[Rural medical practice at the beginning of the 20th century. Martínez Saldise (1855-1937), honorary member of Paediatric Society of Madrid in 1927].

Abstract:

INTRODUCTION:On the centenary of the foundation of the Paediatrics Society of Madrid, a tribute is presented to rural medical practice of that time, although there are few documents on the history of rural medicine. The main objective is to describe the context of the rural medical practice in the late 19th and beginning 20th century, while presenting a historical biographical review of Manuel Martínez Saldise, who was medical specialist from Cazalegas (Toledo). He was appointed an Honorary Member by the Paediatrics Society of Madrid in 1927. MATERIAL AND METHODS:A search was carried out in repositories of digitized media, web portals of history of medicine, PubMed, IME files of local councils and medical colleges. The family archives were reviewed with the collaboration of his descendants. RESULTS:The hiring of rural doctors was carried out by the municipalities, and the salary largely depended on private practice as well as "retainers". Specialist physicians took part in epidemics, legal medicine, and in hygiene measures. They also had disputes with mayors, chiefs, with colleagues and with protectionism. A summary of the biography and occupational activity of Manuel Martínez Saldise is presented. COMMENTS:Rural doctors were subjected to the society of their time, with the issues that arose, denouncing the shortcomings of the local administrations, dedicated efforts to their family and the most disadvantaged.

journal_name

Aten Primaria

journal_title

Atencion primaria

authors

Zafra Anta MÁ,Flores Martín C,Ponte Hernando FJ,Gil García A,Gómez López A,Fernández Durán C

doi

10.1016/j.aprim.2015.05.008

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2016-01-01 00:00:00

pages

54-62

issue

1

eissn

0212-6567

issn

1578-1275

pii

S0212-6567(15)00242-5

journal_volume

48

pub_type

历史文章,杂志文章
  • [Evaluation of program coverage of the hepatitis B vaccination in a school population. Navarra 1992-1993].

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To evaluate the coverage of the programme of control and coverage of Hepatitis B among children doing their 7th year of EGB (basic) in Navarra. DESIGN:Descriptive study. SETTING:School centres in Navarra. PARTICIPANTS:7th-year EGB students in the 1992-3 school year. INTERVENTION:Vaccination of the suscept...

    journal_title:Atencion primaria

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:

    authors: Carrillo Llorente S,Moreno Iribas C,Ardanaz Aicua E,Elizalde Soto L

    更新日期:1995-02-28 00:00:00

  • [Cardiovascular risk in Spanish smokers compared to non-smokers: RETRATOS study].

    abstract:AIM:To evaluate the level of cardiovascular risk in smokers seenin Primary Care clinics. DESIGN:Epidemiologic, cross-sectional and multicentre study. SETTING:Primary Care. PATIENTS:Every investigator included 4 consecutive patients (3 smokers, 1 non-smoker) aged 35-50 years, who came to the clinic for any reason. A ...

    journal_title:Atencion primaria

    pub_type: 杂志文章,多中心研究

    doi:10.1016/j.aprim.2010.10.005

    authors: Fernández de Bobadilla J,Sanz de Burgoa V,Garrido Morales P,López de Sá E,en representación de los investigadores del estudio RETRATOS.

    更新日期:2011-11-01 00:00:00

  • [Descriptive study of patients with leprosy in the province of Cordoba].

    abstract::A descriptive study of virtually all patients with leprosy in the Córdoba province was carried out. The socioeconomic and hygienic features of the patients' homes, some clinical variables, the therapeutic habits and the features of the foci were evaluated. The major findings were as follows: More than 50% of patients ...

    journal_title:Atencion primaria

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:

    authors: García Sádaba JI,Logroño Quero C,Lluch Fernández C

    更新日期:1989-06-01 00:00:00

  • [Patient discharge form in primary care (II): views and level of satisfaction of family doctors].

