Weight status and food habits of preschool children in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates: NOPLAS project.

Abstract:

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES:Eating habits established during childhood affect health in later life. The United Arab Emirates (UAE) has a high prevalence of obesity in adolescents and adults; however, data on the health of preschool children are scarce. This study assessed the weight status and dietary habits of Emirati and non-Emirati children attending nurseries in Abu Dhabi, UAE. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN:Weight and height were measured in children aged 18 months-4 years. Z scores for height-for-age (HAZ), weight-for-age (WAZ), and BMI-for-age (BAZ) were calculated based on WHO protocols. Parents completed a questionnaire regarding demographics and food frequency. RESULTS:A total of 203 children participated. Abnormal anthropometric status (z scores of <-2 or >2) for WAZ was indicated in 12.8% of Emirati children versus 1.4% of non-Emirati children (p=0.008) and for BAZ in 19.9% of Emirati children versus 8.4% of non-Emirati children (p<0.05). Emirati children exhibited higher prevalences of malnutrition (4.3% vs 1.4%), wasting (11.5% vs 2.8%), and overweight (8.5% vs 4.2%) than non-Emirati children and consumed discretionary calorie foods and typical components of Emirati cuisine (rice, fish, and pulses) significantly more often than non-Emirati children. CONCLUSIONS:Similar to findings in other countries undergoing economic transition, an indication of a double burden of disease was revealed in chil-dren attending nurseries in Abu Dhabi. Malnutrition and overnutrition were represented, especially among Emira-ti children, and were seemingly related to lifestyle rather than genetics. Therefore, policies focusing on child health interventions are required.

journal_name

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr

authors

Garemo M,Elamin A,Gardner A

doi

10.6133/apjcn.201811_27(6).0018

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2018-01-01 00:00:00

pages

1302-1314

issue

6

eissn

0964-7058

issn

1440-6047

journal_volume

27

pub_type

杂志文章
  • Protein energy malnutrition, thyroid hormones and goitre among Malaysian Aborigines and Malays.

    abstract::The relationship between malnutrition, goitre and thyroid hormones was studied among Aborigines and Malays in Ulu Langat, Malaysia. Fifty Aborigines aged >=7years were selected randomly for anthropometric, clinical and hormonal assessment. Fifty Malays of similar age from the nearby Malay village were chosen as contro...

    journal_title:Asia Pacific journal of clinical nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:

    authors: Osman A,Khalid B,Tan TT,Wu LL,Ng ML

    更新日期:1992-03-01 00:00:00

  • Diet and cancer among Chinese in singapore.

    abstract::Cancer statistics provided by the Singapore Cancer Registry and a series of diet-related studies carried out in Singapore since 1985 were reviewed. Incidence rates for cancers in various Chinese populations are compared. In terms of Singaporean diet a possible protective effect of soyabean products against female brea...

    journal_title:Asia Pacific journal of clinical nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:

    authors: Lee HP

    更新日期:1994-09-01 00:00:00

  • Associations between anthropometric parameters (body mass index, waist circumference and waist to hip ratio) and newly diagnosed hyperuricemia in adults in Qingdao, China: A cross-sectional study.

    abstract:BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES:To evaluate the association between anthropometric parameter of obesity and newly diagnosed hyperuricemia (HUA) in a general Chinese population. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN:A population- based cross-sectional survey included 9 615 participants (3777 men and 5838 women) aged 35-74 years in 2006 a...

    journal_title:Asia Pacific journal of clinical nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.6133/apjcn.202012_29(4).0011

    authors: Wang YY,Li L,Cui J,Yin F,Yang F,Yuan DM,Xin HL,Zhang L,Gao WG,Sun JP

    更新日期:2020-01-01 00:00:00

  • Effects of sea buckthorn procyanidins on healing of acetic acid-induced lesions in the rat stomach.

    abstract::The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of sea buckthorn procyanidins (SBPC) on healing of acetic acid-induced lesions in the rat stomach and its possible mechanism. The sea buckthorn procyanidins (SBPC) were extracted with 60% alcohol/H2O from sea buckthorn bark and purified by macropore adsorption resin...

    journal_title:Asia Pacific journal of clinical nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:

    authors: Xu X,Xie B,Pan S,Liu L,Wang Y,Chen C

    更新日期:2007-01-01 00:00:00

  • Serum potassium and handgrip strength as predictors of sleep quality among hemodialysis patients in Malaysia.

    abstract:BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES:Poor sleep quality is prevalent among hemodialysis (HD) patients and leads to adverse health outcomes. This study investigated the association of nutritional parameters with sleep quality among Malaysian HD patients. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN:A cross-sectional study was conducted among 184 Mal...

