Whole-exome sequence analysis of ataxia telangiectasia-like phenotype.

Abstract:

:A number of diseases exhibit neurodegeneration with/without additional symptoms such as immunodeficiency, increased cancer risk, and microcephalus. Ataxia telangiectasia and Nijmegen breakage syndrome, for example, develop as a result of mutations in genes involved in the DNA damage response. However, such diseases can be difficult to diagnose as they are only rarely encountered by physicians. To overcome this challenge, nine patients with symptoms that resemble those of ataxia telangiectasia, including neurodegeneration, hypogammaglobulinemia, telangiectasia, and/or elevated serum α-fetoprotein, were subjected to whole-exome sequencing (WES) to identify the causative mutations. Molecular diagnosis was achieved in two patients: one displayed CD40 ligand (CD40LG) deficiency, while a second showed a homozygous SIL1 mutation, which has been linked to Marinesco-Sjögren syndrome (MSS). Typical features of CD40LG deficiency and MSS are distinct from the symptoms usually seen in ataxia telangiectasia. These dissociations between phenotype and genotype make it difficult to achieve molecular diagnosis of orphan diseases. Whole-exome sequencing analyses will assist in the molecular diagnosis of such cases and allow the identification of genotypes that would not be expected from the phenotype.

journal_name

J Neurol Sci

authors

Hasegawa S,Imai K,Yoshida K,Okuno Y,Muramatsu H,Shiraishi Y,Chiba K,Tanaka H,Miyano S,Kojima S,Ogawa S,Morio T,Mizutani S,Takagi M

doi

10.1016/j.jns.2014.02.033

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2014-05-15 00:00:00

pages

86-90

issue

1-2

eissn

0022-510X

issn

1878-5883

pii

S0022-510X(14)00138-5

journal_volume

340

pub_type

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