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To analyse the opinion and satisfaction shown by a sample of primary care (PC) doctors about the patient discharge form (PDF) and to assess proposals for improvement. Design. Descriptive study of the result of a questionnaire. SETTING:All the health districts in the city of Mataró (Barcelona).Participants. 3...

    journal_title:Atencion primaria

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/s0212-6567(02)79106-3

    authors: Canals Innamorati J,Montero Alcaraz JC,Buxadé Martí I,Bolívar Ribas I

    更新日期:2002-11-30 00:00:00

  • [Requests for microbiological diagnosis by primary care physicians in the Salamanca area].

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To assess requests for microbiological analysis made by Primary Care doctors and to evaluate the quality of the procedure by the indicator: proportion of contaminated urine samples. DESIGN:A retrospective crossover study of requests to the Microbiology Laboratory in the University Hospital of Salamanca duri...

    journal_title:Atencion primaria

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:

    authors: Mirón Canelo JA,Fresnadillo Martínez MJ,Sáenz González MC

    更新日期:1997-03-15 00:00:00

  • [The health situation of the non-institutionalized elderly urban population of Castro Uridiales and the differentiating characteristics of those attending the health center frequently].

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:Main: to describe the health situation of the urban non-institutionalised population of 75 or over in Castro Urdiales. Secondary. To analyse the differences in the over-user group. DESIGN:Descriptive, crossover. SETTING:Primary Care Health Centre. PATIENTS:People in the urban area aged 75 or over and with...

    journal_title:Atencion primaria

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:

    authors: Martín Lesende I,Salas Martínez AM,Fernández Fernández N,Gómez García MJ,García Rodríguez A,Esteban Pellón J,Valle García N,Arnaiz de las Revillas J

    更新日期:1998-06-15 00:00:00

  • [Stated theory of family doctors on their relationships with patients].

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To identify and analyse the "theory" expressed by family doctors on the essential features of an effective and functional doctor-patient relationship and on how to achieve one ("stated theory" of Argyris and Schon). DESIGN:Qualitative, based on discourse analysis. SETTING:Primary care. METHOD:Interviews re...

    journal_title:Atencion primaria

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1157/13106284

    authors: Loayssa Lara JR,González García F,Ruiz Moral R

    更新日期:2007-06-01 00:00:00

  • [Dental caries in a school population with a program of periodical rinses with sodium fluoride].

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To appraise the level of school-children's dental health after five years in operation of the buccal-dental health programme, in which children received fortnightly rinses of sodium fluoride at 0.2%. DESIGN:A crossover study. School survey of the 1993-4 academic year. PARTICIPANTS:A total of 1,674 school-ch...

    journal_title:Atencion primaria

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:

    authors: Fuentes García S,Gutiérrez González C

    更新日期:1995-10-31 00:00:00

  • [An analysis of the level of accuracy of the official diagnosis of temporary work incapacity].

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To assess the precision of the Sickness Certificate (SC) issued for Temporary Unfitness for Work (TUW). To measure the percentage of TUW where the diagnoses in the medical records and in the TUW Sickness Certificate do not coincide. To seek objective criteria to determine TUW. DESIGN:A descriptive, prospecti...

    journal_title:Atencion primaria

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:

    authors: Abraín Aznar A,Lafuente MP,Urraca J,Olasagasti C,Gil JM,Ruiz Téllez A

    更新日期:1993-05-31 00:00:00

  • [Intimate partner violence: study with female nurses].

    abstract:AIM:Describe gender-based violence by intimate partners against female nurses in a sample of nurses in Andalucia, Spain. DESIGN:Descriptive transversal study. SETTING:Hospitals and primary health care districts in Andalucia. PARTICIPANTS:Six hundred and twenty-two female nurses that work as nurses in the eight provi...

    journal_title:Atencion primaria

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/j.aprim.2010.07.009

    authors: Rodríguez-Borrego MA,Vaquero Abellán M,Bertagnolli L,Muñoz-Gomariz E,Redondo-Pedraza R,Muñoz-Alonso A

    更新日期:2011-08-01 00:00:00

  • [Headache caused by analgesic abuse].

