MRI findings in Duane's ocular retraction syndrome.


AIM:To investigate the innervation pattern of extra-ocular muscles in patients with clinically diagnosed Duane's ocular retraction syndrome (DRS) using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). MATERIALS AND METHODS:The study population consisted of 11 patients. Six patients had type I DRS (eight eyes), four patients had type II DRS (five eyes) and one patient had inverse DRS. Images were acquired using a Siemens 3 T MRI system. The type of DRS, corresponding innervation findings, and condition of the affected muscles were evaluated by two experienced neuroradiologists in consensus. RESULTS:All patients with clinically diagnosed DRS type I showed absence of the abducens nerve (CN6), hypoplasia of the superior oblique muscle (SOM), and aberrant innervation of lateral rectus muscle (LRM) by an extra branch of oculomotor nerve (CN3). All patients with type II DRS show dual-innervation of the LRM (by CN6 and an aberrant CN3 branch) and hypoplasia of SOM. The single patient with inverse DRS showed hypoplasia of CN3, the medial rectus muscle (MRM), the inferior rectus muscle (IRM), and the inferior oblique muscle (IOM). CONCLUSION:Each type of DRS has characteristic MRI appearances. Therefore, MRI is a useful diagnostic tool for the confirmation and classification of suspected cases of DRS.


Clin Radiol


Clinical radiology


Xia S,Li RL,Li YP,Qian XH,Chong V,Qi J




Has Abstract


2014-05-01 00:00:00














  • Comparative evaluation of magnetization transfer contrast and fluid attenuated inversion recovery sequences in brain tuberculoma.

    abstract:AIM:To compare T1-weighted magnetization transfer (MT) with fluid attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) imaging for evaluating conspicuity and number of lesions in individuals with brain tuberculoma. MATERIALS AND METHODS:In all 28 patients with brain tuberculoma underwent MR examination using fast spin-echo (FSE) T2,...

    journal_title:Clinical radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Saxena S,Prakash M,Kumar S,Gupta RK

    更新日期:2005-07-01 00:00:00

  • Long-term adverse effects associated with isolated below-knee deep-vein thrombosis: a 10-year follow-up study.

    abstract:AIM:To assess the effect of the presence and locality of symptomatic lower-limb deep vein thrombosis (DVT) on mortality and morbidity following contrast venography (CV), the reference standard for diagnosing below-knee DVT, with a view to determining the prevalence of recurrent episodes of DVT and post-thrombotic syndr...

    journal_title:Clinical radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Cowell GW,King SC,Reid JH,van Beek EJ,Murchison JT

    更新日期:2016-04-01 00:00:00

  • The imaging of conditions affecting the cavernous sinus.

    abstract::The cavernous sinus can be affected by a wide range of conditions including tumours, infection, inflammation, and trauma. Disease in the cavernous sinus can produce characteristic signs and symptoms, which relate to the numerous crucial structures traversing and surrounding the cavernous sinus. Imaging, with the use o...

    journal_title:Clinical radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Tang Y,Booth T,Steward M,Solbach T,Wilhelm T

    更新日期:2010-11-01 00:00:00

  • Recurrent pneumoperitoneum due to jejunal diverticulosis. With a review of the causes of spontaneous pneumoperitoneum.

    abstract::In the absence of abdominal operative procedures, symptomless spontaneous pneumoperitoneum is uncommon. The case is described of a patient with jejunal diverticulosis who developed spontaneous pneumoperitoneum on three occasions and brief details are given of six other cases of jejunal diverticulosis with pneumoperito...

    journal_title:Clinical radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wright FW,Lumsden K

    更新日期:1975-07-01 00:00:00

  • The investigation and treatment of germ cell tumours of the testis.

    abstract::Fifty-five per cent of patients presenting with testicular tumours in 1973--78 had teratomata. A history of undescended testis was only found in patients with seminoma. The right testis was the more frequent site of the primary. Radiation doses of 3400 cGy (rad) in 20 fractions for seminoma and 4500 cGy in 25 fraction...

    journal_title:Clinical radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Slater AJ,James KW,Fifield R,Groom GV