    journal_title:Asia Pacific journal of clinical nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.6133/apjcn.201906_28(2).0023

    authors: Ling LL,Chan YM,Mat Daud Z'

    更新日期:2019-01-01 00:00:00

  • Vietnam recommended dietary allowances 2007.

    abstract::It has been well acknowledged that Vietnam is undergoing a nutrition transition. With a rapid change in the country's reform and economic growth, food supply at the macronutrient level has improved. Changes of the Vietnamese diet include significantly more foods of animal origin, and an increase of fat/oils, and ripe ...

    journal_title:Asia Pacific journal of clinical nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:

    authors: Khan NC,Hoan PV

    更新日期:2008-01-01 00:00:00

  • The interplay between nutrition and body composition.

    abstract::Stress and malnutrition are associated with altered body composition. Extracellular fluid increases, with wt gain, but in response to stress BCM may gradually shrink with wt loss. In catabolic illness there is extracellular fluid expansion and erosion of AT and BCM. In stress, net loss of body fat was associated with ...

    journal_title:Asia Pacific journal of clinical nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:

    authors: Fürst P,Leweling H

    更新日期:1995-03-01 00:00:00

  • Body mass index is associated with fat mass in normal, overweight/obese, and stunted preschool children in central Thailand.

    abstract:BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES:Body mass index (BMI) is widely used as a surrogate measure of adiposity. The relationship between BMI and body fatness varies by race, sex, and age and more variations have been found among children. This study investigated the relationship between BMI and fat mass among 3-5 year old children...

    journal_title:Asia Pacific journal of clinical nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.6133/apjcn.052016.02

    authors: Pongcharoen T,Judprasong K,Jitngarmkusol S,Kriengsinyos W,Winichagoon P

    更新日期:2017-01-01 00:00:00

  • Genetic variants of FADS gene cluster, plasma LC-PUFA levels and the association with cognitive function of under-two-year-old Sasaknese Indonesian children.

    abstract:BACKGROUND/AIMS:Long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC-PUFA) are regarded as essential for child cognition. Genetic variation in fatty acid (FA) desaturase enzyme (FADS) has been recognized as an important effect modifier in the relation between LC-PUFA and child cognitive function. This study aimed to identify the...

    journal_title:Asia Pacific journal of clinical nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验

    doi:10.6133/apjcn.2015.24.2.17

    authors: Fahmida U,Htet MK,Adhiyanto C,Kolopaking R,Yudisti MA,Maududi A,Suryandari DA,Dillon D,Afman L,Müller M

    更新日期:2015-01-01 00:00:00

  • Risk science and communication issues and challenges for food: an Australian perspective.

    abstract::From any perspective, whether it be Australia or other countries, the issue of risk and food is one that includes all sectors of the community. The expansion of information technology and globalisation is making society as a whole more knowledgeable and expectant of safer foods with minimal risk. There is risk in ever...

    journal_title:Asia Pacific journal of clinical nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1046/j.1440-6047.2000.00200.x

    authors: Sinclair MI,Savige GS,Dalais FS,Wahlqvist ML

    更新日期:2000-12-01 00:00:00

  • Obesity risk and preference for high dietary fat intake are determined by FTO rs9939609 gene polymorphism in selected Indonesian adults.

    abstract:BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES:Data suggest that genetic factors are associated with BMI. The fat mass and obesity- associated (FTO) gene modulates adipogenesis through alternative splicing and m6A demethylation. Individuals with FTO rs9939609 gene polymorphism have a preference for energy-dense foods. This study investigat...

    journal_title:Asia Pacific journal of clinical nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.6133/apjcn.201903_28(1).0024

    authors: Daya M,Pujianto DA,Witjaksono F,Priliani L,Susanto J,Lukito W,Malik SG

    更新日期:2019-01-01 00:00:00

  • Ethical management of food systems: plant based diet as a holistic approach.

    abstract::While improvement in agricultural technology had enabled the production of abundant food, it has thus far failed to eliminate hunger. Malnutrition is expected to reach an all time high. Evidences have suggested that animal based diet has put immense pressure on the already fragile food system, contributing to problems...

    journal_title:Asia Pacific journal of clinical nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审

    doi:

    authors: Chiu TH,Lin CL

    更新日期:2009-01-01 00:00:00

  • Home food availability is associated with multiple socio-economic indicators in 50 year olds from Canterbury, New Zealand.

    abstract::Financial restraints and poverty lead to poor diets and poor health outcomes. Limited research shows that socioeconomic status is related to home availability of certain foods. However, studies in this area have used different socio-economic indicators, which may not equally influence eating-related behaviors. Using m...

    journal_title:Asia Pacific journal of clinical nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.6133/apjcn.2014.23.4.04

    authors: Wilson R,Gearry RB,Grant E,Pearson J,Skidmore PM

    更新日期:2014-01-01 00:00:00

  • Antioxidative activity of hen egg ovalbumin hydrolysates.