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To assess the frequency of migraines attributable to continuous consumption of analgesics. DESIGN:A longitudinal prospective study of a descriptive type. SETTING:A specialised Neurology Clinic within a County hospital, which provides the Primary Care coverage for ibiza and Formentera. PATIENTS:All those pa...

    journal_title:Atencion primaria

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:

    authors: Parajuá Pozo JL,Ballesteros Martínez E

    更新日期:1994-06-15 00:00:00

  • [Failure of rapid serology for Helicobacter pylori as diagnostic method in primary care consultation].

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To evaluate the validity of a rapid serology test for diagnosing Helicobacter pylori infection in our area. DESIGN:Longitudinal, prospective study. SETTING:Urban primary care centre. MEASUREMENTS:As reference tests for defining the presence/absence of Helicobacter pylori, histology and the urease gastric m...

    journal_title:Atencion primaria

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/s0212-6567(01)78912-3

    authors: Valle LM,Valdepérez J,Tirado M,Verduras D,Yus C,Gomollón F

    更新日期:2001-06-30 00:00:00

  • [Primary/psychiatry interconsultation care: use of the single consultation].

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To study the use of single consultation in Primary Care/Psychiatry liaison. DESIGN:A retrospective study. SITE. Outpatients psychiatry department. Hospital Clínico Universitario. Zaragoza. PATIENTS OR OTHERS PARTICIPANTS:200 consecutive referrals. PERIOD:June-December 1992. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS:G...

    journal_title:Atencion primaria

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:

    authors: García-Campayo J,Sanz-Carrillo C,Jimeno Aranda A

    更新日期:1994-02-28 00:00:00

  • [Carotid intima-media thickness and its current usefulness].

    abstract::Cardiovascular risk stratification is currently part of routine clinical practice to establish cardiovascular prevention strategies. A complementary approach to the assessment scales of cardiovascular risk stratification is the non-invasive evaluation of the atherosclerotic lesion to identify patients at high risk for...

    journal_title:Atencion primaria

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/j.aprim.2009.11.005

    authors: Aguilar-Shea AL,Gallardo-Mayo C,Calvo Manuel E,Zamorano Gómez JL

    更新日期:2010-09-01 00:00:00

  • [Community diagnosis using qualitative techniques of expectations and experiences in a health area in need of social transformation].

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To know the views, experiences and expectations of care provided by the Andalusian Public Health System (SSPA) of users of an urban area in need of social transformation (ZNTS). DESIGN:Qualitative methodology (exploratory study). LOCATION:Urban basic health zone (16,000 inhabitants, 40% ZNTS). PARTICIPANTS...

    journal_title:Atencion primaria

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/j.aprim.2013.01.016

    authors: Ramos Ruiz JA,Pérez Milena A,Enguix Martínez N,Alvarez Nieto C,Martínez Fernández ML

    更新日期:2013-08-01 00:00:00

  • [Effectiveness of serotonergic agonists in the treatment of obese patients].

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To compare the effectiveness of two interventions in the treatment of obese patients: hypocaloric diet and hypocaloric diet plus serotoninergic medication. DESIGN:Randomised clinical trial. SETTING:Primary Care. Out-patient Endocrinology clinic. PATIENTS:The trial included 60 obese adults, assigned at rand...

    journal_title:Atencion primaria

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验

    doi:

    authors: Mendoza Espejo R,Díaz Pérez de Madrid J,Buitrago F

    更新日期:1995-10-15 00:00:00

  • [Knowledge and attitudes of primary care professionals on the "live wills" document].

