Snack and beverage consumption and preferences in a sample of Chinese children - Are they influenced by advertising?

Abstract:

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES:The consumption of unhealthy snack and beverages can lead to childhood obesity, which has become a major concern globally. Television food advertisements may influence children's snack and beverages preferences. This article aims to explore children's snack and beverage consumption habits; examine the extent of television advertising for non-core (energy-dense, nutrient poor) snack and beverages; and assess the influence of television advertising on children's snack and beverages preferences in Harbin, China. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN:The study consisted of two components, a recall survey on the snack and beverage consumption and preferences of 9-11 years old school children; and recording snack and beverage advertisements on three popular television channels. Odds Ratio (OR) was used to estimate the likelihood of children selecting particular snack and beverages as their top three choices according to whether their preferences were influenced by television advertisements. RESULTS:The majority of children consumed non-core snacks (100%) and beverages (80%) in the four weeks prior to the survey. Nearly 40% of television food advertisements were for non-core snacks and beverages. Non-core snacks (OR of 1.13) and non-core beverages (OR of 1.23) were more likely chosen as children's top three snack/beverage choices, particularly, "puffed food and tubers" snack and carbonated beverages (OR of 1.31 and 1.45, respectively). CONCLUSIONS:The snack and beverage preferences appeared to be influenced by television advertisements in this sample of Chinese children, highlighting the potential health and nutritional value of policy to reduce advertising of non-core foods in China.

journal_name

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr

authors

Liu P,Yu Y,King L,Li M

doi

10.6133/apjcn.012017.04

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2017-01-01 00:00:00

pages

1125-1132

issue

6

eissn

0964-7058

issn

1440-6047

journal_volume

26

pub_type

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