    abstract::To evaluate the antioxidative activity of the hydrolysates of ovalbumin, the antioxidative activities of the enzymatic extracts were evaluated using three different methodologies scavenging assays such as superoxide anion, hydroxyl radical, and inhibitory oxidation of linoleic acid in vitro, and the activities of SOD,...

    journal_title:Asia Pacific journal of clinical nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:

    authors: Xu M,Shangguan X,Wang W,Chen J

    更新日期:2007-01-01 00:00:00

  • Persistence of iodine deficiency in Gangetic flood-prone area, West Bengal, India.

    abstract::In 2000, India revoked the ban on production and sale of non-iodised salt. We conducted a study in the north 24 Parganas district in the state of West Bengal to assess the prevalence of goitre, status of urinary iodine excretion (UIE) level and to estimate iodine content of salts at the household level. We surveyed 36...

    journal_title:Asia Pacific journal of clinical nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:

    authors: Sen TK,Biswas AB,Chakrabarty I,Das DK,Ramakrishnan R,Manickam P,Hutin Y

    更新日期:2006-01-01 00:00:00

  • Determination of formaldehyde in squid by high-performance liquid chromatography.

    abstract::Great attention has been paid to volatile toxic aldehydes like formaldehyde in aquatic products. In order to investigate content of formaldehyde in squid and squid products, a high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method was developed for determination of formaldehyde. Based on steam distillation and 2,4-dinit...

    journal_title:Asia Pacific journal of clinical nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:

    authors: Li J,Zhu J,Ye L

    更新日期:2007-01-01 00:00:00

  • Serum ferritin and risk of the metabolic syndrome: a population-based study.

    abstract::Ferritin concentrations in circulation reflect iron stores in healthy individuals. However, elevated serum ferritin (SF) concentrations have recently been implicated in the pathogenesis of the metabolic syndrome (MetS). We aim to investigate factors associated with elevated SF and to evaluate the association between S...

    journal_title:Asia Pacific journal of clinical nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.6133/apjcn.2013.22.3.07

    authors: Chang JS,Lin SM,Huang TC,Chao JC,Chen YC,Pan WH,Bai CH

    更新日期:2013-01-01 00:00:00

  • The omega-6/omega-3 fatty acid ratio, genetic variation, and cardiovascular disease.

    abstract::A high omega-6/omega-3 ratio, as is found in today's Western diets, promotes the pathogenesis of many chronic diseases, including cardiovascular disease. Increased dietary intake of linoleic acid (LA) leads to oxidation of low-density lipoprotein (LDL), platelet aggregation, and interferes with the incorporation of es...

    journal_title:Asia Pacific journal of clinical nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审

    doi:

    authors: Simopoulos AP

    更新日期:2008-01-01 00:00:00

  • Uses of anthropometry in the elderly in the field setting with notes on screening in developing countries.

    abstract::A field setting can be defined as any setting outside of a fixed, permanent, and sophisticated health facility or research laboratory. The most important applications of anthropometry at field level include biological anthropology, epidemiology, clinical application, and metabolic research. Data collecting in the fiel...

    journal_title:Asia Pacific journal of clinical nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:

    authors: Solomons NW,Mazariegos M,Mendoza I

    更新日期:1993-03-01 00:00:00

  • An original discovery: selenium deficiency and Keshan disease (an endemic heart disease).

    abstract::This is a review article telling a 50-years old story about the studies on selenium deficiency and Keshan disease in China, an endemic heart disease with high case-fatality, as an example of translational research. Extensive cross-sectional epidemiological studies showed that low selenium concentrations in cereal grai...

    journal_title:Asia Pacific journal of clinical nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审

    doi:

    authors: Chen J

    更新日期:2012-01-01 00:00:00

  • Dietary phosphorus intake and serum prostate-specific antigen in non-prostate cancer American adults: A secondary analysis of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), 2003-2010.

    abstract:BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES:Previous study has reported phosphorus intake is associated prostate cancer (PCa), but the association between phosphorus intake and serum prostate specific antigen (PSA) levels hasn't been reported in non-history of PCa population. Therefore, we performed a secondary data analysis based on ex...

    journal_title:Asia Pacific journal of clinical nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.6133/apjcn.202007_29(2).0015

    authors: Zhu G,Chen C,Hu B,Yuan D,Chen W,Wang W,Su J,Liu Z,Jiao K,Chen X,Chen W,Zhang W,Sun F,Zhu J

    更新日期:2020-01-01 00:00:00

  • Energy restriction combined with green coffee bean extract affects serum adipocytokines and the body composition in obese women.