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To assess the current state of knowledge and attitudes on the advance directives (living wills) document of professionals working in primary. DESIGN:Descriptive, cross-sectional study. PARTICIPANTS:Primary care professionals. SETTING:Catalonia Health Institute, Maresme Province, Barcelona. METHODS:An anon...

    journal_title:Atencion primaria

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/j.aprim.2010.02.011

    authors: Champer Blasco A,Caritg Monfort F,Marquet Palomer R

    更新日期:2010-09-01 00:00:00

  • [Influenza vaccination: evaluation of an integrated program in a basic urban health area].

    abstract::We have evaluated the fulfillment of the aims of an integrated influenza vaccination program for a basic urban health area. We have focused the analysis on the vaccine coverage for age and sex groups, groups of risk modifiers and risk gradient. We have evaluated the most adequate method of call. Overall coverage was 6...

    journal_title:Atencion primaria

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:

    authors: Egido Polo A,Abat Dinarés X,Marimón Amenós MR,Andújar Gallo A,Albiol Perelló M

    更新日期:1989-10-01 00:00:00

  • [Chronic pathologies and pharmaceutical expenditure in persons over the age of 65].

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:For purposes of the present study of people over 65 attending a particular Health Centre, we aimed to discover and inter-relate their morbidity due to chronic illnesses, their frequency of attendance, and the total average outlay of drugs on them. DESIGN:Descriptive crossover study. Information on the clinic...

    journal_title:Atencion primaria

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:

    authors: Segade Buceta XM,Garcia Figueiras A,Cinos Ramos L,Casais Gude XL,Nieto Pol E,González Conde A,Gerpe Caamaño C

    更新日期:1992-07-01 00:00:00

  • [Evaluation of the school health program for the detection of vertebral deformities].

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To evaluate the prevalence of deformities of the vertebral column in the child population of a rural area; the index of false positives that diagnoses in the School Health programme generate; and the percentage of children where the diagnosis is confirmed and the treatment is then followed. DESIGN:Descriptiv...

    journal_title:Atencion primaria

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:

    authors: Merchante T,Rey M

    更新日期:1992-04-01 00:00:00

  • [Self-care measures recorded for acute pathology in primary care].

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To quantify and describe the self-treatment existing among users requesting a consultation about an illness which had commenced in the previous 15 days. DESIGN:Observational prospective study. SETTING:Primary care in a semi-rural environment. Family Medicine Unit in Valls (Tarragona). PATIENTS AND OTHERS P...

    journal_title:Atencion primaria

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:

    authors: Clanchet T,Navazo I,Llor C,Llovet D,Vila A,Alamán E

    更新日期:1993-03-15 00:00:00

  • [Anorexic behavior in a population of high-school students of a health area].

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To calculate the prevalence of eating attitudes which determine eating disorders and their relationship to social, personal and cultural variables. DESIGN:Prevalence study. PARTICIPANTS:Centres of secondary education. Gijón Health Area (Asturias). Secondary school students (n = 17,000) selected by multi-st...

    journal_title:Atencion primaria

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/s0212-6567(00)78511-8

    authors: Martínez Martínez A,Menéndez Martínez D,Sánchez Trapiello MJ,Seoane Vicente M,Suárez Gil P

    更新日期:2000-03-31 00:00:00

  • [Antitetanus vaccination in the adult: systematic offer in primary care as an effective approach].

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To establish the effectiveness of a broad offer for tetanus vaccination (ATT), to any person visiting his general practitioner, by evaluating its coverage, acceptance by patients and final vaccination figures. DESIGN:Intervention study of nonrandom type. SETTING:Primary care. PATIENTS:1349 people aged > or...

    journal_title:Atencion primaria

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:

    authors: Valdivia Altamirano H,Alonso Martínez MM

    更新日期:1996-09-30 00:00:00

  • [Common health disorders: self-care and self-medication].

    abstract:SETTING:Community level. "Santa María de Benquerencia" Health District, Toledo. PARTICIPANTS:People over 15, chosen by random sampling from the municipal census, who stated that they had suffered some health disorder over the previous fortnight. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS:212 surveys were accepted as valid (averag...

    journal_title:Atencion primaria

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:

    authors: Tejedor N,Zafra E,Sánchez del Viso Y,López Muñoz A,Vidal C,López de Castro F

    更新日期:1995-06-15 00:00:00

  • [Control of arterial hypertension: analysis of visit and time factors].

