders in the maintenance of paranoia. Responsibility beliefs have traditionally been associated with OCD, and recent research suggests they may be transdiagnostic. The present study reports the first data on responsibility beliefs in in...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/j.psychres.2017.10.044

    authors: Pugh K,Luzon O,Ellett L

    更新日期:2018-01-01 00:00:00

  • Cortical reorganization and somatic delusional psychosis: a magnetoencephalographic study.

    abstract::A woman complained of feeling a "metal-like thing" in her oral cavity 4 years after a stroke. She was convinced of the physical nature of her complaint despite intact dental and neurological findings. Somatosensory evoked magnetic fields suggested that her decreased right SII function was compensated for by the right ...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/j.pscychresns.2005.10.003

    authors: Kato Y,Muramatsu T,Kato M,Shibukawa Y,Shintani M,Yoshino F

    更新日期:2006-01-30 00:00:00

  • Psychosocial predictors of psychological, neurochemical and immunological symptoms of acute stress among breast cancer patients.

    abstract::The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of locus of control, social support and their interaction on acute stress indicators as a consequence of the communication of the results of a breast biopsy. Immunological and psychological indicators were evaluated in 50 patients with breast tenderness. We found l...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/s0165-1781(98)00136-x

    authors: Gerits P,De Brabander B

    更新日期:1999-01-18 00:00:00

  • Moral disengagement and callous unemotional traits configurations in adolescents with disruptive behavior disorder: A person-oriented approach.

    abstract::The interplay between Callous Unemotional Traits (CU) and Moral Disengagement (MD) was examined in a sample of 90 adolescents with Disruptive Behavior Disorders. Using a person-centered approach, three CU and MD configurations were identified, attesting the strong relationship between these two moral dimensions. Howev...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/j.psychres.2017.08.043

    authors: Paciello M,Masi G,Clemente MG,Milone A,Muratori P

    更新日期:2017-12-01 00:00:00

  • Seasonality and pituitary volume.

    abstract::Pituitary volume in humans has been reported to change size in response to experimental manipulations of photoperiod, and to be increased during an episode of non-seasonal major depression. We wanted to determine whether pituitary volume changes either across the seasons or during an episode of winter depression. Nine...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/s0925-4927(97)00015-2

    authors: Schwartz PJ,Loe JA,Bash CN,Bove K,Turner EH,Frank JA,Wehr TA,Rosenthal NE

    更新日期:1997-07-04 00:00:00

  • Childhood physical abuse, aggression, and suicide attempts among criminal offenders.

    abstract::Childhood physical abuse (CPA) has numerous short and long-term negative effects. One of the most serious consequences of CPA is an increased risk for suicide attempts. Clarifying the mechanisms by which CPA increases risk for suicidal behavior may enhance preventive interventions. One potential mechanism is a tendenc...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/j.psychres.2010.07.036

    authors: Swogger MT,You S,Cashman-Brown S,Conner KR

    更新日期:2011-02-28 00:00:00

  • Motivation to serve in the military influences vulnerability to future posttraumatic stress disorder.

    abstract::High motivation and belief in a cause have been reported to be protective against posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), while below-average intellectual functioning and poor educational achievements have been reported to increase vulnerability to PTSD. The main goal of this study was to assess the effect of education,...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/s0165-1781(01)00365-1

    authors: Kaplan Z,Weiser M,Reichenberg A,Rabinowitz J,Caspi A,Bodner E,Zohar J

    更新日期:2002-01-31 00:00:00

  • Child loss and psychosis onset: evidence for traumatic experience as an etiological factor in psychosis.

    abstract::Previous research suggests that trauma may contribute to psychosis onset. In this study, we examine the effect of parental loss of a child on the onset of psychotic experience using data from the National Comorbidity Survey Replication, hypothesizing that child loss will precede the onset of psychosis and will be asso...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/j.psychres.2012.08.008

    authors: Devylder JE,Wang JS,Oh HY,Lukens EP

    更新日期:2013-01-30 00:00:00

  • Prediction of community mental health service utilization by individual and ecological level socio-economic factors.

    abstract::Individuals with a more deprived socioeconomic status (SES) are more likely to have higher rates of psychiatric morbidity and use of psychiatric services. Such service use is also influenced by socioeconomic factors at the ecological level. The aim of this article is to investigate the influence of these variables on ...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/j.psychres.2013.02.031

    authors: Donisi V,Tedeschi F,Percudani M,Fiorillo A,Confalonieri L,De Rosa C,Salazzari D,Tansella M,Thornicroft G,Amaddeo F

    更新日期:2013-10-30 00:00:00

  • Using implicit association tests for the assessment of implicit personality self-concepts of extraversion and neuroticism in schizophrenia.