    abstract:BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES:Obesity has become a public health problem and is a cause of some preventable illnesses. Among several methods for treating obesity, the use of food supplements is highly common. A commonly used food supplement is green coffee bean extract. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effic...

    journal_title:Asia Pacific journal of clinical nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验

    doi:10.6133/apjcn.022017.03

    authors: Haidari F,Samadi M,Mohammadshahi M,Jalali MT,Engali KA

    更新日期:2017-01-01 00:00:00

  • Prevention and control of food safety risks: the role of governments, food producers, marketers, and academia.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Food systems are rapidly changing as world population grows, increasing urbanization occurs, consumer tastes and preferences change and differ in various countries and cultures, large scale food production increases, and food imports and exports grow in volume and value. Consumers in all countries have becom...

    journal_title:Asia Pacific journal of clinical nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审

    doi:

    authors: Lupien JR

    更新日期:2007-01-01 00:00:00

  • Changes in glycosylated proteins in diabetic and non-diabetic patients with and without cardiovascular complications.

    abstract::The objective of this study was to find the changes in glycoprotein composition in both diabetic and non-diabetic patients with and without cardiovascular complications. The study was carried out in Ziauddin Medical University Karachi, Pakistan. Eighty-three patients and control subjects were selected. Among them twen...

    journal_title:Asia Pacific journal of clinical nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:

    authors: Gul A,Rahman MA

    更新日期:2003-01-01 00:00:00

  • Dietary habits, food consumption and nutrient intake among the Sugali, a tribal population of Andhra Pradesh, India.

    abstract::In this study an attempt has been made to know the food consumption and dietary intake of Sugalis, the largest tribal population of Andhra Pradesh, India. The sample consisted of 492 males and 474 females (drawn from 200 families) in the age group of 1-60 years. The 24-h recall diet survey revealed that the mean consu...

    journal_title:Asia Pacific journal of clinical nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1046/j.1440-6047.2000.00128.x

    authors: Reddy PP,Rao AP

    更新日期:2000-03-01 00:00:00

  • Comparisons between anthropometric indices for predicting the metabolic syndrome in Japanese.

    abstract:AIMS:Most definitions of the metabolic syndrome (MS) employ waist circumference as an indicator of central obesity. However, several reports, mainly from Asia, argue that other indices, for example the waist/height ratio, are superior to waist circumference for identifying subjects with cardiovascular risk factors. We ...

    journal_title:Asia Pacific journal of clinical nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:

    authors: Kato M,Takahashi Y,Inoue M,Tsugane S,Kadowaki T,Noda M,JPHC Study Group.

    更新日期:2008-01-01 00:00:00

  • Effect of carob bean on gastric emptying time in Thai infants.

    abstract::Thickening agents, such as carob bean gum or galactomannan, have been successfully administered for the treatment of gastroesophageal reflux in infants. To study the effect of carob bean gum on gastric emptying and to symptoms of regurgitation, we recruited 20 full term Thai infants (mean age=13.4+/-7 week; mean body ...

    journal_title:Asia Pacific journal of clinical nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:

    authors: Vivatvakin B,Buachum V

    更新日期:2003-01-01 00:00:00

  • Garlic intake lowers fasting blood glucose: meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.

    abstract::Garlic is a common spicy flavouring agent also used for certain therapeutic purposes. Garlic's effects on blood glucose have been the subject of many clinical and animal studies, however, studies reporting hypoglycemic effects of garlic in humans are conflicting. A comprehensive literature search was conducted to iden...

    journal_title:Asia Pacific journal of clinical nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章,meta分析,评审

    doi:10.6133/apjcn.2015.24.4.15

    authors: Hou LQ,Liu YH,Zhang YY

    更新日期:2015-01-01 00:00:00

  • Investigation of health and nutrition status of middle-aged and old residents in the urban district of Chongqing.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To investigate the health and nutrition status in middle-aged and old people in the urban district of Chongqing City, China in order to provide a rational diet construction for the population. METHOD:This investigation was performed in 2004 and 1801 public officials both at post and retired in the urban dist...

    journal_title:Asia Pacific journal of clinical nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:

    authors: Jiang BQ,Zhong PH,Cheng XB,Yang XL,Yang J,Cao YF

    更新日期:2007-01-01 00:00:00

  • The difference in food and nutrient intake between smokers and non-smokers in an elderly Chinese population in Beijing, China.

    abstract::This study examined variations in dietary intake, which were associated with differences in education, lifestyle and health behaviours of elderly men and women (n=305) in Beijing Twenty-four-hour dietary recalls were obtained through in-home interview. Nutrient analyses of the reported diets were carried out using the...

    journal_title:Asia Pacific journal of clinical nutrition

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:

    authors: Wang Y,Roe DA

    更新日期:1994-06-01 00:00:00