    更新日期:1981-01-01 00:00:00

  • Feasibility study of using air as a contrast medium in MR colonography.

    abstract:AIM:To evaluate the feasibility of using air as intraluminal contrast medium in magnetic resonance (MR) colonography. MATERIALS AND METHODS:Twenty-two patients underwent MR colonography (MRC) using air before colonoscopy. All patients were imaged in prone and supine positions. Each colon was divided into five segments...

    journal_title:Clinical radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: So NM,Lam WW,Mann D,Leung KL,Metreweli C

    更新日期:2003-07-01 00:00:00

  • The mammographic features of infiltrating epitheliosis.

    abstract::The clinical, radiological and histological findings are described in nine cases of infiltrating epitheliosis. In seven cases the mammogram revealed 2.5-5.0 cm discoid radial scars which conformed with the histological features and there was no associated significant clinical abnormality. It can be difficult to differ...

    journal_title:Clinical radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Price JL,Thomas BA,Gibbs NM

    更新日期:1983-07-01 00:00:00

  • Contrast-to-noise ratios of liver lesions using subtraction imaging on multiphase 64-detector row CT.

    abstract:AIM:To measure contrast-to-noise ratios of liver lesions on conventional enhanced and digitally subtracted multidetector row computed tomography (CT) images. MATERIALS/METHODS:This study was approved by our hospital internal review board (IRB) and all collected data were evaluated in a Health Insurance Portability and...

    journal_title:Clinical radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Grand DJ,Beland M,Dupuy D,Mayo-Smith WW

    更新日期:2009-11-01 00:00:00

  • Spectrum of imaging findings on axial T2-weighted fat-saturated imaging of the lumbar spine.

    abstract::Axial T2-weighted fat-saturated imaging provides information not readily available from routine lumbar spine magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) protocols and routine inclusion of this sequence in place of axial T1-weighted imaging provides additional diagnostic information that can be obtained without increasing examina...

    journal_title:Clinical radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Csillag A,Ly J

    更新日期:2014-09-01 00:00:00

  • Mortality patterns over 34 years of breast cancer patients in a clinical trial of post-operative radiotherapy.

    abstract::Between January 1949 and June 1955 a clinical trial was held in which patients with operable breast carcinoma were subjected to a radical mastectomy and then randomised to either have immediate post-operative radiotherapy (radiated group) or delayed radiotherapy on recurrence (watched group). Data relating to the 1461...

    journal_title:Clinical radiology

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Jones JM,Ribeiro GG

    更新日期:1989-03-01 00:00:00

  • Chemotherapy-induced sclerosing cholangitis.

    abstract:AIM:To review the computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and cholangiographic findings of chemotherapy-induced sclerosing cholangitis (CISC). METHODS:Between January 1995 and December 2004, 11 patients in the endoscopic retrograde cholangiography database were identified with CISC. Twelve CT, four ...

    journal_title:Clinical radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sandrasegaran K,Alazmi WM,Tann M,Fogel EL,McHenry L,Lehman GA

    更新日期:2006-08-01 00:00:00

  • Is there an association between mesenteric panniculitis and lymphoma? A case control analysis.

    abstract:AIM:To determine the prevalence and association of mesenteric panniculitis (MP) in a group of patients with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) compared to control group. MATERIALS AND METHODS:We retrospectively evaluated computed tomography (CT) and combined positron-emission tomography (PET) with CT examinations of a total...

    journal_title:Clinical radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Khasminsky V,Ram E,Atar E,Steinminz A,Issa N,Bachar GN

    更新日期:2017-10-01 00:00:00

  • Leptomeningeal cyst of the orbit presenting with pulsatile exophthalmos.

    abstract::The case of a 64-year-old man who presented with unilateral pulsatile exophthalmos is described. A defect in the supero-medial wall of the orbit and an extraconal low density mass were demonstrated by orbital radiographs and CT. Positive contrast CT cisternography confirmed the diagnosis of a leptomeningeal cyst. ...

    journal_title:Clinical radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Abernethy LJ,Whittle IR,Sellar RJ

    更新日期:1989-09-01 00:00:00

  • Femoral neuropathy: the role of computed tomography in diagnosis and management in 27 patients.