    abstract::There is evidence from research based on self-report personality measures that schizophrenia patients tend to be lower in extraversion and higher in neuroticism than healthy individuals. Self-report personality measures assess aspects of the explicit self-concept. The Implicit Association Test (IAT) has been developed...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/j.psychres.2014.04.023

    authors: Suslow T,Lindner C,Kugel H,Egloff B,Schmukle SC

    更新日期:2014-08-30 00:00:00

  • Power spectrum of the QRS complex in patients with panic disorder and normal controls.

    abstract::We performed spectral analysis on the QRS complex of the electrocardiogram obtained using standard limb leads, sampled at 500 Hz with 12 bit precision in 20 normal subjects and 15 patients with panic disorder. We divided the frequency range of the QRS into two bands based on spectral patterns before and after the post...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/s0165-1781(96)02998-8

    authors: Yeragani VK,Berger R,Songer DA,Yeragani S

    更新日期:1997-02-07 00:00:00

  • The Psychopharmacology Algorithm Project at the Harvard South Shore Program: An update on management of behavioral and psychological symptoms in dementia.

    abstract::Geriatric patients with dementia frequently present with agitation, aggression, psychosis, and other behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD). We present an update of our previously published algorithms for the use of psychopharmacologic agents in these patients taking into account more recent studies ...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审

    doi:10.1016/j.psychres.2020.113641

    authors: Chen A,Copeli F,Metzger E,Cloutier A,Osser DN

    更新日期:2021-01-01 00:00:00

  • Childhood trauma predicts multiple, high lethality suicide attempts in patients with schizophrenia.

    abstract::Childhood trauma has been shown to increase the risk of suicide attempts in individuals with schizophrenia. However, previous literature has been limited by considerable heterogeneity within the category of suicide attempters. Here we tested the predictive effect of childhood maltreatment on lifetime suicide attempt i...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/j.psychres.2019.112567

    authors: Alli S,Tasmim S,Adanty C,Graff A,Strauss J,Zai C,Gerretsen P,Borlido C,De Luca V

    更新日期:2019-11-01 00:00:00

  • Hippocampal FXR plays a role in the pathogenesis of depression: A preliminary study based on lentiviral gene modulation.

    abstract::As a well-known bile acid receptor, the role of Farnesoid X receptor (FXR) in the digestive system and cardiovascular system has been widely explored. However, there are very few studies involving FXR in the central nervous system. In this study, we explored the role of FXR in the pathogenesis of depression, a serious...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/j.psychres.2018.04.025

    authors: Chen WG,Zheng JX,Xu X,Hu YM,Ma YM

    更新日期:2018-06-01 00:00:00

  • Searching for a structural endophenotype in psychosis using computational morphometry.

    abstract::Structural cerebral abnormalities are frequently observed in schizophrenia. These abnormalities may indicate vulnerability for the disorder, as evidenced by reports of familial clustering of measures identified through region-of-interest analyses using manual outlining procedures. We used computational morphometry to ...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/s0925-4927(02)00125-7

    authors: Marcelis M,Suckling J,Woodruff P,Hofman P,Bullmore E,van Os J

    更新日期:2003-04-01 00:00:00

  • Psychological consequences and quality of life among medical rescuers who responded to the 2010 Yushu earthquake: A neglected problem.

    abstract::A comprehensive study was conducted 8 months after the 2010 Yushu earthquake to assess the prevalence of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among medical rescuers and the rescuers' quality of life. Additionally, the study examines differences between local and supporting forces, as well as the relationship between P...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/j.psychres.2015.09.047

    authors: Kang P,Lv Y,Hao L,Tang B,Liu Z,Liu X,Liu Y,Zhang L

    更新日期:2015-12-15 00:00:00

  • Links between sensory processing, adaptive behaviours, and attention in children with autism spectrum disorder: A systematic review.

    abstract::Atypical sensory processing has been described in autism spectrum disorder. The goal of this systematic review is to investigate the links between sensory processing, adaptive behaviours, and attention skills in children with autism spectrum disorder. The PRISMA guidelines were followed and a search was conducted usin...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/j.psychres.2018.09.023

    authors: Dellapiazza F,Vernhet C,Blanc N,Miot S,Schmidt R,Baghdadli A

    更新日期:2018-12-01 00:00:00

  • Differences in the symptom profile of methamphetamine-related psychosis and primary psychotic disorders.

    abstract::We examined the lifetime experience of hallucinations and delusions associated with transient methamphetamine-related psychosis (MAP), persistent MAP and primary psychosis among a cohort of dependent methamphetamine users. Participants were classified as having (a) no current psychotic symptoms, (n=110); (b) psychotic...

    journal_title:Psychiatry research

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/j.psychres.2017.02.028

    authors: McKetin R,Baker AL,Dawe S,Voce A,Lubman DI

    更新日期:2017-05-01 00:00:00