Experimental Evolution as a High-Throughput Screen for Genetic Adaptations.

Abstract:

:Experimental evolution is a method in which populations of organisms, often microbes, are founded by one or more ancestors of known genotype and then propagated under controlled conditions to study the evolutionary process. These evolving populations are influenced by all population genetic forces, including selection, mutation, drift, and recombination, and the relative contributions of these forces may be seen as mysterious. Here, I describe why the outcomes of experimental evolution should be viewed with greater certainty because the force of selection typically dominates. Importantly, any mutant rising rapidly to high frequency in large populations must have acquired adaptive traits in the selective environment. Sequencing the genomes of these mutants can identify genes or pathways that contribute to an adaptation. I review the logic and simple mathematics why this evolve-and-resequence approach is a powerful way to find the mutations or mutation combinations that best increase fitness in any new environment.

journal_name

mSphere

journal_title

mSphere

authors

Cooper VS

doi

10.1128/mSphere.00121-18

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2018-05-09 00:00:00

issue

3

issn

2379-5042

pii

3/3/e00121-18

journal_volume

3

pub_type

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