    abstract::The computed tomography findings in 27 patients with an ultimate diagnosis of femoral neuropathy were reviewed. Haemorrhagic disorders were responsible for the neuropathy in 10 patients, neoplasia in eight, infection in five and in the remaining four patients no abnormality was noted on CT and the aetiology remained u...

    journal_title:Clinical radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Apter S,Hertz M,Rubinstein ZJ,Morag B

    更新日期:1989-01-01 00:00:00

  • An unusual angiogram in a patient with gastrointestinal bleeding.

    abstract::A patient presenting with upper gastrointestinal bleeding had two visceral angiograms, the second of which demonstrated the hepatic veins in the late phase of the hepatic arterial injection. This observation led to the correct diagnosis of hepatic telangiectasia with arteriovenous shunting and the suspicion, subsequen...

    journal_title:Clinical radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sackier JM,Dawson P,Allison D,Spencer J

    更新日期:1990-06-01 00:00:00

  • Advances in breast intervention: where are we now and where should we be?

    abstract::In the past four decades, a variety of methods for minimal or non-invasive diagnosis and treatment of breast cancer have been introduced. Although breast imaging has become more and more specific for diagnosis, specimen biopsy with histopathological confirmation is still necessary. Core-needle biopsy under ultrasound ...

    journal_title:Clinical radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Sanderink WBG,Mann RM

    更新日期:2018-08-01 00:00:00

  • Pneumatosis coli in adult acute myeloid leukaemia.

    abstract::Three cases of pneumatosis coli (PC) in adult patients with acute myeloid leukaemia seen over the last five years in Hammersmith Hospital are reported. Although definite conclusions are impossible, we suggest that that pneumatosis could be due to damage to the bowel mucosa as a result of the disease or the treatment. ...

    journal_title:Clinical radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: McCarthy D,Holland I,Lavender JP,Catovsky D

    更新日期:1979-03-01 00:00:00

  • Computed tomography of the normal and abnormal superior sagittal sinus.

    abstract::The appearances on computed tomography (CT) of the normal and abnormal superior sagittal sinuses are presented. The varied patterns of non-enhanced and enhanced normal superior sagittal sinuses are correlated with and reflect the findings of anatomical dissection. Cases of abnormal superior sagittal sinus include thro...

    journal_title:Clinical radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Zilkha A,Stenzler SA,Lin JH

    更新日期:1982-07-01 00:00:00

  • Gastrointestinal and hepatobiliary radiology.

    abstract::This is the fifth in the series of short reviews of internet-based radiological learning resources and will focus on gastrointestinal (GI) and hepatobiliary radiology. Below are details of a few of the higher quality resources currently available. Most of the sites cater for medical students and trainee or non-special...

    journal_title:Clinical radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Graham RN,Perriss RW,Scarsbrook AF

    更新日期:2006-05-01 00:00:00

  • Early report: comparison of breath-hold MR excretory urography, Doppler ultrasound and isotope renography in evaluation of symptomatic hydronephrosis in pregnancy.

    abstract:AIM:To compare assessment by MR excretory urography (MREU), Doppler ultrasound and isotope renography of women with symptomatic hydronephrosis in pregnancy and to define its cause. MATERIALS AND METHODS:Eleven women at 19-34 weeks of gestation were studied prospectively with gadolinium-enhanced breath-hold gradient ec...

    journal_title:Clinical radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Spencer JA,Tomlinson AJ,Weston MJ,Lloyd SN

    更新日期:2000-06-01 00:00:00

  • Imaging features of haematological malignancies of kidneys.

    abstract::Haematological malignancies are relatively uncommon neoplasms of kidneys. Nevertheless, the incidence of these neoplasms is increasing, partly due to more widespread use of computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging. This article discusses the clinical and imaging features of renal lymphoma, leukaemia, extra-o...

    journal_title:Clinical radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Sandrasegaran K,Menias CO,Verma S,Abdelbaki A,Shaaban A,Elsayes KM

    更新日期:2016-03-01 00:00:00

  • An evaluation of radiographer performed and interpreted barium swallows and meals.

