Trace analysis of polystyrene microplastics in natural waters.


:The development of quantitative and qualitative analytical methods to assess micro-plastics (MPLs) and nano-plastics (NPLs) content in the environment is a central issue for realistic risk assessment studies. However, the quantitative analysis continues being a critical issue, in particular for MPLs from 100 μm down to the nano-sized range in complex environmental samples. This paper evaluates the potential of mass spectrometry for the analysis of MPLs and NPLs. The performance of different techniques including matrix-assisted laser desorption ionisation (MALDI) coupled to time-of-flight mass spectrometry (TOF-MS), liquid chromatography coupled to high-resolution mass spectrometry (LC-HRMS), and the ambient ionisation approaches as desorption electrospray ionisation (DESI) and direct analysis real-time (DART), were assessed for the study of polystyrene (PS) MPLs and NPLs in natural waters. A method based on LC-HRMS, equipped with an atmospheric pressure photoionisation source (APPI), operated in negative conditions for the quantitative analysis of PS MPLs and NPLs in natural waters, was developed. The chromatographic separation was achieved using an advanced polymer chromatographic (APC) column using toluene isocratic as the mobile phase. The optimal analytical method showed an instrumental limit of detection (ILOD) of 20 pg and methods limits of detection and quantification around 30 pg L-1 and 100 pg L-1, respectively. And, recoveries of 60 and 70% in samples from rivers and the marine coast, respectively. The performance of the new method was proved by the analysis of fortified samples and natural seawater samples.






Schirinzi GF,Llorca M,Seró R,Moyano E,Barceló D,Abad E,Farré M




Has Abstract


2019-12-01 00:00:00












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