Visceral adiposity is associated with an increased risk of functional dyspepsia.

Abstract:

BACKGROUND:The relationship between visceral adiposity and the incidence of functional dyspepsia (FD) has not yet been studied. The purpose of the present study is to evaluate the association between visceral adiposity and the risk of FD. METHODS:This is a case-control study that compares the abdominal adipose tissue area between subjects with FD and control subjects without FD, who underwent abdomen computerized tomography (CT) for health examinations in a tertiary center. Retrospectively, a telephone survey was conducted to diagnose FD using the Rome III criteria. We measured various indices of obesity including body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), visceral adipose tissue (VAT) area, subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) area and the VAT/SAT ratio in order to evaluate the association between FD and abdominal adiposity. KEY RESULTS:A total of 363 subjects were included in the present study. FD was diagnosed in 90 subjects (24.8%). In the univariate analysis, WC, VAT area, TAT area, VAT/SAT ratio, and the presence of erosive esophagitis were significantly higher in the FD group than in the non-FD group. In the multivariate analysis, a higher VAT area (odds ratio (OR), 3.76; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.24-11.40; highest quartile vs lowest quartile, p = 0.019) and VAT/SAT ratio (OR, 2.35; 95% CI, 1.27-4.32; highest quartile vs lowest quartile, p = 0.006) were independently associated with a risk of FD. CONCLUSION AND INFERENCES:Visceral adiposity as measured by the VAT area and VAT/SAT ratio is associated with an increased risk of FD.

authors

Jung JG,Yang JN,Lee CG,Choi SH,Kwack WG,Lee JH,Kang HW

doi

10.1111/jgh.13146

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2016-03-01 00:00:00

pages

567-74

issue

3

eissn

0815-9319

issn

1440-1746

journal_volume

31

pub_type

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