    abstract:AIM:To determine whether radiographers are able to perform and interpret barium swallows and meals (BSM) to an acceptable standard. MATERIALS AND METHODS:A retrospective audit was performed of all radiographer-managed BSMs over a 4-year period in an acute hospital. Descriptive statistics were used to analyse patient d...

    journal_title:Clinical radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Judson EE,Nightingale JM

    更新日期:2009-08-01 00:00:00

  • The retropharyngeal space: route of tumour spread.

    abstract::The retropharyngeal space is a potential route for the spread of infection and malignancy. We present patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the larynx and tongue with superior contiguous spread along the retropharyngeal space resulting in skull base erosion. The fascia defining the retropharyngeal space is attached...

    journal_title:Clinical radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Chong VF,Fan YF

    更新日期:1998-01-01 00:00:00

  • Reasons underlying negative mammography in patients with palpable breast cancer.

    abstract::It is well recognized that a negative mammogram report does not exclude the presence of breast carcinoma. This study examines the accuracy of mammography in patients with palpable breast cancer. In particular, the study evaluates the reasons underlying negative mammography in breast cancer. All patients with Paget's d...

    journal_title:Clinical radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Coveney EC,Geraghty JG,O'Laoide R,Hourihane JB,O'Higgins NJ

    更新日期:1994-02-01 00:00:00

  • Current and potential renal applications of contrast-enhanced ultrasound.

    abstract::The combination of microbubble technology and complementary ultrasound techniques has resulted in the development of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) and, although initial clinical applications largely focussed on the liver, these are now becoming more diverse. With regard to the kidney, it is a safe, well-tolerate...

    journal_title:Clinical radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: McArthur C,Baxter GM

    更新日期:2012-09-01 00:00:00

  • Gigantiform cementoma occurring in two populations, London and Hong Kong.

    abstract::The gigantiform cementoma presents as multiple opacities in the tooth-bearing areas of the jaws. Sixteen cases are presented, six of British Negresses and 10 of Hong Kong Chinese females. The differential diagnosis and management are briefly reviewed. ...

    journal_title:Clinical radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: MacDonald-Jankowski DS

    更新日期:1992-05-01 00:00:00

  • Localized perforation into the transverse mesocolon demonstrated during barium enema--rare but benign.

    abstract::We report two cases demonstrating the presence of gas in the transverse mesocolon following asymptomatic perforation, shown during barium enema examination. The appearances, diagnosis and successful conservative management are described. ...

    journal_title:Clinical radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hulse PA,Hartley RW,Martin DF

    更新日期:1994-12-01 00:00:00

  • Barium enema and endoscopy for the detection of colorectal neoplasia: sensitivity, specificity, complications and its determinants.

    abstract:AIM:To analyse sensitivity, specificity and complication rate of endoscopy, and barium enema for the detection of colorectal neoplasia. MATERIALS AND METHODS:A MEDLINE search was performed (1980-2000) directed at the endoscopic and radiologic literature on barium enema. Articles were selected based on the type of stud...

    journal_title:Clinical radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: de Zwart IM,Griffioen G,Shaw MP,Lamers CB,de Roos A

    更新日期:2001-05-01 00:00:00

  • Case report: radiological features of epidermal inclusion cyst of the tympanic membrane.

    abstract::Computed tomography (CT) proved to be invaluable in diagnosing and ascertaining the extent of an epidermal inclusion cyst of the tympanic membrane secondary to a previous myringoplasty. ...

    journal_title:Clinical radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Vernham GA,Bryden F,Miller S

    更新日期:1993-03-01 00:00:00

  • Acquired cystic disease of the kidney: ultrasound as the primary screening procedure.

    abstract::Patients with end-stage renal disease on long term dialysis may develop de novo renal cystic disease. We used ultrasound as a primary screening procedure for renal cysts in 71 patients. In seven patients (10%) the native kidneys could not be identified. In 35 patients renal cysts were identified indicating a prevalenc...

    journal_title:Clinical radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Manns RA,Burrows FG,Adu D,Michael J

    更新日期:1990-04-01 00:00:00