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To analyse the frequency of attendance and the time elapsed between the diagnosis of Arterial Hypertension (AHT) and the control of Arterial Pressure (AP); and to analyse the different ways of presenting the level of control of AHT. DESIGN:Retrospective study. SETTING:Teaching Health Centre. PATIENTS:103 h...

    journal_title:Atencion primaria

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:

    authors: Gros T,de la Figuera M,Méndez A,Borrell M,Davins J,Espel C,Ciurana R,del Amo M,Casas A

    更新日期:1994-10-15 00:00:00

  • [Recommendations for management of acute pharyngitis in adults].

    abstract::Acute pharyngitis in adults is one of the most common infectious diseases seen in general practitioners' consultations. Viral aetiology is the most common. Among bacterial causes, the main agent is Streptococcus pyogenes or group A β-haemolytic streptococcus (GABHS), which causes 5%-30% of the episodes. In the diagnos...

    journal_title:Atencion primaria

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/j.aprim.2015.02.002

    authors: Cots JM,Alós JI,Bárcena M,Boleda X,Cañada JL,Gómez N,Mendoza A,Vilaseca I,Llor C

    更新日期:2015-10-01 00:00:00

  • [Characteristics and evolution of COVID-19 in an urban Health Center at the pandemic beginning'].

    abstract:OBJETIVE:To evaluate SAR-COV-2 pacients' features. To analyse de diferences between those who required hospital care and those who didn't. DESIGN:Observational, descriptive and retrospective study. SETTING:Twomedical practices of an urban health center in Salamanca (Spain). PARTICIPANTS:≥18 years diagnosed with SAR-...

    journal_title:Atencion primaria

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/j.aprim.2020.10.005

    authors: Barroso López KR,Peñasco García P,Soria López CI,Pérez Fernández MC,Gómez Cruz JG,González Silva Y

    更新日期:2020-12-13 00:00:00

  • [Efficacy of a training technique concerning clinical interview skills associated with psychodiagnostic ability of the physician].

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To evaluate the efficacy of a training technique to improve clinical interview skills connected with Primary Care doctors' psycho-diagnostic ability: visual contact, posture, verbal and non-verbal ways of advancing the interview, verbal interruptions and questions with a psychological content. DESIGN:The doc...

    journal_title:Atencion primaria

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验

    doi:

    authors: Girón M,Sánchez García E

    更新日期:1998-02-28 00:00:00

  • [Evaluation of the system of direct purchase and distribution of urinary incontinence pads in primary care centers].

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To evaluate the impact of the pilot experience of direct purchase and distribution of incontinence diapers in primary health care centres of the Balearic Islands after 10 months of implementation. DESIGN:Comparison of diapers's public expenditures and use during 10 months of pilot experience (9/1/1994-6/30/1...

    journal_title:Atencion primaria

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:

    authors: del Castillo M,Pomar J,Fortuny G,Grifell E,Pou J,Arias A

    更新日期:1996-02-29 00:00:00

  • [The coverage and quality of the follow-up in the prenatal care at a health center].

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To discover the recruitment and follow-up coverage of Prenatal Care in Parla Health Center, derivation causes and quality control of follow-up. DESIGN:Descriptive and retrospective study. PATIENTS:We obtained 445 newborns (from May 1991 to April 1992) in pediatric records of Health Center, and encountered 4...

    journal_title:Atencion primaria

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:

    authors: Díaz Sánchez S,Cabrera Vélez R,Alonso Roca R,Vázquez Gallego J

    更新日期:1993-10-31 00:00:00